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THE two Essays contained in this volume have both of 
them grown out of papers read by me before the Cam- 
bridge Antiquarian Society. The circumstances which led me 
to write them are sufficiently set forth, I think, in the opening 
paragraphs of each: but I should like to take the present 
opportunity of explaining to my readers the reasons for the 
form in which the second of the two Essays appears here, and 
of anticipating certain criticisms which might reasonably be 
passed on it. 

It should by rights have been furnished with copious 
references to the Appendix which follows (and overshadows) it. 
But the truth is that this Appendix is in its present form an 
afterthought. I had originally intended to print only the new 
materials which I had discovered in the Register at Douai 
and in the manuscript at the College of Arms : but it became 
evident that extracts from the gesta Sacristarum would have 
to be added ; and then that quotations from Jocelin de Braeke- 
lond were indispensable : and, not to make a long story of it, 
I ultimately decided to present my readers with the whole of 
the materials that lay before myself, and so to enable them to 
check the conclusions I had arrived at, by their own independ- 
ent study of the documents I had used. 

Again, the issuing of the second Essay together with the 
first, as an " octavo publication," instead of allowing it to appear 
as an ordinary Communication, was another afterthought. It 
was not discussed until part of the text had been printed off. 
To me it seems a very happy idea, and I am very grateful to 
those who suggested and carried out the change. This &ct 
will explain satisfactorily, I hope, the occuiTence of some repe- 
titions in the second Essay of facts alluded to in the first. , .\\ 


Under these circumstances I would ask my readers to look 
upon this, second Essay as a *' Mimoire pour servir'* rather 
than as a finished whole. It is, or might be, the groundwork 
for a complete history of the Church of St Edmund : but in 
itself it is, I am afraid, rather a rudia indigestaqvs moles: 
yet from it, and from the results of that fresh investigation 
of the site which I earnestly hope may be undertaken, it is 
possible that an adequate and satisfactory book might be 

My sincere thanks are due to the Council of the Cambridge 
Antiquarian Society for accepting the responsibility of pub- 
lishing these Essays in a separate form : and very especially are 
they due to Mr J. W. Clark, who, as Editor of the Society's 
publications, has spent an amount of time and trouble over the 
production of this book which I shrink from realising to myself. 
He has made the index and minutely revised the proofe. I 
am not sure, in spite of all his help, that this book is a readable 
one ; but without that help it must have been far less readable 
than it is. 



p. % note 1, for the additional note — ^Essay read p. 41. 
p. 9, 1. 8, GauedejB read Cranewys (?) 
ibid. no. 171 „ no. 188 
1. 8, no. 186 ,, no. 205. 
1. 15, no. 243 ,» no. 270. 
1. 16, no. 244 „ no. 271. 
1. 19, no. 245 „ no. 273. 
Add after 1. 19, Abbot W. Curteys gave, Y. 28 (no. 229). 
p. 13, 1. 12, (187) read 220. 
p. 14, 1. 10, (162) „ 188. 
1. 26, (193) „ 226. 
1. 34, ( 79) „ 88. 
1. 40, ( 81) „ 90. 
p. 16, 1. 16, ( 78) „ 87. 
p. 18, 1. 11, (107) „ 124. 
p. 19, 1. 16, ( 98) „ 116. 
p. 27, 1. 31, no. 229 „ 269 . 


i. Prefatory. 

The following attempt at a collection of the surviving 
remains of the Library of Bury S. Edmunds Abbey is the 
result of a desultory search extending over about two years. 
The reasons for which it was undertaken are of several kinds. 
First, I have lived almost all my life in the immediate neigh- 
bourhood of Bury, and that fact made the Abbey and its history 
attractive to me: again, it came to my knowledge that the 
largest single collection of MSS. from Bury was in Cambridge : 
further, I happened to discover very soon both an early Catalogue 
and also the meaning of the press-marks which distinguish 
Bury books : but, more than all, the instinct of the chase of my 
favourite game, namely, manuscripts, is soon excited by such a 
search as this. So that even though the search might have been 
utterly unproductive and useless, it is probable that it would 
have been prosecuted. 

Useless, however, I cannot think it, unless the gauging of 
the intellectual resources or the mental equipment of the men 
of old time be useless. In a modern biography it is often a 
chief point of interest to know what books the subject of the 
biography liked best — to what authors he owed most. And in a 
case like the present we are but extending the field a little, and 
ascertaining what authors were studied by a whole body of men 
who in their time were a mighty power in Eastern England, 
nay, at the ruling centre of England itself. I am not a historian, 
but I feel certain that it is worth while to know something 
about the literary and religious influences under which the 
members of so great a society as was the Abbey of Bury were 
educated. But I must approach the subject. 

CA.S. Octavo Series. XXVIII. 1 


Of the building which contained the books we have at 
present no details: it may be that future volumes of the 
Memorials of 8, Edmund^ a Abbey now being edited for the 
Rolls Series by Mr Thomas Arnold will enlighten us^ But 
Mr J. W. Clark, who was so kind as to look at some of the 
Bury books in Pembroke College Library, has told me that the 
chain-marks* point to an arrangement of the books on sloping 
desks, on which they lay on their sides. It is most likely, then, 
that the main Library was a long room with desks projecting 
at right angles from the walls. 

None of the documents connected with the Abbey of which 
I have any knowledge give a hint as to the position of the 
Library: but Mr Gordon Hills in an excellent article on the 
Abbey buildings (Journ, Archxieol. Assoc. 1865, p. 129) speaks 
of it as having been over the Chapter House (east of the great 
Cloister) : however, he does not quote his authority, and, in the 
same sentence, he mistranslates bibliotheca as Library where 
it really means Bible, Of the disposition of the books as 
distinct from the structural arrangements of the building in 
which they were kept we do know something. All the unmu- 
tilated volumes which belonged to the Library proper — which 
were not B.egister8 or Church-books — have a press-mark. This 
press-mark consists of two parts, one a letter of the alphabet 
(the letters run from A to Y), the other an Arabic numeral. 
The letter of the alphabet indicates in nearly every single case 
either the name of the author of the main contents of the 
volume, or the main subject of the volume. Thus A will be 
the press-mark of works by Augustine, Ambrose, or Anselm ; 
B stands for Bede, Biblia, Bonaventura; C for Clement or 
Chronica; M for Medicina; O for Omeliae (Homilies). The 
Arabic number naturally shows the order of a<;quisition or of 
the- natural sequence of the volume in its own class. The 
oldest books in every class are usually marked with early 

^ The Library was most likely in or over the Cloister : see the additional 
note on this at the end of the Essay. 

^ I have taken care to note the position of these ohain-marks in all the 
instances in which I detected them. 


numbers: on the other hand, if we have two contemporary 
volumes of Glosses, on Genesis and on Isaiah, the Gloss on 
Genesis precedes the Gloss on Isaiah in the numbering. As to 
externals : where the original binding ha« been preserved-aa 
in many cases at Pembroke College — the commonest form 
consists of white skin over wooden boards: the boards and 
backs usually quite fiat : the chain-mark almost always on the 
front cover at top or bottom : the commonest form of fastening 
is a strap with metal loop, which fits on to a pin fixed in the 
middle of the last cover. 

The two scribes* inscriptions assit principio sancta Maria 
meo and sancbi spiritus assit nobis gratia are very common in 
Bury books, but are by no means exclusively characteristic of 
them. In several cases there is a title in Lombardic capitals 
down the back of the book. 

It would seem that an energetic and rather learned man 
had charge of the Library at a late period of its existence : 
at some time in the xvth century, he renewed the press-marks 
and noted defects and also in one or two cases added notes of 
a literary and bibliographical sort touching the contents of a 
volume. I believe I can tell who he was, but I must reserve 
my theory for the present. 

Many interesting points come to the surface at once in the 
course of such a search as this. I will instance one fact in this 
place. We have proof of the existence of Hebrew MSS. at 
Bury : part of one is used as a fly leaf in B. 61, and there is a 
Hebrew Psalter in the Bodleian which belonged to the Abbey 
(no. 228). Then, again, from R 14, we learn that there was at 
Bury in the latter part of the xvth century some knowledge of 
the contents of other monastic Libraries. Other similar matters 
will be noted as occasion offers. 

The bulk of the Library must have been great : the highest 
numbers in each class added together give a total of over 2000 
volumes: and it seems clear that each class was numbered 
from 1 upwards. There is a possibility that gaps were left in 
the numbering to admit of future acquisitions : but I cannot 
prove this. 




I shall now try to specify my sources of informatioD, and 
then say something of the history of the surviving remains of 
the Library : after which will be given a Catalogue, with brief 
descriptions of the various volumes, arranged according to their 
place in the Library of the Abbey. 

My first specimen of a Bury book was the volume of mis- 
cellaneous contents which will be found briefly described under 
B. 357 and M. 27. This is preserved in the Quildhall at Bury 
S. Edmunds along with the rest of the Parish Library of 
S. James's, of which it forms part For a long loan of it I am 
indebted to the kindness of the Rector of S. James's — the 
Rev. Q. Hodges — and the Churchwardens. 

At an early date in my investigations it became obvious 
that the Library of Pembroke College, Cambridge, had pre- 
served more Bury MSS. than any other single institution, in 
consequence of Alderman Smart's^ bequest in 1599, of which 
more hereafter : and I naturally made as thorough an examina- 
tion of all the MSS. in that Library as I possibly could. I 
have been through the whole collection twice, if not three 
times: and my work has been throughout made easy and 
pleasant by the kindness both of Mr Neil the Librarian and 
Mr Stoakley the clerk of the Library. Next to Pembroke 
College, I must place the Bodleian : the Rev. W. D. Macray's 
Annals of the Bodleian contains among its other excellent 
features lists of the ]^SS. which can be identified as having 
belonged to various monastic Libraries. The Bury list is 
complete : neither Mr Macray himself nor Mr Falconer Madan 
can add any volumes to it. Both of these gentlemen have 
been good enough to communicate with me on the subject. 

The British Museum is so vast a storehouse that I could 
hardly hope to make a complete list of the Bury MSS. therein 
contained. Tet I believe that after all my list will not be 

^ William Smart, or Smarte, was ** portman '' or alderman of Ipswich : his 
will, by which he bequeathed his printed books and about eight MSS. to the 
parish of S. Maiy Tower (they went in fact to the Corporation, which still , 
preserves them), is dated 8 Nov. 1698, and was proved at Doctors' Commons on '^ 
2 Nov. 1699. 1 



found very imperfect. Casley in his Gcvtalogue of the Royal 
MSS. gives all the ' provenances ' which came under his notice : 
and the Koyal Library is perhaps richer in English monastic 
books than any other of the Museum collections. But neither 
Casley nor any printed Catalogue covers the whole ground : 
and I should have fared but ill in this part of my search, but 
for the very great kindness of Mr G. F. Warner, of the Depart- 
ment of Manuscripts, who has sent me supplementary lists and 
particulars of all the Bury MSS. known to him in the British 

For the Libraries of Oxford Colleges I have had to rely on 
Coxe's noble Catalogue : I hope I have missed nothing in my 
perusal of the two volumes. It is not a priori very likely that 
many Bury MSS. should have found their way to the smaller 
Oxford collections. There are many more of them in the 
College Libraries at Cambridge. The Rev. J. R Harmer, 
Librarian* of Corpus Christi College, Mr J. Bass MuUinger, 
Librarian of S. John's, the Rev. E. S. Roberts and Mr Lendrum 
of Gonville and Caius College, the Rev. F. J. Foakes-Jackson 
and Mr Gray of Jesus College, and not least the University 
Librarian, have been most kind in making easy my access to 
the MSS. under their charge, 

ii. History of the Library, 

Let us now turn to the history of the books belonging to 
the monastery before the Dissolution. 

The earliest thing that can in any sense be called a Cata- 
logue is a list of service-books which were in possession of the 
monastery or of diflferent members of it at the time of Leof- 
stan's accession to the abbacy : he was second abbot, and pre- 
sided from 1044 to 1065. The list occurs in a MS. of the Rule 
of St Benedict in Latin and Anglo-Saxon, belonging to Corpus 
Christi College, Oxford (cxcvii ; see under R 70 in the present 
Catalogue): I examined it, in company with the Rev. C. 
Plummer, the Librarian of the College, who was good enough 
to explain a good many points to me. On fol. 105 sqq. are 


Dotes on the history of the abbey, followed by inventories, from 
which last I extract the following (f. 107) : 

Leo&tan found "x bee" in the church, viz. nn. cristeB bee & i maease 

boc. & I pistel hoc. & i Salter. & i godspell boe & i eapitularia & see ead- 

^yw mundes uita In madinhus .xij maesse haeelan (mass-vestments) etc. 

Also iiii scrinan. xiiii rodan. Blakere haef^ i. pint^ raeding boc (winter 

^ ^ service-book) Brihtric haef0 i maesse reaf calix & disc & i maesse boc. & 

^ , . , fnuter raeding boc. & sumer boa Smerdus haefS an maesse reaf (= chalice ] 

& an maesse boc. & leofistan an handboc (=manuale). Ae)yeric an maesse- 
boc & eapitularia. Durstan an psalter. Oskytel haefff an maessereaf & an 
maesseboc & an Ad te leuaui. 

At a manor of the abbey (it is not clear which) 

Her syndon .xxx. boca ealre on leofistanes abbodes hafona. butan 
mynsterbec (= exclusive of church-books). 

The books enumerated as existing in Leofstan's time can 
none of them be identified with volumes which we possess, 
though it is likely enough that some of the thirty volumes at 
his country-house "exclusive of church-books" may be still 
extant. The Life of S. Edmund is almost the only volume in 
the list which is likely to have found its way into the Library. 

I believe that the next earliest reference to the Library is 

to be found in the works of William of Malmesbury in the 

xiith century. This writer seems to have taken great pains to 

enlarge and improve the Library of his own monastery of 

Malmesbury, and also to have paid visits to at least two other 

houses, Canterbury and S. Edmunds, on literary errands. In 

his tract De antiquitatibtis Olastoniensis Ecclesiae § 2 (ed. Gale, 

Scriptores xv, Oxford, 1691, L p. 293^) he says that "we know 

the apostolic foundation of Glastonbury" 

ex scriptis seniorum, quorum unus Britoniun historiographus, prout 
apud S. Edmundum itemque apud S. Augustinum Anglorum apostolum 
uidimus, ita exorsus est: In canjmio occidentalis Britanniae, etc. 

Again, on p. 294 : 

sunt et illae non exiguae fidei litterae apud S. Edmundum repertae, 
quod hanc sanctissimam ecclesiam Glastoniae non fecerunt aliorum homi- 
num manus sed ipsi discipuli, etc. 

^ Sir Thomas Hardy in his preface to the Oesta Begum gives a wrong refer- 
ence in his footnote, to " Gale iii 298, 376*" which caused me great trouble. 


The two passages refer to one and the same document, 
whatever that was. 

It is interesting to note in connexion with William, that he 
seems to have presented an autograph copy of his Oesta Ponti- 
ficfwm to Bury Abbey ; the book still exists and is entered in 
the present Catalogue under C. 4 

The rest of the mediaeval history of books at Bury is 
derived from Bury documents only, and consists almost entirely 
of the names of donors. The Qesta Sdcristarum (Memorials, ii. 
290) in enumerating the works of Herveus the sacrist under 
abbot Anselm (1121 — 1148) says: 

Iste Herveus frater Taleboti prions, omnes expensas inuenit fratri 
suo priori in scribenda magna bibliotheca, et manu magistri Hugonis in- 
comparabiliter fecit depingi. Qui cum non inueniret in partibus nostris 
pelles uitulinas sibi accommodas, in Scotiae partibus parchamena com- 

In other words. Prior Talbot was enabled by his brother 
Hervey the sacrist to present this abbey with a large Bible 
decorated by the hand of Master Hugo, the greatest of Bury, 
artists, who, as we learn from other passages, executed the 
great brazen doors at the west of the Church, and carved a 
wonderfully fine crucifix in the choir, and also made a great 
bell. The Bible was written on the finest procurable Irish (or 
Scotch) vellum. It may be identical with no. ii in the ancient 
catalogue of the Library which appears later on in this essay. 

I next insert a few scraps of information as to books lefb to 
the Abbey, which I take from a list of benefactors to the 
society contained in a Register in the Public Library of Douai 
(see below no. 261). 

Hugo (de Noriihwold, Abbot 1213 — 1254) dedit conuentui primam par- 
tem biblie preciosissimam. 

Johannes II. (Brynkley, Abbot 1361 — 1379) reliquit conuentui in 
libris per eum emptis ad ualorem 150 librarum ad minus. 

Willelmus Abbas (Cratfield, 1390 — 1414) reliquit conuentm in libris 
per eum emptis ad ualorem 100 marcarum ad minus. 

Willelmus de Rokelond Prior reliquit Deoretales cum apparatu 
Optimo : summam Innocencii : corpus luris in quinque uoluminibus : 
Summam Azohis : Sermones in duobus pulcris uoluminibus. 


Magister Johannes de Batesford doctor in utroque iure et monachus... 
dedit Corpus luris : Summam Azonis : Sufiragium monachorum : Decreta 
optima cum apparatu: Rosarium in pulcherrimo uolumini: Summam 
Hostiensis et Speculum ludiciale in pulcherrimis uoluminibus : Decretales 
cum apparatu : Summam Innocencii cum aliis libris ad ualorem 100 mar- 

ReginalduB de Denham Prior (135 . ) dedit Decretales pulcherrimos cum 
apparatu precii 6 marcarum et multos alios libros (see no. 230). 

Petrus de Clopton, Prior (in 1327), gave many books on both Civil 
Law and Canon Law. 

Stephanus medicus et monachus dedit tres libros magnos et pulcherri- 
mos de medicina. 

Also Edmimd of Brundish, Prior (13...), gave £8 for an Antiphoner. 

It is curious that all the books of which the titles are given 
should be books on Canon or Civil Law. 

Next will follow a few donors' names, taken from the Old 

i* is a Bible given by Azo. 
cxzi, a Bible called ^'Anselmi abbatis.'' 
140 Psalterium Mag. Fulgentii. 
159 Apocalipsis Mag. Fulgentii. 

230 Psalterium glosatum AnselmL 

231 Psalt Mag. Petri. (These four are very possibly authors' names.) 
254 Consuetudinarium quod Azo dedit. 

Lastly it will be well to collect the names of donors which 
appear in the MSS. themselves. 

Abbot John (?de Brinkley) gives A. 92, M. 12, T. 47 


John Qosford 

A. 143 


John de Wlpit (Woolpit), Rector 

of "ffortune" 

B. 57 



B. 70 

John de Geysle (Gazeley) 

B. 93 

Robert de Wesingham 

B. 565 

Will Henry, D.D. 



Henr. de Kirkestede 

G. 15, H. 56, P. 163, S. 184. 
See also a note from 
Liber Albua (p. 61) 

Will. Barwe (sacrist 1414) 

G. 129 

Guido Praecentor 

J. 40, 0. 2 


Joh. Tymworth 

0. 28 (M. 11 and no. 202) 


Fr. Will, de Dice (sacrist 12..,) P. 25, V. 3 

Prior Rob. Ikelyngham P. 185 

Ft. Job. Ganedeys (sacrist ??) R... (no. 171) 

Fr. Rob. Ypswych S. 26 

Edm. de Wirlingworthe S. 38 

? Will Heyhom S. 153 

Rob. de Rokeswel S... (at Durham) 

Fr. Will. Freknham S... (no. 186) 

Petrus de Aylesham T. 1, T. 3 

W. de Lacford T. 12 

Steph. de Haslingfeld T. 16 

Galfr. de Hemlingtone (Prior ?) T. 26 

Will. Bury V. 1 

Prior Baldwin (xiitb cent.) Y. 27 

Reginald de Denham (sacrist 1340) no. 243 

Fr. Job. Fenyngham no. 244 

Thomas Vicar of Gorleston gave to 
Abbot John Brinkley the Psalter 

now at Douai no. 245 

Then, in the fifteenth century, we have Boston of Bury's 
Catalogue, of which more hereafter : and at the period of the 
Dissolution we get a glimpse of the last days of the Library in 
a letter written on behalf of John Leland, the King's antiquary, 
probably by Thomas Cromwell himself, or by one of the Com- 
missioners for the suppression of the monasteries. It is a 
well-known document, but it must once more be quoted in this 
place. It will be found in the Itinerary, in vol. iv. of the edi- 
tion of 1744, p. 163, and in vol. iv. 164 of the edition of 1769. 

In right hearty manner I commend me on to yow. And where as 
Master Leylande at this praesent tyme cummith to Byri to see what 
Bookes be lefte yn the Library there or translatid thens ynto any other 
Comer of the late Monastery, I shaul desier yow upon just Consideration 
right redily to forder his Cause, and to permitte hym to have the use of 
such as may forder hym yn setting forth such Matiers as he writith for 
the King's Majeste. In so doying ye shaul bynde me to show on to yow 
at al tymes like Gratitude : for if I were present at this tyme with yow I 
wold gladly my selfe fulfil his honeste Eequeste. Thus fare ye wel this ix. 
of Novembre at BamweUe* 

The way in which the books are spoken of seems to indi- 
cate that a clearance of the Library had already taken place. 


It is apparent that the books were very much scattered : we 
know that this was the case in most places. I am inclined to 
believe that they were bought wholesale by residents in the 
immediate neighbourhood, and that large numbers of them 
lingered in and near Bury and were picked up by scholars as 
much as a century afterwards. My reasons for this belief will 
appear later. 

As a result, I suppose, of the above-quoted letter, Leland 
was enabled to make an examination of the Bury Library, or 
the remains of it. In his Collectanea, ed. 1770, he notes the 
following books as being found there* : 

1. Abbo Floriaoensis de vita S. Edmundi martyris, ad Dunstanum 
Archiep. Cantuar. 

2. Simplicius super Praedicamenta. 

3. Passio Demetrii martyris ad Carolum Magnum autore Anastasio. 
4 Meditationes Alexandri Necham de mirabili conversione Magda- 


5. Epistolae Flacci Albini siue Alcumi. 

6. Monegaldus super Epistolas Pauli. 

7. Athelardi Bathoniensis liber de Naturis Rerum instar dialog!. 
Vixit tempore Henrici (primi). 

8. Robertus Melundinensis episcopus Herfordensis super sententias, 
siue do SacrameDtis Veteris Testamenti. Scripsit duo pulcherrima iuzta 
ac doctissima uolumina. Nanntdlorum scribendi consuetude. See R. 40. 

9. Trivet super libros Boetii de consolatione philosophiae. 

10. Waleys super Psalterium. 

11. Ryngsted super Prouerbia Salomonis. 

12. Kilwardby super Ezechielem. 

13. Necham super Cantica : see James 152. 

14. Utredus monachus Dunelmensis de eeu et abstinentia camium'. 

15. Idem de Variatione professionis Monachorum et aUorum. 

16. Ex veftutiM, codice SMtutii (probably = S. 1). 
Qui vultis vitae finem mode nosse Jugurthae. 
Tarpeiae rupis pulsus ad ima ruit. 

17. Aldelmus de Virginitate, carmine. 

18. Aldelmi Aenigmata=»A. 119. 

^ I append the press-marks of such of the extant volumes as appear to be 
identical with books in Leland*s list. 

^ At Pembroke College is a Durham MS. (Isidori Etymologiae etc. xiv) pre- 
sented to Durham by Utredus, a monk there. He was Prior of Finchale in 
1375 : a MS. at Jesus College contains two tracts by him. 



19. Leges LongobardorumsL. 393. 

20. Vitniuius de Architectura. See Cat. Vet, 157. 

21. Freculphi historia ab urbe condito ad Christum. Est et con- 
ventui in bibliotheca monachorum Historia recentiorum temporum autore 
Freculpho. See F. ... 

22. Hovedeni Historia incipiens a Beda. 

Leland, in accordaDce with his custom, has here noticed the 
works by classical authors or English writers which he found 
in the abbey. Even in this respect his list is not complete : 
but it was not meant to be so. 

It is probable that the Royal Library absorbed the Bury 
MSS. which it contains soon after Leland's visit. Archbishop 
Parker and Sir Robert Cotton must have followed next. 
Neither of them procured many books from Bury. Bodley 
got more; Laud only a few. But before the year 1599 some- 
thing like a hundred volumes came into the hands of William 
Smart, a 'Portman' of Ipswich. In the year named he was 
induced by Mr Richard Buckenham, Fellow of Pembroke Col- 
lege, Cambridge, to give them to that Society, which possesses 
them still. Into the contents of this legacy we must examine. 
The first Catalogue of it which exists is in the Ecloga Ganta- 
brigiensis of Thomas James, Bodley s Librarian, published in 
1600. He enumerates 191 items: but his list, as we shall see, 
is very misleading. It is reprinted word for word in the Catal, 
MSS, Angl, et Hib. of 1697. Dissatisfied with this document, 
I turned to a far better authority. Matthew Wren, afterwards 
Bishop of Ely (f 1667), compiled a Register of Benefactors to 
the College Library, in which Smart's donation naturally occu- 
pies a prominent place. On f. 23 h of this Register (a hand- 
some MS. with the coats of the benefactors elaborately blazoned) 
we read : 

47 WtUielmAM Smart dedit... 

Then follows a list of eighty items. Then this note : 

Hi omnes e Monasterio S. Eadmundi Suffolc. exiere, datique nobis 
A*' 1599 ex procuratione M'* Richardi Buckenham Socii, qui si catalogum 
datorum nobis reliquisset egregiam fidem praestitisset. Dedit enim prae- 
ter hos proculdubio non paucos qui nunc (proh dolor) absunt. 


Jamesium Oxoniensem adii in Catalogo. Vix annus a donatione elap- 
SUB erat cum ille hos recensuit numeratque 191 volumina. Sed nulla fide. 
Aliorum enim donana saepe admiscuit. Certe tamen ex lis quoB recenset 
30 fere desiderantur. 

"All these came from the Monastery of S. Edmund in Suffolk, and 
were given to us in the year 1599 by the means of Mr Richard Bucken- 
ham, Fellow. Had he left us a Catalogue of his gift, he would have ren- 
dered us a great service : for besides the books here named, he (Smart) 
gave no doubt a considerable number which are now, alas 1 wanting. 

I have consulted the Catalogue by James of Oxford. Hardly a year 
had elapsed since the gift was made when he catalogued the books ; and 
he reckons 191 volumes. No confidence, however, can be placed in him ; 
for he has frequently included the gifts of others. Yet it is certain that 
of those in his list about thirty are missing." 

We have then, as materials for the knowledge of Smart's 
gifts: (1) James's Catalogue, which exaggerates the numbers 
and inserts many volumes not given by Smart. (2) Wren's 
Catalogue, which only includes volumes in which the name of 
Bury or of Smart plainly occurs. I append both lists, and 
attach the Bury press-marks where they exist ; in James's list 
I have added some short notes descriptive of the MSS., now at 
Pembroke College, to which I suppose him to be referring. 

James's list in his Edoga Cantabrigiensis has first to be 
considered. It is found on p. 129. After enumerating 72 
volumes at Pembroke, he continues: 

Qulielmus Smart Aldermannus Gypouicensis, vir piissimae memoriae, 
qui placide in domino obdormiuit an. superiori 1699. dedit aulae Pen- 
brochianae hos omnes libros qui sequimtiur, ex procuratione Magistri 
Buckenhamij huius Col. socij. 

[No. 73 is omitted.] 

74. =H. 19. 

75. =P. 36. 

76. =P. 26. 

77. Homiliae sanctorum Patrum=0. 52? 

78. =M. 93. 

79. =A. 121. 

80. Mariale=M... 

81. =0. 56. 

82. =A. 124. 

83. =R. 14. 

84. =S. 38. 


85. Cassianus de institutis et regulis coenobiorum. 

Libri eiusdem de origine et remedijs septem principaliiim vitiorum. 
Collationes 24 Patrum de Aegypto. Not now at Pembroke. 
Wren 19. 

86. =G. 129. 

87. Sermones sanctorum patrum in Euang. =0. 52? 

88. =B. 276. 

89. =P. 185. 

90. =P. 64 

91. =R. 54. 

92. =0. 16. 

93. Prima pars summae Tho. de Aquino. T. ... (187.) 

94. Quaestiones disputatae. 

95. Secunda pars summae. 

96. Prima pars summae. 

97. Nic. de Aquae villa Sermones super Euangelia. [xv. with Quod- 
libeta Thomae. No Bury mark : a modem (?) mark T. 97.] 

98. Ultima pars Thomae. 

99. «B. 385. 

100. Fr. de Mayro super 2. 3. 4. sententiarum. 
Idem de dominio. 

Plato de Timaeo. 

[xv. cent, original binding : two clasps : an ugly book.] 

101. A^dius in 1. sent, [xv.] 

102. Distinctiones Boraston. [xv. English writing.] 

103. Scotus in 2. sentent. 
Mayro de ente. 

Aegidius de peccato originaH. 

Mayro de indulgentiis. [xv. (1460). Given by Gerard Skipwith 
of Pembroke in 1459 (4 July) and written by him.] 

104. Thomae Quaest. 1. [xv. Liber aule Valenciae.] 

105. Hugo de arra animae. 
Bonaventura de x praeceptis. 

Distinct Nic. Byardi. 

Seneca de iv virtutibus. [xv. two columns. Given by Walter de 

106. Distinct. Januensis. 
Quaest. Notyngham. 

Lincolniensis de Veneno. [xv. olim Doctoris Gawyn.] 

107. Cowton (Coulson) super iv sentent. [xv.] 

108. Quodlibeta Rob. Holcot [xv. Old binding: two clasps: two 
columns : no mark. Liber aule Pembroch.] 


109. Greg, de Arimino super 2. sentent. [xv. Old binding : no chain- 
mark. A good border at the beginning, with birds : initial cut out.] 

110. Quodlibeta Gaufridi de Fontibus. [xiv. Liber aul Valencie 
oontulit Mag. Job. tynemue quondam custos.] 

111. Ric. de Media Villa super sentent =L. 16. 

112. Quodlibeta Henr. de Gandavo. [xiv, xv. two columns: old bind- 
ing : unlike Bury.] 

113. Quaest. Ric. de Media Villa super sentent. [xv. two cols. Liber 
AuL Val. ex dono M. Job. Sudbury.] 

114. =R ... (162). 

115. Legenda Sanctorum, [xiii. Belonged to Church of Blofield (in 
Norfolk): rebound.] 

116. Lincolniensis de lingua. 

Quaedam notabilia de praedestinatione etc., cum expositione 
orationis Dominicao. [xv. two columns. English (?).] 

117. Rogeri compendium morale. 

Tract, de cantu Philomenae (a rhyming Latin poem). 

Expos, orationis Dominicae. 

Symbolum sec. Augustinum. [xv. foreign : an ugly book.] 

118. Stimulus conscientiae. 
Pastorale Gregorii. [xv.] 

119. Liber Boetii de disciplina scholariimi cum expositione de Whet- 

Expositio in lib. de consol. philosophiae. [xv. '^Constat Thome 
Westhagh pro xhijs iiijd."] 

120. =V. ... (193). 

121. Aphrica Fr. Petrarchae. 

Inuectiones Salustii in Tullium et e conuerso. 
Oratio pro M. Coelio. 

pro M. Marcello. 

pro Rege Deiotaro. 

de Senectute. 
[xv. paper, vellum wrapper, Italian writing.] 

122. =B. ... (79). 

123. Summa collectionum lo. Galliensis. 
Tract, de oculo Morali. 
Testamenta xii Patriarcharum. 

[xiv. two clasps: two columna Liber aul. VaL Not Smart's, but 
possibly from Bury.] 

124. =B. 28 ... (81). 

125. Liber Morborum...qui Compendium primae medicinae intitu- 
latur Lib. 7. 

126. Liber 1. Canonum auctore Principe Abohaly. 


127. CommeDt. super Tegni secundum galenum. [xv. Glim Tho. 
Westhauh : music upon the fly-leaves.] 

128. Rafiymimdi summa de casibus. [ziii. good initials. "Contulit 
Mag. Job. tinemue quondam custos coll. Valencie."] 

129. Roflfredus Beneventanus de ordine iudicionim. [xiv. cbain-mark : 
Italian band: good initial of a teacher and pupils. "Iste liber constat 
Ricardo Oaunton, precium ix(?)s iiijd."] 

130. Justinianus de Nouo Oodice. [xiv. Italian hand : this and 
several other of the legal MBS. are marked on the last leaf with a bole 
jagged at the top.] 

131. Summa super titulis Decretalium compilata a Mag. Quilielmo 
Decano domini Pare. [xiii. marked as last: Italian hand: old binding. 
Lib. coll. Pemb. (xv).] 

132. Siimma summarum. [xiv. two cols, provenance erased.] 

133. Rosarium luris (Archidiaconi Guidonis). [xiv, xv.] 

134. Liber luris Canonici Innocentii 4. [xiv. marked as 130. 
Appears to be a Bury book : the hole in the last leaf has three points at 
top and Innocensius written over it] 

135. Summa super Tit. Decretalium. ? 

136. Institutiones cum authenticis. [xiii, xiv. Liber Aul. Val. 
Italian hand: English ornament, very good: initials cut out: a hole of 
six points in the last leaf.] 

137. Decreta. [xiii, xiv. Italian : large folio : initials gone : one figure 
of an Apostle left in the comer: English ornament: a very large book, 
mutilated at the end.] 

138. Summa Augustini de Ancona de Ecclesiastica potestate. [Liber 
principio mutilus. xiv, xv.] 

139. Liber vi Decretalium cum apparatu lo. Andreae. [xiv. English 
hand : marked as 130 : hole of four points marked liber sextus.} 

140. Digesta. [xiv. last leaves gone.] 

141. Anon, de lure Canonico. 

142. Alius Anon, de lure Canonico. 

143. Liber Decretorum. [xii. two columns. Belonged to Mag. Galfridus 
de lawad, presbiter ecclesie S. Magni London. A Catalogue of his Library 
is on the fly-leaf.] 

144. Lincoln, de cessatione legalium. 
Petri Alfonsi Dialogus contra Judaeos. 

Aegidius de pluralitate personarum. [xiv. two clasps. Liber 
Aule Valencie.] 

145. Constitutiones Gttoboni cum expos. Peccham. 

146. =T. 16. 

147. Anon, in Euangelia. Inc. omnia poma noua. 

148. =B. 231. 

149. Postillae seu Collecta super Psalterimn in scholis M. Gul. de 


Montibus Collecta Samuelis Presbyteri in scholia praedictis versu, cum 
glossa, ad memoriam quonmdam utilium in S.S. Inc. Prior nulli. [Of. 
B. 233 in the Bodleian.] 

160. Expositio Psalterii. Inc. Psalterium vocatur liber hymnonun. 
[Cf. B. 232 (Bodl.).] 

151. Secunda pars Postillatoris super 4. Euangelistaa 

super ^pp. Pauli 

super Act. Apost. 

super Canon. Epp. 
Postilla domini Parisiensis, sine Hugonis de Vienna super Apo- 
calypsim. [?xiv. two cols. Labelled outside 'liber mag. hugonis damlet.' 
Bust of Paul in initial : an ugly book.] 

152. Alex. Necham super Cantica. 

153. Postillae in Matth. et Marc. Fecit Deus duo luminaria. 

154. =B. ... (78). 

155. Postilla super Matth. Dominus ac redemptor noster. 

156. Postilla super Lucam. Habentes pontificem. 

157. Aliud exemplar eiusdem. Postillae bonae super Lucam. 

158. Glossa ordinaria et interlineans in loannem. B. 109(?). 

159. =P. 81 or P. 92. 

160. =P. 81 or 92. 

161. Expos, super Ruth et Deut. Benedictus Dominus. Cf. B. 220 

162. Post, super Epp. Pauli. Vas electionis. 

163. Prima pars secundae partis de summa Thomae. 

164. Primum scriptum et 2^™ senteni Ego sapientia. 

165. Thomas contra Gentiles. 

166. =A. 111. 

167. «=B. 328. 

168. =A. 110? 

169. =T. 65. 

170. Expos, super Cant. Liber mutilus in principle. 
Speculum poenitentiae a M. Qui. de Monte. 

17L =A. 114. 

173. Qemma animae. 

174. =B. 385. 

175. 1. collat. lo. de Peccham de omnibus Dominicis. 
Parisiensis cur deus homo. 

Lincoln, de 10. Praeceptis. 
H. Costeseye super Apocal. 

176. =H. 32. 

177. =P. 11. 

178. =H. 31. 

179. Glossae super N. T. sec. Mag. Petr. Paris. 


180. Pupilla oculi. 

181. =:A. 109. 

182. Sermones Dominicales Fr. Quidonis. 

loo ,«* Ti J X •• T / XV. magistri hugonis damlet. Two 

183. 1"* pars Reductoni moralis I , , • i x • jji 
,rt^ «^. 1 \ oolumns: chain-mark at middle 

184. 2 pars eiusdem j «, /», . 

^ V of bottom of last cover. 

185. iv*™" scriptum sentent. Thomae. T. 3. 

186. Prima pars summae. 

187. =1. 6. 

188. Sermones 101 S. BemardL 

189. =0. 2. 

190. Liber de nuptiis et concupiscentia. 
Aug. contra Julianum. 

191. =J. 3. 

192. =0. 4. 

193. =A. 61. 

194 Expos. Hieron. in Lib. Jesu Naue. 

195. =1. 32. Op. imperf. in Matth. 

196. „ [xv. pink vellum on boards: fly- 
leaves from sendee-books.] 

197. =:A. 31. 

198. Liber Didymi de Spiritu sancto. 
Alquinus de veritate. 

Quaesi de Trinitate et Alquini responsiones. 
Alquinus de Fide. 
Beda de Tabemaculo. 
Hieron. de essentia etc. Dei. 

de ponderibus et mensuris. 

199. =L 28. 

200. =B. 385. 

201. sCat. Vet. xxcii. xxciii. xxciiii. Liber Jo. Constantinopolitani 
de reparatione lapsi de compunctione cordis. 

Quod nemo laeditur nisi a se ipso. 
Varij sermones. 

Miraculum de transL S. Martini. 

Epistola Fulberti de eo quod tria necessaria sunt ad perfec- 

Idem de quadam consuetudine hostiae quam accepit sacerdos 
quando ordinaretur ab Episoopo. 

Chrysost. de muliere mala. 
Ambrosius de Isaac et anima. 
de fiiga saeculi. 
de lacob et uita beata. 
de Paradyso. 

C. A. 8. Octavo Series. XXVIII. 2 


Ambrosius de consecr. EcclesiaronL 

ApologeticuB in regem Dauid. 
Not DOW at Pembroke. 

202. sCat. Vet. 216 ? Epitbalamium Orig. super Cantica. 

Rabanus de instit. Clerioorum. 
Hieron. super Marcum. 

203. =A. 92. 
204 =G. 129. 

205. =G. 18. 

206. =G. 8. 

207. =G. ... (107). 

208. =J. 57. 

209. =S. 2. 

210. = J. 20. 

211. Tullius de officiis. 
Boetius de consoL Philos. 
Tract de Numeris. 
Boetius de Trinitata 

Locutiones Aug. de v libris Mojsei, Jesu Naue, Judicum. 
Timaeus Platonis. 

212. Ep. Pauli ad Colossenses. Probatissimum exemplar. 
Definitio Eccl. dogmatum. 

Exp. fidei breuis & utilis. 
Exp. Symboli Apostolici. 
Fides 318 Patrum. 
Fides 150 Patrum (C. Pol.). 
Exp. super Symb. Athanasii. 
Exp. fidei S. Ambrosii. 
Exp. fidei S. Pelagii P. 
Exp. fidei S. Hieronymi 
Exp. fidei S. Aug. 

De duabus naturis in Christo et imitate personae. 
Exp. Orat. Dominicae. 

Opusculum de actione Missarum, collect, ex verbis Doctorum. 
Not at Pembroke. 

213. =B. 287. 

214. =V. 1. 

215. =B. 319. 

216. Amalarius ; cf. no. 79, probably a repetition. 

217. Exp. de Canone Missae. 

De quibus inquisitio facienda est in Confessione. 
Quae sunt ab agente in extremis dicenda. 
Notabilia pro Sermonibus. 
Stat, et Const. Greg. X. apud Lyons. 


Const Archiep. apud Lambeth. 

Modus abbreuiandi et ordinandi inuentarium. 

Tract, de articulis fidei. 

de virtutibus. 

de X praeceptis. 

de 7 pecc. mortal. 

de 7 Sacramentis. 

Distinct, et notulae pro Sermonibus. 

de Sacramento Confessionis. 

Prouerbia Gallice et Latine. 

Infantia Saliiatoris. 

218. =Y. 12. 

219. =B. 282. 

220. =C. 11. 

221. =F. 12. 

222. =F. ... (98) and S. 68. 

223. =S. 65. 

224. =A. 143. 

225. =T. 26. 

226. =T. 47. 

227. =T. 25. 

228. Distinct quaedam de Yet. Test, et Nouo cum sermonibus. = 
S. 57. 

229. Liber scriptus gallice versu, de omnibus ordinibus. Inc. Du 
siecle puant et orribl& 

Exhortationes M. Gu. Kauell ad fratres Templi de excellentia 
vitae militaris. 

Not now at Pembroke. 

230. -=A. 222. 

231. Glossa vulgata et interlinearis bis vel ter, comprehensa volumi- 
nibus 35. 

The number of volumes of glosses from Bury is now about 28. 

Of these books in James's list the following are demon- 
strably not part of Smart's legacy : 

103 110 123 144 

106 113 128 151 

106 115 136 183,4 

or fourteen volumes ; in most cases these books belonged to the 
College before Smart's time. A good many others in the list 
are too meagrely described by James to admit of identification. 
This applies particularly to volumes of Sermons and Canon 



Law and to works of S. Thomas Aquinas : there may also be 
some little repetition, but this can only apply to a few volumes. 
A small number of books enumerated by James are not now 
extant in the Library of the College. These are nos. 86, 125 ?, 
126?, 135?, 141?, 142?, 145?, 149, 150, 152, 170, 175, 190, 
198 ?, 201, 202, 211, 212, 217 ?, 229* : in Wren's time 'about 30' 
of James's list were wanting. 

Next follows Wren's list of Smart's bequest, extracted from 
the Library Register of Pembroke College. Wren did not 
however include all the books which contain Bury press-marks : 
his list consequently understates Smart's bequest. 

f. 23 b. 47. Willidmus Smart dedit 

1. Kirchladensem in Ezechielem. R. 54. 

2. Claudium Presb. in Matthaeum. C. 16. 

3. Eotomagensis propositiones. P. 185. 

4. Homilias aliquas Hieron., Aug., Chrjs., de tempore. O. 52. 

5. P. Lugduneusis serm. dominie, in Epistolas. S. 71. 

6. P. Pictauensem super tabulas Mosis. P. 35. 

7. Homilias diuersorum de Sanctis. O. 54(?) 

8. Fratrem quendam praedicatorum super Mariale. Mark gone : 
see jxL. • • • 

9. Lombardum. P. 64. 

10. Pet Comest. senn. et allegor. cum Radulpho Nigro de re militaii 
et 3plici ma peregrini Jerusalem. P. 25. 

11. Concordant. Bibliorum. B. 276. 

12. Jo. de Rupella de Malo. M. 93. 

13. Homilias 95 ab Aduentu ad Andream cum aL mult, et Rabano de 
Missae officio. 0. 55. 

14. Greg, in Ezech. G. 129. 

15. Amalarium de Off. Eccl. cum al. de Missa. A. 121. 

16. Nic. de Gorrham Distinct, et Sermones abbreuiatos. S. 38. 

17. Bad. Flauiac. super Parab. Salom. R 14. 

18. Postillas Andreae Canon. S. Victoris super Prophetas. A. 127. 

19. Cassianmn. I cannot find this MS. James 85. 

20. Hugonem de S. Victore super Ecclesiastem. H. 19. 

21. Aquin. in 4*™ Sentent. cum parte Augustini. T. 2 (?) 
- 22. Chrysost. opus imperf. et 36 homilias in Hebr. J. 28. 

23. Tabulam in Thomam 3 et 4 Sentent. cum aliis. Super Apoc. 
secundum Berengaudium (sic). Postill. super Jo. Sermones antiquos 
Joannis de Alba Villa. T. 65, B. 340, P. 92. 

1 In my enumeration of missing books I have omitted Postillae and Sermones 
and works of S. Thomas. 


24. Tabulam cum Concord, in Aug. et alios. T. 26. 

25. Altisiodorensem in 1 and 2 Sentent. A. 109. 

26. Postill. super ^alterium. Isa. Jer. Dan. 12 prophetas. Marc. 
B. 231. 

27. Aquin. contra Gentiles. T. 12. 

28. Aquin. primum scriptum et 2*"° in Sentent. T. 1. 

29. Ambrosii partem. A. 61. 

30. Bedam in Lucam. B. 287. 

31. Origenis Homilias aliquot. 0. 4 (?) 

32. Aug. in Jo*" cum glossis. B. 109. 

33. Aquin. in Jo. et Marc. T. 16. 

34. Hom. Gregorii. G. 8. 

36. Threnos. Cant, cum breuiloquio Bonauenturae. B. 328. 

36. Bonauent. super 4 Sentent. B. 385. 

37. Margaritam Decreti. T. 47. 

38. Origenem super V. T. Innocentium de Missa cum Damasceno. 

39. Altisiod. in 3 Sentent. A. 110. 

40. Collecta Samuelis Presb. e speculo Gregorii, S. 2. 

41. Aug. Enchiridion. A. 31. 

42. Isidorum contra Judaeos cum summa Bich. Lib. 4**™ Sentent. 
Narrationes bonas & notabiles cum particula Bemardi. Y. 12. 

43. Centilogium Ptolomei cum gloss, in Cant, et aliis. A. 222. 

44. Valerium Maximum. V. 1. 

45. Hugon. de S. Victore uersificatum. H. 32. 

46. Breuiloquium Bonauenturae. B. 225. 

47. Armacani scriptum de quaestionibus Armenorum. A. 143. 

48. Bernard, super Cant, cmn particula Hugonis. B. 305. 

49. Tabulam de Concord. Aug. et al. T. 25 (?) 
60. Quartum Sentent. et in Cant. P. 81. 

51. Gregorii Moralia. G. 18. 

52. Hieronymi Epist. et tractatus aliquot cum partic. Hugonis de 
S. Victore et Lapidario gallico. J. 20. 

53. Edictum Justiniani de fide, etc. F. 12. 

54. Bedam de Templo Salom. B. 282. 

55. Postill. Lyrae in Gen. ad Regum cum quaestionibus. Mark gone : 
see imder B. 

56. Hieron. in Esaiam a libro 8"* ad fin. J. 6. 

57. Damasceni Sentent. recognitas per Grosseteste cmn Aug. de mira- 
bilibus S. Scripturae, de Eccl. dogm., de arte fidei, Anselm. de simiHtudi- 
nibus et notulis de Moralibus Gregorii. J. 57. 

58. Glossam in Gen. et Cant. B. 40. 

69. „ in Exod. cum moralizationibus quibusdam biblicis. B. ... 

60. „ in Leuit. per diuersos. B. 48. 


61. Qlossam in Num. B. 60. 

62. „ in Num. et Deut. B. 51. 

63. „ in Deui. B. 52. 

64. „ in Jos. et Jud. B. ... 

65. „ in Ruth Hest. Jos. Jud. Job Judith, Esdr. Neh. 12 pro- 
phetaa B. 57. 

66. Glossam in libros Begum. B. 58. 

67. „ in Parab. Esdr. Mace. B. 59. 

68. „ in Esaiam. B. 60. 

69. „ in Esaiam rursus. B. 61. 

70. „ in Ezechielem. B. 66. 

71. „ in Danielem. B. . . . 

72. „ in 12 prophetas et Dan. B. 70. 

73. „ inMatth. B. 93. 

74. „ in Matth. et partem ^alterii. B. 95. 
76. „ in Matth. et Marc. B. 97 (?) 

76. „ in Marc. B. 101. 

77. „ in Marc, cum parte Hugonis super Decreta et Brocar- 
dicis. B. 99 and L. ... 

78. 79. Glossam in Luc. et Joh. bis, B. 105, B. 106 (?) 
80. Glossam in Epistolas Pauli. B. 205. 

Then follows the note *Hi omnes' etc. transcribed above(p.ll). 

William Smart must have bought these books en bloc, it 
would seem, either at Bury or in its neighbourhood. The 
Bichard Buckenham who persuaded him to give them to 
Pembroke College was in all likelihood a Suffolk man. The 
name (originally derived probably from Buckenham in Norfolk) 
is or was a great name in Norfolk and Suffolk. My own 
village, Livermere, was the property of Bokeuhams during the 
xvth and xvith centuries. Thus much for the contingent of 
Bury MSS. from Pembroke College. 

The Bury books at S. John's College all came from Jeremiah 
Holt, rector of Stonham Aspall, Suffolk, in 1634. The few in 
the Harleian collection may have been acquired casually. One 
of those in the Bodleian (A. 27) was purchased in 1881 of 
W. Butt, Esq., Axmouth: in 1893 one was bought by the 
British Museum (H. 1) which had formerly been in the posses- 
sion of a Town Clerk at Lynn. The MSS. belonging to the 
Corporation of Wisbech were there in Pepys's time, and are 
mentioned in his Diary. 



Two more documents have to be given before we turn to 
the Catalogue of the extant remains of the Library. The first 
is an ancient inedited Catalogue of the Library of late xiith 
or early xiiith century, which I was lucky enough to find on 
three leaves at the end of a Pembroke MS., the gloss on 
Genesis and Canticles (no. 58 in Wren's list), its Bury press- 
mark being B. 40. It is a fine folio volume of cent, xii., in 
the original binding. The Catalogue is not all of one date : I 
shall indicate the additions and corrections as well as I can, 
and append the press-marks of the volumes which I am able 
to identify as existing : I also continue the numbering of the 
items in Arabic figures when the numeration of the MS. 
(which is far from correct) ceasea 

f. 1 (of the Catalogue) recto, col. a (f. 1 a a). 

i. Bibliotheca in uno uolumine. Item bibliotheca Azonis. 
ii. Bibliotheca in .ii^ uolumina Ixxiiii (erased number). 

iii leronimus super ysaisam (nc) Izxv. J. 6. 
iiii. leronimus super psalterium Ixzvi. J. 3. 

V. leronimus super ecclesiasten et 

Ildefonsus de sancta maria. A. 88 (?) 

vi. Beda super uetus testamentiun. B. 280. 

vii. Beda super parabolas salomonis. 

viii. Ysidorus ethimologiarum .ii. No. 201 (?) 

yiiii Ysidorus super uetus testamentum. 

X. losephus in ii^ uolumina. 

zi. Egesippus. 
xii. Passionalea unum tria. 

• ■ .- 

xiii. Augustinus de concordia euangelistarum et 

Wimimdus de corpore et sanguine Dei. A ... no. 23. 
Tiiii. Pascasus super lamentationes ieremie. 
XV. luuenalis glosatus. I. ... (1) 
xvi. Canones yuonis camotensis episcopi. 
xviL Epistole eiusdem. 
xviii. Libri anselmi archiepiscopi. A. 88 (?) 
xviiii. Augustinus de uerbis domini. 
XX. Cassiodorus super beatus uir. 
xxi. Epistole cypriani et 

xxii. Augustinus de ordine creature et 

? Bodl. 2039. 
? Qonv. et Cai. 44. 



A. ... no. 26 (?) 

A. 83. 

? King's ColL Camb., MS. 2. 

de bono comugio et 

de uera religione et 

contra quinque hereses. 

xziiL Orosius et 

[f. 1 a &.] Instinus. In uno uolumine. 

xxiiiL leronimus de hebraicis quaestionibus. margin, later : iii*. oitt 

leremias Isaias 
2[xy. Ambrosius super lucam. A. 67. 

zzvi. 3 Augustinus super genesim ad litteram. 

zxviL Epistole senece et 


Suetonius ercued, 

zxviii. Epistole anselmi archiepiscopi. 

xxviiii. Augustinus de trinitate et 

Boetius de trinitate et 

Augustinus de origine anime et 

de quantitate anime. 

XXX. Cassiodorus super domine exaudi. 

xxid. Quadraginta sermones Augustini et 

Augustinus de adulterinis ooniugiis et 

Augustinus de mandatis et 

Augustinus contra mendatium et 

Augustinus de cura pro mortuis. 

xxxii. Epistole Augustini. 

xxxiii Ambrosius de patriarchis et 

Ambrosius de laude uirginum et 

Ambrosius de laude uiduarum et 

Origines de singularitate cleri. 

xxxiiii. leronimus super ieremiam et 

leronimus super ezechielem. 

xxxv. Breuiarium ad hospites. 

a tria. iiU. 

Collectarium . duo 

Augustinus contra faustum. A. 24. 

lohannes crisostomus super quedam capitula mathei (written 

lohannes crisostomus super epistolam ad hebreos. J. 28. 
Origenes super genesim et cf. 0. 2. 
Origenes super exodum et 
Origenes super leuiticum. 
Beda super apocalipsim et B. 292. 
Beda super canonicas epistolas. 
xli. Beda super actus apostolorum et 

Beda super esdram. 
xlii. Augustinus contra iulianum hereticum et 


[f. 1 b a.] 



contra aduersarios legis et prophetanim et 
contra manicheum et 
contra perfidiam arrianonim et 
contra pelagium et scelestinum et 
contra Felicianiim hereticum. 
xliii. Augustinus de confessione et 

de simbolo et 
de cantico nouo et 
de elemosina et 
de qnarta feria et 
de cataclismo et 
de tempore barbarico. 
xliiii. Prisciani magni tres. 
xlv. Paterius. 
xlvi Ambrosius de bono mortis et 

Epistole eiusdem et de nabuthe. A. 61. 
xlvii. Glose psalterii. 
xlviii. Speculum gregorii. 

lohannes crisostomus super miserere mei deus. (Interlined) 
Require sub fine speculi gregorii. 
Soliloquium ysidori. 
xlviiii. Aethicus philosophus et 
[f. 166.] Solinus. 

1. Augustini soliloquium et 

Augustinus de immortalite anime et 
de presentia dei et 
de sermone domini in monte et 
de epistolis pauli et 
de xii abusiuis et 
Questiones orosii ad beatum augustinum et 
Augustinus de gratia et libero arbitrio et 
Enucleationes augustini et 
Augustinus de uidendo deiun et 
Sermones eusebii et 

Augustini et Origenis. ? Bodl. 1893. 

li. Liber scintillarum. ? in A. 52. 

lii. Gesta cesaris. 
liiL Macrobius de satumalibus ii^ 
liiii. Tripertitum psalterium. 
Iv. Cassiodorus super quid gloriaris (i.e. Ps. li — c). 
Ivi. Marcianus felix capella de nuptiis 

philologie et mercurii. 
Ivii. Augustinus super epistolam ad romanos et 

i*" epistolam ad corinthios. See no. 27. 



IviiL Augastinus super ii*" epistolam ad corinthios et subsequen- 
tes epistolas. 

IviiiL Ambiositis de Me. 

Ix. Augustinus de nuptiis de concupiscentiA. A. 27. 
bd. Romana historia et 

historia longobardorum et 
geeta alezandri. Of. Corp. Ohr. Ozf. MS. 82. 
IziL Augustinus retractionum et 
[f. 2 a a,] Cassiodorus de institutione diuinarum litterarum et 
Ysidorus de libris ueteris et noui testamenti et 
de ortu et obitu sanctorum patrum et 


leronimus de catholicis fructoribus et 
Epistola gelasii pape de recijpiendis et 
Non recipiendis libris et 

Qennasius (sic) de nominibus illustrium uirorum et 
Ysidorus de illustris (sic) uiris. A. 31, cf. Bodl. 2222. 
Ixiii. lerarchia dionisii. 
Ixiiii. Beda de temporibus iii. 
kv. Aritmetica 
Et musica. 
kvi. Questiones augustini octoginta. 
Ixvii. Augustinus de baptismo et 
Ixviii. de littera et spiritiL 

Ixviii. Rabbanus super matheum. 
Ixviiii. Claudius super matheum. C. 16. 
Ixx. Albinus super iohannem. 
Ixxi. Babbanus super .v. libros moysi. 
Ixzii. Expositio genesin (sic) in duo uolumina. 
IxxiiL Frethulfus. F. ... cf. Leland no. 21. 
Imdiii. Seruius super uirgilium. 
(Ixxv — ^Ixxviii have been partly erased), 
Ixxv. Missale ad sanctum Martinum. 
Ixxvi. Missale ad crucem. 
Ixxvii Missale ad martires. 
Ixxviii. Missale ad sanctum sabam. 
IxxviiiL Prudentius ymnorum et 

Verecundus de diuersis canticis. 
xxc. Rufinus super epistolam ad romanos. 
xxci. Augustinus de predestinatione sanctorum. 
In 1" de bono Perseuerantie. 

uo de correctione et gratia. 

[£2 aft.] 

lu de perfectione hominum. 

mi de beata uita. 


ne Augastinus de duabus animabus. 

unde malum, 
xxcii. lohamies episcopus constantinopolitanus. in 

De reparatione lapsi. u 

De compunctione. no 

De nemo leditur nisi a se ipso uo 

De expulsione iohannis. lu 

De regressu asie. mi 

De proditione iude. ne 

De cruoe et latrone. 
De ascensione. hec iohannes. 
Once at Pembroke, bomid with no. xxciiii. See James's list, no. 201. 
It is not to be foimd now. 
xxoiii. Fulbertus. 

Miraculimi in translatione sancti martini. 
De eo quod tria sunt necessaria ad perfectionem. 
xxciiii. Ambrosius de isaac et anima. 

de fuga seculi. 
de iacob et uita beata. 
de paradiso. 
Apologeticus ambrosii in regem dauid. 
xxcv. Haimo super isaiam. H. 1. 
xxcv {sic). Via ierusalem. Cf. Wren 10. 
(xxcvi — xxcviii have been partly erased), 
xxcvi. Breuiarium ad infirmos. 

xxcvii. Gradale per musicam <et> troparium cantoribus. 
xxcviii. Antiphonarium magnum per musicam. 
xxcviiii. Quintilianus de causis. 
c (etc. «c). Exodus glosatus. B. ... (Wren 59). 
ci. Liber sententiarum. 

cii. Liber euangeliorum partly erased. ? Harl. 76, no. 229. 

ciii. Plantus {sic) et terontius. 
ciiii. Dioscorides. 
[f. 2 6 a.] 

cv. Plinius in naturali historia erased. 
cvi. Origenes super ludicum over an erasure. O. 4. 
evil. Beda super cantica canticorum. 
cviiL Cassiodorus super cantica canticorum. 
Omelia super euuangeUum, 
Missus est Gabriel. 
Athanasii de trinitate libri viii**^. 
eiusdem simbolum fidei. 
Eiusdem de spiritu sancto liber .i. eiusdem. 
De uera Me altercatio contra arrium. 
Et fotinum hereticos. 



probe iudice. 
Seutentia probi iudicis. 
Epistola pothamii ad athanasium. 
Epistola athanasii ad luciferum. 
Solutiones obiectionum arrianorum. Gf. Bodl. 1918. 
CYiiii leronimuB super epistolam pauli ad titium. 

Istofi qnere in aolnmine angiistiiii de mirabilibiiB dinine scripture, 
leronimus super epistolam ad phUetnonem. 
Isidorus ad florentinam sororem suam 
de diuinitate libri .ii. 
Augustinus de mirabilibus diuine 
scripture libri .ill. 
Prosper de contemplatiua uita et 

actiua libri .iii. (added is : et alius prosper per se). P. 119. 
(ex — cxiiii have been partly erased), 
ex. Gradale .i. 

Et troparia ... duo(?) per musicam. 
czi. Missale ad capellam sancti eadmundi. 
czii. Missale ad sanctum andream. 
cxiii. Missale ad criptam. 
cxiiii. Antiphonarium ad catenam. 
cxv. Virgilius .ii*. V. ... 
cxvi. Statius. 

cxvii. Yictorinus et sententie diuerse. 
[f. 2 h 6.] {in another hand) pantegni duo. 
cxviii. Pantani de medicina lined throiigh, 
cxviiii. Lectionarium dominicale. 

cxx. Bibliotheca apostolicum lined through, 
cxxi. Bibliotheca anselmi abbatis lined through, 
cxxii. Lectionarium sanctorum .ij^ 

cxxiij. Omeliarium estiuale. ? a separate volume 0. 55. 

Epistole episcopi cenomannensis (i.e. Hildebert) et plures 
libri tullii senece in am>other hand, 

cxxiiij. Bruno super epistolas pauli. 

cxxv n erased, 

cxxvi. Qlose super dialecticam magistri 

Widonis de stampis (of Etampes) et episcopi cenomannensis. 
cxxviL Parabole et ecclesiastes Salomonis 

et .X. minores prophete glosati in .i^ uolumine. B. 80. 
cxxviii. lesu nave liber iudicum glosati. 
cxxviiii. Apocalipsis glosati. In i* uolumine. 
Number erased. Liber Numeri glosatus. 

Liber Deuteronomii glosatus. B. 51. 
In another hand, 

cxxx. Genesi<s> et cantica glosati. B. 40. 


cxxxi. Euangelia iohannis et luce glosata. B. 105. 
cxxxii. Liber hugonis de sacramentis. H. 56 (or H. 31 or 32). 
A line erased appa/rently. 
In the first hand. 
cxxziiL lob glosatus. 

cxxxiui. Epistole Pauli iii glosate. B. 204, 205, 207. 
A line erased. 

Lamentationes ieremie glosate 
Et quidem liber sententiarum insimuL 
C2XXV. Euuangelium ii mathei glosatum. 

Et glose eiusdem in simul. B. 97 and B. 93. 
cxxxYL Liber de partibus. 
In the second hand. 
czxxvii. Epistole glosate Gileberti porrei lined through. 

a a duo 

cxxxviii. Psalterium glosatum porrei. 
cxxxviiii. Psalterium titulatum. 
In a third hand. 


140, 141. Psalterium himnarium (?) glosatum. phalterium Mag. ful- 
gentii glosatum. 

142. Quoddam salterium glosatum cum expositione misse. 

[f. 3 a a.] In another hand or in blacker ink. _ 

143. Et de istis libris sunt glosati genesis 

Et cantica canticorum in \mo uolumine. B. 40. 

144. Et exodus glosatus. B. ... 

145. lesu naue et liber ludicimi et apoca- 
lipsis glosati in uno uolumine lined through. 

146. Liber Numeri et Deuteronomium glosati in i"* uolumine lin^ 
throvjgh. B. 80. 

147. Parabole et ecclesiastes Salomonis 

et X maiores prophete glosati in i"" uolumine lined through. 

148. Job glosatus lin^d through. 

149. Ewangelium lobannis et luce glosati in imo uolmnine. B. 105. 

150. Ewangelium Mathei 

et canonice epistole glosati in i** uolumine. B. 92. lin^ through. 

151. Epistole pauli glosate Magistri anselmi. 

152. Psalterium glosatum lined through. 

153. Epistole glosate Gileberti porrei lined through. 

154 Gregorius super ezecbielem et ancheridion Augustini. 

155. Ambrosii super Beati immaculati. 

156. Beda de templo et xxx questiones eiusdem in libro regum. 
B. 282. 

157. Vitruuius de Architectura. (Cf. Leland, no. 20.) 

158. liber florum. 


159. ApocalipsiB magistri fulgentii. 

160. Parua decreta. 

161. Minora sacramenta hugonis cum quibuBdam sententiis. H. 31 
or 32. 

162. Instituta justinianL 

163. Isaias glosatus. B. 60, 61 or 62. 

164. Donatus magnus et persius et focas in .i*. uolumine. 

165. Prima et secunda Rethorica tollii. 

[f. 3 a b,] 166. Hamo super epistolaa pauli ad romanos paruus. 

167. Quintiliani de institucionibus oratorids et merlini i* pars in .L 

168. Edictum piisedmi imperatoris iustiniani F. 12. 

169. Magnus liber sermonum in anglica lingua. f BodL N£F. 4. 12. 

170. Liber adhortationum sanctorum patrum et uita sanctae mariae 
et sancti simeonis in .i. uolumine. 

A line left blank. 

171. Decreta graciani iii. 

172. Vita sancti marcialis episcopi. Dicta odonis abbatis. 

173. Vita sancti abdonis abbatis m itj guatemU (this in a kcmd of 
cent, xiVy xv). 

174 Qregorius super iob in iii*" uoluminibus. G. ... 

175. Pastorale gregorii. 

176. Registrum Gregorii. G. 16. 

177. xl" ii omelie gregorii. G. 8. 

178. Dialogus gregorii. G. 15. 

179. Oratius totus in uno uolumine. 

180. Codex. IT Boetius de trinitate. B. 319. 

181, 182. Boetius de consolatione philosophie. H Arismetica boetii et 
musica et tabule quedam in uno volumine. 

183. Itinerarium dementis added. 
In another handy of cent. xiii. 

184. IT Augustinus super beatus uir. A. 2. 

185. super quid gloriaris. 

186. super domine exaudi. A. ... (4). 

187. de duitate deL A. ... 

188. Augustini epistole. 

189. Augustinus super epistolas iohannis. 

190. de doctnna Christiana. 

191. Augustini encheridion .ij*. unum per se (A. 31). alter in fine 
gr^orii super ezechielem. 

Augustini yponosticon. hoc inuenies cum Ambrosio de misteriis. 

192. leronimus super ecclesiasten. leronimus ad paulam et eusto- 
chium de assum^tione contra heluidium hereticimL hyldefonsus de sancta 
maria. Cf. A. 88, J. 20. 


193. leronimus super quosdam psalmos. J. 3. 

194) 195. super xij prophetas in duobus uoluminibus. J. 10 

(voL i). 

196. super Matheum. J. 13 (?) 

197. leronimi epistole. J. 20. 

leronimus super marcum et in uolumine ephytalamii Origenis 
super cantica cantioorum. 

leronimus contra Jouinianum. Require In uolumine Ambrosii 
de misteriis. 

198. leronimi liber viij™ super ysaiiun. J. 6. 
[f. 3 b a.] 199. Ysidori sententie. 

200. r Item idem. 

Ysidorus ad florentinam sororem suam de diuinitate. 
- Ysidorus de dififerentiis. 

201. r Ysidorus de libris ueteris et noui testamenti. 

de ortu et obitu sanctorum patrum. 
de illustribus uiris. bos iij quere cum retractationi- 

. bus Augustini. A. 3. 

202. Gregorius super Ezecbielem. Q. 6. 

203. Item idem et encbyridion Augustini. 

204. Gregorii moralium in iob x>ars media. G. ... 

205. Ambrosius de Me. 

206, 207. de offitiis ii«. ? Bodl. 1901. 

208, 209. ii exameron. ? Bodl. 1899, 2012. 

210. Beda super samuelem. 

211. de tabemaculo. ? B. 282. 

212. super lucam. B. 287. 

213. super marcum. 

214. de bystoria anglorum. 

215. Origenes super Ibesu naue. 0. 2. 

216. Origenis epitbalamium super cantica cantioorunL 

sermones. quere post soliloquium Augustini 

217. Origenes super epistolam ad romanos per rufinum translatus. 

218. Numeri glosatus. B. 50. 

219. 220. Deuteronomium ij glosatus. B. 51, 52. 

221. Leuiticus glosatus. B. 48. 

222. xij propbete minores glosati. B. 70. 

223. IT Parobole Salomonis glosate. 
224 Ecclesiastes glosatus. B. 80 (?) 

225. H Job glosatus. 

226. Regum glosati. B. 58. 

227. Ibesus filius Syrac glosatus. 
[f. 366.] 228. Daniel glosatus. B. ... 
229. Psalterium glosatum. B. 232(?) 


230. P&alterium gloeatam "^"^l*"' 
231,232,233. Psalteria iii magistri petrL 

234. lohannes euangelista et lucas gloeati R 105. 

235. MaicuB glosatus. B. 101. 

236. EpiBtole pauli secundum breuem glosuram ii*. B. 204^ 205. 

237. Epistole canonioe gloeate. B. 207 (?) 

238. Actus apostolorum gloeatL H. 8 (?) 

239. Liber quidam sententiarum. 
240,241,242. Sententie magiatri petri iiL P. 64. 

P (erasure. ? Paterius). 

243. loeephus uetus. 

244. Item loeephus in duobus uoluminibua 

245. Itinerarium dementia 

246. Eoclesiastica hjstoria. (sc. Bedae ?) 

247. Tripertita hjstoiia. 

248. Qesta francorum. (»Freculphus?) 

249. rVita sancti gregorii. 
|_Pas8io sancti Dionisii 

250. Vita sancti Martini Nicholai ESgidii AudoepL 

251. Amalarius. A. 121. 

252. Qemma anime. 

253. Consuetudinarium lanftvuici. 

254. Consuetudinarium quod azo dedit 

255. Exceptiones de amalario cum plerisque sententiis. 

256. Exceptiones Radulfi de CarduiL 

257. Liber quidam sermonum. 

258. R^^uia beati Benedicti Latine et anglioe. R 70. 
258*. Idem cum quibusdam sententiis. 

259. Paradisus. 

260. Gregorius Nazanzenus. 

261. Smaragdus et uitas patrum. 

262. Cirillus. 

263. lobannes cassianus de institutione monachorum. 

264. Idem de decem collationibus. Cf. Wren 19. 

265. Collationes patrum. Sermones ephrem diaconL 

266. Bethorica prima et secunda simuL 

267. Quintilianus de Institutionibus oratoriis. 

Three (?) leaves, probably blank, are cut out after this. 

Here are parts of three catalogues. The first is the portion 
numbered from i to cxxxviiii : the second is the enumeration of 
the glossed books with additions, on f. 3 oo — Sab: the third 
extends from no. 184 to the end. Just so in the Catalogue of the 


Library at Rievaulx (Jesus College Cambr. MS. Q. B. 17), 
the whole list is written twice over in varying forms. In 
our present document some few books are entered three times 
and many of them twice. 

The erasures in the Catalogue call for a word of notice. It 
will have been seen that almost all the service-books have been 
lined through. This means, no doubt, that as the Catalogue 
became less of a mere inventory and more of a guide to the 
contents of the Library, it was felt that service-books belonged 
rather to the category of church furniture, and that as they 
were not kept in the Library, they had no place in the Cata- 

Other erasures are due to different causes: the entry 'cxviii. 
Pantani de medicina' contained a mistake; it has been cor- 
rected to * pantegni ' rightly : erased lines, which occur else- 
where, may represent titles of lost volumes. 

The entries of service-books give us, what is very interest- 
ing, the names of the localities in the Abbey to which they 
were assigned. A full discussion of these belongs to an archi- 
tectural investigation of the site : but a word or two may be 
wiid in explanation of them here. 

First, no. xxxv, the Breuiarium ad hospites, will probably 
have belonged to the Chapel appropriated to guests, which, as 
I have gathered from other sources, was in the South Transept 
of the Church. The Missale ad 8. Martinwm, those ad crucem, 
ad martireSy ad S. Sahara, were for other altars in the Church 
(which possessed at least 17). That of S. Martin was conse- 
crated under Abbot Anselm (1119 — 1148) by John Bishop of 
Rochester ; that of the Cross by Alberic Bishop of Ostia, 
Legate in Stephen's reign : it was consecrated during Anselm's 
absence at Rome, on the Vigil of the Translation of S. Edmund. 
The last-named, that of S. Saba, was dedicated by Abbot Anselm, 
who had been Abbot of S. Saba at Rome. Under the number 
xxcvi appears a Breviary for the use of the Infirmary, which 
seems to have lain N.E. of the Abbey Church. The chapel of 
S. Edmund, to which the Missal no. cxi is assigned, may have 
been behind the high altar, or else may be the " Old Chapel " 

C. A. S. Octavo Seneg, XXVIII. 3 


on the north side of the Church. The Chapel of S. Andrew 
(see no. cxii) was in the monks' cemetery, and was consecrated 
by John Bishop of Rochester at the request of Abbot Anselm. 
The crypt (see no. cxiii) was dedicated to the Virgin, and is 
described by William of Worcester as being 100 feet long, 
supported by 24 pillars, and having a well in it. The ''chained 
Antiphoner", no. cxiiii, would most likely be in the main choir. 

The entry no. cxx, of a Btbliotheca apostolicum, is puzzling : 
can it stand for Bihliotheca et Apostolicum, meaning a Bible 
and the Pauline Epistles ? It seems hardly probable. Anselm's 
Bible, which is no. cxxi, was possibly that described in the 
Gesta Sacristarum, as quoted above ; but more probably it was 
one which Anselm had brought with him from Rome. 

There is another source, and a very important one, from 
which we can gain particulars of the former contents of the 
Bury Library. This is the comparative Catalogue of Monastic 
Libraries which was compiled by John Boston, Monk of Bury, 
in the fifteenth century. This writer, commonly known or not 
known as Boston of Bury, is said to have flourished about 1410. 
His book was called Gatalogus scriptorum ecclesiae. A com- 
plete reprint of it has never appeared, but in Wilkins's edition 
of Tanner's Bihliotheca (1748 : pp. xvii — xliii) will be found the 
preface and a mutilated form of the text. Boston's work was a 
great one, and must at all costs be printed in full before any 
really thorough investigation of ancient English Libraries can 
be undertaken. This excellent man travelled all over England, 
and part of Scotland, and examined the Libraries of one hun- 
dred and ninety-five religious houses. He next constructed an 
alphabetical Catalogue of all the ecclesiastical authors whom he 
found represented, and I fancy included all those, also, whose 
names occurred in the Catalogi Scriptorum of Jerome and 
Oennadius. He set down at the end of his notice of each 
author the title and first and last words of each of his works, 
and added in the case of each tract a number or series of 
numbers. In these numbers lies the distinctive part of his 
Catalogue : they refer to the list of the 195 Libraries which he 
bad visited, and indicate that he had seen copies of the work 


to which they are attached, in the Libraries which they indi- 
cate. Thus to Anselm de lihero arbitrio are affixed the num- 
bers 82. 114. 94. 42. 153. On referring to our list of Libraries 
we find that 82 is the number of Bury, 114 of Bordesley, 94 of 
Ford, 42 of Reading, 153 of 'Relcom' (probably Kelso'). 

The method employed by Boston having been explained, I 
proceed to extract from the printed portion of his Catalogue 
all the references to Bury that occur ; but I must state clearly 
what the printed portion of the Catalogue is. It was Bishop 
Tanner's intention to have printed the whole : but Wilkins, his 
industrious editor, came, I am sorry to say, to the conclusion 
that this would not be worth while, and, though he gives the 
names of all the authors in Boston's list, he only prints the 
titles of their works and the numbers attached, m the case of 
British authors. I repeat that this is unfortunate, and that we 
sorely need a complete text of Boston's Gatalogus, 

In Bury Library, then, Boston found copies of the following 
works : 


de conceptu virginali et originali peccato. 

de veritate et libero arbitrio. 

de Concordia praescientiae divinae, praedestinationis et gratiae cum 

lib. arbitr. 
de libero arbitrio. 
cur deus homo, 
de gi:ammatica. 
de casu diaboli. 

de processione Spiritus Sancti. 
contra insipientem. 
contra respondentem pro insipiente. 
disputationes pro insipiente. 
disp. Judaei cum Christiano. 
diup. inter Christianum et gentilem. 

^ The namk of the Monasteries in Boston's list are very corrupt. Thas 

93 Biiokfestar=Buckfastleigh, 
.136 Luja must be Louth, 
149 Harleolum = Earleolum, Carlisle ; 
and, what is of more interest to us at this moment, 173 Batewelle monachorum 
(minorum) must be BabweU, the name of the Franciscan oonyent at Bury. 



de similitadinibus. 

de incamatione YerbL 

de Sacramento altaris. 

de fermentato et azimo. 

de aeteroa beatitudina 

Soliloquiorum de Trinitate lib. iii 



de redemptione humana meditatio. 

de planctu virginitatis amissae. 

ad concitandum timorem. 

de passione Chrifiti. 

Orationes (15). 

super illud Evang. Intravit lesus. 

de conceptione S. Mariae. 

Proverbiorum lib. i. 

de sacramentis ecclesiae 

de dedicatione ecclesiae 

super illud Dum medium tHentium 

de corpore Christi 

de voluntate Dei. 

de scientia animae Christi. 

de motione altaris. 


seemingly in one volume. 

Alexander Nequam (Neckam) 
super Cantica. 
super Psalterium. 
de difticilibus verbis Bibliae. 
super mulierem fortem libb. iii. 
de conversione B. M. Magdalenae. 
super sjmbolum Athanasii. 
cur deus homo vel cur filius incamatus. 
de nativitate B. V. M. 
de annunciatione 
and apparently also 

de desponsatione B. Y. M. 
liber qui dicitur Festivale. 
de utensilibus necessariis. 
Scintillarium poetarum vel Methologias. 

Adelredus Rievallensis (Aelred of Rievaulx) 

super Evang. Cum erat lesus xii annorum tract, iii. 
Speculum caritatis libb, iii. 

in one vol. (?). 


de spirituali amicitia dialog, libb. iii. 

Soliloquionun lib. i. 

de institutis iuclusarum. 

de diversis virtutibus et militia Christiana. 

Cronica usque ad Henr. i. 

de miraculis eocL Hagustaldensis 

de standardo 

Vita S. Edwardi Conf. 

Vita Davidis r^^ Scotiae cum lamentatione de morte eius, in 

genealogia regum Angliae. 
super evang. Nemo accendtt. 


de Trinitate ad Earolum libb. iii. 

dial, de Trinitate. 

Sententiae. \ 

Quaest. super genesin ad literam. j 

super Ev. lohannis libb. vii. 

Quaest. et respons. Albini et Fridegisi de Trinitate. James 198. 

Categoriae ad Karolum. 

de ecclesiasticis dogmatibus. 

super Vetus et Novum Testamentum. 

de fide catholica. 

de antichristo ad Karolum. 

oratio ad Earolum. 

disput. cum Pipino. 

de virtutibus et vitiis et utilitate animae. 



de virginitate ad Hildelitham lib. i. 
de octo vitiis principalibus 
and apparently 

de pascha contra errorem Britonum. 

Adalbertus diaconus 

de moralibus Qregorii civ capita. 


de reparatione lapsi. 

\\ Beda 

super Gten. — Deut. 
de tabemaculo Moysi. 
super Samuelem. 

jii. >• 
•ti. ) 


de templo Salomonis. 
in lib. Begum quaest. xxx. 
super Proverbia Salomonis. 
super Cantica. 
super Esdram et Neemiam. 
super Thobiain. 
super Ysaiam. Esdr. Neemian. 
super Evang. Marci. 
super Evang. Lucae. 
I flores Augustini super epistolas. 
in Actus Apostolorum. 
in vii Epp. Canonicas. 
super Apocalipsin. 

lectiones in totum N. T. ezc. Evangelio. 
Vita S. FeUcis. 

S. Anastasii. 

S. Cuthberti. 
Uistoria Abbatum. 
Historia ecclesiastica. 
de natura rerum. 
de temporibus et luna. 
de temporibus horis et momentis. 
de metrica arte. 
de scematibus et tropis. 
de mensibus cum tabulis. 
de formationibus signorum. 
de compoto. 

lamentatio in diem iudicii. 
super librum Donati. 
super mulierem fortem. 
contra Julianum episc. Eclanensem. 
de veritate anuorum divinorum. 

Birdferthus monachus Ramesiae 
J ■ super librum Bedae de temporibus. 

Gi'egorius prior de Bridelington 
super cantica canticorum. 

Gilbertus Albus abbas de Swyneshed 
super cantica canticorum omeliae xlvii. 


Qilbertus abbas Westmonast. 

de disputatione Judaei cum seipso. 

Henricus Huntedoniensis 

super Beati tmmactdati, 
de gestis regum AngUae. 
de serie regum totius orbis. 
de serie regum Britanniae. 
de contemptu mundi. 
de Sanctis Angliae. 

Johannes Sarisburiensis 




Vita et Passio S. Thomae Cantuar. 

Euticus i.e. Fortunatus. 


Johannes de Tynmuithe 
Historia aurea voll. ill. 

Johannes de Houden 

Meditatio de nativitate et passione Ohristi: et vocatur Canticum 


de casibus in Missa. 

Nicolaus de Gorham 


Themata rel sermones de dominicis. 

Petrus Blesensis 

super Job. 

de vera amicitia Christianorum. 

de conversione S. Pauli. 

Dial, inter Henr. E. Angliae et abbatem Bonevallensem. 

de periculis praelatorum. 

Badulphus Niger (a native of Bury) 

super libros Regum. 

super Eptaticum. 

Epitome in Paralipomenon. \ 

Remediarium in Esdram. > 

de re militari et de tribus viis peregrinationis lerosolymitanae. ) 



de iv feBtivitatibuB B. Mariaa. 

de interpret. Hebraeorum nominum. 

Cronica a principio mundi usque ad tempuB suum. 

Robertas Lincolniensis 

summa de yii vitiis capitalibus. 

Robertus Molendinensis (MelundineDsis or Mileduaensis) 

de sacramentis V. et N. Testamenti. 
sententiarum libb. ii. 

Ricardus Radulfi (Armachanus) 

de quaestionibus Armeniorum libb. xix. 

Ricardus de Hampole 

Inoendium amoris. 

MeloB amoris. 

de amore divine. 

de timore domini et contemptu mundi. 

vehiculmn vitae. 

These are all the references I can collect from Boston in his 
present form. In many cases no numbers are given, and this, 
when we know that the works mentioned were in the Bury 
Library. Boston may possibly have omitted to attach numbers 
to books which he knew that his monastery possessed : moi*e 
probably, Wilkins has tacitly dropped a good many of them. 

I am strongly inclined to believe that the person to whom I 
often refer in the following pages as *the Librarian' is none 
other than Boston. In three instances there are notes precisely 
in his style in Bury MSS. : the first is B. 292, the second, P. 119, 
where I unfortunately have not transcribed the text of the 
notes, the third is R. 14, where the 'Librarian' not only gives 
date and other facts concerning the history of Ralph of Flavigny, 
but adds a list of his works and a note of other monastic 
Libraries in which they were to be found. Burton, Witham and 
Battle. This is just what Boston might have done : the least 
we can say is that either he wrote the note himself or another 
Bury monk copied it out of his book. Again, in S. 184, there 
is a strange list of the chapters in the work called ' Suda,' and 
in Boston's Catalogue some very odd facts about this work are 
given S.V. Robertus Lincolniensis 


Two sheets of this Essay had been abready printed, when I 
found mention of a Bury MS., which had escaped my notice 
on a first reading, in the Catalogue of the MSS. in Bp Cosin's 
Library at Durham. It was a copy of Isidore, which will be 
found described under Y. 28. I wrote to the Rev. J. T. Fowler, 
in whose charge these MSS. are, and he very kindly sent me 
full particulars of this and the only other Bury MS. in the 
collection (S. 78). The donor of the Isidore was William 
Curteys, Abbot from 1429 to 1445; and the inscription in 
which he has recorded his gift is particularly interesting and 
important; the words run thus: "Isidore's Etymologies, pro- 
vided by Dom. William Ourteys, Abbot of the monastery of 
St Edmund of Bury : with a notable Index : which book he 
assigned and gave to the Library, constructed by himself, of the 
said monastery, there perpetually to remain : and it is marked 
under letter Y and number 28." 

Here then, in the three words I have italicised, is the com- 
plete answer to the question, Who built the Library ? True, 
the locality of the building still remains unknown : but, as in 
the case of Salisbury, we may well conceive of it as a fifteenth 
century structure over the cloister. And be it noted that 
Abbot Curteys's date (1429 — 1445) corresponds well with that 
of Boston of Bury (cir. 1430). I should not be at all surprised 
to learn that Curteys' built and arranged the Library in accord- 
ance with Boston's views, and at his instigation. For it seems 
likely that Boston's great bibliographical work had been already 
written when Curteys became Abbot. If anything, I see in 
this new discovery a confirmation of my idea that Boston is the 
" Librarian" of whom I have so often spoken. 

It will be right to add in this place the observation that 
the fifteenth century seems to have been a great period for the 
erection of special buildings in monasteries to contain books. 
Abbot John Whethamstede of St Albans built the Library 
there in his second abbacy, in 1452-3. At Christ Church, 
Canterbury, the Library seems to have been built in the same 
century : and it would be possible to cite many similar examples 
from the history of religious houses both English and foreign. 


iiL The extant remains of the Library. 

The last section of this Essay is to consist of an enumera- 
tion, with brief descriptions, of the extant MSS. which at one 
time belonged to the Abbey of S. Edmund. A certain number 
of these have lost their press-mark along with their first leaf; 
but I shall not insert any of whose connexion with Bury I do 
not feel fairly confident. The order I follow is that of the old 

Bury Where 

press-mark. Title of Book. Date. preserved. 

1. A. 2. Augustinus super Beatus xi, xiL Bodl. e Mas. 

uir (Pas. i— 1). 8. 

In double columns : a fine vc^uma The writing gets larger towards 
the end. 

2. A (? 4). Augustinus super Domine xi, xii. Bodl. e Mus. 

exaudi (Pss. ci — cl). 7. 

In the same hand as the last: at the beginning are four leaves of 
music on a 5-line stave, of cent. xv. The following are the opening words 
of the hymns contained in this fragment : 

Maria mole pressa. 

Zorobabel abigo clam palam et abicio. 

Petrum cemt«(?) e col... lanzantem rethia. 


Petrus pastor potissimus. 

Bex inuictissime regnorum omnium. 

Lux refulget monachorum regis in palacio. 

Duodeno sjdere micat miro munere. 

Frondentibus florentibus siluis seutibus oongaudet philomeua. 

Aue miles celestis c\u*ie. 

De flore martirum modum milicie. 

Aue rex patrone prime. 

Deus tuorum militum prefiilget flos Edmundus. 

Templum eya Salomonis in supeme r^onis. 

Barabas dimittitur dignus patibulo. 

3. A 8. Augustini in lohannem trac- xi, xii. Bodl. e Mus. 

tatus cxxiv. 6. 

Vita Augustini. 

Resembles nos. I and 2 : in double columns. 


4. A. 24. Augustinus contra Faustum xi, xii. Bodl. e Mus. 

Manichaeum. 32. 

In double columns : damaged by fire. Cat, Vet, xxxvii. 

5. A. 27. Augustinus de nuptiis et xii. Bodl. Add. C. 

concupiscentia. 181. 

In double columns: purchased in 1881 of W. Butt, Esq., Azmouth. 
Cat, Vet. Ix. 

6. A. 31 (sic). Augustini retractationum. xii. Bodl. e Mus. 

Cassiodorus de inst. diuin. litt. 31. 

Ysidorus, etc. '^ 

Original binding : in double columns : a fine book. Cat, Vet, bdi. 

7. A, 31 (sic). Augustini enchiridion, ix, x. Pemb. Coll. Camb. 
A small book. Cat, Vet. 191. Wren 41. James 197. 

8. A. 52. 1 Augustinus de f. 1. xiv and Brit. Mus. Royal 

spiritu et anima. xii, xiii. 5. A. viii. 

2 Liber sententiarum Ysidori siue Ysidorus de 

summo bono. f. 19. 

3 Innocencius de miseria condicionis humane, f. 87. 

4 Meditaciones B. Bemardi Abbatis. f. 108. 

5 Paruus tractatus de uiciis et uirtutibus. f. 122. 

6 Quedam miracula B. Mariae cum aliis. f. 144. 

7 Item notabilia pro sermonibus cum distinctioni- 

bus et aliis. f. 152. 

8 Liber Scintillarum pro eodem, etc. 

A square book ff, 255+6. Formerly belonged to John, Lord Lumley. 
The Liber Scintillarum may be that in Cat. Vet, li. The fly-leaves come 
from a copy of Thomas de Cantimpr^, Bonum Unitiersale de apibtiSy ii. 25, 
26; Walterus de traiecto, monasterium uallense, Bobertus abbas uacellen- 
sis are mentioned. See Scott's Catcdogtie of Romances, ii. 650, where the 
Miracles of the Virgin in this MS. are analysed. 

9. A. 61. Ambrosius de bono mortis. xii. Pemb. 

de obseruantia episcoporum. 


contra Symmachum de tradendis basilicis. 


de obitii Theodosii. de SS. Geruasio et Protasio. 
de apologia Dauid. de uinea Naboth. 
Original binding : Cat, Vet. xlvi. Wren 29. James 193. 

10. A. 67. Ambrosias super Lucam. xii. Bodl. e Mus. 27. 

In double oolumns : the first two initials in outline, the rest in plain 
colours. Cat Vet, xxv. 

11. A. 83. Anselmi Epistolae. xii. Corp. Chr. Camb. cxxxv. 
Cai, Vet, xxviii. 

12. A. 88. Anselmus de Concept. B. V. M. xiii. B. M. Royal 

leronimus. 6. B. x. 

Hildefonsus de B. Maria. 
Miracula B. V. M. 

Belonged to John, Lord Lumley. Of. Cat, Vet, xviii, and Caial, of 
Romances, ii. 642. 

13. A. 92. Anselmus de similitudinibus. xiv. Pemb. 




Enchiridion Augustini. 

' De empcione fratris lohannis abbatis ad usum monachorum S. Ed- 
mundi.' Precium xx'. In double columns, not well written. Not men- 
tioned by Wren. James 203. 

14. A. 109. Quaestiones Altissiodorensis in i et ii senten- 

tiarum. xiii (?). Pemb. 

Wren 25. James 181. 

15. A. 110. Quaestiones Altissiodorensis in iii sententiarum. 

xiii (?). Pemb. 
Wren 39. James 168. 

16. (A. 111?). Quaestiones Altissiodorensis super iv senten- 

tiarum. xiii (?). Pemb. 

The first leaf is gone : the last has a document signed by Willss 
Babynton and Joh. Lauynham. Not in Wren. William Babyngton was 
Abbot of Bury between 1445 and 1454. James 166. 

17. A. 114. Excerpta Alexandri de Ales (? Altissiodorensis) 

in iv sententiarum. xiii. Pemb. 


Original binding : strap and pin fastening : chain-mark at bottom of 
front cover. Not in Wren. James 171. 

18. A. 119. Aldhelmi Aenigmata. x, xi. Bodl. Bawl. C. 697. 

Prudentii Psychomachia. 

flF. 78. The prologue to the Psychomachia is on two inserted leaves of 
cent, xii: the poem is not illustrated. On f. 78 6 in an English hand 
almost contemporary is an acrostic in hexameters of the names adalstan 

Archalis clamare trium uir nomine sux I 
Diue tuo fons prognossim Felicitcr aeu 
Augustine * samu cernentis rupis eris el H 
Laruales fonti beliales robure oontr A 
Saepe s^es messem Fecimda prenotat aJtam i N 
Tutis solandum petrinum solibus agme N 
AmpUiis amplificare sacra sophismatis arc E 
Nomina orto petas donet precor inclita doxu S 

which those may translate who can: the last line it seems should be read 


Petas, precor, ortodoxus donet inclita nomina: 

and in 1. 3 the same figmre of tmesis has been employed on the name 
samuheL See Leland, no. 18. 

19. A. 121. Amalarius de ofBcio missae, etc. xii. Pemb. 

* Liber de armario claustri monachorum S. Edmundi.' Original bind- 
ing. Cat. Vet, 261. Wren 15. James 79. 

20. A. 124. Andreas de S. Victore super Isaiam, leremiam, 

Danielem. xiii. Pemb. 

ff. 136: original binding: chain-mark at top of front cover. Wren 18. 
James 82. 

21. A. 143. Armachanus de quaestionibus Armenorum. 

XV. Pemb. 
Rebound. The old table of chapters on two leaves is preserved among 
fragments in the Library. At the top of f. 2 6 in a large hand is : Istum 
librum procurauit monasterio S. Edmundi flfrater lohannes Gosford mona- 
chus eiusdem loci : in quo continentiu: scripta domini armachani de ques- 
tionibus armenorum. Wren 47. James 224. 

22. A. 222. Centiloquium Tholomei, etc. xiii. Pemb. 

It is not clear why this is in class A. Wren 43. James 230, There 
is a fly-leaf from a xth century service-book. 


23. A. . . . (erased). Augustinus de concordia euangelistarum. 

xii. Bodl. e Mus. 33. 
Wimundus de corpore et sanguine domini. 
In double columns. Cat, Vet, ziiL 

24. [A. ...]. Augustinus de ciuitate dei. xv and xii. Pemb. 

Rebound : the first quire is of cent, xv, the rest of xiith century in a 
fine hand. The general appearance suggests Bury as the source. Cat, 
Vet, 187. 

25. [A. ...]. Augustinus super genesim ad litteram. 

xii. Jesus Coll. Camb. Q. O. 1. 

With other tracts by Augustine. Fly-leaves lost: original binding: 
white skin over boards: flat-backed: straps and pins: chain-mark at 
bottom of front cover. Traces of title in Lombardic letters on back. 
Bought in 1484 in London by Gunthorp, Dean of Wells (may have been 
sold as a duplicate), ff. 147. Of. Cat, Vet, xzvi. 

26. [A ...]. Augustinus super genesim ad litteram, etc. 

xiv Pemb. 
Precium zl*. Most probably from Bury. 

27. [A. ...]. Augustinus in Bomanos et 1. Corinthios. 

xii. The Museum, Wisbech. 

Two colxunns : f. 1 is gone. Binding, white skin on boards : strap and 
pin fastening. Cat. Vet, Ivii. 


28. B. 40. Genesis et cantica canticorum glosatL xii. Pemb. 

The Catalogue (p. 23) occupies the last three leaves. 

Original binding: strap and pin fastening: chain-mark at bottom of 
front cover. Wren 58. 

29. [B. 4. . .]. Exodus glosatus. xiii. Ipswich Museum, no. 3. 

Vellum, folio, ff. 128 in quires of eight : given by Wm. Smart. No 
press-mark: a splendid initial H on gold ground occupies nearly all the 
first page. 

30. B. 46 {sic), Boraston Distinctiones. xv. BodL 216. 

Original binding, red vellum over boards: double columns. I am 
doubtful if the number can be correct. B. 460 would be more likely. 
The book is a late one, and disturbs the order of the glossed books of the 


31. [B. 47 ?]. Exodus glosatus. xii (early). Pemb. 

Tractatus de uiciis et uirtutibus. 

Has no mark, probably owing to loss of fly-leaves; the hand seems 
identical with that of B. 101. It is most likely Wren 59. 

32. B. 48. Leuiticus glosatus. xii. Pemb. 

Original binding: strap and pin, chain-clasp, formerly at bottom of 
front cover, then moved to top : a fine book. At the end is a note, pro- 
bably in the hand of the xvth century Librarian: *hunc librum exponit 
etiam Radulphus flauiacensis monachus et abbas.' Wren 60. 

33. B. 60. Nuraeri glosatus. xii, xiii. Pemb. 
Initial as in B. lOL Wren 61. 

34. B. 51. Numeri et Deuteronomium glosati. xii. Pemb. 

Strap and pin fastening : chain-mark at bottom of front cover : has a 
good initial. Wren 62. 

35. B. 52. Deuteronomium glosatus. xii. Pemb. 
Wren 63. 

36. [B. 53 (?)]. Josue, Judicum etc. — Hester glosati. 

xii. Pemb. 
Rebomid. Wren 64. 

37. B. 55. losue et ludicum glosati. xii. Ipswich Museum, 

no. 8. 

Vellum, sm. 4to, pointed hand. Collation: i® — vi^ vii®: i^ — iiii® v® 
(wants 8) : ff. 93. losue et ludicum glosati monachorum S. Edmundi. 
B. 66. Given by W. Smart : bound with B. 240. 

38. B. 57. Ruth, Hester, Jos., Jud. etc. — Neemias et xii 

prophetae glosati. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

ff. 382 in three hands at least. 

*De dono magistri Johannis de Wlpit rectoris de flbrtune.' Wren 66. 

39. B. 58. Libri Begum glosati. xii. Pemb. 

Strap and pin: chain-mark at bottom of front cover: well written. 
Wren 66. 

40. B. 59. Paralipomena, Esdras, Machabeorum glosati. 

xiii. Pemb. 
Original binding : chain-mark at bottom of front cover. Wren 67. 


41. B. 60. Tsayas glosatus. xii. Pemb. 

'Ys. gloB. monaohorum S. Edmundi.' Chain-mark at bottom of front 
cover. Wren 68. 

42. B. 61. Ysayas glosatus. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Strap and pin : chain-clasp at top of front cover. 
^' Liber sancti ^dmundi.'' 

On the cover at the beginning is pasted a fragment (two leaves, torn) 
of a Hebrew MS., coeval with the binding. Wren 69. 

43. B. 62. Ysayas glosatus. xiii. Pemb. 

Liber S. Edmimdi martins. 

Original binding with title on the back : Ysaias. B. 62. Not in Wreu. 

44. B. 66. Ezechiel glosatus. xiii. Pemb. 

Original binding: chain-clasp at bottom of frt>nt cover. Title in 
Lombardic letters on the back. Wren 70. 

45. [B. ?...]. Daniel glosatus. xiiL Pemb. 

Original binding : seems to have had a title on the back : two clasps : 
no chain-mark. * Sancti spiritus assit nobis gracia' on f. 1. This is not 
much like a Bury book, but Wren's list (no. 71) shews that there must 
have been a gloss on Daniel among Smart's books. 

46. B. 70. xii prophetae et Dauiel glosati. xiii. Pemb. 

A good initial to Hosea. ^Dedit magister Stephanus sancto Ead- 
mundo. Si quis hunc librum a S. Eadmundo alienauerit sciat se iram 
dei et S. Eadmundi incurrere.' Wren 72. 

47. B. 80. Proverbia Ecclesiastes xii Prophetae glosati. 

xii. Pemb. 

Original binding: chain-mark at bottom of front cover. The xii 
Prophets are in another hand. Not in Wren. 

48. B. 92. Matheus et Epistolae Canonicae glosati. 

xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Original binding: title in Lombardic capitals on the back. Not in 

49. B. 93. Matheus glosatus. xii. Pemb. | 

Coarsely written : at end * Iste liber constat Johanni de gejste (geysle, 
i.e. Gazeley).' Wren 73. 


50. B. 95. Matheus glosatus. xii. Pemb. 

Psalmi glosati in several hands, xiii, xiv. 

The * gloss on the Psalms' is really a series of extracts from the Bible. 
Original binding: strap and pin: chain-mark at bottom of front cover. 
Wren 74. 

51. B. 97. Matheus glosatus. * xii. Pemb. 

Followed by a continuous comment on Matthew, beginning : Cum post 
ascensionem, in quires of eight (i — viii). Original binding : strap and pin : 
the boards bevelled, not flat : chain-mark at top of front cover. Wren 73» 

52. B. 99. Marcus glosatus. xiii. Pemb. 

Fine initials : fly-leaf gone : original binding : strap and pin : chain- 
mark at bottom of front cover. Title in Lombardic capitals on the back. 
MA ... . GLOSATVS B 99. Wren 77(?). 

53. i B. 101. Marcus glosatus. xii. Pemb. 

ii L. ... Hugo super decreta etc. See under L. 

' Marcus glosatus de armario S. Edmundi.' An initial representing a 
monk. The gloss on Mark in the same hand as that on Exodus (no. 29). 
Wren 76. 

54. B. 105. Lucas et lohaunes glosati. xii (early). Pemb. 

Original binding : strap and pin : chain moved from bottom to top of 
front cover. The last fly-leaf is an unfinished copy of one page of John xx. 
Wren 78. 

55. [? B. 106]. Postillae in Lucam et lohannem. xiii. Pemb. 

The first leaf gone: in double columns: a good initial to S. John's 
Gospel. Wren 79. 

56. B. 109. lohannes glosatus. xii. Pemb. 

In three colmnns : well written : chain-clasp at bottom of front cover. 
Wren 32. James 158. 

57. B. 204. Epistolae Pauli ix, Apocalypsis, Ecclesiastes 

glosati. xiii. Pemb. 

The Epistles are Bom. — CoL The Apocalypse is followed by the Greek 
alphabet, and a calculation of the number of the Beast. Not in Wren. 

58. B. 205. Epistolae Pauli glosatae. xii. Pemb. 

In ivii quires of eight : a fine outline initial, with nude climbing figure. 
Chain-mark at bottom of front cover. Wren 80. 

C. A, S. Octavo Series. XXVIII- 4 


59. Glossa in Epistolas Pauli. xii. S. John's Coll. Camb. 

D. 17. 

ff. 240 : original binding : white skin over boards : gold initials with red 
gold. No mark : resembles the Bury style, and was given by Jeremiah Holt. 

60. [B. 206 ?]. Epistolae Pauli glosatae. xii, xiii. S. James's 

Library at Bury. 

Given in 1639 by a Head Master of Biuy School Mutilated at each 

61. B. 207. Epistolae Canonicae et epistolae Pauli glosatae. 

xi, xii. Pemb. 

Original binding : strap and pin : chain moved from bottom to top of 
front cover. On f. 1 6 is a hymn in 12 lines to S. Edmund. 

Gloriose rex edmunde uir uirtutum uir iocunde 
Tota mente te require ut peccati nexu diro, etc. 

A fine book. 

62. [?B. 20..]. Epistolae Pauli glosatae. xii. Pemb. 

Well written: in red veUum over boards: no mark, but resembling 
Biuy books. 

63. B. 220. Expositio in Ruth et Deuteronomium. 

xiii. Bodl. 715. 
In two columns. Of. James 161. 

64. B. 225. Breuiloquium Bonauenturae. xiv. Pemb. 

Threni. Cantica Canticorum glosati. xiii. 

These last in a beautiful hand. Wren 35. James 172. See below 
under B. 30. 

65. B. 231. Memoriale Grosseteste super Exameron Basilii. 

xiii. Pemb. 

Postilla super Psalmos, Ysaiam, leremiam, 

Danielem, xii prophetas, Marcum. 

In double columns. The Memoriale Grosseteste is gone. On the 
lower margin of f. 1 is this entry Kvctrepvi • 29 u • kS, Wren 26. James 148. 

66. B. 232. Expositio super Psalterium. xii (early). Bodl. 737. 
A fine book in double columns : original binding. Of. James 150. 

67. B. 233. Postillae super Psalterium. xiii, xv. BodL 860. 


Full title : Postille seu oollecta super psalterium in scolis magistri W. 
de Montibus. 

Collecta Samuelis Presbyteri in scolis predictis. 
Mostly in verse, with gloss. Of. James 149. 

68. B. 240. Expositio super Psalterium secundum Ric. de 

S. Victore. xiii. Ipswich Museum, no. 8. 

Vellum, 4to., ff. 136 : quires of 8 : lovely hand, especially the comment 
surrounding the main text, which is itself the Expositio. It would be 
difficult to point to a much better specimen of small writing. 
The title is written in the same hand as that of B. 357. 
B. 240. 

Liber Sancti Edmundi Regis in quo continentur 
Exposicio super psalterium. 
B. 56. 

losue et ludicum glosatL 

Below this is 20 Julii 1590. Collegium... (erasure) e dono Gulielmi 

The prologue begins Si ante oculos tuos domine culpas quas fecimus. 
The exposition is said in the prologue to be derived from Augustine Tvo 
Monogaldus Anselm Serlo. 

69. B. 265. Expositio missae. ? ? ? 
Mentioned in a xvth century note by the Librarian, in R. 40. f. 166. 

70. B. 276. Concordantiae in Biblia. xiv. Pemb. 
Has good initials. Wren 11. James 88. 

71. [B. 277 ?]. Concordantia in Biblia. xiv, xv. Ipswich 

Museum, no. 1. 

Vellum, large folio, imperfect at both ends : three main columns of 73 
lines each on a page: Abnegate — VvUus, Coarse illuminated letters and 
written in a rough ugly hand. Qiven by Smart. 

72. B. 280. Beda super v libros Moysi. xii. Bodl. e Mus. 36. 

ff. 135 in double coliunns. A fine outline initial to Genesis. At top is 
Christ in a mandorla seated full-face with book, beardless : below Him the 
sign of Pisces : below that, Leo : below that, a Dragon or Capricorn : at 
the bottom Adam and Eve looking up. CcU, Vet. vi. 

73. B. 282. Beda de Templo Salomonis. ix ? Pemb. 
A remarkable book. Wren 54. 



74. B. 287. Beda super Lucam. ix, x and xiii. Pemb. 

xxvi quires of eight in the original hand : the remainder in double 
columns of cent. xiii. On f. 1 a is a note of 8} lines in Anglo-Saxon. 
Wren 30. James 213. 

75. [B. 288]. Beda super Lucam. xii, xiii Ipswich Museum, 

no. 2. 

Vellum, large folio, double columns of 40 lines each, ff. 128. Quires of 
eight leaves : well written, plain initials. Two quires gone at the begin- 
ning: begins "pro nostra redemptione incamatum" (on Luc. ii. 14 § v). 
Rust -mark from pin-fastening in centre of last leaf. Given by W. Smart : 
modem binding. 

76. B. 290. Beda in Rom. et 1 Cor. xii, xiii. Bodl. e Mus. 9. 

Has on the fly-leaf a long note on Bedels works in the Librarian's 

77. B. 292. Beda super Apocalypsim et Epistolas Canonicas. 

xii. King's Coll. Cambr. 4. 
In double columns Cat, Vet xL Given by Pearson in 1666. * Liber 
S. Edmundi.' 

78. B. 295. Bedae Historia Ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum. 

XV. Sid. Sussex Coll. Cambr. A. 5. 17. 

Very neatly written : has no mark of its origin other than the press- 

79. B. 305. Bemardus super Cantica. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Hugo de archa Noe. 


de archa sapientie. 

de V septenis. 

Sermones cuiusdam notabiles et deuoti. 

In several hands. At the end is a list in the Librarian's hand of 
sermons by S. Bernard ' in papiro.' The edges of the leaves are painted. 
The note at the beginning is : Liber S. Eadmundi quem quicimque aliena- 
uerit anathema sit in die iudicii nisi inde condignam satisfaccionem dicto 
sancto fecerit. Wren 48. 

80. B. 319. Boecius. xi, xii. Pemb. 
Not in Wren. James 215. 

81. B. 328. Breuiloquium Bonauenturae. xiii. Pemb. 
Original binding: chain-mark at bottom of front cover. Wren 46. 

James 167. 


82. B. 340. Berengaudus super Apocalypsim. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Postilla uel lecture super euangelium lohannis. 
Sermones antiqui (Johannis de Alba Villa). 
Bound with T. 65, P. 92. Wren 23. 

83. B. 367. Bemardus de sex alls. f. 124. xiii etc. S. James's 

Library at Bury. 
Interpretatio de nominibus patiiarcharum. 125 6. 
Bemardus super Threnos. 126 6. 
Extracts. 128 6. 
Tractatus de spiritu saucto. 129. Begins : lam 

nunc ascendamus. 
Quaestiones. Mutilated. 134. 
Miscellaneous extracts. 135. 
Distinctiones. 141. 
Bernardus Ep. Signiensis de dedicatione ecclesie. 


Sermons. 152. 

Notes and tables. 160—165. 

Bound with M. 27 : old binding, white skin over rounded boards : not 
flat-backed : one clasp : no chain-mark. Fly-leaves from a roll of accounts 
cent. XV. Of. S. 26. 

84. B. 385. Bonauentura super iv*"™ sententiarum. 

xiii, xiv. Pemb. 
The mark B is in black letter as in the case of E. 24. In double 
columns and more than one hand. Wren 36. James 174 or 200. 

85. B. 555. 1 Bellum Troianum by Guide de Colonna. f. 3. 

XV. B. M. Harley 51. 
2 lacobi de Theramo Victoria iuridica Christi 
contra Sathanam, sine Peccatorum consolatio. 
f. 106. 

Small folio, single lines. On f. 2 6 is ** Hunc librum procurauit monas- 
terio S. Edmundi pater Robertus de Wesingham suis sumptibus et expen- 
sis cuius anime propicietur deus. amen.'' The press-mark in on the comer 
of f. 3 a : the letter almost gone, the number distinct. The MS. belonged 
in cent, xvi to Thos. Lacey and Thos. Oliver. 

86. [B. 28..]. Beda super Parabolas Salomonis. 

xii. S. John's Coll. Camb. C. 16. 


ff. 67, bound in red vellum on boards : fly-leaf gone : the foliation 
seems to be in the Librarian's hand. The book is almost certainly from 
Bury, and was given by Jer. Holt. 

87. [B. ...]. Lyrae Postilla super Qen. — Regum. xv. Pemb. 

Liber monachorum S. Edmundi. First leaf gone : in double columns. 
Wren 55. James 154. 

88. [B. ...]. Bromyard Tract. luris Ciuilis et Canon. 

XV. Pemb. 
Almost certainly a Bury book : mark gone. James 122. 

89. [B. 104 ?]. Lucas glosatus. xii. Pemb. 

Sancti spiritus assit nobis gratia. 

Original binding : strap and pin : chain>clasp at bottom of front cover : 
title in Lombardic letters on the back GLOSATVS. 

90. [B. 28..?]. Bedae historia ecclesiastica. xi, xii. Pemb. 

Olim Johannis de Westwick. On f. 1 a is a list of the Bishops of Lin- 
disfame. Also this note : Ynguar and Vbbe. Beom was pQ ]>ridde. Lo|)e 
brokes sunes. LoJ)e weren criste, and a note on Ubba's death : Ynguar 
and Ubba were Edmund's slayers. The contents are: 1. Vita S. AleziL 
2. Bedae historia. 3. Vita Bedae. 4. In another hand, Extracts from 
Decrees of S. Gregory. James 124. 

91. [B. 49 ?]. Leuiticus glosatus. xii, xiii Pemb. 

Imperfect : first leaf gone : at the end in the Librarian's hand is the 
note : hunc librum exponit plenius Radulphus abbas flauiacensis. On the 
fly-leaf at the beginning is a letter A in blue, on that at the end a C in 

92. B. 30. Biblia versificata. ? ? 

This is a title written in Lombardic capitals on the old binding of 
B. 225, now kept with other fragments in the Library of Pembroke 


93. C. 4. Qui. Malmesburiensis Oesta Pontificum. 

xii. Magd. Coll. Oxf. 172. 
The autograph of William of Malmesbury, on which the Rolls Edition 
is based (see p. xi) : a small quarto, ff, 103. 


94. C. 16. Claudius Clemens Presbyter in Matthaeum. 

xii. Pemb. 
Has a good initial in pale colours. Wren 2. James 92. 

95. C. 49. Chronica. xiii. B. M. Harl. 447. 
See MimoricUs of S. EdmuncTs Abbey, i p. viii, ii pp. vii, viii. 

96. C. 53. Mariani Sooti Chronicon, really Florence of Wor- 

cester, etc. xii, xiii. Bodl. 297. 

f^ 425 : double columns. See Memorials^ i p. viii. 

97. C. 63. liber de consuetudinibus monasterii Buriae 

S. Edmundi. xiii. 

Vellum, about 8| x 6}, ff. 122 : has the book-plate of John Gage, Lin- 
coln's Inn. Once at Hengrave Hall, where there is a transcript: after- 
wards in the possession of Mr Toovey; recently sold to H. H. Prince 
Frederick Duleep Singh. I owe these particulars to the kindness of Mr 
E. PowelL It is almost certainly that which Battely speaks of as Cofistie' 
tudinarium penes Lord CornwMis; he was once possessor of Hengrave. 

98. C. 64. 

On f. 115 of the Liher Albits is this note (by the Librarian), following a 
list of days 'quibus conuentus bis reficitur' : *' he scripte sunt de antique 
quatemo consuetudinum cum littera C. 78 intitulato et ex traditionibus 
fratrum in custodia T. de Saxham in pergameno cum littera C. 64 intitu- 
latis in librario." It is mentioned again on f. 116. 

99. C. 65. Liber traditionum (classed as Consuetudines or 

Chartae probably). xiv. B. M. Harl. 3977. 

Referred to in the Abbot's book of formulas, Jesus Coll. Camb. Q. B. 1. 

100. C. 68. Chi-onica. xiv(?). B. M. Harl 1005. 

The famous 'Liber Albus,' containing inter alia the only complete 
copy of the Chronicle of Jocelin de Brakelond^. 
Liber monachorum S. Edmundi. 

101. [C. ...]. Chronica lohannis Euerisden Celerarii. 

xiv, XV. College of Arms, MS. Arundel xxx. 

Has fly-leaves from a Virgil of zi cent, palimpsest, and also one from a 

Troper(?) with names (xi, xii). Contains part of a xv cent. Nennius and 

many verses copied from Churches, especially S. Edmund's. Modern 

binding : no mark. It is very like the Liber Albus (C. 68). 

1 Another oopy was in VitoUias D. xv, a MS. destroyed in the fire of 1781. 


102. C. 78. See under C. 64. 

103. [C — ]. Historia Normannorum. xii. B. M. Claud. A. xii. 

Evax de lapidibus. 

Bound with the Begistrum ffostUariae, and most likely from Bury, but 
without a mark. 

104. [C. ...]. Annales. xiv. B. M. Harl. 1132. 

In black and red : 40 ff. ; imperfect at both ends. Events at Buiy and 
Colchester are noticed : S. Edmund's birth and death are recorded in red. 
The foundations of Butley and Leiston are recorded. The book belonged 
to John Foxe and Peter le Neve. 

105. [0. . . .]. Chronicon anonymi. xiv. Camb. Univ. Libr. 

Add. 850. 
See Arnold, Memorials i p. ix. A Life of S. Edmund in Latin verse, 
and a short Chronicle of the Abbey froxa the foundation by Canute to the 
writer's own time (cir. 1360). The MS. is only part of a larger volume, and 
no mark survives. It belonged to Thomas Martin. 

106. [C. ...]. Cjrprian. xii. Pemb. 
Fly-leaf of cent, x from a service-book. 

107. C. . . . Cassianus. ? ? ? 
See Wren 19. Not to be found at Pembroke. 


108. D. 6. Dionysius de diuinis nominibus. xiii. B. M. Royal 

Anselmi et 7. B. ix. 

Augustini quaedam. 

ff. 153, in double colimms, in a fine small hand. The fly-leaves from a 
Pontifical (?) in a large hand of cent. xiii. 

*De procuratione et dono Domini Will. Henry doctoris theologie et 
monachi S. Edmundi de Bury.' 

A table of contents on f. 7 6 : see Cat, of RomanceSy ii. 235. Belonged 
to John Lord Lumley : fly-leaves from a law MS. (ten in all). 

109. D. ... Disciplina clericalis. xiv, xv and B. M. Royal 

xiii. 10. B. xii. 

Dicta Bernardi, other Dicta, and part of Legenda 


At the end of the Disciplina is a note by the Librarian : 'deficiunt viii" 
capitula parua de isto opuscule uidelicet .1. folium et dimidium.' 



110. E. 11. EnchiridioQ ex summa RaymundL 

xiv and xiii. Pemb. 
Excerpta ex libris Orosii, Trogi Pompei et alio- 

rum ualde notabilia. 
Augustini quaedam. 
Alan us. 

Lapidarium in romano. 
leronimus de ponderibus et mensuris. 

Wren 52(?). James 220. 

111. E. 24. Expositio in Psalmos. xiii. S. John's Coll. Camb. 

Ailredus Rievallensis de oneribus. F. 3. 

Given by Jeremiah Holt. Original binding, white skin on boai:ds. 
The mark is in black letter. 

112. E. 43. 1. Chronicon Paparum. f. 1. 

2. Historia de Rege Bruto continuata usque ad 
tempera Ricardi ii. f. 16. 

XV. Corp. Chr. Coll. Cambridge, 251. 

34 lines to a page ; two figured initials, one showing S. Peter as Pope, 
the other a King seated in long robe with shield and lance. There is a 
long life of S. Edmund inserted, beginning ^^Sanctus Edmundus Alka- 
mundi regis Saxonie et Siware regine filius." 

On the verso of the last leaf but one is the note beginning "Anno 
domini m'.cc'.lxxv* deposita est capella rotunda" and ending "ortus fere- 
trariorum" which occurs in the College of Arms MS. Arundel xxx. 

On the recto of the last leaf is a list called Fensio scolarum: Imprimis 
de feretrariis ad festum S. Michaelis iiis vjd....Item pro Will"* Bowham 
(Rougham) zijd...Item pro priore Job. Qofford (Gk)sford) xxd. Item de 
camerario pro Ed". Bokynham. Item pro Henr. de manerio 
de Thoma Mimchesey. Item de sacrista pro abbate WilL 
Cratfeld iiis. iiijd. 

I do not quite see why the volume is classed under the letter E. Mr 
E. Powell was good enough to call my attention to this book. 





113. F. 12. Justiniani Edictum de Fide, etc. ix, x. Pemb. 
A small book, rebound. Wren 53. James 221. 

114. F. ... Freculphi historia. xii. Camb. Univ. Lib. 

li. 2. 10. 

Fly-leaf gone : title (cut) in Librarian's hand, as I think on £ la: 
in double columns. Of. Leland 21. Cat, Vet, Izxiii. 

115. F. ... Fonna componendi litteras. xiv. Peinb. 

Mark gone : bound with S. 65 : rounded boards ; strap and pin : chain- 
mark at top of front cover. Not in Wren. James 222. 


116. G. 2. Gregorii Moralium Liber xi—xxii. xiii. Pemb. 

The mark is of cent, zv : at the end is * precium huius libri...' Not in 

117. G. 8. Gregorius in Euangelia xii. Pemb. 

Has several figured initials : a fine book. ' omelie gregorii de armario 
claustri monachorum S. Edmundi.' Title and number in Lombardic 
letters on the back : strap and pin : chain-mark at bottom of front cover. 
Wren 34 James 206. 

118. G. 6. Gregorius in Ezechielem. xL S. John's Coll. 

Camb. B. 13. 

4to. : a fine MS. in quires of eight marked A, B,...X,-(-5 : 28 lines to a 
page. Original binding, white skin over boards. Gr^orius super 

ezechielem de refectorio monachorum sci edmundi : given by Jer. Holt. 

119. G. 15. Gregorii Dialogus. xiii and xv. B. M. Royal 

Hugo de archa Noe, etc. 8. F. xiv. 

Small folio ff. 198+6. Two fly-leaves from a glossed Virgil of cent. 
X, zi. (cf. no. 101) 'per fratrem h. de k. (Henricum de Kirkestede).' 

120. G. 16. Gregorii Registrum. xi, xii. B. M. Royal 6. C. ii. 

fif. 188: de communi armario claustri S. Edmimdi regis et martiris: in 
a beautiful hand. At the end an extract in which the date 1079 occurs, 


and another of cent, xii concerning the visit of a pope Alexander (Rollandus) 
to Venice, in the same hand. 

121. G. 18. Ecloga de Gregorii Moralibus. x (?). Pemb. 

The mark is like that in G. 6. Liber sancti .£dmundi regis et martiris. 
On the verso of the last leaf is an imperfect note in Anglo-Saxon of five 
lines, giving numbers of men, sheep, swine, etc. at some place not stated. 
Wren 51. James 205. 

122. G. 129. Gregorius in Ezecbielem. xv. Femb. 

De empcione fratris Will Barwe (sacrist in 1414). 

Original binding, red vellum over boards: two clasps: chain-mark at 
bottom of front cover, and also on the last cover : fly-leaf at end from an 
Antiphoner. Later table of contents : 'precium ilxxs.' Wren 14. James 
86 or 204. 

123. [G. ...] Gregorii Moralia. xiii. Pemb. 

f. 1 gone : in double columns : chain-mark at bottom of front cover : in 
a good hand ; the initials have been cut out. Not in Wren. 

124. [G. 3 ?]. Gregorii Moralium tertia pars (xxviii — xxxv). 

xii. Pemb. 

Original binding : f. 1 gone. Not in Wren. James 207. 

125. [G. ...]. Gorham in Psalmos. xiv, xv. Pemb. 

Original binding : not flat-backed, but seems to come from Bury. Not 
in Wren. 

126. G. [25 ?]. Compilatio super moralia Gregorii super Job. 

xiii, xiv. Ipswich Museum No. 6. 
Small folio. 

Contents 1. Epistola Cirilli ad Augustinum de uisione penanun 
purgatorii et infemi et de gaudio paradisi. 

Epistola Augustiui ad Cirillum de laude et transitu beati Jeronimi 
ff. 49—54 of a xvth cent. MS. 

2. Compilatio super moralia Gregorii super Job. 
ff. 26-75 of a ziiith cent. MS. 

Explicit liber qui dicitur Flos rami excerptus a quodam modemo de 
moraUbus b. Gregorii super Ubrum b. Job. 

3. Sermo fratris Ric. FishakeL 
Destructiones de vii peccatis mortalibus. 

fll 76 — 80 of the same volume, in other hands. 

4. Compilatio de moralibus Gr^orii super Ezechielem. 
In the hand of no. 2. fl*. 81— -88. 



5. Ldbellus qui dicitur Paratum. 
A commentaiy on the Parable of the Marriage Suj^r by a "G. 

or " W." Canonicus : dedicated to his colleagues G. and W. ff. 88 h — 122. 

6. Fretelli archidiaconi antiocheni descriptio regni Israel ad R. 
(Rodicum) comitem Toletanum E 122 b — 124 a. Hebron — Caesarea. 


Scripto completo consul Bodice ualeto 
Quod tibi presentat, genuit quern pontica tellus 
Archidiaconus Antiochenus Rorgo FreteUus 
Terrarum letam petit hec descriptio metam. 

List of Patriarchs of Jerusalem: from Jacobus frater Domini to 
Ibelinus or Ibelitius Archiep. Arelatensis and Amulphus Archidiac. 

List of Episcopi avb Eomano parUifice constitutiy beginning with those 
of Italy, ff. 122 6—126 a. 

In Anglia, 

Metropolis Cantuariens. Londoniens. Rofens. Cioestrens. Exoniens. 
Wintoniens. Bathoniens. Wigomiens. Herfordens. Conuentrens. Lin- 
colniens. Norwicens. El yens. Meneuens. Landauens. de S. Asaph. 

Metropolis Eboracens. Dunelmens. Cardocens. 

In Scotia (1. Suecia), 

Metr. Vbsalen. Agurien. Straganen. Langacopen. Soareu. <In Scotia, > 
Sancti Andree. Glascuen. Candide case. Dunchelden. Dumblanien. Bre- 
chinen. Aberdonen. Mure?i(or ri)en. Rosmarchinen. Catanen. de Argatel. 

Ends with Syria, f. 125 a. 

Forma dationis pallii. Forma iuramenti. Qui episcopi uisitant papam. 
Professio domini pape de fide catholica in singulis conciliis coram omnibus 
ultima die concilii. 

7. Table to the preceding and following works. 
Six coltunns on a page. 

125 6-1276. 

8. Libellus excerptus ab ethimologiis Rabani, dictus Palmapenne: 
quia, si cut palma, ramos emittit fructuosos penna protractos, et a 
Wamerio Gregoriano. 

128 a— 177 a : ff. 177 6, 178 blank. 

9. Distinctiones super psalterium secundum Petrum Pictauensem 
cancellarium Parisiensem et secundum alios quosdam. 

179 a — 201a: f. 2016 blank. Nos 2 — 9 are quires vii — xxv of one 

10. Six leaves of different vellmn, not numbered. 
Acrostics (seven) on the name Edmimdus. 
Various verses. 

Narraciones Petri Andefunsi (=Alphonsi) abbreviate. 
Two proverbs of King Alfred in English. 



French rhymes on bad monks. 
Fumores Mag. W. le transcendent. 

De nacione Pilati et lude, imperf. at end. 
See appendix. 

Given by W. Smart : modem binding. 

Collation: afi vi^ vii^+i viii® — xvii^ xviii* xix^ — ludi^ xxiii*^ (so) xxiiii® 
xxv^ (wants 8) b®. 


127. H. 1. Haymo super Esaiam. xiL 8. M. Egerton 2782. 

fiP. 125 in double columns : white skin over boards. 

Haymo super ysaiam de refectorio monachorum sancti Edmundi. 
Purchased in 1893 from Mr Goshawk of Harrow : formerly the property of 
a Town Clerk of Lynn. Cat. Vet xxcv. 

128. H. 19. Hugo de S. Victore super Eeclesiasten. 

xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Double columns : original binding : chain-mark at bottom of last cover. 
Wren 20. James 74. 

129. H. 31. Duo libri uersificati ex operibus Hugonis. 

xii (?). Gonv. et Cai. 145 (95). 

8yo. size: double columns: signatures of quires in thick Roman 
figures: original binding: well written. James 178. 

130. H. 32. Duo libri uersificati collecti ex operibus Hugonis. 

xiii (?) Pemb. 

In an odd hand : original binding : strap and pin : chain-mark at top 
of firont cover: rounded boards. Wren 45. James 176. 

131. H. 55. Historia aurea Job. de Tinmouth (Timworth), 

etc. 1377 and later. Bodl. 240. 

Stamped leather binding: see Memorials of S. Edmund's Abbey, i. 
p. Ixv. 

The main contents are the Historia aurea of John de Timworth, inter- 
calated with a mass of miracles of S. Edmund, of which a good many have 
been printed by Mr T. Arnold in the Memorials of S. Edmund's Abbey, 
The following notes are the result of a cursory examination of the volume : 

p. 598. On S. Antony. 


In legenda noctumali de babewelle non scribitur pluB de eo et continet 
lectiones sex pro primo et duo noctumo. 

At Babwell was the site of the Franciscan convent of Buxy. 

p. 605. Miracles of B. Benedict 

Cuius originalis scribitur ad plenum apud monasterium Ramess. et 
S. Benedictum de Hulmo. 

p. 621. See under S. 146. 

p. 622. De S. Mildreda vel miltrude secundum legendam thef. (i.e. 

p. 624. A mandate of Will de Claxton, prior of Norwich, to observe 
the Translation of S. Edmund : originate istius est ad feretrum in cistula 
cum Uteris indulgentiarum et bullis. 

The miracles of S. Edmund are interrupted on p. 648 by extracts from 
Amalarius and Durandus and the Revdatto qttam dedU domiwus Esdre on 
the method of auguring the year from the weather on New Year's Day. 

pp. 661 — 667. Incipiunt miracula excerpta de paruo quodam antique 
quaterno ad feretrum. 

p. 672. xvii miracula apud Wainfiete anno 1372 et 1375. 

p. 674 Incipiunt miracula feicta in capella S. Edmundi de Lynge 

p. 677. Fall of the central tower. 

Then follow the Rule of S. Benedict (extracts), life of S. Honoratus, of 
S. Sithe (Zita, not Osyth). 

p. 708. Compendiiuu uite S. Christine uirginis cognomine mirabilis 
cuius uita originalis est apud London, inter monachos cartusie. 

Life of S. Lithgard: at end: sicut patet in uita eius originali inter 
monachos Cartusie apud Londonias. 

Lives of SS. Elizabeth and Oportuna. 

I strongly suspect, from the acquaintance with the libraries shown by 
these notes, that Boston of Bury had to do with the compilation of this 
remarkable volume. 

132. H. 56. Hugo de S. Victore de institutione nouitiorum. 

xii(?). S. John's CoU. Camb. G. 2. 

Ordinarium slue dietarium uite religiose. 

Forma uite regularis. 

Formula nouitiorum. 

Index alphabetice. 

Index per capitula. 

On margin of last leaf, in a hand of cent. xv. 

fi&ater h. de k. (Henr. de Kirkestede) soluit pro scriptura istius libri 
viiis. vid. pro pergameno iis. viijd. pro ligacione viijd. summa xis. xd. 
Qiven by Jer. Holt, 


133. [H. ...]. Horologium sapientiae. xiv, xv. Perab. 

Original binding : pink skin over boards : strap and pin : no chain- 
mark : most likely from Bury. 

134. H. 8. Actus et Apocalypsis glosati. xiii, xiv. Pemb. 

The mark is in Gothic letter : original binding : two clasps. At end is 
a note of the provenance erased. I am very doubtful if this volume is 
from Bury. 


135. J. 3. Breuiarium leronimi super quosdam Psalmos. 

ix, X. Pemb. 

A fine book : rebound : at the end are verses on the names of months, 
Cydyneos etc. : also three extracts of a moral nature : and a leaf of the 
Martyrium Bartholomaei. Est in india quaedam ciuitas; ending Igitur 
sacerdotes. Not in Wren. James 191. 

136. J. 6. leronimus in Esaiam a libro viii^ ad finem. 

ix (?). Pemb. 

In double columns : in quires of eight leaves marked with letters and 
nmnerals. Wren 66. James 187. 

137. J. 10. leronimus in vi Prophetas etc. 

xii (early). Bodl. e Mus. 26. 

Itinerarium (Theophili) ad paradisum terrestrem, in a hand of cent, 
xii, xiii, occupies the last eight pages. Doubtless the archetype of the text 
of this tract in J. 90. The first page of the volume is stained: the writing 

138. J. 13. leronimus in Matthaeum. xii. Bodl. e Mus. 

Anselmus de libero arbitrio, etc. 112. 

ff. 168 : there is a good initial : original binding. 

139. J. 20. Epistolae leronimi, etc. xii — xiv. Pemb. 

Lapidarium Gallice. 
Wren 62. James 210. 

140. J. 28. lohannis Chrysostomi opus imperfectum in Mat- 

thaeum. xii. Pemb. 

Idem super epistolam ad Hebraeos. 
Eiusdem tractatus de noctumis uigiliis et horis 


This last in a later hand. At the end of the Opus Imperfectum (f. 43) 
is the Librarian's note : hie deficiunt ut credo quatuor quatemi ut paret 
in 9* libro ad sig". Original binding: chain-clasp at bottom of front 
cover. Wren 22. James 199. 

141. J. 32. lohannis Chrysostomi opus imperfectum in Matth. 

XV. Pemb. 

Pink skin over boards : chain-clasp at bottom of front cover. Not in 
Wren. James 195. 

142. J. 40. lohannis de Albauilla Omelie de Epistolis et 

Euangeliis in dominicis. xiii (early). B. M. 

Royal 2. E. ix. 

ff. 250 in double columns. Hunc librum fecit scribi Guido precentor, 
quem qui alienauerit a domo S. JSdmundi anathema sit. 

143. J. 57. lohannis Damasceni Sententiae. xv. Pemb. 

Augustinus de mirabilibus S. Scripturae. 

de Ecclesiasticis dogmatibus, etc. 

At end the Visio Taionis concerning the Moralia of Gregory. 
Original binding : chain-mark at bottom of front cover : has had a leaf 
of an old service-book inside the cover. Wren 57. James 208. 

144. J. 90. Imago mundi. xiii — xiv. Corp. Chr. Camb. Ixvi. 

Itinerarium Theophili, etc. 

Consists of f. 117 — end of the volimie. The first part belonged to Salley. 
Part of the volume Ff. 1. 27 given by Abp. Parker to the University 
Library belonged originally to this book : it ends with the unique copy of 
the tract of Galfridus de Fontibus on the Infancy of S. Edmund. Mr 
Bradshaw noted that this portion of the book came from Bury. 

145. J.... leronimus contra louinianum. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Eiusdem epistolae. 

Fly-leaves gone: original binding : two clasps: title on outsida Pro- 
bably from Bury. 

146. J.... Innocentius de contemptu mundi. xiii. Pemb. 

Magister Hugo de solitoquio. 

Item excerpta quedam de moralibus cum quibus- 

dam aliis contentis. 

In double columns : the first two items are gone : at the end is : 
Le exposioiun meistre adam de Eccestre sur la pater noster : in French. 
Early xiii. 



De le assumpciun nostre dame ke fu reuelee a vne nonein. Occupying 
three leaves. 

Original binding. Not in Wren. 

147. J. . . . Postilla Januensis. xv. Pemb. 

Tabula eiusdem super S. Scripturam. 

Original binding : two clasps : title formerly nailed on the side. Very 
likely from Bury. Not in Wren. 

148. [J. ...]. luuenalis et Persius. xii and xiii. Pemb. 

A small narrow book : the Juvenal has marginal notes : the Persius is 
in another hand. At the end of the Juvenal is a French song with music, 
beginning El tens diuer quant uei palir lerbe pur la freidure. Most likely 
from Bury. Cat. Vet, xv. 


149. L. 16. Mediauilla super iv Sentent. xv. Peinb. 

The title written in the hand of the Librarian : in double columns. 
James 111. 

150. L. 393. Leges Langobardorum. xii. Bodl. Laud 

Misc. 742. 

At the end, four leaves of Proverbs or Ecclesiasticus cent. xii. : ff. 189 well 
written, with plain initials. On the fly-leaf is : Vendidit Thomas Egesley. 
24 Feb. 1632 : also a minute sketch of a magician in flat cap and gown 
with wand addressing a black demon inside a double circle: by it is 
written *' coniuro te asdrubal drogo per melek albumasaris.' 

151. L. ... Pars Hugonis super decreta, etc. 

xiii, xiv. Pemb. 

Quatemus S. Edmundi in quo continetur pars Hugonis super decreta 
cmn aliis et quedam brocardica et casus super 4*™ codicis. Lettered 
as L. without numeral : partly in an Italian hand. Bound with B. 101. 
Wren 76. 


152. M. 11. Mariale. xiv (late). Ipswich Museum No. 4. 

Vellum, folio, 2 cols, of 44 lines each, fil 133. Collation : i— ix^^ x^ 
xi^ xii^***^. On p. 1 Mariale S. Edmundi per I(oannem) Abbatem 
M. xi. The Prologue begins: Exordium Salutis nostre dicit b. fratres 

C. A, S. Octavo Series, XXVIII. 5 


karissimi. The text, entirely devotional and without miracles, is in cli 
Eubricae. The author must be J. Tymworth. The colophon is : 

Est Bcriptus liber: scribens sit crimine liber 
Scriptum sepe legat ut sic ciun uirgine degat. 

153. M. 12. Meditationes deuotissimae. 

xiv. B. M. Royal 8 E. x. 

ff. 117. On paper: 'assit principio sancta Maria meo*: 'Liber mo- 
nachorum S. Edmundi emptus per d. Johannem de Brinkele Abbatem 
in quatemis et per fratrem Bobertum de Beccles coUigatus.* Scribbles 
at the end : one begins ' Adam bemardus clemens dionisius ennok.' 

154. M. 21. Marii libri ii de elementis. xii, xiii. B. M. 

Anon. (Nemesius) de eisdem. Galba E. iv. 

Liber de Aere et aquis. 

(Nemesius wepl avBpdairov ^vaeaas) Liber dictus 

Frenon phisicon. 
Dialogus Adelardi Bathoniensis. 
Liber pbisiognomiae secundum tres auctores, 

Loxum medicum, Aristotilem philosophum 

et Palemonem declamatorem. 
Liber de spermate. 
Sorani institutio artis medicinalis ad filium 

suum (imperfect at the end). 

Bound after a book of documents, inventories and Library Catalogue 
of Christ Church, Canterbury. The Bury portion is on f. 187 to f. 244. 
Well written, in double columns, with good initials, f. 187 a. Liber 
monachorum S. Edmundi in quo contineutur libri xxiiij de medicina 
et de herbis pign... Very likely this is one of Stephen*s books (see p. 8). 

155. M. 23. leronimus in Ecclesiasten xii. Bodl. 582. 

et quedam exceptiones in Theologia. f. 52 6. 

These begin: Sexto die formatur homo in genesi. 

Interpretationes nominum hebraicorum. f. 59. 
e.g. Vrihel lux uel ignis dei 

Michael qui ut deus siue potestas dei 
Gabriel fortitude dei 
Raphael medicina dei 
Azael uisus deo. 
De uariis uocabulis (Alleluia — Fimbria), f. 61 6. 



ff. 62 + 4 : original binding : title in red outside. This book is placed 
in class M seemingly because it begins with the words Meniini me and has 
a conspicuous initial M. 

166. M. 27. Ysagoge loannicii. xii. S. James's Library 

Liber pronosticorum ypocratis. f. 14. at Bury. 
Liber afforismorum ypocratis. f. 22 6. 
Liber urinarum a uoce theophili. f. 38. 
Liber philareti de pulsibus. f. 49. 
Item tractatus...qui incipit Omnis etas homi- 

nis. f. 53. 
Miscellaneous extracts and * distinctiones.* f. 556. 
Alexander Necham de utensilibus. f. 104. 
Germanus on the astrolabe, xi, xii. ff. 120 — 

123: begins: 'Germanus Christi pauperum 


In many hands: the medical tracts in a Lombardic hand, occupying 
52 leaves. Boimd with B. 357. 

157. M. 83. Ars memorandi etc. xiv and xiii. B. M. Royal 

12 C. vi. 

A small book of 81 ff. 

158. M. 93. Summa lohannis de Rupella de Malo. 

xiii, xiv. Pemb. 

In double colunms in a large foreign (?) hand: original binding: 
chain-mark at top of front cover. At the end an entry of a *cautio' 
which I cannot decipher. Wren 12. James 78. 

159. M. ... Mariale Alberti. xiv, xv. Pemb. 

Liber Batramni de eo quod Christus natus est 
de uirgine per naturalem corporis partem. 
The first leaf gone : in double columns : rebound. Wren 8. James 80. 

160. [M. ,..] Medical Tracts. xiii. King's Coll. Camb. 

MS. 21. 

Olim M. Rogeri Marchall. This man was the owner of several MSS, 
at Caius which resemble Bury books. 

Six volumes in one: 1272 — 1327 circa (H. B.). Sixteen leaves are lost 
at the beginning, which may account for the absence of a mark. 

1. Summa Mag. G. Agilani de urinis. 

2/ Fleobotomia mauri. 



3. TractatuB de diebus creticis. 

4 Liber urinarum Mag. Mathei. 

5. Practica Archimathei Salemitani. 

6. Floras dietarum Mag. Johannis de S. Paulo. 

7. Tract, de fleobotomia. 

8. liber urinarum Mag. Bicardi. 

9. Signa pronostica Rosis. 

10. Galterus de dosi medicinarum. 

11. Egidius de urinis cum commento Gilberti. 

12. Egidius de pulsibus cum commento. 

13. Tractatus de iu*inis secimdum Constantinum Affiicanum. 

14. Theophilus de lu^nis. 
16. Ypocrates de regimentis acutorum. 

16. Tractatus de phisionomia. 

17. Liber diffinitionum. 

18. Liber elementorum. 

19. Liber febrium. V Ysaac. 

20. Liber dietarum particularium. 

21. Liber dietarum imiversalium. 

Constat M. hawar* (over 

A more detailed table is on p. 135. The table given above is repeated 
at the end in the same hand, and after it is ' Constat M. Rogero Marchall.' 
There are ten fly-leaves from an astrological book in a hand like that 
of the Bmy Necham. B. 367. On 129 and 444 b are good drawings (xiii) 
of doctor and patient. 

161. Medical Receipts. xvi. B. M. Harl. 4349. 

In various hands, pp. 610 numbered. On f. ix. is: T. Nonne, Ex 
dono prudentissime atque peritissime femine Domine Susanne Fontain- 
blew. This booke was written by Donatus Antonius the younger, in the 
yeare of our Lord Christ one thousand five hundred and tenn, in which 
yeare he was Pryor of the Great Abbey or Monastery of Bury St 
Edmond's in Suff. 


162. N. ... (or A?) Necham de utensilibus etc. 

xiii, xiv. Gonv. and Cai. 136 (76). 
Speculum scholarium at end. 

The Necham and the Speculum seem to me to be in the same writing 
as is the Bury Necham in M. 27. Several of the tracts are prefaced by 
^ assit principio Sancta Maria meo.' 




163. O. 2. Origenes in Vetus Testamentum. xiii. Pemb. 

Innocentius de officio Missae. 
loh. Damascenus de orthodoxa fide (in another 

Hunc librum fecit scribi Guido precentor. Original binding: chain- 
mark at bottom of front cover. At the end of the book is a pencil note 
of the dimensions of a Church (probably the Abbey Church at Bury) 
in ulnae, but imluckily all the numbers are rubbed out. Wren 38. 
James 189. 

164. O. 4. Octo Omelie Origenis in ludicum, etc. 

xii. Pemb. 

Original binding : chain-mark at bottom of front cover. At the end 
is a pencil sketch of a bearded man holding a bottle (?) : also an Antipbon 
with music * Igitur ioseph ductus est in egiptum.* Wren 31. James 192. 

165. O. 28. Cilium Oculi Sacerdotis, etc. 

xiv. B. M. Harl. 4968. 
Liber monachorum S. Edmundi de empcione J. Tymworth abbatis. 

166. O. 52. Omeliae de tempore. x, xi. Pemb. 

(From Easter to Advent.) 

By Jeron., Aug., Greg., Bede, Origen, Chrysostom, Maximus, Leo. 
In 38 quires of 8 leaves : quires i — xzxvi numbered. Wren 4. James 87. 

167. O. 54. Omeliae de Sanctis. x, xi. Pemb. 

(From Easter to S. Andrew.) 

In the same hand as the last : includes homiUes of Aug., Jer., Bede, 
Greg., Rabanus, Maximus, Leo, Fulbert, Fulgentius, Haymo: also 
Passions of Apostles, e.g. Assumptio Philippi, Martyrium Jacobi, Mileti 
assumptio Johannis. In 48 quires of 8 leaves. Wren 7. James 77. 

168. O. 55. Omeliae XCV. x, xi. Pemb. 

(From Advent to S. Andrew.) 

Formerly contained also : Rabanus de officio Missae and 
Alani Porrei de arte praedicandi. 

It ends with a tract on the office of cantor. There are 180 leaves. 
On f. la is this chronological note in a large hand (not that of the text). 


Ab origine uero mundi secundum ebraicam ueritatem v. c» v^ 
Anno uerbi incamati m*. c*. l*iiii*. 
PassioniB uero ipsius m*. <f, xx*. 
A paasione sancti eadmundi cc*. Pzxz'iiii. 
A translatione ipcdus Iz*. 
I Capte anglie lzxx*v*iiii. 
R^gnauit Willelmus rex annos xxi. 
WiUelmus secondus annos xiii. 
Henricus rex annos xxxv. 
Stephanus rex annos x*v*iiii. 

Followed by a deed of 'Rex s. h.' making Robert of Normandy his 
heir, and witnessed by Theobald of Canterbury among others. On the 
last leaf an obliterated note of date occupying 3^ lines. Wren 13. 
James 81. 

169. [O. ...] Homiliae et Vitae Sanctorum Anglo-Saxonice. 

xi. B. M. Julius E. vii. 


ff. 241 in a fine hand: "Liber Sancti Aedmundi regis et martiris" 
(f. la) contains xxxvii and a j^'agment out of xxxviiii items which are 
enumerated in the Index. 


170. P. 11. Petri Comestoris Historia Scholastica. 

xiii. Pemb. 
A fine copy. Not in Wren. James 177. 

171. P. 25. Petri Comestoris Sermones. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Libri allegoriarum. 

Badulphus Niger de re militari. 

Hunc librum scribi fecit Fr. Willelmus de Dice (i.e. Diss?). Anima 
eius et auime omnium fidelium defunctoriun per misericordiam del 
requiescant in pace. Amen. Wren 10. James 76. 

172. P. 35. Petrus Pictauensis super tabernaculum Moysi. 

xiii. Pemb. 
Wren 6. James 75. 

173. P. 58. Petrus Lombardus in Epistolas Pauli, 

xiii. S. John's Coll. Oxf. 43. 

1 have not seen this book. 


17 4t. P. 64. Petri Lombardi Sententiae. xiii. Pemb. 

In double columns, in an Italian hand. Wren 9. James 90. 

175. P. 81. Petri Lombardi Sententiarum iv. xiv. Pemb. 

'Assit principio Sancta Maria meo': in double coluoms. Wren 50. 
James 169. 

176. P. 92. Petri Lombardi Sententiarum iii, iv, etc. 

xiv. Pemb. 
Bound with T. 66 and B. 340. Wren 23. James 160. 

177. P. 119. Prosper de uita contemplatiua et actiua libri iii 

xii. Wisbech Museum. 

Liber de refectorio monachorum S. Edmimdi et legitur ad collacionem 
conuentus a pascha usque ad translationem S. Benedicti: post latum 
ponatur liber S. Odonis de uiciis uirtutibusque anime. On the fly-leaf 
is a long note in the Librarian's hand on Prosper's date and works and an 
extract from Vincent of Beauvais. Binding, white skin over boards: 
strap and pin fastening. Cat. Vet. cix. 

178. [P. ...] Prosper de uita contempl. et act. libb. iiL 

xii. Wisbech Museum. 
27 Hues to a page : fly-leaf gone : boards, strap and pin fastening. 

179. P. 123. Prudentii Psychomachia. xi. B. M. Add. 

24, 199. 

The *Tenison Prudentius' copiously illustrated: see facsimiles in 
Westwood's Ornaments of A. S, and Irish MSS, The MS. was in Abp 
Teni^on's Library which was sold in 1861. See on the subject of these 
illustrated copies of Prudentius a paper in C. A. S, Proceedings^ vol. vii. by 
the present writer. 

180. P. 163. Prophetiae Joachim etc. 

xiii and xv. Corp. Chr. Camb. cccciv. 

Quatemus monachorum S. Edmundi quem scripsit pro maiori parte 
fr. Henricus de Eirkestede. There are good xiiith cent. outUne illus- 
trations to the prophecies of Joachim (the Calabrian Abbot) representing 
various popes and symbohcal animals. 

181. P. 185. Propositiones Petri Rothoraagensis. 

xiv, XV. Pem*b. 
Liber de procuratione Roberti Ikelyngham quondam prions. Written 


in an Italian hand: original binding: rounded boards: two straps and 
pins : chain-mark at top of front cover. Wren 3. James 89. 

182. P. 1000 {sic). Liber Poenitentialis. xiii. B. M. Royal 

Qregorii Dialogus. 7 E. i. 

On f. 3 6 is the beginning of a charter in the name of William, abbot 
of Bury. Mr Warner suggests that this is W. de Bemham (1336—1361). 


183. R. 14. Radulphus Flauiacensis in Parabolas Salomonis. 

xii, xiii. Pemb. 

In double columns : fly-leaf an imfinished leaf of Bad. Flau. in Bom. 
et Cor., the recto only written. At the beginning is a long note by the 
Librarian of cent, zv, running thus : Liber S. Edmimdi regis et martiris 
in quo continetur expositio Badulphi Flauiacensis super parabolas Salo- 
monis. Iste Badulphus monachus erat et abbas monasterii Flauiacensis 
in Burgimdia et doctor theologie floruitque circa annum domini 1094 
et scripsit : 

Super leuiticiun libros x: in librario S. Edmimdi in ii pulcris et 

magnis uoluminibus. 
Sermones et Epistolas ad diuersos. 
Super Psalterium omelias cl. 
Super Ecclesiasten libros vi. 

Super parabolas Salomonis libros xv. In librario S. Edmundi. 
Super matheum. In librario Witham Cartusie. 
Super epistolas Pauli. In monasterio de Burch. 
Super apocalipsin. 

De re militari lined through: a Tnarginal note says: Badulphus 
Flauiacensis non scripsit de re militari sed alius Badulphus cog- 
nomine niger. 
De sex etatibus etc. 

De diuersis miraculis etc. Isti libri sunt in librario 

Dialogus de abbate et monacho. | monachorum de Bello. 

De Sanctuario quod est de S. Maria. ) 
Hunc tamen librum ultimum quidam ascribimt sancto Hildefonso 
Archiepiscopo Tholetano. 

This note I ascribe to Boston, from the knowledge shewn of other 
monastic Libraries, Witham in Somerset, Battle, and ' Burch ' (i.e. Peter- 

Wren 17. James 83. 


184 B. 40. Boberti Melundinensis summa. 

xiii. B. M. Boyal 7 C. xi. 

Begins with * Pars xii* primi libri Roberti Melundinensis episcopi Her- 
fordensis.' In double columns, well written, ending on f. 57 6, where is this 
note in the Librarian's hand : 

Deficiunt de ista summa partes sine libri tres de fine et xi partes sine 
libri de principio. 

Vide summam istam plenarie completam in armario claustri in duobus 
pulcris et magnis uoluminibus. 

f. 58. Allegorie Petri super Vetus Testamentum. xii, xiii, in two 
hands : in double columns. 

f. 132. Omelie S. Bernardi super Cantica xxv. 

f. 166. Expositio misse : cent. xi. 

Consisting of extracts from Cjpr. Ambr. Aug. Hier. Greg. Fulgent. 
Seuerian. Vigilius Hysidorus Beda Auitus. 

Heading and title in red rustic capitals : begins ' Prius igitur conueni- 
entibus in vmum.' 

At the top the Librarian has written ^ Item in b. 265.' 

It consists of three quires of eight, numbered xx, xxi, xviiij. Quire 
xviiij contains 

Expositio Symboli 

„ Orationis Dominice 
Prephatio Dominice orationis 
Item expositio eiusdem orationis 
ends on f. 192 a. Pauca sunt quidem uerba vt svpra in qvinto folio (i.e. 
the fifth folio of the quire). 

Followed by three hymns: (1) nata lux de limiine iesu redemptor 
seculi. (2) f. 192 6 (0) sator renmi reparator eui christe rex regum 
metuende censor. (3) (D)eus manens primordiiun simulque finis omnium. 

At the beginning of the volume a chronological slip is inserted, written 
in a small hand of cent. xii. The last date given is : 'ab aduentu norman- 
norum in angliam cxxi,' i.e. 1187. 

185. B. 42. Boberti Lincolniensis Summa. xiii, xiv. B. M. 

Eiusdem Templum Domini. Boyal 8 C. iv. 

Miracula B. V. Mariae. 

The last in rhyming verse, attributed to Job. de Garlandia, with gloss : 
and other tracts, in many hands : including Prophecie loachim. ffi 210, see 
Cat. of Romancesy ii. 699. 

On f. 157 in a hand of cent, xiv is : 

Iste liber pertinet ad cenobium S. Edmundi et traditus fuit Ade de 
Hakeford per dominum Johannem de Waxingam monachmn. 


186. R. 54. Robertas Krikeladensis in Ezechielem. 

xiiL Pemb. 

In double columns: chain-mark at bottom of Uut cover. Wren 1. 
James 91. 

187. R. 70. Regula S. Benedicti. x. Corp. Chr. Oxon. 197. 

In Latin and Anglo-Saxon. Given by William Fulman (d. 1688). 
The press-mark was kindly furnished to me by the President, and I have 
since (May, 1894) had an opportimity of examining the volume. On the 
first page is : Liber sancti Eadmund Regis et martiris. There is a chain- 
mark on the middle of the lower margin of f. 1. The hand is fine. For 
some notes extracted from it see pp. 5, 6. 

188. R. ... Reductorium morale. xv. Pemb. 

'De empcione fratris Johannis Ganedeys (? Cranewys) quondam 
sacriste : preciimi vj marc.' 

In xxii books : f. 1 of the text gone : in double columns. Not in Wren. 
James 114. 


189. S. 1. Sallustius. xi, xii. Pemb. 
Narrow upright book : see Leland, no. 16. Not in Wren. 

190. S. 2. CoUecta Samuelis presbyteri ex speculo Gregorii. 

xiii. Pemb. 

In verse, with gloss: cf. B. 233: original binding, with title (?) on 
cover : chain-clasp at top of front cover. Wren 40. James 209. 

191. S. 26. Summa de uitiis. xiv, xv. S. John's ColL 

Camb. F. 1. 

Quatemus monachorum S. Edmundi in quo continetur (Gul. Peraldi) 

Summa de uiciis optima et integra: closely written. Fly-leaf from an 

y account-roll for carectarius and frumentarius : at end *Perfcinet dompno 

Roberto Ypswych monacho.' Given by Jer. Holt. 

192. S. 38. Sermones Gorham. xiv« Pemb. 

Contains : Distinctiones Nic. de Gorham, and Sermones de Dominicis 
et Festis : de empcione dompni Edmundi de Wirhngwortha Index in the 
Librarian's hand : text in double columns : chain-mark at top of front 
cover. Wren 16. James 84. 



193. S. 55. Sermones. xiv, xv and xiii. B. M. Royal 12 

F. XV. 

Two volumes bound in one : press-mark on the fly-leaf and in part ii. 

194. S. 57. Distinctiones. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Sermones et exempla. 

In at least three hands : on the last quire is 'sancti spiritus ossit nobis 
gratia' : original binding. Not in Wren. James 228 ? 

195. S. 62. Sermones. ?? 
Formerly bound with .U. in Camb. Univ. Libr. Ii. 6. 5 : now gone. 

196. S. 65. Compilatio sermonum Petri Comestoris. 

Distinctiones, etc. xiii. Pemb. 

In many hands : on f. 264 is some French : the last item is Interpre- 
tatio nominum hebraicorum. Not in Wren. James 223. 

197. S. 68. Distinctiones pro sermonibus Thren. Eccl. Apoc. 

xiv, XV. Pemb. 
Bound with no. 98. Not in Wren. James 222. 

198. S. 71. Petrus Ludunensis {sic) super Epistolas. 

Sermones. xiv. Pemb. 

In an Italian hand(?): original binding, red skin on boards: mark 
S • Al on last cover. Wren 5.* 

199. S. 1*46. (possibly the Sanctilogium, see no. 210). 

In H. 55 (MS. Bodl. 240) at the end of the life of SS. Kineburga and 
Kineswitha (p. 621) is this sentence : 

uide miracula istarum uirginum in legenda de Sanctis anglie apud 
sanctmn Edmundum in uolumine S. 146. 

200. [S. ...]. Abbonis Floriacensis Vita S. Eadmundi. 

xii, xiii. Bodl. Digby 109. 
Officium de S. Eadmundo, cum notis musicis. 

There is n6 mark in this volume, which is in a fine clear hand ; but if 
we may judge from the elaborate fulness with which the Office is given, it 
can hardly have been used elsewhere than in S. Edmund's Abbey. 

It has been drawn upon largely in a recent life of S. Edmund by 
Father Mackinlay O.S.B. 


201. S. 153. Abbonis Floriacensis Vita et Passio S. EdmundL 

xiii. B. M. Titus A. viiL 
Osberti de Clare Miracula S. Edmundi. 

Forms ff. 65 — 145 of the volume : well written, 23 lines to the page ; 
the name Aedmmidus in red. On f. 65 a is Liher monackorum S, .Ed- 
mundi in red. There are marginal notes in the Librarian's hand : on 145 a 
" hie deficit miraculum factimi per S. Edmimdimi in henricum de Exsexia 
s e... (cut off) innumerabilia": on 145 6 in a large hand (xv) "per Willm 
heyhom (or heyhom) : amen." 

202. S. 155. Abbonis Floriacensis Vita et Passio S. Edmundi. 

xi. B. M. Tiberius B. ii. 
Hermanni Miracula S. Edmundi. 

ff. 1 — 83 of the volimie. ff. 84 to the end contain Ely documents (ziv). 
In a fine hand, 20 lines to a page : on f. 1 a Liber feretrariorum S. Ed- 
mundi in quo continentur uita passio et miracula S. Edmundi. Item uite 
et passiones xxxiii sanctorum in anglicis. 

On f. 83 b in lower margin in the Librarian's hand : "deficiunt hie vi 
miracula que simt in libro domini Johannis de T (?) prioris.'' 

203. S. 184. Narracio de libro Suda, etc. 

xiv and xi. B. M. Royal 8 B. i. 
Contains Versus de laude crucis. xii, xiii. 

de tractatu qui incipit Vicit Adam, 
hildeberti de Missa. 
Liber qui appellatur Alexandreydes. 
Narracio de libro qui uocatur Suda. xiv. 
(This is Grosseteste^s translation of the article on Jesus in Suidas.) 

Tract, de iv peccatis mortalibus. 

de penitentia et confessione. 
Narraciones et exempla. 
Lincolniensis ' Templum dei.' 
Penitentie in canonibus diffinite. xi, xii. 
Boecius de consol. philos. : media pars deficit et 

Quatemus monachorum S. Edmundi de procuratione fratris Henrici de 

The Librarian gives on the fly-leaf the contents of the 71 chapters of 
the book ^ Suda.' The volume is a small one of 112 ff. 


204. S. . . . Sermones de x mandatis. xv. S. John's Coll. 

de vii peccatis. Camb. G. 13. 

Double columns : fly-leaves gone : in brown skin on boards : " Thys ys 
master chamberer's booke" (xvi) : among authorities quoted in the margin 
is *Walterus hylton.' The second item is headed *Assit principio,* etc. 

205. S. ... Quodlibeta doctoris subtilis (Scoti). 

XV. S. John's Coll. Camb. F. 12. 

' De empcione dompni Willelmi fireknham monachi S. Edroundi Regis 
et martiris.* This owner's name, with 'scolaris' attached, is often 

206. [? S. . . .] Sermones. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Tractatus incipiens Salomon tria edidit. 
Augustinus de conflictu uitiorum et uirtutum. 
Bemardus de sex alis. 

With a full-page picture of a Cherub. There is some French also 
in the volume. Extracts (of cent, xii) on the end of the world, etc. 

Sermons, on the Gospels, dedicated to Willelmus Latisaquensis ecclesie 
dispensator fldelissimus. 

It is a small book, in the original binding, and most probably from 
Bury. Not in Wren. 

207. [S. ...] Liber de sacramentis. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Prouerbia senece. 

Sompniarium Danielis. 

Corrogationes promethei. 

At the end two leaves of a shortened Visio Pauli beginning ' Interro- 
gandum est.' Fly-leaf of a service-book with neumes of cent, x, xi. Most 
probably from Bury. Not in Wren. 

208. [S. 78] Sermones in Evangelia. 

xiii. Bp Cosin's Library, Durham V. v. 3. 

Inc. Simile est Regnum Caelorum homini qui semen bonum semin- 
averat in agro bono ubi nota quod inter omnia officia Parochica no- 
bilissimum officium est Evangelizare.regnum Dei. 

At the beginning : Quaternus Monachorum S. Edmimdi de dono Domini 
Boberti de Bokeswell. 

209. [S. ...] Sermones. xv. Ipswich Museum, No. 5. 

Paper, 4to., AT. 200, 34 lines to a page : one leaf of vellum in Part II. 
Quires mostly of 12 leaves : given by Smart. Imperfect at each end. 


1. SerrooneB (a collection called Pabulum uite). Ine, Cum homo sit 
nobilis creatura. In chapters alphabetically arranged. The first that 
remains is the 42nd Ik Gloria. A table which follows shows that the 
work began with De ahstinentia and ended with De uita etema : this last 
remains, followed by a table of Sundays, feriae and feasts, with corre- 
sponding chapters of the Pabidtim. 

2. lanuensis in opere quatragesimali. Imperfect at end : ends in the 
sermon In die pcuche, 

[210. [S. ...] Sanctilogium Job. de Tim worth. 

xiv, XV. B. M. Cotton Tib. E. i. 

Folio: bound in two volumes, and inlaid, having been 'burnt to a 
crust' in the unhappy fire of 1731. In double columns of 44 lines each : 
in this respect, and also in regard of the handwriting and ornament, 
of which last a few traces survive, it exactly matches another of John of 
Timworth*s books (M. 11) the Mariale now at Ipswich. This is his most 
famous work: I believe that his name has been wrongly written for 
two centuries at least, and that he came not from Tinmouth but from 
\ Timworth, a small village about four miles N. E. of Bury. Cf. 0. 28. 

The early leaves of the Sanctilogium are so much damaged that no 
mark survives. Collects for the various Saints have been added by a 
later hand in the lower margin. Ussher speaks of this copy of the 
Sanctilogium as if it had belonged to Bedbum; in the Brit Eod. Antiq, 
1. p. 201 (ed. Elrington) he says : sequens haec €mypa<l>ri lohannis Tin- 
muthensis sanctilogio Britanniae in MS. Cottoniano praefiza: "Hunc 
librum dedit dominus Thomas de la Mare, abbas monasterii S. Albani 
Anglorum protomartyris, Deo et ecclesiae B. Amphibali de Redbume ; ut 
fratres ibidem in cursu existentes per eius lecturam poterint coelestibus 
instrui, et per sanctorum exempla uirtutibus insigniri." 

Boston (ap. Tamner) writes Tynmuithe, and says nothing of him as 
Abbot of Bmry : but he also omits Samson and Jocelin de Brakelond.] 


211. T. 1. Thomas in Sententiarum i, ii. xv. Pemb. 

Petrus de aylesham monachus legauit communi armariolo ecclesie 
memorate (S. Edmundi). Wren 21. 

212. [? T. 3]. Thomas in Sent. iv. xv. Pemb. 

Job. Damasceni sententiae. 
Augustinus de ecclesiasticis dogmatibus. 
Augustini Ixxxiii quaestiones. 
Aug... de mirabilibus S. Scripturae. ^ 

First leaf gone : but * Petrus de aylesham l^auit.' Wren 21, James 
185 (?). 


213. T. 10. Thomae 1"» pars 2^" partis. xiv. Pemb. 
Not in Wren. 

214. T. 12. Thomas contra Gentiles. xiv, xv. Pemb. 

W. de lacford procurauit - communi armario ecclesie S. Edmundi. 
Wren 27. 

215. T. 16. Thomas Alker (i.e. Alquin) in Joh. et Marc. 

xiv. Pemb. 
Stephanus de Haslingfeld legauit conuentui eiusdem loci (S. Edmundi). 
Wren 33. James 146. 

216. T. 25. Tabula Kilwardby super originalia Ambr. Aug. 

Boec. Anselm. xiv. Pemb. 

Wren 24. James 227. 

217. T. 26. Tabula de concordantiis quorundam originalium, 

Aug. Ans. Bern, et aliorum. xiv. Pemb. 

De empcione domini galfndi de Hemlingtone (? Hemingstone) quondam 
prions de S. Edmundo. In an Italian hand (?). Wren 49. James 225. 

218. T. 47. Tabulae Martini Margarita decretalium. 

xiv. Pemb. 

De dono J(oh.) de B(rinkle7) Abbatis : in an Italian hand : chain-mark 
at top of front cover. Wren 37. James 226. 

219. T. 65. Tabula super libros S. Thomae. 

xiv, XV. Pemb. 

Bound with P. 92, B. 340. Original binding: chain-mark at top of 
front cover. At the end of T. 65 is hie hber est fratris Nicholai 
de dendra...ordinis predicatorum in cieclo inferiori. Wren 23. James 


220. [T. ...]. Thomae Summa prima primae. xv. Pemb. 

First leaf gone : in the same hand as T. 1 (?). Not in Wren. James 
93. There are in all twelve volumes of Thomas in this Library, of which 
four certainly are from Bury, one probably, and two more possibly. 


221. 17. (no number). Uiaticum ConstantinL 

xiv, XV. Camb. Univ. Libr. li. 6. 5. 

Formerly had S. 62 bound with it : the titles of both volmnes are on 
the fly-leaf. 



222. V. 1. Valerius Maximus. xii. Pemb. 

Liber de claustro S. Edmundi pro sermonibus in quo continetur 
Valerius Maximus de factis et dictis memorabilibus antiquorum. 

De armario claustri S. Edmundi pro sermonibus ad populum (i.e. to be 
used as a source for anecdotes in sermons). Iste liber constat Domino 
Willdmo Bury monacho et professo in monasterio S. Edmundi (several 
times repeated). In a rough hand, in double columns. Wren 44. James 

223. V. 3. Caelestium et terrestrium quorum in scriptura 

fit mentio moralizacio incerti (xvith cent, title). 

xiii. B. M. Royal 7 E. v. 

In xvi books. (1) de celestibus, (2) de uolatilibus, (3) de reptilibus, 
(4) de homine, (5) de eius partibus, (6) de terra et eius partibus, (7) de 
aquis, (8) de metallis, (9) de lignis, (10) de petra, (11) de igne et eius 
partibus, (12) de luce, (13) de ciuitate et eius partibus, (14) de herbis, 
(15) de numeris, (16) de uasis. 

Incipit: In scriptura sacra aliquando nuncupatiue aliquando uero 

On f. 140 is a table with verses inserted: ziv, zv. On f. 1 hunc 
librum scribi fecit Willelmus de Dice seruus et monachus S. Edmimdi 
ad honorem S. Edmimdi. At the end: four letters (3 of Pope Gregory, 
and one of his chaplain Stephen) concerning the election of Abbot Richard 
de Insula (1229—1234). 

224. V. 12. Miscellanea. xiii. Gonv. et Cai. 225 (240). 

A xvth century table of contents gives 28 items, of which only X7 are 
in the MS. 

No. 1 in the table is 

Secimda pars "W. de Conches. 
The lost items are 

Methodius (de initio et fine seculi). 

Versus. Qui non noscuntur. 

Leges anglorum tempore regis Henrici 2''*. 

Liber adelfonsi. 

Valerius ad Rufinum (de non ducenda uxore). 

Excerpta terentij in andria in eunucho et phormione. 

Alphabetum grecorum. 

Oratio dominica et simbolum in greco et latino. 

Excerpta de libris senece, vegecij. 


Josephi antiquitatmn et de bello iudaico. 
Plauti, in principio lihri, (Extant on f. 1.) 
Josephus de secta quadam (?) monastica in ueteri lege. 
Probably classed under V as Varia. 

225. V. 18. Summa de Virtutibus, etc. xiv. B. M. Royal 

11. B. iii. 
ff. 361. On col. 673—4 is Visio PauH 

Interrogandum est quis primus petiuisset ut anime haberent 
requiem in inferno, 
ff. 359—361 French verse. At top of f. 3606 is 

Frater martinus me scripsit, cui Christus sit propicius. Amen. 
Belonged to John Lord Lumley. 
CcU, of Romances^ ii. 128, 485. 

226. V. •.. Virgilius. xi, xii. Pemb. 

Not imlike the Sallust and Juvenal : has a xvth cent, table and erased 
note of price. Most probably from Bury. James 120. 


227. Y. 12. Ysidorus contra ludaeos. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Bernardus de gradibus humilitatis. 
Ricardi Summa. xiii, xiv. 
Narrationes. xiii. 
lytus Sententiarum. xiii, xiv. 

Chain-mark at bottom of front cover. Fly-leaves from a law book in 
Norman French. Wren 42. James 218. 

228. Y. 27. Yuo de sacramentis xii. S. John's Coll. Camb. 

and other tracts of Yvo. D. 19. 

On f. 2 a Baldewinus prior fecit fieri hunc librum. Si quis eum ab 
ecclesia Sancti iEdmundi abstulerit excommunicatus est. 

On f. 3 a a good initial Q : a human bust between two foxes on the 
backs of two birds, and a dragon. 

In single lines, 21 to a page. Some notes on the last page. Given by 
Jer. Holt. 

229. Y. 28. Isidori Etymologiae. 

xii, xiii. Bp Cosin's Library, Durham, V. iii. 20. 
Table, or Dictionarium Biblicum. 

C.A.S. Octavo Senes. XXVUI. 6 


On the fly-leaves are various scribbles, and the names of Richard 
James, John James, Rich. Richard, William Atkynson. On f. 51 6, in a 
hand of cent xv, is the following very important inscription : 

Ysidorus ethimologiarum de procreacione {sic, =procur.) domini Wil- 
lelmi Curtejs Abbatis monasterii S. Edmundi de Bury, cum vna notabili 
tabula, quem librum eiusdem monasterii librarie ab ipso fabricate assig- 
nauit et donauit perpetuo remansurum qui signatur sub litera*Y-et 
numero • 28 • 

I owe these particulars to the kindness of the Rev. J. T. Fowler, 
Librarian of Bp Cosin's Libraiy. See also under S. 78. 

230. In Cat. MSS. AngL in. 34 among the MSS. of the Schola aptid 
Coventrtam (catalogued by Humphrey Wanley) I find this entry : 

(1460) 16. Quaestiones Joannis de Janduno super tres libros Aristo- 

telis de Anima. 
Georgii Trapezuntii librorum Aristotelis de Anima trans- 
It is written partly on paper and partly on fine parchment, by Thomas 
Clare, monk of 8. Edmund* s-Bury, a.i>. 1441. Large folio. 

The Librarian of Coventry School has kindly told me that this MS. is 
not known to exist there now. 

With this item my Catalogue might be expected to end ; 
but I must insert some particulars of a few other books which 
it is difficult to assign to a class, or which, though belonging to 
Bury Abbey, did not form part of the Library and so never had 
a press-mark at all. 

231. A Miscellany. xiv and xiii. Pemb. 
De celebratione missae pro defunctis. xiv. 

In small sheets. 
Ortus etc. Alexandri, on larger leaves. xiii. 

Alexander Dindimo. 

Idbellus'cuiusdam ad Rainerum de columbis. 
Visio Pauli * Dies dominions. . .' xiv. 


Pastorale Gregorii, 
etc. Some French verse occurs. 
In vellum wrapper. There is a modem mark ' Gh>odwin 1496.' 

232. Alani Anticlaudianus. xiii. Pemb. 

Predum x*. 

A good MS., small, in folding leather cover. 



233. Pastorale Gregorii. 

Dieta salutis. xiv. 

xii. Pemb. 

234. [? J. ...]. Id. Chrysostomi opus imperfectum in Matth. 

XV. Pemb. 
homiliae xxxv in Ep. ad Hebr. 

May be a copy of J. 28. Cf. Wren 22. 

235. [G. . . . ?]. Gregorius in Ezechielem. xii. Pemb. 
Imperfect at both ends : in double columns. . 

236. [? J. ...]. Hieronymi Epistola. 

de Nominibus. 

Isidori libri xx. 

ff. 224: in two bands (?): on two leaves at the end is the Apostles' 
Creed with corresponding prophecies. Cat Vet. viii. 

237. [0. ... ?]. Oculus sacerdotis. xiv, xv. Pemb. 

Iste liber constat domino WilL Hobyes rectori de he))emale oxsell.: 
double columns : chain-mark at the end. 

xi, xii. Pemb. 

xii. Pemb. 
XV. Pemb. 







238. [? Q ]. Gregorii liber pastoralis. 

239. [S. ... ?]. Speculum Christiani. 

Institutiones Peckham. 

A hymn to S. Osyth on the fly-leaf. 

240. [? T. . . .]. Thomae summa 1"" 2**. 

241 . [? T. . . . ]. Thomae summa 3"». 

242. [? T. . . . ]. Thomae quodlibeta. 

Nic. de Aqua Villa. 

243. [D. or L.]. Decreta. xiii, xiv. Pemb. 

A very large book, written in Italy and illuminated in England, like 
the SmithMd Decreta (B. M. Royal 10. E. iv). The initials cutout : one 
.figure of an Apostle remains in the comer of f. 1. 

244. [?B. ...]. Epistolae Pauli cum comment. Ambr. Aug. 

Aimonis Jer. xiii. Pemb. 

Rebound : fly-leaves gone. 



246. [?B ]. Euaugelia glosata. xiii Pemb. 

Initials cut out : at the end a 'caucio' half erased ...a* d* m. cccc. zzviij 
2' die meusis Sept. et habet secum supplementa viz Januensem in opere 
quadragesimali in ix quatemis et vi cocliaria. 

246. [? G.]. Qorham in Psalmos. xiv, xv. Pemb. 
Old binding : not flat-backed : looks like a Bury book. 

247. [?Gf.]- Gorham in Lucam. xv. Pemb. 
Fine border and initial on £ 3. 

248. [G. or S.]. Gorham Distinctiones. xiv, xv. Pemb. 

Eiusdem sermones abbreuiati. 
No fly-leaves. 

249. [? G.]. Gregorius in Ezechielem. xv. Pemb. 

Eiusdem Pastorale. 

Homiliae xl. in Euangelia. 

In two hands : in double columns : pink skin over boards : two clasps : 
chain-mark at bottom of last cover. At beginning and end are some 
antiphons (cent, zii) with music, to SS. Agnes, Agatha, etc. There is a 
pencil-mark, modem, G. 63. 

250. [? G.]. Gregoiii Moralia i — x. xi, xii. Pemb. 

In double columns : many initials cut out : those which survive show 
strong Celtic feeling : the first has Gregory (GG) and Leander (L) seated. 
Chain-mark as in the last volume. 

251. [B. 0. or L.]. Lanthoniensis Concordia iv Euangelis- 

tarum. xiv. Pemb. 

In double columns: chain-marks at top and bottom of front cover, 
'precium huius libri' erased. Imperfect at the end. 

252. [?0. ...]. Origenis Homiliae. xii. Pemb. 

Inc. In principio creauit. 
Original binding: well written : initials cut out. 

253. [B. ?]. Parabolae — Ecclus. glosati. xiii. Pemb. 
Original binding: chain-mark at bottom of last cover: initials cut out. 

254. [? S.]. Sermones Dominicales et de Festis. 

xiii. Pemb. 
Preciimi iii' iiii*: a small book in double columns. 


265. [? B. . . .]. xii Prophetae glosati. xii, xiii. Pemb. 

Old binding : two clasps : looks like a Bury book. 

256. [? O. . . .]. Pars oculi sacerdotis. xiv, xv. Pemb. 
* precium' erased. 

The above are all books of monastic provenance at Pem- 
broke College, which either probably or possibly came from 
Bury\ We must now turn to some other Libraries. I despair 
of gaining much from the stores in the University Library : the 
almost universal rebinding of MSS. in the last century has 
robbed us of all the help which we might have gained from 
the covers and also from the fly-leaves, of which a great many 
have disappeared. Among the MSS. at Gonville and Caius 
College there are probably a good many of the books we are 
in search of, besides the four which bear such evident marks 
of their origin. Of those which I have examined the following 
resemble most nearly the Bury books. 

257. [? A.]. Doctrinale Alexandri (Necham) versificatum. 

xiii. Gonv. & Cai. 438 (635). 

Old binding : white skin over boards : strap and pin : fly-leaves from a 

258. [? S.]. Sermones Dominicales. 

xiii, xiv. Gonv. & Cai. 441 (636). 

Binding as above : strap and pin : French and English scribbles occur ; 
e.g. on f. 27 a an English rhyme. 

^ I had written these words when my attention was oaught by a note in the 
Monasticon (iii. 114 note d) derived from the Registrum Curteys (see post), which 
tells us that the studeuts belonging to Bm^ Abbey were sent, at Oxford to 
Gloucester Hall (refounded as Worcester College), and at Cambridge to Gonyille 
Hall. This last fact helps to explain a phenomenon which had struck me very 
much in my inspection of the MSS. at Gonville and Caius College. Very many 
of the bindings and some of the handwritings are marked by characteristics of 
Bury S. Edmund's. The volumes thus distinguished usually have no Bury 
press-mark. One is inclined to conjecture that the students brought their 
books with them from Bury and presented them to the College. They would 
most likely be written and bound in the Abbey : and many of the older ones 


269. [?G.]. Grammatica. xiii. Gonv. & Cai. 385 (605). 

Ex dono M. Rogeri Marchall (many of the books given by him are like 
Bury books). This resembles the grammatical part of B. 357. 

260. Comm. in Libros metaphysicorum, etc. 

xiv, XV. Gonv. & Cai. 367. 

Old boards: strap and pin: *precium x'': table at end: early leaves 

261. [? B.]. Expositio in Apocalypsim. xii. Gonv. & 

Vitae Sanctorum. Cai. 301 (51 5). 

Old binding : strap and pin : chain-mark at lower R, comer of front 
cover. Fly-leaves from a service-book of cent, xi with Lessons. First 
leaves of text gone. 

262. [B. 20..]. Glossa in Ep. ad Romanos etc. 

xii, xiii. Wisbech Museum. 

Fly-leaves gone. On f. 1 Sancti spiritus adsit nobis gratia: boards: 
two clasps. 

263. [B. ...]. Concordia Euangelistarum. 

xii, xiii. Wisbech Museum. 

f. 1 gone. The Canons under plain arches : f. 1 of the harmony gone : 
boards : two clasps. 

264. [I....]. Innocentius de officiis misse. xiii. Wisbech 

de vii criminalibus. Museum. 

Glosa Bemardi, etc. 
Templum domini. 
In several hands : partly in two columns : boards, strap and pin. 

265. [S. ?]. Coliecte sentencie ex diuersis uoluminibus pa- 

trum. XV. Wisbech Museum. 

Said to be " by a monk of Ely" but I cannot find the evidence : pre- 
fixed are 6 fi*. of xi, xii cent, antiphons with music. There is no cover. 

may have been aotnally in « the Library there, and may have been given to 
students or bought by them or exchanged for newer and finer copies of the same 
book. In any case this connexion of the Abbeys with the older Colleges at 
Oxford and Cambridge may be found to explain several odd facts in palflso- 
graphy, and may help towards settling the vexed questions connected with the 
habits of writing and book-making peculiar to the several great English houses. 


266. [S. ?]. Speculum Saluationis and Dieta Salutis with 

table. XV. Wisbech Museum. 

Boards : strap and pin fastening. 

267. [? A.]. Abbonis Vita et Passio S. Edmundi. 

xii. Lambeth 362. 

Followed by Hymns, Mass of S. Edmund, and Abbo's letter to 
Dunstan : ff. 12, well written : followed by an anonymous Life ex ttetusto 
libro MS** cum, lihro Buriensi coUigcUo (xvi) ff. 13 — 18. One of Lumley's 
MSS. used by Battely, etc. 

This is the only thing like a Bury MS. that I can find at 

The Liber Albus (C. 68) has notices of some lost volumes, in the Libra- 
rian's hand. On f. 203: Iste tractatus (de silentio) melius et plenius 
habetur in quodam papiro h. de k. : on f. 207 (de signis) : Vide signa 
melius coUecta in papiro quodam h. de kirk. (Henricus de Kirkstode is 
plainly meant). On f. 200 : Vide no(ta)bilem informacionem pro ingressu 
nouiciorum in quodam quatemo domini abbatis in pergameno et incipit 
Vnumquodque scimus etc. : on f. 210 b : Correcta est ista scriptura (Con- 
suetudinum) per exemplar in rotulo uetustissimo domini abbatis. 

One other book in the Bodleian certainly belonged to the 
Abbey : this is 

268. [? B. ?]. Psalterium Hebraice. 

xiii, xiv(?). Bodl. Laud. Orient. 174. 
Vellum, flf. 63. 
On £ 1 is 

Hoc Psalterium Ebraycum est de bibliotheca Venerabilis monasterii 
sancti Eadmimdi Acomodatum fratri Ricardo bryngkelei ordinis minorum 
sacreque theologie humillimo professori • 1502**. 

On f. 1 & are earlier scribbles in lead pencil 

Fit (? fui) paris m • cc • Ixi • pax haut puto F(ui ?). 


Galli iactantur...Angli. 
Nomina balliuorum. 

On 2 a a list of names, very foint 




Reg. foliot. 

Adam de Chalixt. 


Iohannes(?) de rodin(?). 

Galfridus pistor. 


loh. de Bosoo. 

Pet. de Cranele. 

de Oistre. 

de Norwic. 

de Wigom. 

The text of the book is well written, with vowel-points. The Latin 
titles of the Psalms were added in cent. xv. On f. 62 is a note by Brinkley 
on the Hebrew names of Qod, 

For facts concerning Brinkley see Rendel Harris, The Leicester Codex 
of the N, T, 1887, pp. 17 sqq. He borrowed the Greek Gospels, now at 
Caius College, from the Oxford Franciscans, and owned the Greek Psalter 
in the same Library, and also Cod. 372. He was Provincial of the English 

It may be well at this point to enumerate the Libraries 
in which I do not expect to find more Bury books, either 
because I have studied the printed Catalogues or because I have 
examined the Libraries themselves. For the Oxford College 
Libraries I have used the Catalogues of Coxe and Kitchin 
(for Christ Church): the Bodleian and British Museum have 
yielded all that they are likely to yield for the present. Among 
Cambridge Libraries I have examined the University Library, 
those of Clare, Corpus Christi, Pembroke, Qonville and Caius, 
King's, Jesus, Sidney Sussex, Trinity, Trinity Hall, Emmanuel, 
and S. John's Colleges. There may be something yet to come 
from Peterhouse and from Gonville and Caius, S. Catharine's, 
Christ's, Queens' and Magdalene, but not much. I find 
one book at Lambeth, and part of a Register at Cheltenham : 
this latter storehouse must, one would think, have books from 
Bury in it, but it is well-nigh hopeless to find them. The 
Library of Eton College has no Bury books, and none are known 
at Dublin. 

Foreign Libraries I have been forced to leave unexplored. 


with the exception of a couple of notices of MSS. at Douai. 
M. Omont has kindly told me that there is nothing at Paris : 
some books may be in the Vatican (probably among Queen 
Christina's MSS.). These, if they should become known to me, 
must form the subject of a future communication. It is pro- 
bable that English collections will furnish more volumes also ; 
but it seems worth while to print my collections in their 
present state. However imperfect they may be, they ought to 
furnish at least a starting-point for other explorers. 

I have now to enumerate a few books which may be classed 
as Service-books and did not belong to the Library of the 

269. Euangelia iv. xi. B. M. Harl. 76. 

A beautiful MS. : has no mark or inscription, but at the end are copies 
of four Bury Charters, nearly contemporary: on the binding (of xviith 
cent.) are the arms of Sir Simonds d'Ewes. 

The Eusebian Canons are finely illuminated; the beginnings of SS. 
Matt. Luc. and Joh. are gone. The opening words of S. Mark are in 
splendid gold, and the page is bordered. In the Table of Gospels at the 
end, the only Saints marked in capitals are SS. Peter, Paul, the Virgin, 
Matthew, Cosmas and Damian, Martin, Andrew. S. Savina who is men- 
tioned seems to be a mistak e for Sabina. 

270. Nouum Testamentum. xi and xii, xiii. Pemb. 

A splendid folio, written by a scribe William, and given to the Abbey 
by Reginald de Denham, sacrist : the text is of xiith or early xiiith cen- 
tury : prefixed to it are six leaves of drawings of the Gk>spel history, of the 
xith century. This book is the subject of a separate paper by the present 
writer {Camh, Ant. Soc. Proceedings, vol. viii. p. 221). 

271. Officia mortuorum. xv. B. M. Harl. 5334. 

Liber monasterii S. Edmundi regis et martins de Bury de dono dompni 
Johannis fenyngham eiusdem loci monachi cuius anime propicietur deus. 

This is a small book, imperfect at the beginning: in cent, xvii it 
belonged to Clement Heigham. The Litany invokes : SS. Stephen, ^Ed- 
mimde ij^ (in red)...Alban, Oswald, Edward, Alphege, Kenelm, Mourtyrs: 

Silvester, Marcialis Saba Dunstan, Edmund, Swythun, Ethelwold, 

Cuthbert, Paulinus, *Bo tulphe ii', J urmi n, Edwold, Edward, Wlstan, Yvo, 
Felix, *CutJilaoe\..Brandan, Confessors: •Genefefa...Etheldreda, Mildred, 
*Osygtha', Edith, Ethelburga, Sexburga, Wythburga, Ermenilda, Qertrudis, 


\ Dorothea, Wenefreda, ^^^ndeswide^^ Modwenna, Birgitta, Nathalia, Lucia, 
Ursula, Virgins. The anniversaries cum magno, dupplici, and simplici 
sonitu are recorded. Only the Offices for the Dead are in the book. I 
have Httle doubt that it is the Officium pro defunctis mentioned by 

Following this are anniversaries of Abbots and others, down to Abbot 
Will. Curteys. 

272. Rituale monasterii S. Edmundi. xiv, xv. B. M, HaxL 2977. 

8vo size : 31 lines to a page. 

A Directorium of which 50 ft. remain ; extending from Advent to 

I May 1. It is fixed as a Bury book by the mention of the arm of S. Botolph 

(Noni Dec.) and by the directions for the celebration of S. Edmund's 

Translation (ff. 49 b, 50 a) : the procession is described and the vestiaritis 

is directed to carry the sword of S. Edmund *. 

273. Psalterium. xiv. Douai, cod. 171. 

From the English Benedictine College, transferred to the Town 
Library: I examined it on Sept. 27, 1893. A short description of the 
illuminations is appended. The book is a foho of ffi 223; the style of 
work to my mind absolutely faultless : it is quite the most beautiful of all 
the Bury books. The binding is of cent, xvii, tooled. 

f. 2 a. Psalterium dompni lohannis Abbatis^ ex dono domini Thome 
vicarii de Gtorleston. The hand in which this is written, if not identical 
with that of the rest of the book, is at least very like it. 

3 a. Prayer : Suscipe dignare. 

4 a. Chronology of the Kings of England from Edward the Confessor : 
the last thing mentioned is the marriage of Edward II. to Isabella (1307). 

5 a blank. 5 6 a list of remarkable events, Archbishops of Canter- 
bury, etc., ending with the decapitation of Thomas of Lancaster 'extra 
uillam de pumfreyd.' 

6 a blank. 66a Computus for Easter. 

7 a (6 a). Kalendar, in scarlet, darker red, and blue. There seems to 
be nothing especially characteristic of Bury. Each month has two round 
miniatures, one (of the Zodiacal sign) in the R. margin, the other at the 
bottom of the page: one (and sometimes both) has a punctured gold 
groimd. Jan. Warms his feet and drinks with a ladle from a caldron on 
the fire. Aqttaritis. A maid with two water-pots. 

^ For extracts and farther particulars, see my paper on the Abbey Church 
at Bury {Camb. Ant. Soc. Proc, vol. viii. p. 304 sqq.). 

3 This is either John de Brinkley (1361—1379) or John de Timwortb 


Feb, Digs. Mar. Prunes vines. Ap, Sows from a basket. Tawrus. A 
good buU, coloured purple. May. Rides to JR., a branch of roses in one 
hand, a hawk on the other, a wreath on his head. Gemini. Two nude 
youths hold lances and a shield with a black dragon on it. June. Weeding 
among green wheat. Jvly. Mowing, in a shirt ; two pegs on the scythe- 
handle. Leo. Remarkably good. Aug. Reaps : a peacock butterfly above. 
Virgo has a cithern. Sept. Two nude men tread grapes in an oblong vat : 
vines above. Libra. Scales held by a youth. Oct. with club feeds a red 
hog in a wood. Scorpius. A red and green dragon, wingless. Nov. kills a 
pig with an axe. Sagitt. A centaur shooting backward to left. (S. Ed- 
mund's feast in blua) Dec. A king, white-haired, between two youths, 
full-face, feasting : a boar's head on the table. Capricorn. A white long- 
haired goat leaps up to a tree. 

f. 12 a blank. 12 6. Full-page of the most splendid work. In the 
border, on each side, three prophets with blank scrolls, at top David with 
harp, at bottom Moses, homed, with the tables. In the centre, the Virgin 
crowned, standing, holds the Child, who is fully draped, with cross-nimbus ; 
he is laughing at a goldfinch which his mother holds. The ground, gold 
with patterns. 

13 a. Full page, gold patterned ground. The Crucifixion. The Virgin 
and S. John stand fuU-face. The Title is on the Cross: three nails are 
used. The border is chiefly composed of the arms of England and France 
alternate. At the corners are the Evangelistic Emblems, with names on 
scrolls. Top centre, Christ on the rainbow, as Judge, wounded : L. side, 
the Incredulity of Thomas (two figures only) : R.^ Ncli me tangere (two 
figures), Christ has Resurrection cross : bottom centre, the Descent into 
Hell : Christ delivers three souls. 13 6 blank. 

14 a. BeatuB uir. Full border and half-page painting in initial The 
border contains twenty-five kings in medallions, and the Virgin and Child 
at the top: outside this are birds and an archer. Initial: Jesse-tree con- 
taining David and eight ancestors. Below ths text, figures without back- 
ground. David precedes the Ark borne to R. by four men : two acolytes 
with candles escort it: other figures (one kneeling) in front. On R, a 
building : a £p and others about to receive the Ark. 

Dominv^ iUuminatio. Initial. David throned anointed by Samuel: 
Jesse (old) stands on R., a dog at David's feet. Below texti centre, on 
gold ground, a corpse tied to a tree : R. (no ground) three youths with 
bows : R. a throned king. This is the legend of the three youths whom 
Solomon ordered to shoot at their father's corpse. 

48 a. At bottom (to fill a space) is an excellent picture of a Parliament 
of beasts (dog, deer, elephant, porcupine, monkey, bear, ox, etc.) before 
two lions : gold ground. 

48 b. Dixi cuetodiam. Initial. David throned : a small figure of 
Christ bends out of a cloud and touches his tongue. Bdow text: L. a 


lady and knight talk : a knight tilts at a horseman with scimitar : an old 
man sits by a cradle with a child in it : a lady and knight with hawk (in 
gown) walk R. and look back. 

Quid gUmoHi. Smaller initial, A city (Nob) : Saul seated in a tower 
cross-legged : three other figures in the city : in the gate Doeg, in red, is 
beheading a kneeling priest in blue. Bdow text : a ploughman with two- 
wheeled plough (face L.) : the plough drawn by two oxen and two horses : 
a crow flies above the oxen, a magpie sits on the horses : a gloved man 
with stick talks to the ploughman : R. two figures embracing. 

Dixit insipiens. Initial: David, white-haired, on throne: the Fool 
bearded and nearly nude, with flail, puts out his tongue, and makes ribald 
gestures. Bordery L. a man (Marcolf) clad in a net, on two crutches, with 
burst shoes; a crowned horseman (Solomon) below speaks to hinL A 
Unicom lays his head in a maiden's lap, and is shot by an archer in a 
tree. A woman covered with white hair (? S. Mary of Egypt), a man in 
black gown hides his face and hands a black gown to her. Bdow text: 
a recumbent man kissed by a woman: a man on foot with bow points 
to him : a horseman approaches : on iS. a man on a mule with outstretched 
hands implores. 

Saluum nvefac. Above the initial, Christ seated. Initial, Above, the 
ark with men and beasts seen in it, on the waters. Below, a ship : a devil 
is breaking the mast, a man on one knee cuts at it with an axe: four 
other men in the ship ; one of them casts Jonah into the mouth of a fish. 
Border^ L, S. Martin and the beggar. Below text, Solomon with sword, 
on throne : a woman brings a child to him : another woman on R, : R, Noli 
me tangere (two figures) : R, a cat and mouse. 

Exultate, Initial: above, Christ throned, between two angels with 
stringed instruments. Below, Jacob wrestles with the Angel. Border : at 
the comers, four kings are (top L.) in bed, the others playing bells, etc. 
Below text : a Fox with chasuble, mitre and crosier preaches to cock, hens, 
chickens and ducks. 

Cantate, Initial: an angel stands by an old shepherd seated and 
helps him to read a scroll Gloria in excelsis — hominUms bone, with musical 
notes. Two small shepherds on /2., three sheep and two fighting rams in 
front. Border top L, the Nativity with ox and ass, and Joseph : lower L. 
Fortune in the midst of a wheel, four kings on the tire. Below text 
Marcolf (rubbed) bending over: Solomon on horse speaks to him: R. 
Samson and the lion. 

Bomine exavdi. Smaller Initial: the Chiuxjh, crowned, holds a pro- 
cessional cross with crucifix, and a church. Below: a man and woman 
embrace imder a tree. 

Dixit dominus. Initial: the Father and Son on one throne: under 
their feet are two kings, one trying to bite the toe of the Son. The Father 
has a book: both are cross-nimbed. Below text: the Entry into Jeru- 


salem. The foal runs under the ass : three Apostles follow : in front (E.) 
and inside the city are nine figures, climbing trees, spreading garments, 
stripping themselves, etc. A long green and yellow striped carpet is being 
spread. Border: Twelve Apostles in medallions, seated, hold books in- 
scribed with the Apostles' Creed in clauses in microscopic characters. 

Ad dommum (cxiz || cxx). David kneels, bare-headed : harp on R, 
Christ, a small figure throned, in a cloud, bends forward to him. Below 
text: David slings at Goliath, who is on his back : a grotesque horseman 
between them takes off his hat : R. a monkey as doctor stands by a bear 
in bed, and holds up the glass vessel characteristic of a physician. 

ConjUebor (Isa. xzv). A white-bearded man on a seat : hands raised. 
Below text: three hares, one on horseback with horn, hunt a dog who pro- 
gresses on his hind legs to L, 

The Litany invokes SS. Albane, Aelphege, Eadmunde, Eadwarde, Os- 
walde, Kenelme, Martyrs: Dunstane, Augu stine c um so c, Eadmunde, 
Edwarde, Cuthberte, B otulp he, leronime, Benedicte, Leonardo, Egidi, 
Aldelme, Germane, Macute, Swithune, Confessors: Ositha, Etheldreda, 
Editha, Virgins. 

VigUiae Morttuyrwm, Initial: a dead or dying man (black-bearded) in 
bed : two angels flying down hold his soul in a white cloth : the Divine 
Hand above in a cloud. Below text: a man fights a snaiL 

Dirige, Small Initial: Christ as Judge, on the bow. 

The small initials sometimes, but not commonly, contain figures : all of 
them, as well as the line-fillings, are of the most absolutely perfect kind : 
there seems to be no falling off anywhere in the decorative work. 

274. Psalterium cum Canticis et Hymnis. xv. In the 

Library of the Grammar School, Bury. 

This is a large folio in a veUmn wrapper : which may be fully described 
here : on f . 1 is 

Hunc Librum olim/Jacobi Cobs Armigeri /dedit nobis in Bibliotheca 
Scholae Buriensis / Seruandum / Jacobus Haruy Jurisconsultus, ejus /ex 
Filia Nepos/et hujus Scholae aliquando Alumnus/ An. Domini/ 1706. 

There are 284 ff. in quires of 8. 


1. Ealendar, in red, blue and black. 

Ap. 29. TransL S. Edmundi reg • et • m • m red, 
Aug. 26. Dedicacio ecclesie Norwic. added, 
I Oct. 2. S. Thome herfordensis episcopi in red, 

2. Psalterium, in double columns. 

Ps. 1. Beattts nir. Border^ a fine Jesse-tree: on L, three kings, on 


R, five prophets (one gone) : on L, of the) initial at top, the Virgin and 

Initial. David playing the harp, the lower end of which is in a bag. 

Ps. xxvi. Dominus Uluminatio. InitiaL David kneeling before an 
altar with green hangings, points to his eye : above, the Divine Hand. 

Ps. zzxviii. Dixi cmtodiam, InitiaL Red flourished ground. David 
kneeling, points to his mouth: God, half-length, in a blue cloud. A 
partial border. 

Ps. li. Quid ghriarU, Initial, Of smaller size, gold flourished ground. 
David slings at Qoliath, who has a dragon on his shield. 

Ps. lii. Dixit insipiena. Initial. Red flourished ground. David seated 
in blue mantle: a jester in red and yellow dances before him, with 
a flail, his cap ends in a serpent. 

Ps. Ixviii. Saluum me fac. Initial, David, nude, kneels in blue 
water, very well painted : above is God in the sky with orb. 

Ps. Ixxx. Eandtate. Initial. Dark red flourished ground. David in 
blue, a harp beside him, plays on six bells with a hammer. 

Ps. xcvii. Cantate. Initial. Green flourished ground. On a black 
and yellow pavement, seven clerks, three of them boys in surplices, 
one in cope, one in alb, sing at a lectern from a book with music. A 
partial border. 

Ps. ci. Domine exatidi, has a slightly larger initial than its neigh- 

Ps. ciz. Dixit Dominus. On L. the Son with halo of rays, cruciform 
and orb: on R. the Father: between them the Dove. A ring c^ blue 
angels surrounds them : below their feet are two black devils, chained. 

In the Litany we have ' Edmunde ii ' among the Martyrs^ next after 
Stephen- Other English Martyrs are SS. George, Pancras, Alban, Oswald, \ 

Edward, Alphege, Thomas (erased), Kenelm. Confessors: SS. Marcialis 
(in the second place), Swythin, 'Renedicte ii', Ethelwold, Cuthbert, | 

Paulinus, BotblJph, *Jurmine', Edwold, Edward, Wlstan, Ivo, Felix, 
Guthlac, Leonard, Alexius. Virgins: SS. Etheldreda, Mildritha, Ogitha 
{9ic\ Editha, Ethelburga, Sexburga, Whitburga, Ermenilda. The sufi&age 
* Ut regibus et principibus etc.* occurs. | 

3. Officium Mortuorum. A good decorative initial P. 
At lectio vii two leaves (ff". 131, 2) are gone. 

4. Lectiones, in Nat. Domini. | 

in xl"*, etc. 

De corpore Christi. | 

5. Sequentiae. ; 
Sabbato ad Yesperas. lux beata Trinitas, with a good initial. 

In festo S. Stephani. ) 



In translatione S. Edmundi, viz. : Dens tuorum militum. Quaesumus 
auctor. Gloria tibi. Martir dei qui unicxis. mundi pater iinice. 

De reliquiis, next before All Saints. 

After All Saints are two paper leaves. Then the hand changes to one 
much worse but not much later, continuing with Commune Sanctorum, 
At the end are the sequences for the Visitation, with pen and ink initials, 
and for the Name of Jesus. 

The Head Master of Bury School, Mr Peile, was so kind as to allow 
me to examine this book, which is a really fine work of art^ and also 
to lend me some excellent photographs of the illuminations in it: for 
which I should like to express my thanks to him. 

Lastly, an attempt must be made to give a clear list of 

the extant Registers of the Abbey, which outnumber those 

of almost any other religious house. None of the lists hitherto 

published can be called complete; and probably the same 

criticism will apply to the present one. I add the names of 

the writers who mention each volume. 

In the Public Library at Douai : 

275. Cod. 553. Liber cenobii S. Edmundi, circa 1424. 

In a wooden binding: ff. 72. 'This Boke belongeth to me Koberte 
Wode: nunc lohannis Smithi Londinensis '. The main subjects of the 
book are two : first a list of Benefactors : and secondly the rules of the 
Officium Coquinarie, the last compiled by Andrew Astone (as Claud. 
A. xii). 

In the British Museum : 

276. Cotton. Claud. A. xii. Registrum Hostilariae. xv. (1426, 

compiled by Brother Andrew Astone). 

Martin, Moncuticon (iii. 117), Arnold (Mem^orials i. p. ix). It is in the 
same hand as the Douai B^gister. 

277. Tib. B. ix. ff. 32 : Reg. W. Cratfield et W. Excetre. xiv. 

(damaged in the fire of 1731). 

Martin, Moncuticon, Arnold. 

[Galba, E. ii, mentioned in the Memorials (i. p. ix) : it is a Register of 
S. Benedict of Hulme, and contains a Fundatio eodesie S. Edmundi, etc.] 

278. Harley. 27. Beg. Croftis. xv. of the Pitanciarius. 
Belonged to Sir Simonds d'Ewes. Martin, J/bn., Battely, Arnold. 

279. 58. Beg. Sacristae II. 

Mon.y Arnold, Martin. 


280. Harl 230. Reg. Thomae (de Tottington). 
Martin, Mon., Arnold. Belonged to Sir Simonds d'Ewes. 

281. 808. Leases, from 9—31 Hen. VIII. 

M<m., Martin. Belonged to Sir Simonds d'Ewes. It should be called 
Begistrum Reeve alias Melford. 

282. 638. Reg. 'Werketone'. xv. 

Mon,, Battely, Arnold. Belonged to Sir Simonds d'Ewes. 

283. 646. Reg. Kempe. xv. 

If<m.y Arnold. Belonged to Sir Simonds d'Ewes. 

284. 743. Reg. Lakynghethe. xv. 

Belonged to Bp Stillingfleet. i/bn., Battely, Arnold In Dugdale's 
time this belonged to the Bacons (Martin). 

285. Lansdowne, 416. Reg. Ikworth 1425. 
Used by Battely, J/itm., Arnold. 

286. Additional. 7096. Reg. Curteys II. xv. 
Belonged to Sir H. Spelman. 

287. 14847. Registrum Album. xiii, xiv. 
Contains Bidla, Placita Coronae, etc. 

288. 14848. Reg. Curteys I. xv. 

Formerly belonged to Craven Ord, and previously to R. Bacon, to Dr 
Cox Macro of Norton, and to one Nowel. Mon,, Battely, Tanner, Arnold. 

289. 14850. Rental of Redgrave, etc. xvi. 
Many leaves blank : belonged to Sir Nich. Bacon. 

290. 31970. A Register of the Manors of Hinderclay and 

Rickinghall. Inferior. 

Late xvth cent. : in double columns with xvith cent, additions about 
Redgrave, Qislingham and Wortham. Purchased from S. S. Johnson in 
1882. The leaves are numbered 193—289. . 

291. Registrum in Officio Ducis Lancastriae. 

Battely, Arnold, Martin. 

Registrum Celerarii. The following account is extracted from copious 
notes most kindly furnished to me by Mr E. Powell. - 

Duchy of Lancaster Records, Div. XI. No. 5 (in Public Record Office, 
London). ,. 

A volume bound in old oak boards, possibly original, but the book has 
been cut since it was written, folios measure circa 13j x 9. 

ailed ! 



Between the boards there are now 162 folios, the last two are unnum- 
bered and loose. The first two are also unnumbered and blank but for 

Mr Stywarde his booke 1588 (on 2nd page). 

Styward 1543 (on 3rd page). 

Janit. Celer. 14 (on 4th page) (written in xvth cent. hand). 

The numbered folios are 148 and run consecutively, except that (104 — 
108) precede (98 — 103) ; but the matter runs consecutively so that they 
must have been numbered first and bound up wrong. The numeration of 
the folios is all in the old arabic notation. 

After the blank folios in the front, two appear to have been cut out 
before folio no. 1. 

After folio 148 two folios and a complete gathering of eight folios have 
been cut out. 

The writing in the book is of the latter half of the xiiith and xivth 
century, very little, I think, later than Ric. II. The book is in great need 
of re-binding. 

The principal contents are 

(a) Placita (Ed. I. et XL), 

(Jb) Bounds of Mildenhall, Eriswell, etc. Rentals. 

(c) Transcripta omnium cartarum et cirographorum totius Cellarie 
S. Eadmundi. Scripta anno regni regis Henrici filii Johannis regis L. 
(1256), tempore dominorum H. de Hospitali et W. de Beccles Celerari- 

Dr At Cambridge, in the University Library : 

^ 292. Ff. 2. 29. Eeg. Rubeum Vestiarii I. 

293. Ff. 4. 35. „ „ 11. 

294. Ff. 2. 33. Reg. Saeristae I. 

295. Ee. 3. 60. Reg. Pyncebek (Vestiarii). 

it 296. Gg. 4. 4. Reg. Alphabeticum (Cellerarii I). 

297. Mm. 4. 19. Reg. Nigrum. 

All these, it seems, once belonged to the Bacons; to whom the Abbey 
was granted, then to John Cradock of Rickinghall in Sufiblk. Battely 
(163) says they made their way to the Bodleian, but were returned to 
Cambridge by the 'Visitors' of the Bodleian. J/ow., Battely, Tanner, 
Arnold, Martin. 

At Barton Hall, Suflfolk (Sir E. Bunbury) : 

298. Registrum Cellerarii II. 
Cited as Sir Thomas Hanmer's of Mildenhall. J/itm., Tanner, Arnold. 

C.A,S. Octavo Series. XXVIII. 7 




In the Phillipps Library, Cheltenham : 

299. Registrum Cellerarii III. 

Battely adds : 

Registrum in Archiuis Buriensibus. 

in Officio Kegistrarii Buriensis. 
in Archiuis Archidiaconi Sudburiensis. 
Arnold^ also mentions the above. 

Registrum Swaffham (one of those in the Harley Collection). Olim 
Thomae Eden, LL.D. in 1641. 

'Officium pro Defunctis MS. penes autorem.' 

This must be no. 271, which is also a Harleian MS. 
Tanner adds : 

Registrum penes Rob. Bacon ^ 

penes Doctorem Covel Mag. Coll. Christi Cant. 
No doubt a Harley MS. ; the Earl of Oxford bought Dr Covers MSS. 

Registrum penes Ed. Coke, citat. a Spelman. 
Not identified. 

300. Leiger Books penes Lord Comwallis. 

Probably of the time of Nich. Bacon, to whom the Liberty of S. Ed- 
mund was granted. There are, besides, transcripts of Prince F. Dideep 
Singh's Consuetudinary (made in the last century, when the MS. was 
more perfect than it is now) and of several other of the above Registers, 
at Hengrave Hall, Sufiblk. These now belong to Mr Lysaght. 

In MS. Egerton 2375, ff, 390 sqq. is a list of Bury Registers in the 
hand of Thomas Martin of Palgrave, a great Suffolk antiquary. The 
volume which contains it is one of Yates's Collections for the History of 
Bury, and is chiefly devoted to the Registers. Martin's list supplies some 
details which I have incorporated in my own list, and adds : 

Registrum de Bury penes GuL Home de Heverland com. Norf. ex rela- 
tione Tho. Taylor de Fakenham Suff. 

Registrum de Bury penes Hen. Spelman, mutil. ff. 44 — 53. 

Registrum penes Job. Peighton citat. a Stow. 

Martirologium. Liber in quo tenorem scriptorum maximae aestima- 
tionis annotari fecerunt. f. 4». 

1 The Archdeacon of Sudbury, the Yen. F. B. Chapman, tells me that there 
is a strong probability that * Bacon's Register* is identical with Prince F. 
Dnleep Singh's Consuetudinary: also that the * Register in the Archdeacon of 
Sudbury's office' probably means no more than Extracts from. Norwich Regis- 
ters. At one time or another, however, the Bacons probably owned most of the 
Bury Registers. 



At Jesus College, Cambridge : 

301. MS. Q. B. 1. Forma Composicionum Cartarum Obliga- 

cionum Acquietanciarum Indenturarum 
libellorum et Appellacionum cum alijs 
pro studio Abbatis. 

Paper, ff. 273, in red leather on boards : strap and pin : title in black 
letter on the back : cent, xv (late). The names in the specimen charters 
are rarely given in fall : but the attribution to Bury abbey is not doubtful. 
The earliest document copied in it seems to be a Protestatio of Symon, Bp 
of Norwich, dated 1263. 

With this my main task ends. But a great deal more 
remains to be said, though it is doubtful whether I can take 
this opportunity of saying it. In the first place, a rough cal- 
culation of the number of the books in the Library may not be 
unacceptable. I will take them by classes and give in separate 
columns, firstly the highest number that we actually find in 
each class, and secondly a round number which we may fairly 
allow to have existed. 





























































The total of the actual existing numbers reaches 2283, that 
of the round numbers 2460. Either of these is enormous for a 
mediaeval Library. The possibility suggested above, that gaps 
to admit fresh acquisitions were left in the numeration, recurs 
with considerable force at this point. In one place in par- 
ticular I seem to see a trace of this. Between the Gloss on 
S. John, and the Qloss on the Pauline Epistles (B. 109 and 
B. 204) a gap of nearly 100 occurs, and it is difficult to imagine 

^ P. 1000 (see no. 182) looks very like a mistake. 




either that there were sufficient glosses to fill it, or that an 
entirely new class of books was foisted in here. However, the 
existence of gaps cannot yet be proved definitely, and, whether 
they existed or not, there can be no doubt that the Library was 
a very large one indeed. We can do something towards filling 
the lacunae that are so common, firstly by examining the old 
Catalogue, and secondly by conjecture. Now, setting aside 
repetitions and service-books, the old Catalogue gives us 153 
separate books which we have not now got. Let us arrange 
them in classes. To class A would belong 

zviii. Anselm. 
zviiii Augustine, 



zzci, 185, 189. 
In all 26 volumes. 
Class B: 

1, 1*. Bibles (and glossed books). 

ii, zlvii, liiii, Izzii, czz, czzi, 
czzviii, czzziii, czzziiii, czzzvii, 
czzzviii (2), cxxzviiii, 140 — 142, 
161, 159, 227, 231—233. 
33 in all. 

Class C: 
zz. Cassiodorus. 
zzz, Iv, cviii. 
183. Clement. Rec. 

247. (Chronica). 

248. ( „ ). 
253, 254. Consuetud. 

262. Cyril. 263, 4. Cassian. 
14 volumes. 

xzziii. Ambrose. 
Iviiii, zzciiii 206 — 209. 
zlviiii. Aethicus. 
Izv. Arithmetica. 
Izz. Albinus. 
255. Ezc. de Amalario 

zli. Bede. 

Iziiii, cvii, 210, 213, 
258* Benedict, 
czziiii. Bruno. 
181, 182. Boetius. 

zzi. Cyprian, 
lii. Caesar. 




Class D: 

ciiii. Dioscorides. 
164. Donatus. 
Four volumes. 

Class E: 

xi. Egesippus. 
One volume. 

Class F: 

158. Liber florum. 
One volume. 

Class G: 

xlviii. Gregory. 
Four volumes. 

Class H: 

Izi. Historia. 
166. Haimo. 
179. Horatius (or 0.). 
Four volumes. 

Class J : 

z. losephus. 
Seven volumes. 

Class L: 

160. Decreta. 
171. Decreta (2). 
Four voliunes. 

Class M: 

liii. Macrobius (2). 
Ivi. Marcianus. 
Five volumes. 

Class 0: 

xxiii. Orosius. 
Two volumes. 

Class P: 

xii. Passionalia (3). 
xiiii. Pascasius. 
xliiii. Priscian (3). 
xlv. Paterius. 
Ixxviiii. Prudentius. 
15 volumes. 

IziiL Dionysius. 
cxzvi. Dialectica. 

252. Gemma anime. 
260. Greg. Naz. 

cxziii. Hildebert. 

xxiiii. leronimus. 
xxxiiii, cviiii, 195, 198. 

162. lustinian. 

cxviii. Medicine (2). 

215. Origen. 

ciii. Plautus. 

cv. Pliny. 

cxxxvi. Liber de partibus. 

240, 1. Pet. Lomb. (2). 

259. Paradisus. 



Class Q: 

xxcviiii. QuiutiliaD. 


Two volumes. 

Class R: 

Ixviii. Rabaniis. 

xxc. Rufinus. 


258. Radulphus de Carduil. 

Four volumes. 

Class S: 

Ixxiiii. Seruius. 

cxvi. Statins. 

xxvii. Seneca. 

219. Sententiarum liber. 

li. Liber scintillarnm. 

261. Smaragdtis. 

169. Sermons. 


Eight volumes. 

Class T: 

155. Tullius. 


One volume. 

nia«fl V: 

xxcv. Via Jerusalem. 

cxxii. Vitae Sanctorum. 

cxv. Virgilius. 

170, 172, 173, 249, 250. 

cxvii. Victorinus. 

157. VitruviuR. 

Ten volumes. 

Class Y : 

viii. Ysidorus. 

xvi. Yvo. 

viiii, 199, 200. 


Six volumes. 

Add to this, from Leland's 


A. 1. Abbo. 3. Anastasius. 

N. 13. Necham. 

5. Alcuin. 7. Adelard. 

R. 8. Robert Melund. (2). 11. 

17. Aldhelm. 


C. 22. Chronica Hoveden. 

S. 2. Siinplicius. 

K. 12. Kilwardby. 

T. 9. Tnvet. 

M. 4. Meditationes. 6. MonegaJ- 

V. 10. Wallensis. 14, 15. Utred. 


18 volumes in all. 

To some of these we can assign probable marks: for in- 
stance, no. 185 was most likely A. 3, and speaking generally, 


all the fourteen volumes of Augustine which we gain from the 
old Catalogue probably came between A. 1 and A. 60; while 
the Bibles must have occupied the early numbers of Class B. 
But we can gain a good deal more by noticing the books which 
the old Catalogue does not contain. The names of Bernard, 
Bonaventura, Bromyard, Gorham, Holcot, Hugo of Vienne, 
Hugh and Richard of S. Victor, Grosseteste, Januensis, Albertus 
Magnus, Necham, Peter Comestor, Ralph of Flavigny, Scotus, 
Thomas Aquinas, are wholly wanting; and so, too, in great 
measure are such comprehensive headings as Commentaries on 
Aristotle, and on the Sentences, Sermones, Postillae, Tabulae, 
Legenda Aurea, Aurora. These would account for hundreds of 
volumes : we see almost all of them amply represented in the 
remains of the Library which we possess. The two classes of 
Law and Medicine are not adequately represented either in the 
Catalogue or in the extant remains ; and yet we know that 
there were 393 volumes in L^ and we may be sure that M was 
not a small class. 

A few words as to the general character of the Library, and 
I have done ; there is no trace of the presence of such treasures 
as Papias, Irenaeus, or the like^ nor of any lost classical author. 
Rarely indeed do we meet with such phenomena in English 
monastic Catalogues. But secular literature is moderately 
well represented. Plautus, Terence, Horace, Juvenal, Persius, 
Virgil, Statins, Seneca, Cicero, Macrobius, Caesar, Sallust, Val. 
Maximus, Quintilian, Martianus Capella, Pliny, Dioscorides, 
Servius, Justin, Aethicus, Solinus, Vitruvius, make a very 
respectable list. It is curious that Ovid and Claudian are 
absent. In English we have the Rule of S. Benedict and 
a volume of Homilies'. Among the less common patristic 

^ I suspect that many of the unmarked law books at Pembroke College came 
from Bury: the gifts of law books mentioned in the Douai Begister (p. 7, 8) may 
be appropriately recalled at this point. 

* A possible exception is Cat. Vet, cxvii, Viotorinus. 

3 The Bodleian MS. NEF. 4. 12, which contains a Homily on S. Edmund 
and is said to shew an East Anglian dialect, bears no trace, as Mr Madan is 
good enough to tell me, of having been a possession of Bury Abbey. 


writers I would call attention to the names of Victorinus, 
Verecundus, Cyril, and Radulfus de Carduil. The 'first part of 
Merlin' (no. 167) is enigmatical. 

Another topic, which must be shortly noticed, is the charac- 
ter of the artistic work in the Bury books. The books most 
remarkable for their decoration are the Tenison Prudentius (no. 
179), the Gospel-books (nos. 269, 70), the Douai Psalter (no. 273), 
which last was presented to an Abbot and probably not written 
at Bury, and the Grammar School Psalter (no. 274). These 
are all of diflferent periods : the pictures prefixed to no. 270 are 
the only ones which approach in date and style to those of the 
Tenison Prudentius. But all of them are English work. I 
seem to detect in some of the xiith century folios a fondness for 
a particular style of outline drawing (with which we might 
compare the later drawings in the Prophetiae Joachim) : exam- 
ples of this are the two fine initials in B. 205 and B. 280. I 
do not, however, find myself able to lay down any particular 
rules for detecting Bury books by the help either of their 
ornaments or of their writing*. 

But, on the other hand, we have a fair criterion in the 
press-mark and in the binding: future investigations among 
MSS. may go to shew that other monastic Libraries in England 
possessed similar marks, as it is most probable that foreign 
monasteries did : but none that I have any record of at present 
— certainly none of the first importance — used the particular 
combination of Lombardic capital and Arabic numeral which 
we find in the Bury books. Norwich, for instance, used a 
Gothic letter and Roman numeral, Durham a small Gothic 
letter in some cases : S. Alban's marked by Distinctiones, 
S. Augustine's at Canterbury by Distinctiones and QradvSf 
Christ Church, Canterbury, by various cabalistic signs, Titch- 
field and Chichester by a Lombardic letter and Roman numeral, i' 

while many houses seem to have contented themselves with 

1 The splendid MS. which Ljdgate gave to Henry VI. of his poem on the 
* Lives of SS. Edmund and Fremund ' (Harl 2278) if it was ezeoated at Bury, 
as it most probably was, shews that there were first-rate artists there in the 
fifteenth century. 


inscribing the name of the monastery in their books, without 
farther addition. 

The marked uniformity which we see in the bindings of 
many of the xiith and xiiith century Bury books (in the later 
books we find considerable diversity in the character of the 
bindings) seems to point to a general rebinding of the Library, 
possibly at the time when the old Catalogue was made. And 
I am further inclined to believe that at the time when the 
present press-marks were inserted, there was a general reor- 
ganisation and reunion of all the books (saving the Service- 
books) in the monastery: for we see that originally some of 
them were assigned to different places : the 'armarium claustri' 
and the Refectory are mentioned as well as the 'communis 
Libraria'. More rebinding seems to have taken place in the 
xvth century, when books of different classes were bound in 
the same volume (see nos. 53, 81, 195, etc.). And this feature 
seems to shew that the press-marks were of use not so much 
in the local arrangement of the Library as with reference to 
some comprehensive Catalogue of the xvth century, in which 
the classing of the books by their press-marks would be pre- 
served. This and similar points we may well expect to have 
cleared up for us in the future. I can add nothing at present 
to the facts already recorded. 

I append a few scraps of verse, etc., which occur in Bury 
1. G.... (No. 126). Ipswich Museum, No. 6. 

f. 202 a. Cent. xiii. 

Nomina sanctorum elementata misterium ad merendum et ad pre- 
miandum in suis pretendimt elementis sicut patet in hoc nomine Ed- 
mundus in subscripta distinctione. 

Seven acrostics on the name Edmundus follow : one ' de miraculo ' will 
serve as a specimen. 
E dmundus 
D ux 
M orte 

V iota 
N ecauit 
D ucem 

V esanum 
S wein. 


Then follows an epigram on the name papa, which was found in the 
bed of Pope Eugenius, 'qui crepuit infra triduum post inuentionem in 
uia fori.' 

Then the following verses 

De Innocentio 

Fata monent stelleque docent auiumque uolatus 

Tocius subito malleus orbis eris 

Roma diu titubans uariis erroribus acta i 

Corruet et mundi desinet esse capud. \ 

De predicatoribus 

Clareuallorum decimas Jacobi petierunt 

A domino papa, sed eas non optinuerunt I 

Dixerunt monachi se quod petiere daturos 

Si uellent infra monacorum uiuere muros 

Et non exire sine iussu: sed Jacobini * 

Elegere magis mundum transcurrere bini. 

f. 202 b. Lower margin. 

Ailredua rex: panne king is radles • and ledbissop loreles • and eldman 
witles • and yung man recheles • and piuman scameles • )?anne )>ralles (?) 
sullen t^riuen • and adelinges sulle dwi'nen (?) • panne child is king • and 
cherles sune bissop • )»ann« gold sal speken • and gume sal suien ; ))anne 
sal engelond to same gon. 

Idem: Whanne child is king • and cherl bissop • and \>rdX alderman. 
I^anne is l^e folc wo. 

f. 203 h. 

Decanus Kartaginensis. 

Col de grue j lo ai mi deu' de coloine 

Oil en mue ] Maldaheit SkXaour de moine 

Lange destoumel ) De vilain et de putain 

Saut de cheuerel ) Lur Amour ne vaut un pain. 
Pe de putain 

uel eigne 

Sunt en moine semblant vilain Nonain riant 

Pucele burdeant 

E moine errant 

Co est la mainnee teruagant. 

Fumores Magistri W. le transcendent. 

Stat qui imperat de imperatore 

Intentio qm regnat de rege gallie 

Negotiatio qui uocatur elg~ de electo vaF 

Legatio comitis de comite britannie { 

Mirabilia qui scrutantur de cordatis ^ 


Dissensiones intus ad extra de disco*e paristW inter 

episcopum et uai^ 
Contrarietates qui annunciant de predicatoribus 

Tumor tetidis de diluuio paristW 

Exposicio qui affert de expositore. 

f. 207 b. 

De nacione pilati et iude. 

Without the usual proem *Legitur in quadam historia licet apocry- 
pha.' King Tirus, Pilate's father lives in a castle *Berlehing'. The 
tract ends early in the story of Judas with the words ^pedissequam 
capsulam flue/ 

2. In R 70 (no. 187) on f. 105 : 

M.XX. hie denique presul Aelfuinus sub comite Thurkillo constituit 
regulam monachorum S. Eadmundi in monasterio & sub uoluntate licen- 
tiaque Cnutoni regis manet usque in presens. m.xxxil hie sub Cnutono 
rege constructam basilicam beate memorie archipresul Aegelnothus conse- 
crauit in honore Christi et Sancte Marie sanctique Eadmimdi. 

Abbot Uvius is called Vuiges. 

On the last page : 


Electa Christi famulo, 
apostolorum apostola, 
pastoris super humera 
ouis uecta centesima. 
Maria soror Lazari 
rediuiui quatridui, 
compunctus cuius fletibus 
celorum fleuit dominus. 
Nardi pistici nectare 
que summi regis imgere 
digna fuisti uerticem 
ut inuenires requiem. 
Te cordis desiderio 
toti precamur oleo 
tuarum precum uulnera 
reatus nostri medica. 
Sit nato cum ingenito 
parique sit paracHto 
in imitate gracia 
per infinita secula. Amen. 




A passage from John de Oxenedes (Bolls Series, p. 17) 

shews that the first books possessed by Bury Abbey came 

from St Benet's of Hulme in Norfolk with the first Abbot 

(Uvius) and twelve monks. 

Aluuinus Estanglorum episcopus coepit construere eoclesiam S. Aed- 
mundi regis, ad quam media pars librorum et ecclesiasticorum omamen- 
torum a domo S. Benedicti est translata. 

Words of the same effect occur also in the Begister of 
St Benet of Hulme in the Cottonian Collection: they are 
printed in Monast, iii. 135. 


Hie riot of 1327. In a Begister at Cambridge in the 

University Library (Begistrum Pinchebeck, Ee. iii. 60) are 

copies of the Placita Corone referring to this catastrophe. On 

f. 65 is a list of the goods taken by the mob (repeated in 

Beg. Werketone, Harl. 638, Monast iii. 109, note). The books 

specified are : 

"xx missalia, xxiv portiforia, xii bibulas (i.e. Bibles), xx psalteria, 
X iomalia, semptem paria decretorum, x paria decretalium, et alios plures 
diuersa<rum> scientiarum et uoluminum." 

The number of the lost Decreta and Decretalia accounts in 
a measure for the entries of donations of books on Canon Law, 
which occur in the Douai Begister. Very likely the clerkly 
element among the rioters hated the Canon Law, and made 
these books a principal object of assault. 


In the Monasticpn (iii. 114, 115 note) are printed two 
documents issued by Abbot William Curteys, taken from his 
Begister (Brit. Mus. Add. 7096) which show very strikingly 
the interest he took in the Library of his monastery. It 
pleases me to think that there may have been a kind of 


literary alliance between him and John Boston, and that we 
owe to it, perhaps, on the one hand Boston's Gatalogiut, and 
on the other the building of the new Library at Bury. 

f. 182 6. 

Item quia quidam confratrum nostrorum circa librorum ecclesiae 
nostrae custodiam et conseruationem eis studendi causa et non alias a 
praecentore siue quocunque confratre alio sibi in suo officio coniuncto 
accommodatorum se necligentes multociens exhibcnt et remiasos : quorum 
confratrum aliquos comperimus dictae nostrae ecclesiae libros impigno- 
rasse, quosdam accommodauisse, unde a nobis et dicta nostra ecclesia 
perdimtur imperpetuum, quosdamque pure uendidisse ac diuersis modis 
aliis personis extraneis et incognitis alienasse: quorum etiam librorum 
aliquos prece, aliquos pretio, aliquos laboribus grauibus et sumptibus 
excessiuis, interdumque magnis occupantium indignationibus recupera- 
uimus et optinuimus, sicut plures posterius credimus optinere : Ut igitur I 
huiusmodi insolentiae, absurditates, grauesque laesiones ab ecclesia nostra 
et confratribus nostris antedictis futuris temporibus repellantur: Nos 
Willielmus abbas monasterii S. Edmundi de Bury de confratrum nos- 
trorum unanimi consensu et assensu, uolumus, statuimus, et ordinamus 
quod si aliquis dictorum confr. nost. claustralium quemcumque librum 
seu libros sibi a dicto praecentore uel eius consocio ratione praemissa 
accommodatum uel accommodates impignorauerit, accommodaueritue, 
uendiderit, seu quouis modo alio, ut praefertur, alienauerit, titulumue 
alicuius libri deleuerit, per quod a notitia confratrum deuenire poterit, in 
poenam transgressionis huiusmodi claustrum non exeat, in refectorio 
continue prandeat, recreationis, mimitionis, et omnibus aliis confratrum 
suorum recreationibus careat. Et quia praedictae laesiones et trans- 
gressiones uel aliquae earum diu antequam ad notitiam dicti praecentoris 
uel ipsius consocii deveniunt fieri prout {I. potuerint), hoc ipso praemisso 
uel aliquod praemissorum committens maioris excommunicationis sen- 
tentiam incurrat, donee huiusmodi transgressio et laesio iuxta arbitrimn 
abbatis uel prions fiierint emendatae. Confratres uero in Uniuersitatibus I 
studentes si in praedictis uel aliquo praemissorum culpabiles aut de- 1 
linquentes reperti fuerint, seu eorum aliquis culp. aut del. rep. fiierit, ^ 
ipso facto ad uniuersitatem seu studium ibidem exercendum efficiantur 
inhabiles et indigni, seu inhabilis efficiatur et indignus, ita quod, quam 
cito de laesione et transgressione huiusmodi abbati constiterit, nulla 
habita mora ad claustrum reuocentur aut reuocetur, aliis poenis post- 
modum eis uel ei imponendis prout culpae qualitas exigit et requirit, 
dicente canone Qtios Dei timor a mcUo non reuocaty temporalis saltern poena 
ab appetitu coerceaty etc. Ad haec ulterius adiicientes, quod si quaeuis 
persona saecularis ab aliquo confratrum nostr. praedict. librum aliquem 
ex commodate habuerit illumque postea ad usus suos appropriauerit, ipsius 


titulum ut praemissum est delendo, <uel> de ecclesia seu aliquo eiusdem 
monasterii loco furtiue auferendo, sit eciam ipso facto maioris ezcom- 
municationis uinculo innodatus. 

This mandate sets forth that, whereas books belonging to 
the Abbey and given out by the precentor to the brethren for 
purposes of study (as prescribed by the Benedictine rule) had 
been lent, pledged, and even sold by the brethren ; which 
books the Abbot had in some cases recovered (as he hoped to 
recover more) by request, by paying a fine for them, and with 
great trouble and expense, to the extreme resentment, some- 
times, of their possessors, he therefore decrees that any brother 
who in future makes free with the books of the monastery 
shall be confined to the cloister, dine always in the refectory, 
and be deprived of all the relaxations and indulgences enjoyed 
by his fellows. And inasmuch as these depredations have often 
been only discovered long after their commission, the culprit is 
to be under the greater excommunication until the Abbot 
or Prior judge him to have atoned his fault. Further, those 
of the brethren who are studying at the Universities, if found 
guilty in this matter, are to be sent back at once to the 
monastery for further punishment. And lastly, if any secular 
person appropriate a book lent to him or steal one, he is 
subjected ipso facto to the greater excommunication. 

f. 192 h. 

Quaedomv Monitio domini Abbatis facta suis confratrihus^ quod infra 
cerium terminum omnes libros in eorum eustodia remanentes ad eiua pra^e- 
gentiam adducerent propter rationem infrascriptam euh poena suepensUmis 
a diuinis, etc. 

Nos Willielmus Curteys permissione diuina abbas monasterii S. Ed- 
mundi do Bury ad Romanam ecclesiam nullo medio pertinentis, monemus 
uos confratres nostros uniuersaliter singulos et singulariter uniuersos 
primo, secundo, tertio, et peremptorie, quatinus infra zv dies hanc 
nostram monitionem proximo et immediate sequentes, adducatis, portetis, 
siue ezhibeatis, et quilibet uestrum adduc, port., sine exhib. ad nostram 
praesentiam omnes et singulos libros dicti nostri monasterii penes uos in 
uestra eustodia remanentes sub poena suspensionis a diuinis: quorum 
quidem xv dierum v pro primo, v pro secundo, et v pro tertio ac peremp- 
torio termino nobis et cuilibet uestrum assignamus, quam quidem sen- 
tentiam suspensionis in eum uel eos qui monitioni nostrae huiusmodi 


infra termiDum praenotatum, mora, culpa, uel negligentia praeoedentibufi 
non paruerit, sed ipsius nostra monitionis temerarius uiolator extiterit, 
nunc prout ex tunc et tunc prout ex nunc proferimus in hiis scriptis. 
Terminum uero adeo breuem et peremptorium propter bonum commune 
ecclesiae et omnium nostrorum, ac ut omnes et singuli libri dicti nostri 
monasterii unico loco simul deducentur {L deducantur) duximus statueii- 

The gist of this monition is that within 15 days of the 
notice all Library books in the possession of the monks are 
to be produced before the Abbot under pain of suspension 
from divine offices. The object of giving so short a notice 
is the common good, and in order that the books may be 
brought together in one place. 

I am very much inclined to connect these two documents, 
and particularly the second, with Abbot Curteys's construction 
of a special Library-building. Before his time there had no 
doubt been various collections of books in different places, 
cloister, refectory, church, etc. Now these were all to be 
united and brought into one building and one classification. 


302. Legenda Aurea. xiv. Camb. Univ. Libr. Ee. vi. 31. 

Exceptiones de Summa de casibus, etc. 

A small book in double columns : ff. 311. Two volumes in one. 

On f. 36 is: 

Liber domus sancti Edmundi ex dono venerabilis magistri Joannis 

There is no press-mark: and I am rather inclined to doubt whether 
the ' domus S. Edmundi ' is Bury Abbey. 


The Liber Albus (C. 68) contains a list of the books which 
were read in the Refectory at Bury during a cycle of three 

f. 35 6. 

Ordo legendi in mensa seruitorum in refectorio et ad collacionem con- 
uentus per totum annum. 

A Dominica i Aduentus vsque ad capud quadragesime legimtur Pa^- 




toralia (Gregory de cura pcutaralt). A capite quadrageBime vsque ad diem 
cene leronimus de adortaeionilms patrum et dvctU, In die oene Euange- 
lium lohannii sc. Ante dteni fe$tum. In die parasceues Sermo de cruce et 
UUrone, A yigilia pasche vsque ad trinitatem Beda de sancHtate scriptu- 
rarum. A festo trinitatis vsque ad festum S. Egidii Liber dtalogorum 
OregoriL In ebdomade uero translacionis S. Benedicti legitur Vita eius- 
dem cum miraculis. A festo S. Egidii vsque ad aduentum domini Ysi- 
dorus de eummo bono. 

Item alio anno ab aduentu domini vsque ad capud quadragesime 
legitur Specutvm Oregorii, A capite quadrag. vsque ad passionem Liber 
fferdclidts qui dicitur Paradieus de uitis pcUrum. A Dominica in pas- 
sione vsque ad cenam domini Omelia S. Effrem de compunocione et gloria. 
In die cene et parasceues ut supra. A pascha vsque ad transl. S. Bene- 
dicti Prosper de uita actitta et contemplatitia, A transl. eiusdem vsque ad 
aduent. dom. Liber S. Odonis de uiciis uirtutibusgtie anime. 

Item tercio anno ab adu. dom. vsque ad cap. quadrag. Diadema mona- 
chorum. A cap. quadrag. vsque ad cenam dom. Jerontmus de uiiis patrum. 
In cen. dom. et parasc. ut supra. A pascha vsque ad Transl. S. Bened. 
Hugo de claustro amme. A TransL eiusdem vsque ad adu. dom. Instituia 
et coUacionee patrum. 

The volumes Q. 6 (Gregory on Ezekiel) and P. 119 (Prosper) 
are marked as belonging to the refectory. The latter book has 
a note, agreeing with the above list, of the time when it was 


No. in Cat. 
Barton Hall, Suffolk : 298 

Bury S. Edmund's : 
Grammar School 274 
S. James's Parish Library 60, 83, 

Cambridge : 

Corpus Christi : 









No. in Cat 

Gonville and Caius : 


















Q. G.l 


Q. B. 1 




No. in Cat. 

4 77 

21 160 

Pembroke : 

7, 9, 13—17, 19—22, 24, 26, 28, 
31—36, 38—58, 61, 62, 64, 
65, 70, 73, 74, 79—82, 84, 
87—92, 94, 106, 107, 110, 113, 
115^117, 121—125, 128, 130, 
133—136, 139—141, 143, 145 
—149, 151, 158, 159, 163, 164, 
166—168, 170—176, 181, 183, 
186, 188—190, 192, 194, 196 
—198, 206, 207, 211—220, 
222, 226, 227, 231—256, 270 

S. John's : 

B. 13 118 

C. 16 86 

D. 17 59 
D. 19 228 
F. 1 191 
F. 3 111 

F. 12 205 

G. 2 132 
G. 13 204 

Sidney Sussex : 

A. 5. 17 78 

University Library : 

Ee. 3. 60 
Ee. 6. 31 
Ff. 2. 29 
Ff. 2. 33 
Ff. 4. 35 
Gg. 4. 4 
li. 2. 10 
li. 6. 5 
Mm. 4. 19 
Add. 850 

Cheltenham: 299 


302 (p. Ill) 






195, 221 



No. in Cat 

Doiiai : 





Durham : 

Bp Cosin'fi 

\ Library : 

V. V. 



V. iii. 



Hengrave Hall, Suffolk : 300 

(H. H. Prince F. Duleep Singh) : 97 

Coventry: 230 

C. A. S, Octavo Series. XXVIII. 

Ipswich Museum : 

London : 

British Museum. 

Cottonian : 
Jul. E. vii 
Tib. B. ii 
Tib. B.ix 
Tib. E. i 
Claud. A. xii 
Qalba E. iv 
Tit. A. viii 

Harley : 







37, 68 





103, 276 









No. in Cat. 

No. in Cat. 



Lambeth Palace 






Record Office 







Bodleian : 





2. E. ix 

5. A. viii 

6. B. X 

6. C. ii 

7. B.ix 
7. Cxi 



BodL e Miifiaeo 




7. E. i 




7. E.V 




8. B. iv 




8. C. iv 




8. E. X 




8. F. xiv 




10. B. xii 




11. B. iii 




12. C. vi 




12. F. XV 









Laud. Misc. 



Lansdowue : 

Laud. Orient. 



Additional : 


Rawlinson C. 





BodL Add. C. 





Corpus Christi 





S. John's 



Collie of Arms : 

Wisbech Museum 

Arundel: xxx 


27, 177, 178, 262—266 






The process of collecting information about one part of the 
Abbey of Bury S. Edmund's, namely, the Library, has, in the 
natural course of things, constantly brought one in contact with 
documents which throw light upon the history of other parts of 
the same great establishment ; and, in particular, of the Church. 
Thus it was that the nucleus of the following pages came 
to be formed : but the present proportions of it and of the 
appendix to it have been the result of afterthought to a great 
extent. It is really an attempt at a history of the Abbey 
Church from the documentary side. Of the extant remains of 
the building I have hardly said anything. It is, therefore, most 
desirable that the site of it should be thoroughly examined ; 
and, if a systematic excavation could be undertaken, as a result 
of the publication of this book, I should be better repaid thereby 
for the pains I have spent upon it than by any other means. 
That many points could be definitely settled I have no doubt. 
From the lie of the ground I am inclined to believe that much 
of the crypt would be discovered, and that the sites of the 
Abbots' tombs in the Chapter-house (including that of Abbot 
Sampson) might be ascertained. It is not for me to suggest the 
immediate steps which ought to be taken in order to accomplish 
this very desirable end ; but I venture to hope that some interest 
will be stirred by these researches, and that the advisability of 



UDdertakiDg a further and more practical investigation will be 
felt by those who have the power of promoting it*. 

The architectural history of the Church of S. Edmund's 
Abbey at Bury has been treated by a good many ¥rriters. 
John Battely, D.D., Archdeacon of Canterbury, wrote the 
Antiquitates S, Edmundi Burgi ad annv/m 1272 perditctae, 
printed after his death, in 1745. Gillingwater and Yates have 
written Histories of Bury ; the latter's work, which would have 
been of considerable compass, was never completed. The col- 
lections for it are among the Egerton MSS. in the British 
Museum. In 1772 a Mr King carried out some excavations 
on the site of the Church, and contributed an account of them, 
illustrated with a plan, to Archaeologia (vol. iii.). Sir James 
Burrough, Master of Oonville and Caius College, compiled some 
MS. Collectanea Buriensia, now the property of S. James's 
Parish at Bury; and early in the last century "honest Tom 
Martin," a Suffolk antiquary of repute, son of a Rector of 
Great Livermere (as is the present writer), also made collections 
on the history of the Monastery which are incorporated, at least 
in part, with those of Mr Yates. 

In recent years the literature has grown : Samuel Tymms, 
the author of the standard Guide to Bury, did some useful work. 
Mr Gordon Hills contributed two most admirable articles on 
the subject to the twenty-first volume of the Proceedings of the 
BHtish Archaeological Association, These articles, which are 
illustrated with plans and pictures, were largely used in an 
interesting pamphlet by E. M. Dewing, M.A., entitled Saint 
Edmund* s Bury: The Abbey Church and Monastery, which was 
published at Bury in 1886. Lastly, in a recent Life of St 
Edmund King and Martyr, the Rev. Father Mackinlay, O.S.B., 
has a picturesque chapter (p. 352 sqq.), partly drawn from 
unpublished sources, upon the church and shrine of S. Edmund ; 
while Mr Arnold, editor of the Memorials of St EdmwadJs 

^ This paper is illustrated by a plan (Plate xv) adapted from that by 
Mr Gordon Hills. My determination of the dififereut chapels, altars, 
tumbs, etc. is indicated upon it. 



Abbey (Rolls Series), promises a study of the icpnography of ^/ 
the buildings in his concluding volume (i. 297, note). 

The object of the present paper is to bring to light some 
new material which I have come upon illustrative of the 
internal decorations and arrangements of the Abbey Church, 
and of the burial-places of a good many of the Abbots of 
Bury. But it seems right that, before we plunge into a mass of 
details, we should attempt to make ourselves masters of the 
facts already known about the main features of the building we 
are to study. With the earlier church or churches which 
occupied the site of the Norman Abbey Church destroyed in 
the reign of Henry VIII. we will not now concern ourselves. 

As to the Norman Church we have the following facts : 

The eastern portion was built by Baldwin (formerly of 
S. Denis, third Abbot of Bury, 1065—1097). Under him two 
men filled the office of sacrist, namely, Thurstan and Tolinus; 
and it must be remembered that the sacrist was the officer 
who, more than any other, was concerned with the initiation 
and supervision of building-works in a monastery. The abbot 
might or might not be an enthusiastic builder; the sacrist 
ought to be. It is not often possible to tell how much in any 
given case was due to the influence of the superior officer, and 
how much to that of the inferior. In the case before us it 
is plain enough that Baldwin's was a potent influence. He 
and his sacrists built the choir of the church as far west as the 
two piers east of the central tower, constructed the crypt 
beneath, with its twenty-four pillars, and laid the foundations of 
the whole of the rest of the church, raising the walls to some 
height. In 1095 they translated the body of S. Edmund i 
into the new building, and also those of two less important 
saints, Botulph and Jurmin (not Germanus or Firminus). The . 
three shrines were covered with silver plates by the same 
workers. Of this eastern portion of the church it will be 
enough to say at present that it ended in an apse, out of which 
grew three chapels, also apsidal. The length of it, as paced by 
William of Worcester in the xvth century, was something 


between 140 and 150 feet. The ciypt measured about 100 
feet by 80, according to the same authority. 

Baldwin was succeeded by two abbots of the name of 
Robert. The first, who presided from 1100 to 1102, did 
nothing to the building; the second (1102 — 1112) continued 
Baldwin's work with energy and success, or perhaps merely 
allowed his sacrist Qodefridus to do so. This Godefridus must 
have been a remarkable man ; he is described as having been 
" of almost gigantic stature, great in body, but greater still in 
mind." This greatness of mind shewed itself in his enlarged 
scheme for the church. Baldwin had intended that the two 
western piers of his work should be the two eastern piers of the 
central tower. But Qodefridus had larger ideas. He added a 
bay to the presbytery and widened the central alley by twenty- 
two inches (1' 10"). The four great piers of the central tower, 
fragments of which remain, are his work, and so also is a good 
part of the transept, in all probability ; for we know that the 
ancient Church of S. Mary was pulled down in order to admit 
of the southern arm being built. This enlargement must have 
rendered useless the foundations of transept and nave, which, as 
we saw, were laid in Baldwin's time. Furthermore, he procured 
a great bell (or the great bell) for a large sum; so that the 
central tower must have risen to a considerable height in his 
time. Qodefridus also finished the Chapter House and In- 
firmary, with other conventual buildings. 

Two years' vacancy followed upon the death of Robert II., 
during which the crypt was dedicated to the Virgin by Ralph 
Bishop of Rochester, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury: 
the dedication was celebrated on the 5th of November in 
William of Worcester's time. 

In Albold's abbacy (1114 — 1119) no work is recorded as 
having taken place. But in the time of Anselm his successor 
(1119 — 1148) enormous strides were made. His sacrists were 
Ralph and Herveus, " men of entire wisdom." To them we 
must attribute the building of the whole of the nave. In order 
to make room for it, they pulled down the Basilica of S. Denis 
which Baldwin had founded. It was rebuilt, and afterwards 


called the Church of S. James. The tower of S. James's 
Church (now called the Norman Tower), the " Clocarium " with 
a peal of bells, and the Tower and Church of S. Mary were 
also constructed at this time. The extent of the great Norman 
nave which was now added to the Abbey Church may be 
gathered from William of Worcester's measurements. W^e saw 
that he reckons the part east of the central tower at 140 — 150 
feet ; the central tower itself extended over 40 feet more ; the 
nave was something over 300 feet long. We see that Ralph 
and Hervey must have practically finished the whole length of 
the church, from the fact that they were in a position to 
construct the great western doors, of which more hereafter. 
Of these, and of the many chapels and altars dedicated by 
Anselm, I forbear to speak for the present. 

The next abbot was Ording (1148 — 1156), whose sacrist 
(and nephew) was Helyas. His chief work lay in restoring the 
conventual and domestic buildings which had been burnt, or 
damaged by fire, among them the Chapter House and In- 
firmary. To the Church he seems only to have contributed a 
''silver frontal for the high altar, and a great cross in the choir." 

Hugo I. (1157 — 1180), the next abbot, was a bad husband 
to the Abbey^ as we learn from Jocelin de Brakelond. It 
seems that in his time the saints Botulph and Jurmin were 
translated by Ralph the subsacrist ; but no important building 
work is recoitied of him or his sacrists. 

However during the two years of vacancy which followed 
upon his death we hear for the first time of the activity of the 
man who soon succeeded him as abbot, namely Sampson, at 
this time subsacrist. ** In those days the choir was erected, by 
Sampson's exertions, and he arranged the order of the paintings, 
and composed elegiac verses for tbem." We shall hear more 
of these paintings soon. Besides this work of decoration, 
Sampson finished one storey in the great tower at the west end. 
This was a western tower occupying a position similar to that 
of the western tower at Ely, immediately over the central 
western door. These were the achievements of Sampson as 
subsacrist. As abbot (1182 — 1211) he did more, in conjunc- 


tion Yiith his sacrist Hugo. The central western tower was 
finished and roofed with lead ; the stone- work of the tower by 
S. Faith's Chapel (generally thought to be on the north of the 
western tower) was finished, and that by S. BLatherine's Chapel 
(south of the western tower, as is thought) was partially built. 
Inside the church, the pulpitum, the choir screen, and the great 
rood, were finished. The abbot's throne was painted by one 
Symon. At a later time in Sampson's abbacy the Chapels of 
S. Eatherine and S. Faith were newly roofed with lead, and 
many smaller improvements carried out in the church. Walter 
de Banham, Sampson's second sacrist, finished the tower by 
S. Faith's Chapel. We do not know when the other one, that 
by S. Katherine's, was finished. Walter de Banham also 
" renewed the whole fabric of the church," spent a large sum 
on a "tabula," which may have been either an altar-piece or 
a metal frontal, probably the former, for it is described as 
" super altari " ; also on the " stone structure upon which the 
beam rests." Besides this, he renewed the plating and gilding 
of the great candlestick. 

The church was now complete in its main parts, and only a 
few additions of any importance were made to it in succeeding 
centuries. Let us take stock of it at this point. It consisted 
of nave with aisles, transept with eastern aisle only, choir with 
aisles, ending in an apse with three apsidal chapels. At the 
west end were three towers, the largest in the centre, and the 
western front, which was some 260 feet broad, had polygonal 
terminations at north and south; whether these were towers 
or chapels is uncertain. The common view is that they were 
the chapels of SS. Katherine (S.) and Faith (N.). In this case, 
the two smaller western towers were probably close to the 
central one, and may have stood forward of it. There were 
also, it seems, two apsidal chapels at the west end, in the 
angles of the west front and aisle walls; and, further, a 
similar apsidal chapel on the east side of the north transept, 
and possibly another on the same side of the south transepts 

^ Our knowledge of these chapels is due to Mr King, who has laid 
down both on his plan, but recorded only the north-eastern one in his text. 


We can, then, figure the huge building .to ourselves clearly 
enough as a Norman church of great length (it was either 472 
or 505 feet long), with a perfect grove of towers of varying 
heights ; the character of the architecture grave and perhaps 
monotonous, except at the west end, where the Norman style 
must have given way, at any rate in the upper stages, to early 

The largest addition made to the fabric after it had reached 
these dimensions was that of the Lady Chapel. The Norman 
church had, no doubt, its Lady Chapel, which is generally 
taken to have been the chapel at the eastern point of the 
apse : of this I shall have more to say. If it was not the 
easternmost chapel, it must have been the crypt, which, as 
we have seen, was dedicated in early times to the Virgin. 
However this may have been, Simon de Luton (or de Luyton), 
who had been first sacrist, then prior, and lastly, abbot from 
1256 to 1279, determined to build a more splendid chapel in 
honour of the Virgin. Accordingly, he pulled down the old 
'round chapel of S. Edmund' which stood in the angle be- 
tween the north transept and choir, and in its stead built a 
Lady Chapel, about 70 — 80 feet long by 42 broad, of which the 
foundation stone was laid on July 1st, 1275, by Prior Robert. 
The position selected for the Lady Chapel is analogous to that 
occupied by the Lady Chapel at Ely, built some eighty years 
later. At Ely, however, there is a space between the main 
church and the Lady Chapel ; at Bury the chapel abutted on 
to the north wall of the choir aisle. Several smaller chapels 
were added in later times to the church, e.g., one of S. Botulph 
somewhere in the south transept : but at present I am unable 
to fix the positions of these. 

One experience common to Norman churches had to be 
gone through by S. Edmund's Church. The central tower fell 
in 1210, on a calm day, September 23. It was probably re- 
built in the next century by John. Lavenham. In the Appendix 
(no. xx) will be found an account of the fall, which is at 
variance with the chroniclers in attributing the disaster to a 
high wind. Previous writers have generally thought that it was 


the western tower that fell. Norman towers, and particularly 
central towers, had a very marked habit of falHng down, and 
probabilities are in favour of the idea that it was the central 
tower that fell at Bury. The probability is increased by the 
fact that in 1430 and 1431 the western tower also fell. If it 
had already fallen and been rebuilt, the architects would most 
likely have taken strong precautions against a recurrence of the 
accident. The western tower fell, not all at once, but in two 
reprises, the south side on December 18, 1430, the east side on 
December 30, 1431. The northern and western sides were 
carefully taken down during 1432. The fall is attributed in 
Curteys's Register to the negligence of previous sacrists, or to 
the excessive ringing of the bells. William Curteys was abbot, 
and he took immediate steps to contract for a new tower. 
Legacies to the building are still heard of in 1500; so that the 
tower cannot have been standing many years when the dis- 
solution came : we may think of it as a rich late Perpendicular 
erection, and probably very magnificent. 

S. Edmund's Church was once completely gutted by fire, 
namely in the year 1465^; and, besides this, it had already 
passed through another ordeal, which must have left terrible 
scars upon it, though we cannot tell the extent of the injuries 
which it suffered. I allude to the great riot of the year 1327, 
when the townspeople and villeins of the district assembled in 
their thousands and invaded the abbey, carrying off the abbot 
to Brabant, ravaging the outlying manors of the monks, and 
burning well-nigh the whole of the conventual and domestic 
buildings. The loss of property was assessed at £140,000. The 
accounts of the depredation speak of vestments and church 
plate being carried off, and of church windows being broken, 
but there is no hint that the church itself was seriously 
despoiled, nor that the shrine of the patron saint was interfered 
with. The rioters numbered many secular priests among them, 
and it seems that the whole force of their wrath was directed 
against the monks as monks and not as churchmen. Yet much 

^ See Appendix, no. xxi. 1 did not discover the record of the fire until 
after this paper had hecn sent to press. 


wanton or accidental damage can hardly fail to have been done 
to paintings, glass, and carving, and restoration and renewal of 
the internal fittings must have been necessary. 

A word as to the buildings immediately adjoining the 
church. The Chapter House was built, we have seen, by Gode- 
fridus, and repaired after a fire by Helyas — both in Norman 
times. The earliest Chapter House had been situated on what 
was afterwards the site of the Infirmary. The Chapter House 
which existed at the time of the Dissolution, however, was not 
a Norman building. It had been entirely reconstructed — pulled 
down and rebuilt — by Richard de Newport, who was sacrist 
from about 1213 to 1229 (under Hugh de Northwold). No doubt 
the Chapter House suffered in the riots, as the adjoining cloister 
certainly did. Of this we are told that the mob entered the 
cloister, broke up the dstulae, that is, the carrells, and the presses, 
and carried off the books and whatever else was found therein. 
So, too, they broke into the infirmary, and abused the sick 
monks very badly. The rebuilding of the cloister which, we 
shall see, took place in the fourteenth century, was no doubt 
rendered necessary in a great measure by the damage done in 
1327. And, speaking generally, we may assert that a visitor 
to the abbey just before the Dissolution would have seen work 
chiefly of two periods — ^Norman in the church, and fourteenth 
century in the oflSces — nearly all of which must have been 
rebuilt after the riots. 

We have two accounts of Bury written by visitors to it 
shortly before its destruction : one is technical, the other imagi- 
native. I think they should both be quoted, as a fit conclusion 
to the first part of my paper, which deals with the broader 
fiicts in the history of the Church. 

The first account is that given by William of Worcester, 
whose note-book is preserved in the Library of Corpus Christi 
College (MS. ccx), and has been printed by Nasmyth. His 
notes on Bury are almost confined to the measurements 
of various buildings, given in terms of his own paces. A 
pace of William of Worcester seems to be equivalent to about 
two feet, sometimes more, sometimes less. Battely gives the 


average as two feet. Bat we most remember that it woald 
be impofisible to pace a buildiog like the Abbey Church from 
one end to the other. There would be oonstaut obstacles 
in the way of screens, railings, altars, columns, and so forth, 
particularly in and about the choir of the church; and the 
tendency of an accurate man would be, I think, to allow rather 
less than more space to the parts which he had not been able 
to measure. Consequently, I believe that the length of the 
Abbey Church was on the whole rather more than William's 

I shall translate his text, which I have transcribed from the 
autograph, and collated with Nasmyth's printed edition: the 
Latin will appear in the Appendix. There are two sets of 
notes on Bury, representing two visits of our author. 

I. The length of the great court within the precinct of the monastery 
of Bury 210 of my paces ( =420 feet). 

The breadth of it 120 paces (240 feet). 

The length and breadth of the square cloister of Bury contains on every 
side 80 of my paces (160 feet)^ 

[The measurements of S. James's and S. Mary's Churches follow. They 
may be omitted here, but will be given in the Appendix.] 

The length of the nave of the Monastery Church at Bury contains 150 
of my paces (300 feet). 

The length of the great tower in the midst of the nave of the Church, 
counting from the above number of 150 paces, contains 20 paces (40 feet). 

[This tower had to be paced separately, perhaps because of the inter- 
vention of screens.] 

The breadth of the southern arm of the Church from the foot of the 
tower [i.e. from the piers] to the south door contains 43 paces (86 feet). 

The length of the choir from the eastern foot of the said tower to the 
Chapel of 8. Mary contains 70 paces (140 feet). 

And so the whole of the Monastery Church with choir and tower 
contains 240 of my paces (480 feet). 

[It is not clear whether the length of the eastern Chapel of S. Mary is 
included in this calculation.] 

The length of the Chapel of S. Mary on the north side of the choir, 
where Thomas Beauford lies buried, contains 40 paces (80 feet). 

The breadth of it contains 21 paces (42 feet). 

The length of the Chapter House contains 50 paces (100 feet). 

^ For another measurement of the cloister see post. 


The breadth of it 20 paces (40 feet). 

The length of the frayter [refectory] contains eight score and eleven 
feet (171 feet) or ninety paces (180 feet) : the breadth 21 paces (42 feet). 

The breadth of it twenty paces (40 feet). 

The length of the crypt, [that is] the Chapel of S. Mary, beneath the 
shrine of S. Edmund, contains 50 paces (100 feet). 

The breadth of it contains 40 paces (80 feet): here is a fair spring of 

The dedication of the said crypt of S. Mary is on the fifth day of 
November ; and in the said space are 24 columns. 

II. In the year of Christ 1479. The Church of Bury : In the month 
of May. 

The length of the Church of S. Edmund of Bury contains 240 paces, 
viz., from the Chapel of S. Mary to the western door. 

The breadth of the nave of the Church contains 46 paces (92 feet) with 
the two aisles. 

The breadth of the choir with the two aisles contains 42 paces (84 feet). 

The length of the Chapter House contains 60 paces (120 feet). 

The breadth of it contains 20 paces (40 feet). 

The length of the great court contains 240 paces (480 feet). 

The breadth of it (blank). 

The length of the cloister contains on the west side 90 paces (180 feet). 

[Then follows the epitaph of Thomas Brotherton and a note on S. Robert 
of Bury : see Appendix. 

This second set of notes is in the nature of correction or amplification 
of the first.] 

j\Iy second account of Bury is the often-quoted panegyric 
of John Leland, the King's antiquary, who visited the Abbey 
in search of ancient books and records on the very eve of 
its Dissolution. As it is next to impossible to find any 
passage whatever in Leland's works, either by reference to an 
index or by any process of conjecture, I will be particular in 
giving the reference here : we must turn to the second edition 
of the Itinerary, by Thomas Heame, published in 1744. There, 
in Leland's Commentary on his own poem, the Cygnea Cantio, 
Vol. ix. pp. 60, 51, we shall find what we want. The Commen- 
tary is really an alphabetical list of the places mentioned in the 
poem ; and some account of each is appended. The names are 
often very obscure : Bury S. Edmund's appears as Curia (which 
is meant for a translation of Bury), I will render Leland's 
swelling Latin into literal English. 


" Why need I in this place," he says, *' extol Bury at greater 
length ? This only will I add, that the sun does not shine on 
a town more prettily situated — so delicately does it hang on a 
gentle slope, with a little stream flowing eastward (or on the 
east side) — nor on an Abbey more famous, whether we regard 
its endowments, its size, or its magnificence. You would aver 
that the Abbey was a town in itself; so many gates has it, — and 
some of them are even of bronze, — so many towers, and a 
Church surpassed by none, under whose shadow, in the same 
churchyard, stand three more of the most excellent design. 
The streamlet, which I just now mentioned, flows through the 
midst of the Abbey precinct, gaining access thereto by a double 
bridge vaulted over it." 

Nothing can ever replace before our bodily eyes what 
Leland saw ; but it will be possible for me to-night to tell you 
something of the lost glories of the great Abbey Church, and 
something about the sepulchres of its great men. 

Two manuscripts have supplied me with the bulk of the 
new facts. The first and most important is a volume belonging 
to the College of Arms (no. xxx in Young's privately-printed 
catalogue of the Arundel collection preserved there). It is a 
MS. of miscellaneous contents, written in the xivth and xvtb 
centuries. It contains inter alia a xvth century copy of Nen- 
nius's Historia Britonimi, and a xivth century copy of a chronicle 
which embodies, I believe, the work of the monks of Bury, John 
de Taxter and John Everisden ; the latter was cellarer in 1300. 

The fly-leaves of this book are made up partly of palimpsest 
leaves of a large quarto copy of the Aeneid, written in the xith 
century in an English hand, one leaf of the original making 
two leaves in the present volume; only the scantiest remains 
of the older writing are left. But upon these leaves, and upon 
other blank pages and margins in the volume, some one in the 
early part of the xivth century has copied down a large collec- 
tion of verses which he had seen inscribed upon wall paintings, 
altar-pieces, painted windows, tapestries, and sculptures, in 
[( various churches in England. Peterborough, S. Mary's Abbey 
at York, Flixton and Framlingham in Suffolk, Lincoln, Spald- 


ing, and Westminster, are all laid under contribution ; but by 
far the greater number of verses are taken from the Abbey 
Church and other buildings at Bury S. Edmund's. These 
verses, of course, shew us what were the subjects represented in 
various parts of the Abbey ; and incidentally they furnish us 
with a good deal of information about the topography and 
arrangement of the Church. 

My other manuscript source is a Register of S. Edmund's 
Abbey which is preserved in the Public Library of the town of 
Douai. It belonged to the English College there, and came 
into its present resting-place, no doubt, at the Revolution. It 
is a xvth century book, written, as far as I can judge, in the 
same hand as another Register compiled by Brother Andrew 
Astone in or about 1424, which is known as the Regisirum 
Hostilariae, and is now in the Cottonian Collection (Claud. A. 
xii). The Douai Register, which I should propose to call the 
Megistrum Coquinariaey since it deals principally with the 
kitchen department of the Monastery, contributes a very foil 
list of Benefactors to S. Edmund. From this list I have 
extracted everything I could find that throws light on the 
topography or date of the Church and principal buildings ; and 
by its help I shall be able to point out to you the places where 
eighteen of the Abbots of S. Edmund lie buried. 

Perhaps the best way in which I can present the very 
scattered pieces of information I have to deal with will be to 
put them in the form of an itinerary : that is, to suppose that 
the Abbey is still standing in its completeness, and that we 
are going to pay a visit to it in search of objects of antiquarian 
or artistic interest. 

We approach it through the great gate of the cemetery — 
the " Norman Tower," as it is called, — which now serves as a 
campanile to S. James's Church. Above the door by which we 
enter is a sculpture of our Lord in glory, probably surrounded by 
the emblems of the Four Evangelists. This work existed down 
to the year 1788, when it was removed in order to provide "a 
freer access for loads of hay and straw." The tower stands 
at most a hundred yards from the west front of the Abbey 


Church, which faces us immediately. Here, the first thing that 
we notice, after taking in the main features of the front — ^the 
three towers, the three porches and the four chapels — , is the 
double bronze door of the Church, in the central portal. There 
can hardly have been such another in the kingdom. It was 
the work of Magister Hugo, made in the abbacy of Anselm 
(1121 — 1148), when Ralph and Hervey were sacrists: and we 
hear that Hugo " as in his other works he surpassed every one 
else, so in the making of these gates did surpass himself." 
The Douai Register tells us that Anselm had these gates made 
' arte fusoria,' of cast work, I suppose. Doors of this material, 
and of just this date, whether of cast or hammered work, are 
very common features in Italy. Beneventum, Trani, Monte 
Cassino, Pisa, Ravello, and many other churches possess them ; 
and, when I couple this consideration with another, namely, 
that Abbot Anselm came from Rome (he had been Abbot of 
S. Saba on the Aventine — a fact which had its results at Bury), 
I am inclined to conjecture that he brought Hugo with him 
from Italy, and that the Bury gates were of Italian work, 
possibly consisting of a number of small panels with reliefs from 
the New Testament history. ' I suppose, moreover, that Leland's 
assertion that"S(5mB■'0f•ife^^Rates of the abbey were of bronze 
may be taken to indicate thktJ^^go's work survived down to 
the Dissolution. 

We enter the Church, past two chj$8fe on our right and 
two on our left. As I have said, two of ffli§°i belonged to 
S. Katherine and S. Faith. Mr Gordon Hills a^si^ another to 
S. Denis, the apsidal chapel adjoining the south aisle^^ P^®^^^ 
to put it on the north ; it is certain that S. Faith's chapSS^^ 
above it. The chapel of S. John Baptist was the fourth, 
the decoration of these chapels we know nothing. 

We are now in the nave, which, architecturally, is twelve 
bays long ; this we know from the present remains of it, and V 
also, perhaps, from the lists which occur in several of the Regis- 
ters of the number of candles allowed for different parts of the \ 
Church on great festivals. The nave has twenty-four candles. 
In the south aisle we encounter a long range of painted windows, 




probably single lights of Norman work, twelve in number, and 
resembling those in the south aisle at Ely. They are described 
as being " at the altar of S. Nicholas, and along the nave of the 
Church on the south side." S. Nicholas had a chapel in the 
south transept. Hence I incline to believe that the later win- 
dows of the series were near his altar, and that the series begins 
at the west end of the Church and runs up to the south transept. 
The first of these illustrated the Life of S. John Baptist. The 
Baptistery was probably at the south-west angle of the Church, 
under the chapel of S. Katherine. In the remainder of the 
windows the Life of Christ was treated at great length. The 
Nativity was the first subject; then the episodes of the Tempta- 
tion, the Marriage at Cana, the Woman of Samaria, and, above 
all, the Raising of Lazarus, were fully illustrated. The series — 
or at least the extant account of it — ends abruptly with the 
Bearing of the Cross. Sixty-seven subjects are given in the 
MS. : perhaps a few may have dropped out. The small Passion- 
window mentioned under No. 18 in the Appendix on the 
Heralds' College MS. may possibly be connected with this 

Of the north aisle and its windows nothing is told us. Very 
probably the windows towards the west were left plain to 
admit more light; and further east, the Cloister, which was 
probably rebuilt as a two-storied building, may have blocked 
up the openings. For at Bury, it must be remembered, the 
Cloister, and indeed all the monastic buildings, lay north and 
east of the Church. On the south was only the cemetery, 
which was of very ancient date, reaching back to the days of 
the secular priests who preceded the monks as guardians of 
S. Edmund's body. Somewhere in the north aisle, nearer east 
than west, was a door into the Cloister, and, somewhere near 
that again, an image of the Virgin. Two Abbots, Thonias 
de Tottington (1301 — 1312) and Richard de Draughton 
(1312— ;1335), were buried in front of this image. There was 
also an image of S. Christopher in this aisle. 

Whether the nave clerestory windows had painted glass in 
them or not is nowhere stated. It is on the whole unlikely: 

C.A.S. Octavo Senes, XXVIII. 9 


bot at least it k clear to my mind that the pictures inscribed 
with verses, which I have placed in the south aisle, must have 
been near the eye, and consequently pretty low down — ^not in 
the clerestory. 

The roof of the nave was richly painted in the xivth 
century under John Lavenham, sacrist, who spent £100 on it : 
the roof of the choir had already been painted ; but what the 
system of decoration in either part of the Church was, we are 
not told, though it is possible that we do possess a record of 
the paintings on the choir roof. 

Further than this we have no particulars of the interior of 
the nave and aisles; but we know that there were fourteen 
altars in the Church exclusive of those in the Choir and eastern 
Chapels; so we may allot four of these to the four western 
Chapels, and suppose a few more to have been situated in the 
body of the Church. 

Fronting us as we walk eastward is the choir screen or 
pulpitumy surmounted by the great rood and the figures of the 
Virgin and S. John. This screen must have projected some 
way into the nave — how far we cannot tell. So that of the 
twelve bays I mentioned above possibly only nine or ten were 
free, and not encroached upon by the Choir. The screen will 
have been a solid stone erection; and, besides crossing the 
Church, it must have extended backwards on each side in the 
direction of the high altar, forming a solid backing to the 
choir stalls, which probably extended under the central tower. 

The screen, and rood or crucifix upon it, with its attendant 
statues, was one of the works of Hugo, Abbot Sampson's sacrist. 

The choir-enclosure, of which this pulpitum was the west 
front, is in some ways a puzzle. Jocelin de Brakelond tells us, 
in words which I have quoted', of its erection in Sampson's time, 
and of the pains which Sampson took in settling the subjects 
of the paintings for it, and composing elegiac verses to be in- 
scribed thereupon. This was when he was subsacrist, before 1182. 
But the Douai Register tells us that Abbot John I. (de North- 
wold, 1279 — 1301) "had the choir made and painted by the 

^ See above, p. 120. 


bands of a certain monk of his, John Wodecroft, a painter of our 
Lord the King." This looks like a very radical piece of 
* restoration ' on the part of Abbot John de Northwold ; but I 
cannot help suspecting that what he did is described in rather 
exaggerated terms in the Register. It seems unlikely that all 
Sampson's paintings would have been wiped out and others sub- 
stituted barely a century after his time. Northwold's restoration 
may have been confined to the inside of the choir-enclosure, or 
to the stall-work. Father Mackinlay seems to attribute the 
painting of the choir roof to Wodecroft, which would explain 
the diflBculty ; yet nothing that I have seen gives actual ground 
for this hypothesis But let us see what particulars we have of 
the manner in which the choir-enclosure was ornamented. 

The longest series of verses given in the Heralds' College 
MS. is said to have been inscribed "in and round the choir" — 
In choro et circa. It comprises no less than ninety subjects : all 
are taken from the Book of Genesis, and they extend from the 
Creation of Adam to the Blessing of Joseph's two sons by Jacob. 
Now, this long series of Biblical subjects savours of rather an 
early date. This cannot be proved, yet it goes for something. 
Again, if I am not mistaken, the verses themselves belong rather 
to the twelfth century than to a period late in the thirteenth. 
In fact my impression, — for it is hardly more — , is that these 
verses belong to Sampson's paintings, and that they were on 
the north and south outer wall of the choir-enclosure. In 
the Cathedral of Toledo a long series of subjects from Genesis 
and Exodus occupies just this position; at Notre Dame in 
Paris a series of New Testament subjects is sculptured in this 
position ; at Chartres is a similar series of much later date ; 
at Amiens four portions of a like historiated screen remain ; at 
Albi the enclosure, or jvhi, is surrounded by statues of prophets, 
sibyls, and patriarchs; at Carlisle, the legends of saints are 
painted upon the wooden stall-backs. So that we have good 
ground for supposing that a continuous series of subjects adorned 
the outside of the choir-enclosure at Bury; and we can be almost 
certain that there was no continuous series inside the choir; 
for the MS. gives a good many verses which were worked or 



painted upon yarious dorsaria (Le. hangings) which were at 
the back of the stalls. It is not impossible that these dorsaria 
were painted cloths, and that John Wodecroft was the artist : 
they were certainly Teiy elaborate compositiona The following 
are described : 

On the Abbot's side (the south, as we should say, the 
Decani side) was one which represented the Parable of Dives 
and Lazarus in five or six scenes, and the Miracle at Cana. 

Above the Abbot's seat itself were four lines of a moral 
nature, containing a warning against Pride. 

Two more dorsaria are described, whose position I can only 
guess at. One is the '* hanging beyond the Door of the Relics," 
and the other is " next to the last-mentioned." . Whether these 
were at the side of the High Altar, or else on the north or 
south side where the stalls came to an end, I cannot guess. 
The first had sixteen scenes, from the Annunciation to Pente- 
cost ; the other had the Birth and Sacrifice of Isaac. 

A third dorsarium has a still more puzzling name. It is 
called doraariv/m Ezechielis. It may have hung near a statue 
or painting of the prophet Ezekiel, or there may have been a 
series of large figures of prophets and apostles somewhere within 
the choir. This dorsarium had on it a picture of Christ as 

Besides this we know that there were in the choir, near the 
Abbot's throne, carvings of some of S. Edmund's miracles. One 
at least of these, concerning some horses which were stolen from 
the Abbey and taken to Ely, was accompanied with an explana- 
tion in verse, which is given in an Oxford MS. written at the 
monastery \ 

So much for the decorations of the choir-enclosure, without 
and within. We will now look at the other furniture and 
fittings. The stalls must come first: Leland is reported in 
various books as saying that he saw eighty stalls in the choir. 
This is probably quite true, but I am totally unable to find 
the place where he says it. The description of the hangings 
(dorsaria) makes it improbable that the stalls were canopied. 

* Bodl. 240, Memorials, ii, 362. 


The roof of the choir was painted. Robert of Graveley, 
sacrist in Sampson's later years, besides renewing the wooden 
roof of the nave, had the roof beyond S. Edmund's shrine 
decorated with various pictures. John Lavenham, already 
mentioned as sacrist in the fourteenth century (probably after 
the riots) paid, as we are told, £100 "for the continuing of 
the cieling and painting of the nave after the fashion of the 
presbytery, and a further sum of £12. 13s. 4d. for the painting 
of a furnus (I suppose a conical canopy, or perhaps the wooden 
cover of the shrine); as well as a sum for making glass windows 
of the new pattern in the vaults about S. Edmund." This 
last entry must mean that the single Norman lights were 
replaced by traceried windows in the apse. 

Next, as to the altars in the choir. There were two, the 
choir altar, and the high altar. Abbot Baldwin, the builder of 
this part of the Church, is said in the Douai Register to be 
buried " in the presbytery, near the wall behind the small altar 
in the choir." This expression "near the wall," which is a new 
detail, is also a puzzling one. It would seem, from other records, 
that Baldwin lay in the midst of the choir. So say the Annals 
{Memorials, i. 352) "in medio chore." Hence it is unlikely that 
the wall was any kind of lateral partition. Then, again, one 
cannot imagine that a wall ran across the choir in front of the 
high altar, for the choir altar was undoubtedly itself west of the 
other. I am reduced at present to supposing that there was 
some masonry immediately behind the choir altar supporting 
the retable perhaps, and extending but very little, if at all, 
beyond it on either side. East of this, in the centre of the 
alley, was Baldwin's tomb. In the fourteenth century, Thomas 
Rudham, who may have been subsacrist, was a principal con- 
tributor to making an alabaster tomb for Baldwin, and placing 
a candelabrum on it. The only other abbot, by the way, who 
lay west of the high altar, was John de Northwold, who was 
buried "in front of the small altar," with his feet, of course, 

At this point we have to discuss the cross in the choir. 
Helyas, Ording's sacrist (cir. 1150), "had the cross in the choir 


and Mary and John incomparably carYed by the hands of 
Master Hugo" (the artist who made the bronze doors). This 
must not be confused with the great rood which the sacrist 
Hugo put up in Sampson's time. In the Heralds' College MS. 
two sets of verses are given, which I connect with this point. 
One is " on a cloth before the cross in the choir," which seems 
to have had painted upon it Christ in majesty, with angels 
bearing the instruments of the Passion, and a representation 
of Earth, Sea, and Sky beneath his feet. The other is taken 
from " the beam beyond (i.e. eastward of) the small altar." This 
had thirteen subjects from the Passion painted or carved on it, 
from the Entry into Jerusalem to the Incredulity of S. Thomas. 

We get some light upon these matters, the cross, the cloth, 
and the beam, from Jocelin. His account of the fire which 
came so near destroying S. Edmund's shrine is particularly 
instructive here. We shall have to anticipate slightly a few 
matters connected with the shrine. 

Just east of the high altar, filling up the space between it 
and the shrine, was once a wooden platform which had a couple 
of candles burning on it. On the night of Oct. 17, 1198, this 
wooden structure caught fire, and some mischief was done to 
the stone basement and silver plating of the shrine. It 
providentially happened, however, that the '^ great beam which 
used to he beyond the altar had been taken away in order to be 
adorned with fresh carving. It also happened that the cross 
and small image of 8. Mary and of 8, John^, the box containing 
the shirt of S. Edmund, the reliquaries, and other shrines 
which usually hung from the beam or stood on it, were all 
away; otherwise they would certainly all have been burnt, as 
the painted cloth, which was hanging in place of the beam, 
actually was burnt. What would have been the result had the 
Church been hung with curtains?" Further on we read that 
Sampson had the space between the shrine and the high altar 

1 Another passage in Jocelin (Memorials, i. p. 212) speaks of a cross, 
and small images of Mary and of John, given by Abp Stigand, which 
stood on the high altar ; but his words rather imply that these were sold 
in 1176. The passage complicates the whole question. 


filled up with solid masonry, to prevent a recurrence of the 
accident. So far Jocelin. When we turn to the often-quoted 
Oesta Sacristarum, we find that Walter de Baoham, sacrist to 
Sampson, finished the " retable over the altar in the choir, 
and the mass of masonry on which the beam rests." Later, 
Eklmund de Brundish in the fourteenth century gave two tables 
or pictures to the altar in the choir. 

From these passages I conclude that the small altar in the 
midst of the choir had a retable, supported by some stone-work, 
that immediately east of this Baldwin was buried, that 
Master Hugo's cross and images stood on a great carved 
beam over the high altar (or perhaps on the high altar), and 
that either sometimes or always, a painted cloth hung from this 
beam, below the cross. 

The retable on the high altar is an obscure point. Helyas, 
Ording's sacrist, had one made of silver, of the value of 100 
marks. But this, Jocelin tells us {Memorials, i. 297), was sold 
with many other ornaments to recover the manor of Mildenhall, 
and ransom King Richard I. We are expressly told that 
Sampson would not replace it ; which makes it more likely that 
Walter de Banham's retable was not meant for the high altar. 
Abbot Richard de Insula began a silver- gilt retable for the high 
altar, and I have descriptions of several, one of which may be 

Somewhere in the neighbourhood of the high altar, and 
probably to one side, stood the great candlestick*, which cor- 
responded, I suppose, to the '^Pasch,'' as it was called, at 
Durham, and held the Easter light. A noble specimen of such 
a candlestick is now in Milan Cathedral ; and I have been told 
that it is very possibly the actual one from Durham. Of the 
Bury candlestick I gather from the verses inscribed on it that 
it had figured upon it the Creation and Fall of Adam and Eve, 
subjects which also appear on the one at Milan. Walter de 
Banham renewed the silver plating of it. On great feast days 
it burnt seven candles of four pounds each. This great candle- 
stick had a tabula in front of it, on which were representations 

^ It perished in the fire of 1465. 


of wicked Monks, Usurers, Lawyers, and their future punishment, 
of the Five Works of Mercy, and of the Last Judgment. This 
was probably a large painting on panel 

We now pass the high altar (just east of the central tower) 
and find ourselves in the presbytery, where the shrine of S. 
Edmund lies. Of this shrine, "very comberous to deface " as the 
Commissioners found it, we have pictures, some of which have 
been more than once reproduced: last in Father Mackinlay's 
Life of St Edmund. These pictures all occur in the copy of 
Lydgate's metrical Life of S. Edmund and S. Fremund which 
he presented to Henry VL This is now HarL MS. 2278. The 
shrine appears ten or eleven times. It is of the usual type, a 
chest of wood covered with metal plates (silver-gilt in this case), 
and shaped like a church without a tower. In some of the 
pictures of it there are four canopied figures in the panels on 
each side, crosses on the angles, and rings at the ends. In 
others, gold equestrian figures appear near it, and there are 
statues (four on a side) above those on the panels. Elsewhere, 
it is surrounded with an elaborate metal railing; and, when 
represented in situ, it stands on a richly-carved base of marble, 
coloured green, on a purple plinth. So much for the pictures, 
which were probably painted at Bury. From the documents, 
and particularly from Jocelin, we learn that on one end (that 
next to the high altar) there was a "majesty" in gold, that is, 
a relief or image of Christ in glory, and that Abbot Sampson 
added a gold cresting to the shrine, instead of spending money 
on a rotable to the altar, because the shrine was inviolable, and 
the rotable might have to be sold. The splendid twelfth century 
shrine of S. Eleutherius at Tournai will give us a very fair idea 
of what S. Edmund's shrine was like. The offerings which 
hung upon the shrine, or were displayed near it, were, of course, 
many in number, and magnificent in quality. For instance, 
Henry Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, is said in the Douai Register and 
elsewhere to have given a gold cross value 665. 8d, which stood 
"on the top of the shrine of S.Edmund''; also another gold cross 
with jewels, " which hung on the right side of the shrine, and 
farther, a carbuncle which was placed at the foot of the said 


cross." The shrine was lighted on great feasts by four candles 
of three pounds each and 24 of one pound each: The four large 
candles were always burning. 

At the feet of S. Edmund (that is, at the east end of the 
shrine) was a chest or shrine containing the bones of Abbot 
Leofstan (the second abbot, 1044 — 1065), the monk Egelwin or 
Ailwin, who guarded the sacred body and was S. Edmund's 
ambassador to Sweyn, and a devout woman Oswen. This 
shrine stood "between the tops of two columns at the foot of 
the shrine." 

Somewhere in the immediate neighbourhood were the altars 
and the shrines of S. Thomas, S. Botolph, and S. Jurmin, the \ 
martyred son or brother of King Anna, translated from Blyth- 
burgh. The first and third were plated with silver by Baldwin's 
sacrists. About the shrine of S. Edmund were various rich 
hangings and carvings, embroidered or painted, of two of which 
we have descriptions. One (perhaps a window or a carving) 
had six subjects representing the concourse of pilgrims to the 
shrine, and the story of Sweyn, Canute's father. The story 
of Sweyn's death redounded more than anything else to 
S. Edmund's glory; it set forth how Swejm tried to exact 
tribute' from the Saint's lands, how he withstood the prayers of 
the monk Egelwin, and how Edmund appeared and smote him 
with a lance so that in a short time he died. 

The other, which was certainly a hanging, had eleven 
pictures from the Life of S. Edmund, ending with a large 
composition, as it seems, again representing the death of Sweyn. _ 

The eastern extremity of the Church had three apsidal 
chapels. The dedications of these are a matter of uncertainty. 
One was S. Saba's, which had been dedicated and adorned with 
painting by Anselm, formerly Abbot of S. Saba's at Rome. It 
was most likely the only chapel of this Saint in England. It is 
very frequently mentioned in one of the Custumaries (Harl. 
3977), as the place where novices were instructed, and where 
they were veiled on their admission ; and it is definitely stated 
to have been the northernmost of the three apses. The central 
apse must almost certainly have been at first the Chapel of the 


Virgin. Such a Chapel is almost universally found in this 
position, and there must have been a Lady Chapel in the 
original Norman Churcli. Moreover in the Heralds' College 
MS. there is a description of painted windows in the Old Chapel 
of the Virgin, and William of Worcester measures the length of 
the Church "up to the Chapel of S. Mary." But it is possible 
that when Simon de Luton built the Lady Chapel on the north 
of the choir the dedication of the old Chapel was changed to 
that of "the Martyrs." In favour of this is an entry in the list 
of candles provided for the Church on feast-days : 

"Item for S. Saba and the Martyrs and the Cross, three 
candles of a pound each." 

Judging from this, the northern Chapel will be S. Saba's, 
the central that of the Martyrs, and the southern that of the 

There is another datum which can be made to throw some 

light on the arrangement of the eastern Chapels. In an 

ancient catalogue of the Library of the Abbey (see above, 

p. 23 sqq.) we have these entries : 

IxxT. Missale ad sanctum Martinum. 

Izzvi. Missale ad crucem. 

Ixxvii. Missale ad martires. 

IxzYiiL Missale ad saDctam Sabam. 

The oixler seems to be taken from south to north : and in 
that case we should have 

(1) S. Martin's altar or chapel in the south-east limb of the choir-aisle. 

(2) S. Cross, the south-east apsidal chapel. 

(3) The Martyrs, the eastern apsidal chapeL 

(4) S. Saba (as we know from other sources) the north-eastern chapeL 

Where then is the Chapel of the Virgin ? for the Catalogue 
we are using is certainly much earlier than Luton's Lady 
Chapel. I think it not unlikely that the eastern apse was 
dedicated both to the Virgin and the Martyrs. At Norwich 
there is evidence tending to show that the north-east apse (now 
the Jesus Chapel) was formerly the Martyrs* Chapel. I hope 
that some reader will try to elucidate this problem for me\ 

^ See Appendix, No. vii. 


The Chapel of the Cross presents us with some questions. 
In the Uher Alhus (Harl. 1005), a very important Register, we 

" The altar of S. Peter in the front of the Church at the 
feet of S. Edmund [hence at the east end] was dedicated when 
Baldwin was prior, but it is not known by whom. But the 
Holy Cross which was set up in that place is very holy and 
ancient. Some say it was there before the monks' time; others, 
that Abbot Leofstan, when he went to Rome, had it made 
according to the measure of the Cross of Lucca." This was the 
crucifix carved by Nicodemus, and commonly called the Holy 
Face of Lucca, by which William Bufus used to swear. I learn 
from Father Mackinlay's Life of S. Edmund the interesting fact 
that the Chapter Library of Lucca preserves two MSS. of Abbo's 
Life of the Saint — traces, no doubt, of Leofstan's visit to Lucca. 
Here again, then, seems to have been a change of dedication for 
the southern apsidal chapel. At first dedicated to S. Peter, 
the facsimile of the Lucca Cross was placed there at a later 
time. But there is more to come. The Liber Albus also tells 
us: "the altar of the Holy Cross behind the choir was dedicated 
by Alberic, Bishop of Ostia (legate in King Stephen's time), 
and the dedication took place on the Vigil of S. Edmund." 
Anselm was at Rome at the time. "The great cross itself, 
however, which was prepared by Qaufnd the sacrist (under 
Robert II.) by the hand of Wohancus the painter, with many 
and great relics disposed in the back thereof by Gaufrid, had 
been dedicated long before by Anselm Archbishop of Canterbury 
in the time of Abbot Robert." It was said to have done miracles, 
and to have split itself out of the wood when being made. 
From the way in which the Lucca Cross and Gaufrid s Cross 
are described, there is clearly no question of identifying them : 
nor can either of them be the same as Magister Hugo's rood, 
which I have already described. I think it likely that the 
Lucca Cross and Gaufrid's were both in the southern apsidal 
chapel, one perhaps being placed over the altar, the other 
at the side. 

In or near the eastern Chapel of the Virgin was a window 


illustrating the life of S. Martin; and an altar of S. Martin was 
among those dedicated by John Bishop of Rochester for Abbot 
Anselm. At Ely S. Martin's chapel or altar was in the south 
choir aisle. I rather suspect that at Bury it was south of the 
Chapel of the Cross. 

Further than this I know nothing of the eastern part of the 
Church, except that the Presbytery seems to have had seventeen 
windows, thirteen in the clerestory, and four in the aisle: 
seventeen candles of a pound each are allowed for lighting them. 

We now retrace our steps to the transept. According to 
William of Worcester, one arm of the transept was 43 paces 
(about 86 feet) long ; the central tower may be taken as about 
40 feet broad. The whole transept therefore, according to this 
calculation, would be 212 feet broad. It was really, I believe, 
rather more. Each arm of the transept had an eastern aisle, 
and was three bays long. There would be room then for three 
chapels in each arm. Mr King's excavations in 1772 showed 
traces of an apsidal chapel at the north-east angle. On the 
north, it must be remembered, was the entrance to Simon de 
Luton's Lady Chapel. There may, then, have been but one or 
two chapels in the north arm, and three in the south. The 
number of candles allowed for lighting the transept was twenty- 
six, of one pound each. 

It is very difficult to locate and assign the transeptal 
chapels. The Heralds' College MS. helps a little. Some verses 
are given : first, from "the windows round the Chapel of S. John 
the Evangelist at the gate of the crypt"; next, "concerning S. 
Nicholas"; then, "in the Chapel of the Black Hostelry." In the 
same MS., a later entry gives some instructive details in these 
words : " Note that the cemetery of the monks formerly sur- 
rounded the whole of the presbytery wherein S. Edmund now 
lies, namely, from the door of the crypt on the north, where the 
Chapel of S. Mary is now situated, to the front of the Chapel 
of S. Nicholas and S. John the Evangelist on the south side, 
where is now the Chapel of S. Botolph and the garden of the 
keepers of the shrine." The question here is whether the crypt 
door can have been on the outside of the Church, or, as I think 



more likely, whether it was not rather in the choir-aisle. In 
this latter case, the Chapel of S. John and S. Nicholas (whether 
there were two or one is not clear) was northernmost in the south 
transept. Over it, in the triforium, was the Chapel of S. Giles, 
consecrated by Geoffrey Bishop of S. Asaph, for Abbot Ording. 

The Chapel of the Black Hostelry was most likely one in 
which Benedictine (or Black) monks from other houses who 
were guests at the abbey might celebrate mass. The verses from 
the windows of these chapels describe twenty-two scenes in the 
life of S. John, a few from that of S. Nicholas, a couple from 
the life of Christ ; and, in the Chapel of the Black Hostelry, 
some from the Revelation. 

What and where was the Chapel of S. Botolph in the south 
transept ? Father Mackinlay, in a rough plan of the Church, 
puts a large chapel in the angle of the south transept, corre- 
sponding to the Lady Chapel on the north, and calls it the 
Chapel of S. Andrew. This is certainly an incorrect dedication, 
for S. Andrew's was a detached chapel in the cemetery, nor 
do I know of any evidence that a chapel existed in this 
position. But it is likely enough that S. Botolph's Chapel 
stood here. All that I have found of it is, that John de North- 
wold "constructed" it. The shrine-keepers' garden seems to 
have been near it. Very probably the saint's body was trans- 
lated there, but I think it more likely that only his arm (which 
is mentioned as a separate relic in a Ritv^le, MS. Harl. 2977) 
was kept there, and that the larger shrine remained with 
SS. Edmund and Jurmin in the presbytery. "" 

It will be now directly in our way to enter the crypt. We 
have seen* that it was of considerable size, about 100 feet by 
80,. and that it contained 24 pillars and a fine spring. It was 
dedicated by Ralph Bishop of Rochester, afterwards Archbishop 
of Canterbury, a great favourer of Bury ; and the dedication- 
feast was on the fifth of November. It must have been a 
Norman crypt, being part of Baldwin's work, but I have no 
description of its ornaments. That it could be entered from 

^ See above, p. 125. 


the cloister side (i.e. on the north), as well as from the south, 
is abundantly clear from the Harleian Rituale. 

Of the north transept I have little to tell. Doubtless 
there was an entrance here from the dormitory, to admit the 
monks into the Church for the night-services. Very likely, too, 
the Sacristy adjoined this part of the Church. But from the 
north transept we enter Simon de Luton's Lady Chapel 
(cir. 80 X 42 feet): and of this we have some more particulars. 
The Heralds' College MS. has copies of inscriptions under the 
following headings : 

"The following verses are contained in several places in 
paintings and glass- windows in the Church of S. Edmund. 

1. At the altar of S. Mary in the first, second, third, 
fourth, . . . eighth medallions. 

2. Around the Majesty. 

3. On the wall. 

4. On the tabula or frontal before the altar. 

5. On the same frontal around the Majesty. 

6. On the great cross in the retable on the altar in the 
first, second, third medallions. 

7. On the frontal (tabula) before the altar. 

8. On the vaulting : four medallions. 

9. In a window in the same place. 

10. In the glass at the altar of S. Nicholas and along the 
nave of the Church on the south side." 

Some of these inscriptions must, I think, belong to the Lady 
Chapel on the north of the Church ; others I rather incline to 
assign to the altar-piece of the High altar and the roof of the 
Choir. But the data in the MS. do not give any sure clue to the 
localities. I will briefly enumerate the subjects which we find 

At the altar of the Virgin, either painted on the wall or 
wrought on a retable or frontal, were eight medallions: (1) the 
unveiling of the Synagogue, (2) Aaron's rod and the Vines 
of Jericho and the Annunciation, (3) Righteousness and Peace 
meeting and the Visitation, (4) The Coronation of the Virgin, 



(5) The Nativity, (6) The Burning Bush, (7) The sign given to 
Ahaz, (8) Gideon's Fleece. 

Then there was a Majesty and a representation of the 
Lord and the Blessed. 

On the wall, a fresco of the Virgin saving a monk from 
drowning, and rescuing a Jew's son from a burning oven. 

On a frontal, a Majesty and the Four Evangelists. 

On another rotable (perhaps on the High altar), in medal- 
lions surrounding a cross : (1) some verses which are torn oflf in 
the MS.; (2) the widow of Zarephath and Elijah; (3) the 
Deposition ; (4) Jonah swallowed by the fish ; (5) Jonah 
vomited up; (6) the Lion raising its whelp to life; (7) the 
Resurrection ; (8) the Angel and the women*. 

On a frontal, the Church and Synagogue. 

Medallions on the vault, no doubt in fresco as at Salisbury. 

The story of Simon Magus, and the martyrdoms of SS. 
Peter and Paul, — ^subjects which are not at all appropriate to a 
Lady Chapel. 

In a window in the same place: three scenes from the 

Elsewhere are "verses in the windows of the image of the 
Blessed Virgin," principally relating to the story of Theophilus, 
the Death of Herod, and the healing of a clerk by the Virgin. 
Then, " in the tabulae about the image of the Blessed Virgin," 
are : the healing of a sick clerk, the Assumption, Annunciation, 
Visitation, the Magi, the Innocents, the Presentation, the Death 
of Herod, Theophilus, the Jew's son. 

These may well have been in the Lady Chapel. 

Of this Chapel we also know that John Lavenham spent 
£22 on a screen for it. Several important persons were buried 
there. In front of the altar, their feet eastward, lay three 
abbots, in a line from east to west, namely: Symon de Luton, the 
builder (d. 1279), William de Bemhara (1335—1361), and John 
de Brinkley (1361 — 1379). On the north side was the tomb of 
Prior John Gosford, of the fourteenth century, and, in the south- 

^ I have here enumerated the subjects recorded in the MS. of which 
the full text is printed in the Appendix. 


east angle, that of Thomas Beaufort, whose body was found in 
the last century. 

Notes of one or two other works of art which I do not see 
my way to locating will be found in the appendix to this paper. 

We may now leave the Church. It would no doubt be 
possible to collect information about the contents of the Vestry 
and Sacristy at different periods. Much mischief was done here 
by the rioters in 1327. The Placita corone on this occasion 
(copied in the Registrum Vestiarii,-^e. iii. 60 in the University 
Library at Cambridge) contain statements of the numbers of 
chalices and vestments destroyed or stolen on the occasion, and 
something may be also gathered from the tract on the Depraedatio 
(Memorials, ii. 327). The Douai Register also contains occasional 
notes of gifts ; e.g. Edmund Bokenham gave a " vestment (i.e. a 
set of vestments) of blue, with butterflies of satin.'* But it has 
not fallen to me to find many such notices; such as I have 
found will be seen in the appendix. «« 

Before examining the other monastic buildings, we must 
climb the towers and look at the bells, which seem to have been 
large and numerous. Godefridus, Robert's sacrist, procured the 
or a great bell at considerable cost. This must have been in 
the central tower ; the western one was not yet built. A tower 
called the Clocarium, and a fine-toned set of bells in it, were 
among the works of Anselm's sacrists. But possibly the Clo- 
carium may mean only the ringing apparatus for the central 
tower. Richard de Newport (1213 — 1229 circa) got a great bell 
for the "great tower," which bell was called Neweport, Nicho- 
las of Warwick had cast a fine bell for the central tower, called 
the Sacrist's bell. Simon de Luton when sacrist had the bell 
called Luton made for the same tower. Reginald de Denham 
put four bells in the Clocarium, and a " great bell which broke, 
and was mended by John Lavenham, who also gave two smaller 
ones and a third for the clock." Prior Peter de Clopton gave a 
bell in the central tower, called Clopton. 

The bell of Godefridus, as we learn from the Heralds' College 
MS., was called by his name. Its maker's name is given as 
Hailficus, and it seems to have been recast. 


Another bell, as we learn from the same source, was made 
for Abbot Anselm by Hugo — Magister Hugo, I take it. The 
bells must have been, some or all of them, iDJored by the fall of 
the eentral and western towers — and this will in a measure 
account for the large number that are mentioned\ An in- 
teresting account of the way in which they were rung to 
commemorate bene&ctors, and details as to the popular names 
of the different bells and peals, are to be found in the 
Douai Register, but for these I must depend on fragmentary 
notes of my own, and on an article in the TcMet (Dec. 26, 
1891), quoted by Father Mackinlay. As to the ringing 
or tolling for bene&ctors: every day after the meeting in 
the Chapter-house, the subsacrist announced to the Prior 
and convent that there would be a single, double, or triple 
8onitu8 that day. "For whom ? " was the reply. Then the names J 
and benefactions of those for whom the bells were to be tolled 
were announced, and subsequently written upon the notice- 
board for the benefit of those not present The details about 
the ringing on the Vigil of S. Edmund are given with much 
vividness by Father Mackinlay (p. 326). There were four peals 
rung. " The two Londons, the greater and the holy- water bell 
clanged out the first peal. The bells of the cemetery, including 
the Qabriel or thunderstorm bell, and the chimes of S. Mary's, 
S. James's, and S. Margaret's, rang out the second and third 
peal. Lastly, the younger monks, sounding the chimes in the 
great lantern-tower, gave the signal to all the bells of the 
monastery to take up the music. The united peals from far 
and wide, with the well-known Haut-et-der bell, ringing high 
and clear above the others, produced the fourth peal, or Le 
GlaSf as the citizens called it." One more detail I may add. 
John Major, a Scotchman, in his Description of England (Paris, 
1521, £ 38), says of Bury that it was supposed to possess the 
largest bell in England ; probably this was the bell Godefridus. 
The cloister is our next destination. It lay, as I have said, 
on the north side of the Church, and opened into the north 
aisle of the Nave. Its dimensions are variously given : William 
1 In 1465 there were nine hells in the central tower which perished. 
C.A,S, Octavo Series, XXVIII. 10 


of Worcester makes it 80 or 90 paces long on every side (160 — 
180 feet). In the Heralds' College MS. is a statement that it 
was 146 feet across, and '' between the columns and the wall, 
14 feet, beside the seats." This must mean that the interior 
breadth of the cloister garth was 145 feet, and 14 feet was the 
breadth of the walk of the cloister, exclusive (as I take it) of 
the stone bench that ran along the wall. This would give a 
little over 160 feet for the total breadth, from wall to wall. 

Probably the first cloister was built under Robert, by Gode- 
fridua At least he finished the chapter-house and refectory, 
which were both connected with the cloister. But, as we may 
conjecture, the rioters of 1327 did a good deal of damage here. 
They broke forty " carrels " — wooden studies for monks to refwl 
in — and various chests and presses, and carried off a good many 
books, chiefly service-books and law-books. At any rate. Prior 
John Qosford, in the latter part of the fourteenth century, 
rebuilt the cloister entirely at his own expense. There is 
mention, it seems (probably in the Douai Register), of a 
statue of Abbot Ansel m in the cloister. Otherwise there are 
few details of the decoration of it On the north side was the 
refectory (171 feet long); on the east the chapter-house. 
The dormitory may well have been above the east walk of the 
cloister. The library, I am inclined to think, may have been 
on the west or south. By the door into the refectory was the 
lavatory. Here were some painted windows representing the 
sun, moon, stars, and occupations of the months. 

From the east walk we enter the chapter-house. This 
was first built by Qodefridus, and subsequently, in the early 
part of the thirteenth century, entirely rebuilt by Richai*d de 
Newport. Worcester gives its dimensions as 100 feet by 40. 
At the east end was a pulpitmn, and, near the centre, a lectern. 
Round the walls must have been stone seats for the monks. 
In a line down the centre were buried six of the Abbots : we 
learn the positions of their tombs accurately from the Douai 
Register. First and easternmost, with his feet to the east, lay 
Ording (1148 — 1157); next to him the great Sampson (1182 — 
1213). I do not know that his resting-place has ever been 


pointed out before. Then came the lectern: next to that, 
Richard I. de Insula (1229—1234), Henry (1234—1248), Ed- 
mund de Walpole (1248 — 1256), and nearest to the door Hugo 
I. (1157 — 1180). Ording's tomb was of marble, restored by 
Abbot William Exeter in 1424. Sampson's, of squared marble 
stones, had undergone the same process, and probably also 
Edmund de Walpole's. 

The last building which I am here concerned with is the 
infirmary, which lay east of the cloister, near the river. The 
old infirmary was built by Helyai<, under Ording ; the new one 
by William (or Sampson as subsacrist) and by Hugo under 
Sampson. But I gather that the old infirmary was left stand- 
ing. John Qosford built the infirmary cloister at his own 
expense. An infirmary chapel was dedicated by William 
Turbius, Archbishop of Canterbury, as the Liber Albus calls him, 
but really Bishop of Norwich, under Abbot Anselm, to the 
honour of S. Michael. 

I rather suspect that the infirmary chapel par excellence of 
the Registers was Anselm's erection. It seems to have had 
three altars ; and four Abbots were buried in it. I will translate 
literally the descriptions of their sepultures which are given in 
the Douai Register. They present some difficulties. 

1. Robert (1102—1112) "is buried in the chapel of the 
infirmary on the inner side on the north, between two columns 
before the altar of S. Benedict." 

2. Abbot Anselm (1119—1148) "is buried in the chapel of 
the infirmary, on the outer side towards the west, on the north 
side, between two columns, under a marble stone with a mitred 
effigy carved (or incised) thereupon." 

3. Uvius (first Abbot, 1020—1044) "is buried in the 
chapel of the infirmary on the inner side, on the south, between 
two columns, under a white stone before the altar of S. 

4. Albold (1114—1119) "is buried in the chapel of the 
infirmary on the outer side on the south towards the west, 
between two columns of the said chapel." 

Here I would call attention to the following points. (1) The 



presence of columns implies the existence of a central nave with 
side-aisles. (2) The phrase ''on the outer side" is always coupled 
with the words "towards the west," and the phrase "on the inner 
side " with the words " before the altar of S. Benedict." Hence 
I conclude that "outside" is here equivalent to "westward," 
and "inside" to "eastward"; and I take S. Benedict's altar to 
be in the central aisle of the chapel. The tombs would be 
between the pillars of the two eastern bays. The rough plan 
(fig. 2) will show what I mean. 

It is likely enough that some verses illustrating the Life of 
S. Benedict, which are found in the Heralds' College MS., were 
inscribed on a window or fresco in the Infirmary Chapel. 

I subjoin a table of the burying-places, as far as they are 
known, of the Abbots of S. Edmund's. 

1. Uvius 1020. Infirmary Chapel. 

2. Leofstan 1044. Shrine at the feet of S. Edmund. 

3. Baldwin 1065. Church : east of Choir-altar. 

4. Robert I. 1097. (?) 

5. Robert 11. 1102. Infirmary Chapel. 

6. Albold 1114. Infirmary Chapel. 

7. Anselm 1119. Infirmary Chapel. 

8. Ording 1148. Chapter-house: east end (1). 

9. Hugh I. 1157. Chapter-house : west end (6). 

10. Sampson 1182. Chapter-house (2). 

11. Hugh II. de North wold 1213. Ely Cathedral "at the 
feet of S. Etheldreda." 

12. Richard I. de Insula 1229. Chapter-house (3). 

13. Henry 1234. Chapter-house (4). 

14. Edmund de Walpole 1248. Chapter-house (5). 

15. Simon de Luton 1256. Lady Chapel : east end (1). 

1 6. John I. de Nor wold 1 279. Church : before the Choir-altar. 

17. Thomas de Tottington 1301. North Aisle of Church. 

18. Richard II. de Draughton 1312. Next to Thomas. 

19. William I. de Bemham 1335. Lady Chapel (2). 

20. John IL de Brinkley 1361. Lady Chapel (3). 
Besides this we learn from the Douai Register that Thomas 

Rudham (cent, xiv) is buried "in the corner of the monks' 


cemetery next to Bradfelde halle" (a large hall near the in- 
firmary, and north of the Church). 

John Lavenham, in the monks' cemetery, before the image 
of the Virgin. 

John Qosford, in the Lady Chapel on the north side. 
Warynus son of Ceroid, in S. Lawrence's Chapel (in the 
guest-house) under a marble stone, in a monk's habit, he being 
a lay benefactor to the Church, 

Alan Count of Brittany, near the south door before the altar 
of S. Nicholas. 

The altars and chapels in the Abbey Church, as far as I 
have ascertained them, were as follows : 
In the monastic choir : 
High altar. 
Choir altar. 
In the presbytery : 

Altars of the Virgin, \ j..^^ Phor.^! 
of theMartyrs(?)j ^^^""^ ^^^^^^' 
of SS. Botolph, Thomas, and Jurmin, E. of the 
shrine (?) 
Altars of S. Saba. N.E. 

of S. Peter, ) ^ ^ 
Holy Cross, [ 
S. Martin. Somewhere in the apse, on the 

south side. 
In the crypt : 

Altar of the Virgin. 
North of Choir : 

Lady Chapel. 
In south Transept : 

S. John Evangelist, 

S. Giles, above St John's, 

S. Nicholas, 


At the west end : 

S. John Baptist (?), 
S. Katherine, over 

■it. } ^•^- (^) 


S. Denis, } n W (?) 

S. Faith,overit. J • •^•''• 
Of uncertain place : 

Altar of S. Mary of Egypt, 

S. Edmund (very doubtful), 
S. Nicasius, 

the Relics (?in the North Transept or North 
Choir aisle)^ 


The Appendix to my paper on the Church of St Edmund 
runs to an unconscionable length. Yet it is in many respects 
the most important part of my communication. I do not think 
that students can, at present, turn to any complete collection, 
or indeed any that approaches completeness, of the passages 
which throw light upon the arrangements and fittings of this 
great centre of the religious life of eastern England. Now 
this Appendix of Documents is not complete. There must 
still be a good deal of material lurking in Registers, and, 
perhaps, also in Chronicles, printed and unprinted, which ought 
to be included in any collection of this kind. The absence of 
this is simply owing to my having lacked time and opportunity 
to collect it. I have examined a great many documents ; 
and I venture to think that what may hereafter come to light 
will be less, in bulk at least, than what appears here. I hope 
it may not be so : no one would be better pleased than I, if 
a complete medieval guide-book to the Abbey were to be 
discovered. But I fear that none will. 

I must point out my principal omissions. The verses from 
the Heralds' College MS. I have never had time to copy 
completely : I hope I may be able to supplement this defect 
in the future. Yet it seems to me that a complete text of 
them will be more important if it is made the subject of an 
iconographical study. The lines themselves do not help us to 
settle problems of topography. Again, there must be more 
material in the Douai Register than I was able to extract in 


one day's study ; and perhaps also in the Registers of William 
Curteys, and of one or two other Abbots. 

In short, I offer this collection of Schriftquellen for the study 
of S. Edmund's Church with a full sense of the likelihood that 
it contains serious gaps, but with some hope that, such as it is, 
it may form a nucleus for the additions of future investigators. 

I should like to call particular attention to the graphic 
account of the disastrous fire of 1465, which I only discovered 
by chance in the Registrum Hostilariae. No previous writer on 
the history of the Abbey has mentioned it, so far as I know. 

I append to this prefatory note a list of the contents of the 
Appendix, which may both facilitate reference to it, and 
indicate the range of the sources which have been employed 

§ i. Extracts from the Memorials of 8t Edmund's Abbey, 
Bolls Series, ed. T. Arnold, vols, i, ii. 

1. Extracts from the Oe9ta Sacristartim (c. 1300). Main history of 
the buildings. 

2. Extracts from the Chronica Jocelini de Brakelonda, Sampson's 
building works. Various gifts to the Church : points connected with 
shrine and high altar. 

3. Passages from Annals of Bury in MSS. Bodl. 297 : Tomb of Alan 
of Brittany : old site of chapter-house : translation of S. Edmund : 
S. Jurmin: tomb of Baldwin: Abbot Robert XL's works. From MS. 
Bodl. 240 : shrines of S. Thomas and others : tower of Abbey seen at a 
distance : Henry Lacy's gifts. 

4. Extracts from the Deprasdatio Abbatiae (1327). Thefts from 
cloister: jewels, vestments, and plate taken from sacristy: windows 

§ ii. Extracts from other Chronicles, etc. which have been 
wholly or partly printed. 

5. From John qf Oxenedes. Books brought from Hulme : building of 
Lady GhapeL 

6. From Continuation of Florence of Worcester {John de Taxster), 
Gift to the refectory : fall of tower. 

7. From the Liber Albus. 

Mode of incensing the altars : Altar of S. Botolph, etc. : dedication of 
crypt, altars of S. Peter, Martin, Saba, Faith, detached Chapels, S. Mary's 
Church, altar of S. Ann, Gaufrid's cross. Church of S. Denis, Chapel of 
S. Giles, etc. : visit of Abp. Arundel. 


b. From RegUtrum Pinehebeek, Books, yestments, etc. stolen from 
the Abbey. 

9. From the Itinerary qf WiUiam of Worcester, Measarements of 
the Church and other buildings. Gillingwater's measurements, taken in 

10. From Leland. Panegyric of Bury: notes from Heame's View qf 
Mitred Abbeys^ and from Leland's Collectanea and Itinerary, 

11. Extracts from Bury WiUs and Inventoriee, Bequests to building 
of Western Tower, etc. Image of St Christopher. 

12. Letters of Commissioners for the suppression of the Monasteries : 
list of reb'cs : defacement of shrine : state of the Abbey. 

13. Sir Heniy Spelman's Iconotypicon Buriense: description of a 
painted window at Bury. 

14. Notes from the Moncuticon: Henry VI. 's visit to Bury: painted 
panels from the Abbey Church : font. 

1 5 a. From Gillingwater's Hietorical and Descriptive Account qfBury, 
1804. Model of the Abbey Church. 

h. Note from Mr Edward King's paper on the Church : Chapel in 
N. Transept. 

§ iii. Extracts from Registers, etc., not as yet printed : 

16. From a Custumary (Harl. 3977). Doctrina nouitiorum, etc. : 
lighting of the Church : servants connected with the Church. 

17. From the Douai Register. Names and burial-places of Abbots 
and other benefactors. 

18. From a Bituale (Harl. 2977). Particulars of processions, mentions 
of various chapels and relics, etc. 

19. Verses and Inscriptions in the Church and adjoining buildings. 
(a) from MS. Bodley 240 : (&) from Arundel MS. xxx in the College of 

20. Extract from MS. Bodl. 240. Fall of central tower. 

21. Extracts from Registrum Hostilariae (Claud. A. xii). {a) Various 
localities in the abbey ; (p) Account of the great fire of 1465. 

I. Qesta Sacristarum (from Arnold's text, Memorials of 
St Edmund's Abbey, ii. 289). 

1065—1097. 1. Temporibus domini Baldewini xAbbatis, prirao 
Thurstanus, postea Tolinus, sacristae fungebantur officio. Hi duo tempor- 
ibus praedicti abbatis, ecclesia lignea et ueteri complanata, ecclesiae 
nostrae fundamenta iecerunt, parietes erexerunt, presbiterium ad plenum 
consummauerunt, et beati martyris translationem procurauerunt. Feretrum 
etiam beati martyris, et Sanctorum Botulphi et Jurmini laminis argenteis 


1102 — 1107. Hob secutus est, tempore domini Robert! abbatis, in 
eodem officio uir staturae fere giganteae Godefridus nomine, magnus 
corpore sed maior animo. Hie refectorium, capitulum, domum infirmorum, 
et abbatis aulam consummauit ad plenum. Iste etiam magnam campanam 
non leui pretio comparauit. 

1120 — 1148. 2. Subeecuti sun^ earn uiri totius prudentiae Radulphus 
et Herueos saeristae temporibus domini Anselmi abbatis. Qui muroruni 
ambitum circa atrium ecclesiae fecerunt, ecclesiam^ beatae Mariae cum 
turn sua, Clocarium, et deintus cimbala bene sonantia, et turrim S. lacobi. 
Valuas etiam dupplices in fronte ecclesiae, insculptas digitis magistri 
Hugonis, qui cum in aliis operibus omnes alios uicerit, in hoc opere 
mirifico uicit se ipsum.... 

1148 — 1156. 3. Helyas sacrista, nepos Ordingi Abbatis 

Iste Helyas, conflagratis omnibus officinis domus S. Eadmundi, abbatis 
aulam, refectorium, dormitorium, et domum infirmorum uetustam, et 

capitulum reformauit ad plenum 

Tabulam etiam argenteam pretii c. marcarum ante magnum altare fabre- 

fieri fecit, et festum reliquiare^ instituit 

Grucem in chore et Mariam et lohannem per manus magistri Hugonis 
incomparabiliter fecit insculpi 

cir. 1150. 4. Willelmus cognomento Wiardel 

Huic aliquando ministrauit dominus Radulphus, quondam elemosinarius, 
in subsacristia, qui translationem SS. Botulphi et Jurmini procurauit. 
Quo in breui mortuo, ministrauit etiam eidem in eodem officio ma^ster 
Sampson postea abbas: qui tempore officii sui pro maiori parte chorum 
consummauit et unam istoriam in maiori turre ad ostium occidentale. 

cir. 1180. 5. Domino W. Wiardel successit dominus Hugo sacrista, 
qui turrim magnam uersus occidentem tecto apposite et plumbato con- 
summauit, domino abbate Sampsone laquearia et tigna, et quicquid ibidem 
ligneum est, deuotius impendente. Turrim etiam iuxta capellam S. Fidis 
plene, quoad opus lapideum, consummauit: in alia turri iuxta capellam 

S. Caterinae una istoria consummata. 

Pulpitum in ecclesia aedificauit, magna cruce erecta, cum imaginibus 
beatae Marie et S. Johannis sibi allaterantibus. Sedem abbatis in chore, 
manu Symonis pictoris ad hoc desudante, reddidit conspicuam. Capas 
bruslatas contulit ad ualentiam Ix^ marcarum, et calicem aureum v. 
marcarum ponder e 

cir. 1200. Magister Walterus de Banham 

Centum marcas de plata et eo amplius, et duas marcas auri, ad tabulam 
faciendam dedicauit, et ecclesiae fabricam innouauit, ut patet omni 
transeunti. Turrim magnam quae est iuxta capellam S. Fidis, quam 
dominus Hugo sacrista quoad caementariam consummauerat, hie culmine 

^ So tfie MS,: Arnold has ecclesiae. 
^ ?reUqaiarum. 


MUperposito plenhu oonramniaiiit Quioqae capas sericaB anro bnulatas, 
«t unaoi caumhun bnulatam deaole contalit Tabolam magnam super 
altari in choro, cam mole ilia lapidea cni trabes imiitiUir oonBommaiiit ad 
plenum, magno candelabro deaorato et laminis anieis Innooato 

cir. 121L Robertna de Gravele.. ... Nanim eodenae de nemo oontignauit, 
et oelnram altra S. Eadmnndum fedt, ei pictorae narietate decoranit 

dr. 1213 — 1229. Ricardna de Neweport Hie netoa capitolnm de- 
atmxit^ et nounm a fundamentia oonstmxit:. . .magnam etiam campanam in 
maiori campanario, quae didtnr Neweport, samptn non mediocri fieri 

dr. 1240. Nicholana natos in patria de Warewick. Qni inter mnlta 
alia bona quae fecit^ fundi fedt campanam optimam in choro, quae didtur 
campana sacriatae. 

dr. 1250. Simon de Luyton.... fundi fecit campanam in cboro quae 
didtur Luyton 

dr. 1294. Willelmus de Lutone. Hie primus cultum Dei in eodesia 

et circa 8. Eadmundum, 8. Botulphum, aliaque sanctuaria, in cereis et 
luminaribus diminnit, et plusqaam dimidiauit; quod sibi in prosperum 
cessisse non arbitror. 

II. locelini de Brakelonda Cronica. (Memorials, i. 209.) 

Cir. 1176. p. 212, § 3. Non erat undo solui poterat quod (Hugo) 
promiserat domino papae. . .nisi, ex circumstantiis, crux quae erat super 
magnum altare, et Mariola, et lohaunes, quas imagines Stigandus archi- 
episcopus magno pondere auri et argenti omauerat et 8. Aedmundo 
I dederat 

It is not stated, however, that these ornaments actually were sold. 

p. 217, § 9. Samson subsacrista...In diebas illis chorus uoster fuit 
erectus, Samsone procurante, historias picturae ordinante, et uersus 
elegiacos dictante. Attractiun fedt magnum de lapidibus et sabulo ad 
magnam turrim ecclesiae construendam. 

A money-box was made, and put up ^* in magna ecclesia, iuxta ostiiun 
extra chorum in communi transitu uulgi, ut ibi ponerent homines elo- 
mosinam suam ad aedificationem turris." 

Mr Arnold writes: ''This was the great tower in the centre of the 
west front of the Abbey Church, begun and iu great part erected by 
Abbot Baldwin. After all the labour and money that it had cost, it 
fell in 1210, about a year before the death of Samson." But I do not know 
that it can be shown that this tower was begun by Baldwin, nor that it 
was the one that fell. Baldwin's connexion with it may possibly have 
been deduced from the words italicised in the next passage, though to me 
they seem not to imply an exact date, but to give a round number. 

p. 226, § 16. Velauit autem pedes sancti martyris, quando turres 
ecclesiae a centum annis inceptas perfecte consummauit 


Baldwin's plan both for choir, nave, and west end, had clearly been 
much enlarged, as we see from the Gesta Sacristarum, I think Robert 
and Anselm's work is referred to here. 

1189. p. 250, § 34. Cum autem regina Ellienor secundum consue- 
tudinem regni deberet accipere c. marcas ubi rex cepit mUle, aocepit a 
nobis calicem magnum aureum in pretiuin c. marcarum^ et eundem calicem 
nobis reddidit pro anima domini sui regis Henrici, qui eum prime dederat 
S. Aedmundo. 

lldd. Alia quoque nice, cum thesaurus ecclesiae nostrae portaretur 
Lundonias ad redemptionem regis Ricardi, eadem regina eundem calicem 
adquietauit pro c. mards et nobis reddidit, accipiens cartam nostram a 
nobis in testimonium promissionis nostrae factae in uerbo ueritatis, quod 
calicem ilium nunquam pro aliquo casu ab ecclesia nostra alienabimus. 

p. 275, § 55, Samson had certain oaks marked at Elmsett " ad opus 
S. Aedmundi, et ad culmen magnae turris." 

p. 289, § 63. Returning from abroad, Samson " nou rediit uacua manu 
ad ecclesiam suam: ferens crucetu aureaiii et textum pretiosum ad 
pretium quateruigiuti marcarum.'' At another time "obtulit conueutui 
casulam pretiosam et mitraiu auro intextam, et sandalia cum caligis 
sericis, et cambucam uirgae pastoralis argenteam et bene operatam." 

p. 294, § 67. Certain townsmen were summoned to appear '* in capella 
S. Dionisii responsuri." 

p. 297, § 70. Capellae S. Andreae et S. Ratherinae et S. Fidis nouiter 
plumbo coopertae sunt. Multae quo(|ue emendationes infra ecclesiam et 
extra factae sunt Si non credis, aperi oculos tuos et uide.... 

Item uidens abbas quod tabula argentea magni altaris et multa alia 
pretiosa ornamenta alienata fuerant propter recuperationem de Mildenhala 
et redemptionem regis Ricardi, tabulam illam noluit reformare, nee alia 
consimilia, quae consimili casu possent euelli et distrahi : sed ad cristam 
faciendam pretiosissimam super feretrum gloriosi martyris Aedmundi 
studium suum conuertit....Caeteris ergo omissis, conuersus est animus 
abbatis satis consulte et prouide ad cristam feretri fabricandam. Et iam 
resonant laminae aureae et argenteae inter malleum et iucudem, et 
tracUint fabrilia fdbri, 

1198. p. 306, § 75. From the account of the fire at S. Edmund's 
shrine, and its consequent opening, I take the following extracts, which 
bear on the topography and furniture of the Church. 

Erat quidam ligneus tabulatus inter feretrum et magnum altare... 
aurea quidem maiestas in fronte feretri cum quibusdam lapidibus remansit 
firma et Intacta, et pulcrior post ignem quam ante, quia tota aurea fuit. 

§ 76. Contigit etiam, uolente Altissimo, tunc temporis magnam 
trabem, quae solebat esse ultra altare, sublatam esse, ut noua sculptura 
repararetur. Contigit et crucem, et Mariolam, et lohannem, et loculum 
cum camisia S. Aedmundi, et philateria cum reliquiis, quae ab eadem trabe 


pendere solebant, et alia sanctuaria quae super trabem steterant, omnia 
priuB Bublata esse; alioquiu omnia combusta essent, ut credimus, sicut 
pannus depictus combustus fait, qui in loco trabis pendebat Sed quid 
fieret si cortinata esset ecclesia ? 

p. 314, § 81. Quarto die sequente custodes feretri et custodem S. 
Botulfi depoBuit abbas. This shows that in 1198, at any rate, 8. Botulph's 
shrine was still near S. Edmund's. 

Magnumque altare, quod prlus concauum erat, ubi saepius quaedam 
indecenter reponebantur, et spatium illud quod erat inter feretrum et 
altare solidari fecit lapide et cemento. 

p. 322, § 88. Abbas fecit Herebertum capellanum subsacristam et... 
bailiam illam ei commisit in capella S. Nigasii. This is the only reference 
I have found to the Chapel of S. Nicasius. 

III. Extracts from Annals of Bury, 

In MSS. Bodl. 297, a copy of Marianus Scotus, a Bury monk 
has written a great many marginal entries. These are to be 
found, in part at least, in the Appendix to vol. i. of the 
Memorials, I extract the following from that work (p. 350) : 

No. viii. [a.d. 1093.] Circa istum annum dominicae incarnationis obiit 
Alanus comes Brittanniae et constructor nobilis coenobii S. Mariae extra 
urbem Eboracam: sed apud S. Aedmundum, cuius ecclesiae multorum 
bonorum impensor extiterat, ab abbate Baldewino iuxta australe ostium 
ecclesiae prime sepultus est: sed succedente tempore infra ecclesiam 
supplicatione monachorum Eboracensium et parentum suorum in opposite 
loco prioris tumulationis conditus est. Cuius nobilitatem exomat epy tafium, 
quod super eum sic scriptum monstratur : 

Stella ruit regni : comitis caro marcet Alani : 

Anglia turbatur : satraparum flos cineratur : 

Ia<m> Brito, flos regum, modo marcor in ordine rerum 

Praecepto^ legum, nitet ortus sanguine regum. 

Dux uiguit summus, rutilans a rege secundus. 

Hujic cemens plora: 'requies sibi sit, Deus' ora. 

Vixit nobilium praefulgens stirpe Brittonum. 

No. ix. [A.D. 1094.] Religiosus prior S. Eadmundi Benedictus, qui Saxo 
dicebatur, circa hunc aunum obiit, et in capitulo fratrum tunc temporis 
sepultus est... Cuius uita quantum fuit Deo accepta satis claruit dum post 
plus<quam> xxx annos, tempore abbatis Ans<elmi>, in loco quo 
prius fuerat cap<itulum> pararetur claustnim infirmorum <ct> placeret 
remouere eum et iu<xta pa>rietem ecclesiae recondere. 

^ Praeceptor. 


No. X. [a.d. 1095.] Venerabilis abbas Baldewinus monasterii S.Eadinundi 
destructa ecclesia quam condiderat gloriosus rex Cnutus et eius regina 
Emma, simplici facta schemate nee sic ai*tificia1iter ut quaedam con- 
struuntur hoc tempore, monitu senioria regis Willelmi artifici(o8i ?)orem et ^ 
pulcbriorem iactis fundamentis inchoauit, columnari, testudinnli, uiarmorali 
opere fabrefacta, qua multi qui uiderunt 8peci(o8i)orem et delectabilioreni 
nunquam se uidisse testati sunt. Et ut perducta sunt ad perfectum 
aedificia presbyterii, anno ab incamatione Domini mxct", a passione 
S. Eadmundi ccxxv", iii" Kal. Maii, praesente iam dicto Baldwino, et 
monachis eius disponentibus, diguo cum honore beatus martyr die Dominica 
transfertur a Walchelino Wintoniensi episoopo et a Ranulfo tunc regis 
capellano postea Dunhelmensi episcopo in praeparatam sibi basilicam, 
astante innumerabili caterua cleri populique, et retro magnum altare 
decenter reconditur....Translati sunt nihilominus cum rege beatissimo et 
reliquiis multis sanctorum corpora duorum sanctorum, uidelicet Botulphi 
(defect of two words) episcopi et Jurmini clitonis Christi, amboque, ut 
percipimas (? percepimus) iUo delati sunt tempore Lefstani abbatis. Corpus 
namque beati Bot ulphi episcop i primitus apud quandam uillam Grundesburc / 
nominatam huntatum est ; cuius translatio cum obscura nocte fieret, | 
columna lucis super feretrum eius ad depellendas tenebras protendi 
uisa est. Corpus uero beati Jurmini similiter apud uillam quandam 
Blihteburc primum iacuit : in cuius plumbea theca in qua delatus &<t tale 
ephithaphium inscriptum continebatur : Ego Jurminus commendo, in 
nomine Trinitatis sanctae, ut nulla persona audeat depraedare locum 
sepulturae usque in diem resurrectionis : sin autem, remotum se sciat a 
sorte sanctorum. 

No. xi. [a.d. 1097] Eximiae uir religionis monasterii S. Eadmundi 
abbas Baldwinus, genere Gallus, artis medicinae bene peritus, iv. Kal. 
Januarii die dominica feria iii, in bona senectute decessit, et in medio choro 
principalis ecclesiae sepultus requiescit. 

No. xvi. [a.d. 1107.] Abbot Robert II. "inter caetera bona clau- 
strum, capitulum, refectorium, dormitorium, et cameram suam aedificari 

Among the miracles of S. Edmund extracted from MSS. Bodl. 240, in 
the same Appendix (p. 366). 

No. 9. Vidimus uirum religiosum nomine Radulphum S. Edmundi 
monachum qui cum a iuuentute uitae suae usque ad canos in religione 
perseuerasset, iussuque dompni abbatis Hugonis altare S.Thomae martyris 
aedificasset, hac S. Botulphum, ilia S. Jurminum, medioque reliquias 
S. Thomae et aliorum quamplurimorum auratis et gemmatis feretris 
praeclare coUocasset, aegrotare coepit. 

No. 19. Certain pilgrims "transeundo uersus locum, praeuisa celsi- 
tudine campanilis ecclesiae S. Edmundi omnes...genibus flex is... supplicant." 
The church was six miles away. 


From the same MS. in the Appendix to yol. ii. p. 366. 

HenricuB Lacy Earl of Lincoln : 

Venit peregrinando uisitare 8. Edmundnm: et ibi iocale pretiosum, 
cracem scilicet ex auro et argento ac lapidibus pretiosis omatam, con- 
tinentem qnamdani ligni sanctae cnicis portionem offerens... 
Dedit uestiario nnam pretiosam capam bruslatam : item alia nice crucem 
magni pretii auream, cum lapidibus pretiosis adomatam, quae in australi 
parte feretri dependet. Contulit etiam pretiosum lapidem qui antrax 
dicitur, et situatur ad pedem dictae crucis super feretrum. Item legauit 
uiginti marcas pro ymagine de argento facienda et deauranda, in cuius 
f route sen pectore praedictus lapis situaretur (this legacy never took eflFect). 
Legauit etiam post mortem matris suae beato Edniundo pro refectorio 
monachorum suorum unam cupam argenteam et deauratam et miro opei*e 
fabricatam, quam dixit et asseruit fuisse S. Edmundi in uita sua^ ob cuius 
honorem diebus festiuis sacerdos eius superpellicie indutus ex hoc con- 
uiuantibus propinauit. 

p. 368. A mention of the shrine of S. Thomas at Bury. 

IV. Depraedatio Abbatiae (1327), Memorials^ ii. 327. 

p. 330. Deinde claustrum ingressi^ cistulas, id est caroles, et armariola V 
fregerunt, et libros ac omnia in eis inuenta similiter asportauerunt. 
...Sacristiam fregerunt, cistas et omnia clausa diruperunt, aurum et argen- 
tum, libros, registra, et uasa argentea sustulerunt, et uinum ultra modum 
consumpserunt. Registra et munimenta et cartas sacri8tiae....abduxerunt. 
Deinde perrexerunt ad camerariam et infirmariam et ad alia ofiBcia, 
asportantes omnia quae eis ualere poterunt, et infirmos monachos nimis 

p. 331. Postea ingressi sunt thesaurariam ecclesiae, et inde aurum et 
argentum, florenos et iocalia, multa uasa argentea et lapides pretiosos, 
cartas regum, paparum bullas, et alia munimenta libertatum secum 
abstulerunt....Et ad cumulum malitiae eorum ingressi sunt uestiarium 
ecclesiae et xxiiij. capas pretiosas, omnia uestimenta principalia, et ij. 
casulas festiuales cum tunicis et dalmaticis, pretiosum saphirum, ij. 
turribula magna argentea et deaurata, iiij. pelues de argento et amme- 
lat<o> et fiolas, ij. cruces festiuales, iij. calices de auro puro magni 
ponderis, cupam auream supra magnum altare in qua reconditum fuerit 
corpus Christi, eiecto corpore super altare, cimi tribus aliis cupis argenteis 
et deauratis ibidem pendentibus asportauerunt. De refectorio magnum 
ciphum S. Edmundi et xxiiij. mazers electos, unam cupam argenteam, j. 
cupam deauratam, pelues, aquaria argenti, pecias et discos argenteos cum 
cocliariis depraedati sunt... 

p. 334. Et sic multotiens et multis modis conuentum terruerunt 
frangentes uitreas fenestras ecclesiae, et multa alia enormia perpetrantes. 


V. John Oxenede's Chronicle (Rolls Series). 

[a.d. 102L] Aluuinus, Estanglorum episcopus, coepit construere | 
ecclesiam S. Aedmundi regis, ad quam media pars libroruiu et eccle- * 
siasticorum omamentoram a domo S. Benedicti (i.e. St BeDet of Hulme) 
est translata^. 

[a.d. 1275.] Deposita est capella S. Aedmundi apud S. Aedmundum, 
et in eodem loco capella S. Mariae est constructa : ubi sub terra iimenti 
fuerunt muri cigusdam veteris ecclesiae rotundae, quae quidem multo 
latior fuit quam capella, et ita constructa quod altare capellae quasi in 
medio ejus fuerat, et creditur illam fuisse quae ad opus S. Aedmundi 
prime fuit constructa. Positus fuit primus lapis a Roberto priore,conventu 
ibidem ezistente et Antiphona(m) Ave regina ^elorum) modulante, prime 
die mensis Julii^. 

VI. Florence of Worcester ii. 169 (ed. Thorpe) : in the 
continuation (John de Taxster). 

1210. Matilda de Brausa et WiUelmus filius ejus apud Windlesoram 
fame interierunt Ista dedit mappam pretiosam S. Edmundo, ad usus 

Turris ecclesiae S. Edmundi <sine aIiquo> impulsu venti cecidit ix. 
KaL Octobr. (23 Sept.). 

The mappa, being given to the refectory, was presumably a rich cloth 
or hanging, not a mappa mundi. 

These statements occur also in the Chronicle of the Abbey preserved in 
Camb. Univ. Libr. MS. Add. 850, whence I have supplied the words ^ sine 
aliquo.' But, if we compare No. XX. in this Appendix, we shall find that 
the fall of the tower was due to a storm of wind. 

VII. The Liber Albus (Harl. 1005) : C. 68 in the Abbey 
Library, of octavo size : cent, xiii, with notes by the Librarian. 
The text from f. 217 6, here abstracted, is printed in full in the 
Monasticon : the rest is printed, I think, for the first time. 

On folio 104& in the TreuiitWMS pcUrum : 

Nota quod ciphus cum thure poni debet super altare chori dum 
incenditur ( = incensatur) conuentus. Post conuentum uero incenduntur 
altaria more statute scilicet Crucis ad pedes sancti Eadmundi, Martyrum, 
sancti Sabe et beate Marie. 

When the Abbot says Mass, and has entered the choir, the Prior, etc., 
wait 'aut in Yestiario uestiti, aut coram sancto Saba,' until the Abbot has 
b^gun the Antiphon before Magnificat 

1 Ozenede, p. 19. « lUd. p. 246. » Florence, p. 169. 


The incense being put into the censer, 'Prior capiat unum (thurribuUim) 
et procedat ex parte sua, et Supprior aliud, procedens ex parte Abbatis ; 
et precedant abbatem et cereos nsque ad magnum altare, et ibi tradit 
Supprior Abbati suum thurribulum. Abbas uero et Prior turificent uas 
cum eukaristia et magnum altare, feretrum beati Eadmundi, cistam 
reliquiarum, altare sanctorum Botulphi, Thome, et Jurmini, et feretra 
eorum. Abbas scilicet ex parte australi et Prior ex parte aquilonari. Quo 
facto capiat Supprior turribulum de manu Abbatis, qui et Prior procedant 
ut prius et turificatis feretro Baldewini Abbatis et altari in chore' they 
proceed to incense the conrent 

On some other occasions the Prior and Subprior wait in the vestry and 
enter 'per ostium uiride usque ad magnum altare/ This green gate is 
mentioned as having a special custog, in the estimate of the weekly 
expenses of the Church. It seems identical with the gate leading into the 
vestry out of the choir, which is spoken of in the account of the fire of 

The Altar of SS. Botolph, Thomas, and Jurmin is only mentioned 
under this name in this passage, so far as I know : Mr Gordon Hills would 
identify it with the Altar of the Martyrs. This is quite likely, but at the 
same time not certain. I hesitate to accept it without further evidence, 
because I believe that the dedication to ' the Martyrs ' is an old one, and is 
of purely general signification, not being intended to apply to individuals, 
but to the whole army of Martyrs. As a matter of fact, only two of the 
three saints to whom the Martyrs' altar was sacred according to Mr Hills's 
theory, were martyrs. S. Botolph was a Confessor only. I still, therefore 
incline to believe that the Martyrs' altar was somewhere near or in the 
Chapel of the Virgin, and that the altar of the three saints was at some 
such point as that marked K in the plan. 

On p. 21 55 in the Liber Albus are particulars about the lighting of the 
Church, whence I extract the following : 

In V festis principalibus et vi secundariis accenduntur cerei super 
candelabrum cum magno cereo. 

This was the great candlestick near the High altar. 

In omnibus festis iiii^' caparum x et vii supra (candele) circa 
S. Eadmundum. 

et V ante magnum altare et ii ante altare S. Botulphi. 

et iiii super altare in chore. 

This mention of the altar of S. Botulph seems to me to confirm my 
view expressed above that the altar of the Martyrs and the altar of 
S. Botulph were two distinct ones. For we have elsewhere mention, in 
the same list, of the Martyrs, S. Saba, and S. Cross. 

f. 69. De liberatione cereorum altari magno hospitalis S. Saluatoris, 
altari S. Lauren tii ad aulam hospitum, altari nigri hospitii, tribus altaribus 
in infirmaria (S. Michaers, S. Benedict's, and another), quinque altaribus 



in Yoltis (i.e. in the triforium), altaribus S. Marie in criptis, et in capella 
prions in cimiterio, altari in uestiario, altari S. Edmundi, et capellanis 
abbatis. Ex registro sacristae et ex antique consuetudinario tertii prioris 
in turpi qnatemo. 

This shows that there were five altars in the triforium; S. Giles's 
was one of them, and S. Ann's and S. Nicasius's may have been others. 

f. 217&. The 'cripta S. Mariae Virginis infra ecclesiam beati Eadmundi ' 
was dedicated by Ralph Bp. of Rochester, afterwards Abp. of Canterbury. 
A story of three boys in the school, Ralph, afterwards Sacrist, Wide, and 
Walter, who looking out of the infirmary window saw Bp. Ralph confirming 
in the cemetery near where S. Andrew's Chapel now is, and saw two doves 
hovering about him ; ' et post cum in ecclesiam a diuino opere per posteru- 
lam que uersus capellam S. Eadmundi est introiret,' the doves followed 

Altare S. Petri in fronte ecclesiae ad pedes S. Eadmundi : dedicated in 
Baldwin's priorate, but it is not known by whom. Sancta uero crux que 
ibidem erecta est, ualde sancta est et antiqua. Some say this cross was 
there before the monks came : others, that Leofstan on his way to Rome 
had it made according to the measure of the cross of Lucca. 

Altaria S. Martini presulis et S. Sabe abbatis et porticum S. Fidis 
uii^nis et martiris super porticum S. Dionisii infra mains monasterium, et 
ecclesiam S. Mariae parochiam uille, et capellam S. Andree apostoli in 
cimiterio fratrum, et capellam S. Margarete uirginis et martiris ad australem 
portam maioris cimiterii : were all dedicated at the request of abbot Anselm 
by John Bp. of Rochester. Anselm had been abbot of S. Saba at Rome : 
* ideo memoratum altare ei construere et desuper depingere fecit' 

The writer thinks there had always been a church of S. Mary at Bury 
since the time of Felix (the Burgundian missionary of cent. vii.). The 
stone church of S. Mary was pulled down, *pro extendendis dextri brachii 
noui monasterii fundamentis' : et predicta parochia a Gaufrido sacrista pro 
ipsa ad australem angulum cimiterii uersus occidentem oonstructa. 

Capellam S. Andree edificare et depingere fecerunt Anselmus et Herueus : 
it was instead of a small ' Capellula lapidea ' which was * iuxta hospitium 
sacristie,' and formerly much revered. ^Quam, ut amnem dilatarent, et 
quod non fiiit in apto loco, destruere fecerunt' PkKebo and Dirige were 
ordered to be said in the new chapel for the souls of all who lay in the 

Alboldus a priest had in Baldwin's time built a ' turrem non paruam et 
adherentem ei capellam' to S. Margaret, where a holy woman Langliua 
was afterwards inclosed, lived, died, and was buried. This building Anselm 
pulled down, ^et premissa ecclesia eidem uirgini edificata est' 

Altare S. Crucis retro chorum dedicauit Albericus Hostiensis episcopus 
(legate in Stephen's time) et hec dedicacio in uigilia S. Eadmundi facta est. 
Anselm was then at Rome. Ipsam uero magnam crucem a Gaufrido 

C. A, 8, Octavo Series, XXVIII. H 


sacrista per Wohancum pictorem preparatam et nraltis infra dorsum et 
magnis ab ipso reliquiis roconditis longe ante dedicaaerat Anselmus 
Cantuariensis arcbiepiscopus tempore Roberti abbatis. The story of its 
having split itself out of the wood miraculously is given. 

Baldwin in memory of S. Denis, whose monk he had been, ' fecit basili- 

cam grandem et pulchram, ubi oetum clericorum non paruum ooadnnauit, 

. et parochiam uille ibidem oonstitnit, ubi inter Archiclericos erat Petrus 

I Damianus, cuius pulcherrimus liber qui didtur Dominus ucbiseum usque 

I hodie extat. Hec pro eztendendis lateribus fundamenti nauis maioris 

ecclesie diruta, et alia pene in eodem loco portions artificiose oonstructa 

est, et primum parochia que nunc est ad S. lacobum ubi similiter fuit, 

temporeque Anselmi et ipso presente,' dedicated by Richard Bp. of 

. Avranches. 

i Baldwin made a wooden chapel of St Stephen over the place where the 

bones were buried which were found in digging for the new basilica. 
Anselm pulled it down, and rebuilt it not far off: it was consecrated by 
the same Richard. 

Anselm built S. James's Church : it was consecrated by William 
Turbius 'Abp. of Canterbury': on the next day he consecrated the 
Infirmary Chapel ' in memoriam summi Archangeli Michaelis.' 

In Anselm's time and Stephen's reign 'quum Hymerus Tusculanus 
episropus functus est legacione Anglie, Dothrot episcopus Ebredunensis (of 
Embrun), qui cum ipso uenit, ipsius iussu dedicauit capellam domus 
infirmorum extra uillam S. Eadmundi in memoriam beati Petri Apostoli.' 
Anselm was absent 

Ording, tempore Stephani, dedicare fecit capellam S. Egidii infra 
mains monasterium desnper altare S. Johannis ewangeliste, a Gaufrido 
episcopo de S. Asaph in Wallia, relaxatis pie requisitoribus iam dicte 
porticus in die festiuitatis eiusdem sancti xv diebus de eorum penitencia. 

There were many other sacraria before the monks' time, now pulled 
down or changed or forgotten. ' Nam in loco quo nunc est noua domus 
inOrmorum nidi magnam turrim in memoria S. Benedicti dedicatam, iuxta 
quam dicebaut abbatem Baldewinum habuisse suas cameras, et ipsam 
turrim cum portion eius referebant Alfricum filium Withgari construxisse, 
et quondam filium suum qui infirmus erat ibidem cum licentia et uoluntate 
abbatum Uuii et Leofstani posuisse, et Melefordiam manerium suum 
redditibus ecclesie adiecisse.' 

This I say, that it may be understood that there were many more 
sacraria, ' De non sacratis altaribus nichil iudico dicere, cum in quorum 
memoria sanctorum erecta sint facile querenti a multis scientibus patebit' 

An addition follows, on the dedication of the Chapel of SS. Stephen 
and Edmund on Innocents' day by William de Dages, arcbiepiscopus 

The same matters are almost all contained in the Registrum alphabet!- 


cum Celerarii, Oambr. Univ. Lib. Gg.iv.4, cent. xv. They seem to be 
extracted from a larger and older work, which has most likely perished. 

f. 14. (Gent xv.) An account of the visit of Abp. Thomas Arundel in 
1400. He was met by the prior and convent in the Church, without 
procession or ringing of bells. He heard vespers 'stans in stallo abliatis 
inferiori, et iuxta ipsum stetit dominus abbas et dominus le Mowbray.' 
On the next day he heard two masses ^ in capella reliquiarum/ and offered 
at the shrine. Then he went with the Abbot and Prior *per cimiterium 
magnum in capellam S. Andree, deiu in uineam, et sic redeundo per totam 
infirmarie aulam, et cameram prioris inuisere decreuit: tandem per 
claustrum regressus uenit in refectorium, et sic circa undecim de campana 
intrauit palacium. armigeri ipsius domini Cantuariensis dixerunt se 
non uidisse dominum suum leciorem aut iocundiorem quum comedebat 
cum alio domino per totum annum precedentem.' 

f. 278 &. Inscriptio exarata in trunco pedum ymaginis S. Marie que 
super magnum altare stabat, cum cruce et lohanne. 

This was no doubt the rood given by Abp. Stigand. See above no. ii, 
at the beginning. 

VIII. Registrum Vestiarii or Registrum W. Pinchebeck 
(Univ. Libr. Ee . iii . 60) contains the Pladta Corone referring 
to the great Riot of 1327. On f. 65 is an account of some of 
the Church property taken or destroyed by the mob. The 
same text is quoted in the Monasticon, and in Yates's History of 
Bury, from other copies. 

Scilicet XX cistas, xxx forceria, xl carulas. . .et calices aureos et aigenteos, ^ 
libros, uestimenta, omamenta ecclesie, uidelicet : iii calices aureos, xl calices 
argenteos, xx missalia, xxiv portiforia, xii bibulas (= Bibles), xx psalteria, 
X Jornalia, semptem (septem) paria decretorum, x paria decretalium, et 
alios plures libros diuersa<mm> sdentiarum et uoluminum. Quinqua- 
ginta etiam capas chori, Ix albas cum amitiis, xxx etiam cassibulas 
(chasubles), xxx tuniculas, xl dalmaticulas, xx etiam frontalia altarium, 
xl urciola, vi thurribula argentea et uasa coclearia argentea, ciphos et alia 
utensilia, uidelicet (a list of domestic plate follows). 

f. 83. The rioters extorted from the Abbot arms, books, and jewels, 
scilicet XX ciphos argenteos, xl aketones (actons), xxx habergones, xxx 
Bacinettos, x etiam gradalia, xii antiphonaria, x troparia. 

IX. William of Worcester, Itinerarium, ed. Nasmyth 

I have collated Nasmyth 's text with the autograph at 
Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (no. ccx.). 




'LoDgitado Curie magne infra precmctum monasterii de Berye 210 
gitxioiu meofl. 

Latitado eins 120 gressna. 

LoDgitado et ktitndo quadraDgolaria Claustri Bury continet ex omni 
3 om, K. parte 80 gressiu meoi\ 

LoDgitado Eoclesie parochialk sancti jaoobi de Bery continet 66 

in toto continet 06 

greflsus: at (? ac) longitude chori iUios continet 30 gressus. 

Latitado eins continet 34 gressns. 

* a mutilated 6^ x (?) 
word above, at Interstitinm inter duas Ecclesias parochiales continet 230 (his) gressns^. 

the end ofth^ Longitudo ecclesie parochialis assampcionis beate marie ex parte 
tne: om,oy . nj^^dionali de Bery 40 gressibus. 

^ perhaps Longitudo chori continet in toto 120 gressus cum vno oYyrstorye^. 

clearstoxye. Latitude eius continet 40 gressus. 

Longitudo navis Ecclesie monasterii Bery continet 150 gressus meos. 
^ obscure: pos- Longitudo spadi^ campanile in medio ecclesie navis a dicto numero 
sibly maioris. jg^ gressus continet 20 gressus. I 

Latitude brachii meridionalis Ecclesie a pede campanilis ad portam j 
meridionalem continet 43 gressus. 

Longitudo chori a pede orientali campanile predicte vsque ad capellam * 
beate marie continet 70 gressus. t 

£t sic tota ecclesia monasterii cum choro et campanile continet 240 
gressus meos. 

* horiali N. Longitudo capelle beate marie ex parte borrali^ chori vbi Thomas 

40 grossus 40 

Beauford iacet sepultus continet 40 gressus. 
Latitude eius continet 21 gressus. 
Longitudo de le chapiter hous continet 50 gressus. 
Latitude eius 20 gressus. 

7 £frayler N, Longitudo de le flFrayter^ continet viii". xi.^ pedes qtiod^ 90 gressus 

8 clxzi. N. latitude 21 gressus. 

9 am. N. Latitude eius 40 pedes. 

Longitude Cripte Capelle beate marie subtus scrinio Sancti Edmundi 
continet 50 gressus. 
^^ om, N. Latitude eius continet ^^ 40 gressus vbi^ est fons pulcherrimus. 

" et ibi N. dedicacio dicte cripte beate marie 5 die nouembris. 

Et in dicto spacio sunt 24 columpne. 

Followed by a memorandum about some timber. 

1 MS. p. 171. Nasmyth, p. 267, 

'818 ■i»>B/i>X 
"nXATi ••»H»ff oavjOQ 'S T '0 



Mooa Hinot 


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SQNnvvaa is Auna 
HounHO Aaaav hhi jo Nvid 




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3018 8,«omd 

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II. p. 308 N. 

p. 230 MS. 
J^ christi 1479. Eoclesia de Bury mense maij. 

iongitudo Ecclesie Sancti Edmundi de Bury continet 240 gradas viz. 

capella beate marie ysque portam occidentalem. ^ a N. 

latitado nauis ecclesie contiDet 46 gradus cum duobus Elys. 

iatitudo chori cum duobus Elys continet 42 gradus. 

longitudo de le Chapitell hous continet 66 gradus. 

<atitndo eius continet 20 gradus. 

iongitudo magne curie continet 240 gradus. 

J Latitude eius (blank: N. omits this line). 

Longitudo claustri continet ex omni^ parte 90 gradus. " perhaps 


^^ I have not 
coUated these 
verses with the 


De anno cbitus Thomae Brotherton comitis Norff.^^ 

Mors mala, mors peior, mors i>essima, predo yirorum, 

Mors trux, yirorum raptrix violenta bonorum. 

A numero milleno ter C quoque ter duodeno 

Binarius detur numerus sic totus habetur. 

Anno quo WUdmua ElmJiam obiit, et ictcet apud Berye. 

Anno myl. domini c. quater ter si sibi pendas, 

Transiit ille maii sexto decimoque Kalendas; 

Urbem salvavit Bayon, et earn relevavit, 

Hispaniae stravit regem, simul inde fugavit. 

Quamplures alios grandes commiserat actus, 

Uude super reliquos est grandis nomine factus. 

P<l>ures vincebat, invictus et ipse manebat, 

Vir subtilis erat, bellis semper fuit aptus. 

In bello fuerat nunquam rictus neque captus. 

Fortis erat, sapiens, in bellis annosus.... 

i Sanctus Robertus puer crucifixus per Judeos apud Bery: et dies Sanctus Ro 

Itfitur die vii junij ^ sed celebratur die maij. bertus. 

r^ " mau N. 

I Then follow notes on the Churches of Thetford. 

In Yates's History of Bury (vol. i) a plan of the Church is given, and 

William of Worcester's measurements are laid down upon it. See also 

{vol ii, p. 34. Yates's own measurements make the Church 505 ft. 6 in. 

long, the West Front 246 ft. broad, the Transept 241 ft. 6 in. broad. 

From Gillingwater's Historical and Descriptive Account, 
1804, p. 70. 

"We shall here subjoin the following account of the 
dimensions of that grand and venerable edifice, the conventual 
church at Bury, as taken in the year 1790. 





Will. Wore 


(taking 1 pace 
to be 2 ft.) 

42 40 




From the west door of the middle aisle to the centre 1 
of the west pillars at the foot of the belfry. / 

From the centre of the west pillars at the foot of the \ 

belfry to the centre of the east pillars of the >- 

belfry. ) 

From the centre of one of the east pillars of the foot \ 

of the belfry to the skreen or pillar which di- >- 

▼ided the choir from the nave of the church. ) 
From the west door to the skreen at the choir. 
From the screen which divided the choir from the \ 

nave to the entrance into the building at the I 

east end of the choir, called the sacristy (? really [ 

the Eastern Lady Chapel). j 

The length of the sacristy 
[Hence the length of the choir from E. piers of 

tower to Lady Chapel is according to Gilling- 

water 106+25+24]. 
From the north door of the north transept to the 1 

comer pillar of the north aisle. j 

From the centre of the comer pillar of the north \ 

aisle to the centre of the next pillar of the belfry [ 

between the aisles (i.e. the breadth of the N. | 

aisle). j 

From thence to the opposite piUars (i.e. breadth of 

central tower). 
From thence to the comer pillars of the south 1 

transept (i.e. breadth of S. aisle). j 

From thence to the south door of [the] south transept \ 

as before. J 

[Hence Gillingwater makes the length of transept \ 

and aisle together.] j 

The length of the cross transepts of the Church from 1 

north to south. j 

The whole length of the Church. 
The height of the pillars from the ground to the top. 

X. Leland. Comm. in Cygneam Cantionem. (Itinerary, 
ed Hearne, 1744, vol. ix., p. 50.) 

Curia, Saxonice Byri...Quid ego hie pluribus collaudo Curiam verbis? 
Unum hoc tantum addam, solem non videre urbem situ elegantiorem : 
(sic moUi delicata pendet in clivo, et rivulus ad orientem defluit) aut 
coenobium illustrius, sive quis dotationem, sou amplitudinem, aut magnifi- 
centiam incomparabilem aequis rationibus expendat Diceres plane coe- 


















nobitun urbem esse: tot portae, partim etiam aereae, tot turres, et 
templam quo nollam magnificentios, cui et alia tria egregio opere nitentia, 
ano et eodem coemeterio sita, subserviunt. Amniculus, de quo superias, 
mediis monasterii septis illabitur, duplici ponte arcuati operis peirius. 

Leland, Itinerary, iv. (ed. 1744), pp. 153 — 155, has some 
notes on Bury, partly taken from the Douai Register, partly 
from some other, which I have not yet discovered. This 
second set of notes is headed : 

Ex libeUo de Exequiis nobilium virorum et Abbatum 
sepuUorum in moncuterio S. Edmundi, 

loannes de Gaunt dux Lancastriae septem fenestras vitreas fieri fecit 
in ecclesia ex parte australi. 

[These are certainly not among the windows described in the Heralds' 
College MS. They may have been in the nave clerestory.] 

loannes rex Angliae dedit S. Edmundo unum sapphyrum virtuosum, et 
unum rubeum sine carbunculum magni valoris. 

Thomas [de Tottington] Abbas dedit magnam copiam rasorum argent- 
eorum monasterio S. Edmundi. 

loannes Lavenham sacrista fecit et fieri procuravit in ecclesia S. 
Edmundi infra spatium 26 annorum campanile nouum supra chorum pretio 
866 lib, 13 solidis et 4 denariis. Fecit fieri et maximam campanam pretio 
centum triginta trium librarum, sex solidorum et octo denariorum. 

Sampson Abbas. . .lavatoria opere mirifico et magnitudine admiranda 

[The work of Sampson on the lavatory is, as I now see, described in 
the Gesta Sacristarum (Mem, ii. 292) among the works of Walter de 
Banham, Sampson's sacrist, in the following terms. '* Sanatorium, morte 
preuentus, ad plenum non consummauit Sed tamen quicquid ibi uidemus 
in marmore aut in imaginibus deauratis, et in opere caementario, facto 
iam siue faciendo totum fecit." In both Leland and the Gesta^ the lines I 
have printed are immediately preceded by a notice of the waterworks. 
In the Gesta the Monasticmi reads, no doubt rightly, Lauatorium for 
Sanatorium. In fact, I cannot think what a ' Sanatorium ' would be in a 
monastery, unless it were the infirmary; which, in this place, it assuredly 
is not. Some of the ornaments of the Lavatory are described in the 
Heralds' College MS. 

John Lavenham's central tower was probably a rebuilding, after the 
fall in 1210. It was surmounted by a tall wooden spire, of which we hear 
for the first time in the account of the fire of 1465.] 

In the View qf the Mitred Abbeys^ appended to Leland's Collectanea 
(vi. p. 13S, London, 1770) are notes of Benefactions taken from the 
Itinerary, with some new details. 


John Lavenham made a new Tower for Bells over the choir of 
St Edmund's Church, which was 26 years in Building and cost him 
866/. IZs. Id, He likewise gave a great Bell, which cost 133/. 6s, Sd, and 
must have weighed (as I gather from a Note I have seen of the Valuation 
of the Abbey BeUs after the Reformation, when they were exposed to 
Sale) upwards of seven thousand Pounds. 

Also in the Collectanea, i. 224. 

Stephanus [comes Britanniae dedit terras in Cambrige pro anima Alani 
fratris sui comitis Britanniae qui jacet ad ostium australe in ecclesia 
S. Edmundi coram altare (-i) S. Nicolai. 

This confirms my belief that S. Nicholas* Chapel was in the South 
Transept : see above in the Extracts from Annals of Bury (p. 344). 

XI. From Tymms's Bury Wills and Inventories, Camden 
Society, 1850. 

Lady Ela Shardelowe, 1457, (p. 13). 
Item lego sacriste monasterii S. Edmundi liis mjd. 
Item lego ad reparacionem omamentorum in uestibulo ecclesie 
predict, yu viij^. 

Item lego fferetro S. Edmundi vnum monile aureum cum fig^ra cemi 

Item lego reparacioni omamentorum altaris S. Martini in eadem 
ecclesia xs. 

Item lego ad fobricam noui campanilis monasterii de Bury c», 
John Baret, 1463, (p. 35). 
Item I geve and beqwethe to Seynt Edmond and his schryne my 
hevy peys noble wich weyeth xxs. and my best herte of gold with aungellys 
and a ruby with iiij labellys of white innamyl, the seid noble and the 
seid broche herte of gold to be hange, naylyd, and festnyd vpon the shryne 
ouder my coste by the avys of myn executours wher they and the 
ffertrerys (feretrarii) thynke and fynde a place moost convenient, to the 
wourshippe of God and Seynt Edmund. 
William Baret, 1502 (p. 94). 
Item I bequethe to y* beldyng of the newe stepill in the monastery 
of Seynt Edmond in Bury forseid, xs. 

Anne Baret, 1504, leaves 5 marks to the same (p. 97). 
William Place, priest, 1504 (p. 105). 
Item I beqweth to the monastery of Seynt Edmund forseid my 
book of the dowtes of Holy Scryptur, to ly and remayn in the doyster 
of the seid monastery as long as yt wyll ther indure. 
Maister Henry Rudde, doctor, 1506 (p. 107). 
My body to be buried in the monastery of Seynt Edmond byfor 
Seynt Crystofer. Item I beyqueth toward the makyng of y blynde 
wyndowes in the said monastery and be syde Seynt Christopher x li. 


John Gage Rokewode, in his article .on the Bell-Tower 
of the Abbey, Archaeologia xxiii. 331, gives notices of bequests 
to the building of the tower by the following persons : 

John Hert, 1441. 

Dionysia Redgys, 1449*. 

John Amy Chaplain, 1461 : he leayes his body to be buried 'sublapide 
iacente in magno ostio noni campanilis monasterii S. Edmundi in Bury 

Matt Robert, 1465. 

Tho. Eden, 1495. 

GuL Legat, 1500. 

XII. Letters of Commissioners: from the Suppression of 
Monasteries t Camden Society, 1843, ed. T. Wright. 

p. 85. 

John ap Rice to CromwelL 

Please it your mastership, forasmoche as I suppose ye shall have 
sate made unto yow touching Burie er we retourae, I thought convenient 
to adTcrtise yow of our procedinges there, and also of the compertes of the 
same. As for thabbot, we found nothing suspect as touching his lyving, 
but it was detected that he laye moche forth in his granges, that he 
delited moche in playing at dice and cardes, and therin spent moche 
money, and in buylding for his pleasure. He did not preche openly. Also 
that he converted divers formes into copie holdes, wherof poore men doth 
complayne. Also he semeth to be addict to the mayntenyng of suche 
supersticious ccremones as hathe ben used hertofor. 

As touching the convent, we coulde geate title or no reportes amonge 
theym, although we did use moche diligence in our examinacion, and 
therby, with some other argumentes gethered of their examinacions, I 
fermely beleve and suppose that they had confedered and compacted bifore 
our commyng that they sbulde disclose nothing. And yet it is confessed 
and proved that there was here suche frequence of women commyng and 
reasserting to this monastery as to no place more. Amongest the reliques we 
founde moche vanitie and superstition, as the coles that Saint Laurence was 
tested withal, the paring of S. Edmundes naylles, S. Thomas of Canterbury 
penneknyff and his bootes, and divers skulls for the hedache; peces of the 
holie crosse able to make a hole crosse of; other reliques for rayne and 
certain other superstitiouse usages, for avoyding of wedes growing in come, 
with suche other. Here departe of theym that be under age upon an eighty 
and of theym that be above age upon a five wolde departe yf they might, and 
they be of the best sorte in the house, and of best lernyng and jugement. 
The hole nomber of the covent before we cam was Ix saving one, beside 


ly that were at Oxforde* Of Elie I have written to your mastership by my 
felowe Richard a Leeu And thns Almigfatie Qod have yon in his tnicion. 
From Bane, Tth Novembre. 

' Yonr serrant moste bonnden 
John ap Bice» 

The contemptible creatore who wrote these lines shows his hand very 
plainly in the first part of the letter. It is evident that John Reeve (or 
Melford), who is the abbot referred to, was a man not in advance of his time, 
and that is the worst that could be said of him. It is eqoaUy clear that the 
Commissioners had ferreted about in any and every direction for scandalous 
tales against the abbot and the monks : and that the abbey of Bury 
fi compared most favourably in respect of decent religious life with some of 
its smaller neighbours. As to the ' frequence of women ' resorting to the 
monastery, we are carefully not told whether it was to the Church or to 
the domestic buildings that they came. 

We gain a little information about the relics. The coals of St Lawrence 
were very likely kept in his chapel, which was in the guest-house: the 
parings of St Edmund's nayles were those which the devout woman Oswen 
had cut from the corpse, in Saxon times : the relics of St Thomas' probably 
were in his shrine, at the east end of the Church. The pieces of the true 
cross able to make a whole cross of (he is probably laughing at the number 
and size of them) were perhaps in one of the crosses in the Chapel of the 
Holy Cross (the S. E. apse). Weever tells us in his Funeral Monuments 
that the skull of S. Petronilla was used to cure agues, and that the bones 
of S. Botolph were carried about the fields, and prevented darnell and 
tares from growing. 

The sentence that begins " Here departe of them " etc., means that of 
those under age in the monastery about eight were willing to go, and of 
those above age about five. The three monks at Oxford were no doubt at 
Gloucester Hall, with which Bury had a regular connexion. 

Ibid. p. 144. 

The Commissioners to Cromwell. 

Pleasith it your lordship to be advertysed that wee have ben at 
saynt Edmondes Bury, where we founde a riche shryne whiche was very 
comberous to deface. We have takyn in the seyd monastery in golde and 

sylver m\ m\ m . m\ m . markes, and above, over and besydes a well and 
riche crosse with emereddes, as also dyvers and sundry stones of great 
value, and yet we have lefte the churche, abbott, and oovent very well 
ffurnesshed with plate of sylver necessary for the same. [The Commissioners 
then state that they do not much like the idea of going to Ely, having 
heard that Hhe sykeues' was there; but that they would enquire.] And 
this present day we departe from Bury towardes Ely, and we assure your 



lordship the abbott and oonyent be very well contented with every thyng 
that we have done there, as knowith God, woo preserve your lordshipp. 

Your Lordeshipe moste bownden 

John Williams. 
Rychard Pollard. 
Phylyp Parys. 
John Smyth. 

The defiEudng of the shrine need not have extended further than strip- 
ping it of the metal plating. It was very likely not opened ; so that the 
non-mention of S. Edmund's bones cannot be used as a strong confirmation 
of the story that they had been removed by Lewis of France in 1216 and 
were now at Toulouse (where they are still shown). 

The cross with emeralds was probably Henry Lacy's. 

It is difficult to believe that the abbot and convent were really ' very 
well contented ' with any or all of the Commissioners' proceedings, though 
it may be that they ' took cheerfully the spoiling of their goods.' 

XIII. It is here necessary to add a copy of Sir Henry 
Spelman's verses upon a painted window which he ostensibly 
saw at Bury. I have had to transcribe it from Yates's History 
of Bury, p. 177 sqq. He in turn took it from Sir James 
Burrough's Collectanea Burieiisia, the property of S. James' 
Parish at Bury: and the original is "said to be among Sir 
Henry Spelman's MSS." 

There is a 
town in 
where was an 
abbey of 
St Edmund. 

Buildings of 
many dates, 
of hewn, stone, 
with columns, 
and roofs 
carved with 
gates, etc. 
a city in 


Est locus Icenas inter celeberrimus urbes, 
Frugiferis campis, et amoeno in sidere laetus : 
Quo fuit Edmundo' structura opibusque superbum, 
Coenobium antiquum, diui de nomine dictum. 
Illic congeries multorum spleudida regum, 
Multarum aetatum manibus fabricata magistris 
Quadrate ex lapide, et sublimibus alta columnis 
Marmore conspicuis, laqueato in uertice textu^ 
Sidereos referens mortali in imagine uultus^ 
Moenia quid memorem pinnis educta? quid arces 
Offerrem bifores, penetralia multa uidssim, 
In coelum iunctis iterantia culmina tectis t 
Dizeris eximiam spatiis breuioribus urbem^ 



0» f" 


* V. L fastus. 

2 1. Edmundi. s 1 tecti. 

* Cf. Leland's panegyric. 


In one Urge Hie aditiu inter narios iuurio«iae reoessiiSy 

f^^^ ^ , Gondaoi in magno qno oellenurins olim 15 

the Cellarer 8 ^ ^ , . ,. 

lodgings was Dog^bat (cnatos rationum creditnr ease) 

a painted Yitrea laminibns specioea fenestra dnobos 

window in Integra constabat, ionga at peritora senecta, 

diH^onTstill ^^ ^^^ ^ proaois depicta, nepotibns olim 

p^ect, Miranda, haec series nentori praescia saecli. 20 

thoogh likely Pingitnr in gemina spectanti EcdeHa forma 

rem^ntinfl ^'^^ ^^"^ ^^*^ is^ et manifestis utraqne signis. 

prophetically Altins in sammo partis super omne sinistrae 

the true and Elatos solio spatiator Papa saperbo, 

falsechnrehee. ||,y^ sanguineo mtilans, cni limbos in oia 26 

Um l^t-lutnd 1^^^ ^bit chlamydem gemmis operosns et aoro : 

picture is the Anro picta uiget tota et sub tegmine uestis 

Pope in Plnmata Indens textnra et consita circnm 

S^d tripte''^' Margine gemmifero; tripUdque comscus in anro 

crown, and Attollit sublime caput diademate^ regni 30 

nimbus. In specimen triplids, coelorum, terrae, et abyssL 

Neue homo mortali uideatur tegmine amictus, 
He holds his Numinis indicium radii sua tempora cingunt 
®5V\^^ . J^©**™ triumphatis captiuum comprimit orbem 
^th the'left R^bus illius, qui sub moderamine florens 35 

he grasps at Pingitur ; et laeua rapit impiger undique dona, 
gi'^* Stat circumfusus multo molimine Clerus, 

The clergy YLinc monachi, hinc fratres, hinc coenobiarcha, sacerdos, 
surround him, „ /. u- <u ^• 

monks friars Pontifices, uillisque senex hirsutus eremi, 

abbots, Quique admirautur Romana crepundia (uanae 40 

bishops, Reiigionis opes), globulosque, crucesque ferentes. 

Only Cardi- ^o*^ ^Xxist petaso qui fulget tutus et ostro, 

nslB are not Cardine nomen habens ; quia tum decor ille per orbem 

represented: jjsset adhuc nostrum •, uel non bene oognitus orbe/ 

because not Interea occludunt reges proceresque scabellum, 45 

then known. Suppliciterque colunt sceleratum poplite numen, 

Kings crowd Sacrae et auaritiae libent ^ : fert iste superbum 

round the jj^^ ^^^^^^ donum: nummis agit alter: at ille 

throne, bring- ^ • j« I • i. 

ing gifts: Temone excussus regni diadema resignat. 

one resigns Parte alia pensant auro, de morte redemptos 50 

his crown. ^n coelum ut referant proauos, quos^ ergo sepulchris 

The sale of gursrentes uideas, sic stultae illudere plebi. 
mdulgences '^*"» j v x j- •* * *• 

is elsewhere Ante pedes lictor redimitus tempora sertis 

shown and Caedibus exultat, toto et furibundus in ore, 

(apparently) YLvna gladio, hinc serra decerpit membra priorum. 55 

souls rismg 

from purga- 6 nondum probably. ^ orbem MS. 

^^' 8 I ubant. » sed et sic MS. 


An armed Nee procul astabat scelerati buccina uerbi 

offioi^ Insulsus frater, toosis de more capillis, 

viotimswith ^V^ sacrilegis strepitans sua dogmata labris: 

sword and Cuius, ut attoniti, grauidum quasi numine pectus 

^Y'- Mirantur comites, palmisque oculisque supinis: 60 

preaching at ^^ ^^^ daemon modulantibus impiger alis 

the admiring Ludit, et egregii laudat mendacia uatis. 

audience, jjq^j ^^^ in superis. Humilem sed et altera partem 

a demon ^ j. m » -i. x • • 

hovering Occupat etngies penitus contrana pnmae. 

over him. Cemitur apricis campis grandaeuus Helios 65 

^ f^%^^^' Simplex fronte, comis nudus, pedes ipse, nee ullo 

picture is the ^^^^^^ fastu, procerum consortia nulla, 

prophet E lias, Obsequium nullum: sacrum sed pectus anhelat 

with no pomp Acceptum coelis uerbum, purumque per omnes 

stance Diffundit populos, pecus omne per aula quaerit, 70 

preaching the Bispersumque gregem domini sub ouile reducit, 

true faith. Bt quibus erratum est longo docet ordine rebus ; 

Quaeque tenenda uia est, et quae sit fugienda uicissim. 

Non decreta hominum, iura aut papalia uitam 

Largiri, aut trepidas reuocari e faucibus umbras 75 

Infemis pretio, supera uel in arce locari : 

Unum iter et stadium, sacroque uolumine totum 

Hoc c^nstare, ultraque nihil citraue petendum. 

{A marginal reading gave a different version cf these lines, 

thus : 
Nulla moranda hominum decreta, nee esse sub astris 
Compita coelestis regni, monet omnibus unum 
Esse salutis iter, sacroque uolumine solum 
Hoc constare, ultraque nihil citraque petendum.] 
Sic uelut effatur, populique tenacius aures 
Astringit, mentesque sacris ardoribus implet. 80 

Priar, monk, Tota sed interea frendet Romana caterua, 
^ . P^.®* Ima tenens; frater, monachus, simul atque sacerdos; 
and show their Verberat hie terram pedibus, nasoque retento 
anger, or sleep Foetorem Sanctis simulat procedere labris. 
during the Obstruit ille aures, spemitque procacius ipsum 86 

Diuinum eloquium: dormit sed tertius expers 
Curarum, et nihili pendit pia uerba prophetae. 
In the right- Has tenet ambages pars ilia sinistra fenestrae : 
^nd half of Prouehor ad dextram, qua Paulus Apostolus omne 
at the top IS Q^^ super est spatium, Malachias possidet imum : 90 

St Paul ; ' Elogium reffert affixum in uertice uterque : 
below, Thessaliae scripsit quod Paulus ciuibus olim 

Perstringens oculis, sic uoce manuque minatur: 


Each has an " Non remoranda dies fatoram maximiis ille 

labeP^^ Terminus, instanti sed ut Hesperus ecce praeibit 95 

Paul's is from Judicium hoc certum, sum mo de culmine primum 

2 Thesfl. Deddet alma fides, passimque recessus Jn orbe 

*8hS*n^^ ReUgionis erit. Proles sed et ipsa nefaudae 

come, except Porditionis, adhuc latitat quae in semine, adnlta 

there be a Turn fiet manifesta palam, manifestns et ille 100 

^t^^t^^' Impietatis homo, summum contrarius ipsum 

' Qui super effertur numen, super omne quod usquam 

Vel cultum est dictumue Deus: quin, perdtus aestu 
Insane, templo ille Dei sedet impius, instar 
Numinis, atque deum stupefacto se exhibet orbi" 105 

St Paul has a Scribitur eusiferi tota haec narratio Pauli. 
Tn^^^p h ^^^^^ terque caput circum Antichristus habetur 
the name Adscriptum Papae, foret ut manifesta protends, 
Antichrist Bacehantem ludens pateris Ecclesia mimdum. 

**^?®i^" . Subsidet infemis Malachias canus, Eliae 110 

scnbed round „ . ^x j. • . ^ 

his head. -^ regione situs, diuim et gratus amons 

Malachi Nuncius errantes per plurima saecula gentes 

opposite to Sic pius alloquitur, scriptis pulchro ordine uerbis : 
Elias, hason <« Magna dies ueniet, seris uoluenda sub annis 
" Behold i Q^^ terrae centrum coeli cum uertice miscet 115 

send you Omnipotens Dominus, rerumque a cardine totus 
Eliji^ the ^^ Corruet horrendis arreptus ab ignibus orbis. 
' Sed prius, exigui memor ille salutis ouilis, 
En, ait, ipse sinu nobis legatus Helias 
Adfuerit nostro, patrumque tumentia mitis 120 

Pectora mulcebit natos aduersus, et ipsos 
Ad patres placida compostos pace reducet^ 
Ne ueniens stemam tolas anathemate terras." 
He points to Haec ait, et digito praesentem ostendit Heliam 
^^^®f» -^'^^ (Agmine disiunctum Romano) omnemque sub ilia 126 

thrRefomed ^%^® clerum, purgati semina uerbi 
clergy. Undiqae per populos fi*endentem: Ecclesia tandem 

When the day Antiquam reparet, solio pereunte, nitorem. 
came for the „ • i. •/ • i i. • r 

destruction of Haec pictor uitreis concluserat omnia formis, 

the abbey, the Oumque suprema dies aderat, qua funditus imo 130 

glory of East jjgg^^j ^\^ inuita iamiam perdenda bipenni, 

person* ^ Tot regum tarn illustre decus, domus omnis Boae 

charged with Gentis honos, tremulo et starent sub uertice turres, 

the work saw Verbere nutantes crebro, gemitumque ferentes 

at this picture, ^^ coelum terramque simul, partesque per omnes 136 

and sent for a Culmina corruerent laxo in compagine fulcro ; 

painter who Historiam banc totam cladis uidet ipse minister 
copied it. ^ 


Many copies Miratnsque animo, magna comitante caterna 

to!t SitriS- Pictorem acciuit; triciaque fideliter ipee^o 

and an eye- ' Plmma descripsit aiua exemplaria primo, 140 

witness Hactenus in popnlo spectanda frequentins illo. 

ftrS"o£°^ Bt mihi saepe fldem, qui uiderat oomi., strixit 

the matter. w ipgig MS. 

There is farther (printed by Yates, p. 182, from the Collectanea 
Buriensia) a letter from Speiman to Abp. Ussher, dated Westminster, 
May 18, 1621, on the subject of a print of this window, which was then in 
preparation. The important passages are as follows: '^I wrote unto you 
touching the monument in Bury Abby, which the cutter going then in hand 
with, came to me about, as directed by your Lordship. I was bold to stay 
him for the time: and signified by those letters that I thought much 
exception might be taken to the credit of the monument : for that both the 
ends of the upper labell pictured in the glass, over the head of Antichrist, 
are strecht out so &r as they rest not in the glass, but run on either way 
on the strong pillars, which, as your Lordship knows, could not possibly be 
so in the window itself. How it cometh to pass I do not know, whether by 
the rashness of the painter (not heeding so light a matter, as he might take 
it), or that, perhaps, those which in the picture seem to be pillars of the 
window, were but painted pillars in the glass itself, and so the whole 
window but one panneL I cannot determine this doubt : but out of all 
doubt such a picture there was, and taken out exactly by a painter then : 
as a right honest old gentleman, who saw it standing in the abby window, 
and the painter that took it out, did often tell me about forty years since; 
afiBrming the picture now at the cutter's to be the true pattern thereof; 
but, at that time, my understanding not to make this doubt, if I had, he 
perhaps could have resolved it me. For my own part, though I think it 
fitter in this respect not to be published, as doth also Sir H. Bourgchier, 
yet I leave it to your direction, which the cutter hitherto expecteth." 

The evidence here given seems sufficient to show that a window of the 
kind described really existed ; but whether it may not have been wrongly 
deciphered by the copyist or by Speiman is not so clear. I have little 
doubt that the so-called * Friar preaching, with a devil by him,' was a 
picture of Antichrist preaching: and it is possible that the artist may 
also have represented Antichrist as usurping the habits and office of the 
Pope; or, — and this would be rather a different matter — the composition 
may quite possibly have contained a protest against the venality and 
corruption of the Roman Court, of which medieval satirists tell us so 
much, without being in the least degree what Speiman evidently took it 
for, namely, a conscious protest against Romanism, and prophecy of the 
Reformation. It is quite possible that one of the copies of the window 
may be still in existence and uniden^fied ; the rediscovery of it would help. 


more thiii anythiiig elae, to decide the qnesiioii of the real existenoe of the 

I may add that Mr Gordon HiHb shows good reason for placing the 
celhrer's honse jnst N.E. of 8. James's Church. 

XIY. In a note in the Monasticon (iii 113) the account of 
Henry YI/s visit to the Abbey in 1433 is printed in full. It 
was also given in the Archaeologia, xv. 65 — 71, from Abbot 
Curteys' Register (Brit. Mus. Add. 14848). 

I extract a few phrases, which are ail that throw light on 
the topography of the buildings with which we are concerned. 

The bnrgeffses escorted the king from Newmarket Heath 'usque in 
jHTOcinctam dicti Monasterii (quern propter fracti campanilis deformitatem 
et lapidum infirmorum minam ex ea parte processio recipere non est ansa) 
nsque in mediam uiam inter portam et ostium anstrale dicti monasterii/ 
where he alighted and went to a silk-hung canopy and adored the cross. 
He was then censed by the bishop of Norwich and the Abbot, * et cruce 
allata per eundem ori regie primitus osculanda, processio ad summum 
altare procedens cum antiphona Aits gentU rex Anglorum notas harmoniae 
suauiter eructando cantantibus oiganis introduxit' He then prayed at 
the shrine, and went to the Abbot's palace. It was, no doubt, on this 
occasion that Lydgate presented the copy of S. Edmund's Life which is 
now in the British Museum (Harl. 2278). 

Another note in the Monasticon (iii. 114) deserves to be printed here : 

Connected in some degree with this visit, or at least with the time of 
abbot Curteys, are the shutters of the altar of St Edmund's Bury Abbey, 
now in the building called the Chapel at Strawberry HilL Dr Lort having 
given Mr Horace Walpole (afterwards Lord Orford) a sight of abbot 
Curteys's Register, received a letter from him dated June 4th, 1779, of 
which the following is an extract: 

*^ The sight of the MS. was particularly welcome to me, because the long 
visit of Henry VI. and his uncle Gloucester to St Edmund's Bury accounts 
for those rare altar tablets, that I bought at Mr Ives's sale, on which are 
inoontestably the portraits of Duke Humphrey, Cardinal Beaufort, aud the 
same archbishop that is in my Marriage of Henry VI. I know the house 
of Lancaster were patrons of St Edmund's Bury: but so long a visit is 
demonstration. The fourth person on my pannels is unknown. Over his 
head is a coat of arms. It may be that of W. Cnrteys the abbot — or the 
alderman, as he is in scarlet. His figure and the duke's are far superior 
to the other two, and worthy of a good Italian master. The cardinal and 
the archbishop are in the dry hard manner of the age. I wish you would 
call and look at them : they are at Mr Bonus's in Oxford road : the two 
prelates are much damaged. I peremptorily enjoined Bonus to repair 


only and not repaint them; and thus by putting him out of his way, I 
put him so much out of humour too, that he has kept them these two years, 
and not finished them yet I design them for the four void spaces in my 
chapel, on the sides of the shrine. The duke of Gloucester's face is so like 
the younger, that it proves I guessed right at his figure in my marriage. 
The tablets came out of the abbey of Bury, were procured by old Peter 
le Neve, Norroy, and came by his widow's marriage to Tom Martin, at 
whose sale Mr Ives bought them. We have very few princely portraits so 
ancient, so authentic, and none so well painted, as the duke and fourth 
person. These were the insides of the doors, which I had split into two, 
and value them extremely. This account, I think, will be more satisfactory 
to you than Notes. Pray tell me how you like the pictures when you haye 
examined them. I shall search in Edmundson's new Vocabulary of Arms 
for the coat, which contains three bulls' heads on six pieces: but the 
colours are either white and black, or the latter is become so by time." 

1 have not traced the history of these painted panels ; and shall be very 
glad of any information about them. The font and its cover now in 
Worlingworth Church, Suffolk, are said to have come from the Abbey 
Church at Bury. 

XV. Edmund Gillingwater's Historical and Descriptive 
Account of St Edmund!s Bury, 1804, contains very little to our 
purpose. A note on p. 65 is interesting, and I reproduce it 
with the faint hope that the model of the church which it 
describes may yet be in existence in some lumber-room. It 
must have been a work of some age, though most likely of 
little merit. 

" A very curious Model of this church (the Abbey Church) was to be 
seen some years ago at Mr Tillot's, on the Angel-Hill ; it was ten feet long, 
five feet wide, and of a proportionate height, containing 300 nitches and 
280 windows, adorned with images and other Gothic figures. The Model 
of St Edmund's shrine was ornamented with images and crowns, gilt, as in 
its original state, and there were also twelve chapels, which belonged to 
this once magnificent church. A model of the Abbey was likewise to be 
seen at Newmarket, about fifty years ago, but whether this be the same as 
that above mentioned, we are not able to say." 

Gillingwater's measurements of the remains of the Abbey (p. 70 sqq.) 
I have appended to William of Worcester's text (p. 354). 

Mr Edward King in Archaeohgia, iii. 313, gives a revised plan of the 

church and a short paper descriptive of it : the new features are the Lady 

chapel on the north, and apsidal chapels on the transepts. Of these last he 

only says: '*It even appears that there was also another small chapel, 

C, A, S. Octavo Series, XXVIII. 12 


terminated by a semicircular bow at the side of (the Lady Chapel)." He 
says nothing of the corresponding chapel on the S. Transept: and it is 
quite possible that none existed there. 

XVI. MSS. Harl. 3977. 

A folio of early xivth century, finely written, for the most 
part in double columns. On /. 1 a, otherwise blank, is an erased 
press-mark which seems to be C. 65. 

AT. 1 6, 2 a have a table of contents in a xvth century hand, 
possibly that which I call the Librarian's, and suppose to be 
Boston of Bury's writing. 

The book begins with the Doctrina Nouiciorum, 

They are met on the day of admission by their magistri at 
the hostiimi parlorii, and thence are taken to the paruum 
parlorium; then to the Chapter house, where they stand ante 
pulpitum: they make their demand for admission in French: 
Nus priuns la misericord deu e nostre dame seinte marie et 
nostre seignur seint Edmun e la uostre e vous priuns par seinte 
charite ke vous nus grantez moniage. 

Thence to the infirmary where they are shaved: then ad 
hostium traylle where they are warned against going out with- 
out leave: then ad 8, Saham, to be taught the rule and customs, 
et per nouem dies sedeant apud S. Sabam (or more if necessary). 

Hence they go ad claustmm: et sedeant omnes iuxta 
parietem prima die habentes psalteria in manibus incipientes 
ruminare lectionem. Thence they go ad paruum parlorium. 

After a year profession is made. Before it they go with 
their magistri to S. Saba, or elsewhere in the church : they 
put off their frocks : then iterum froggos induant sine cucuUis, 
portantes cucuUos in sinistris brachiis et breuia in dextris. 
On the second day "ducantur ad missam S. Marie uel ad 
S. Sabam et communicentur a magistris suis." 

A penitent under grauis culpa f. Q b: " pergit in ecclesiam 
usque ad magnum hostium chori scilicet in medio loco inter 
pulpitum et predictum hostium, et ibi debet sedere super 
magnum scamnum: matutinas ante crucem coram 
armariolo in medio " : this last seems to be in the cloister. 

One under leuis culpa "sits in chore super misericordias: 


misericordias dico erectas." He also sits "in claustro ad hostium 
ecclesie s. super lapidem inter duas paruas columpnas." 

He who sits super trunculum, sits " in medio capituli s. inter 
lectrinum et pedes abbatis Ricardi." 

Of candles f. 1 1 : Item in omnibus fastis iiii"" capanim a primis uesperis 
usque ad secundas accenduntur omnes cerei scil. x et vii supra circa 
S. Edmundum et v ante magnum altare et duo ante altare S. Botulfi et 
iiii'" super altare in choro. 

Liberadones cere...infesto S. Edmundi. This text is printed from the 
Liber Albus, in the Monasticon^ iii. 162. It occurs also in Registrum 
Pinc?id)eck (Univ. Libr. Be. iii. 60). 

iiii*" circa corpus beati Aedmundi de xii libris. 

xxiiii""' cerei in circuitu beati martiris de xxiiii libris. 

Item y cerei (ad candelabrum Beg. Pinch.) ante altare et yii in magno 
candelabro de xlviii libris. 

Item in choro et ad magnam crucem xii cerei de xii libr. 

Item ad S. Sabam et ad martirum (martires Beg. Pinch.) et ad crucem 
iii cereos de iii libr. 

Item ad xvii fenestras in presbiterio xvii cereos de xvii libr. 

Item in magna turri xii cereos de xii libr. 

Item in cruce ecclesie ex utraque parte xxvi cereos de xxvi libr. 

Item in naui ecclesie ex utraque parte xxiiii"' cereos de xxiiii libr. 

Item xiiii**" altaribus xxviii cerei de xxviii libr. si abbas fuerit presens. 

Item ad altare beate Marie ex done lohannis filii Luce v cereos de x 

Item ibidem de sacrista yii cereos de xiiii libr. 

Item uestiarius (In uestiario Beg. Pinch.) iiii^ cereos de x libr. 

Item refectorarius xx cereos de xx libr. Et similiter ad festum S. 
Michaelis et ad natale domini: et a die purificacionis usque ad festum 
S. Michaelis debet sacrista inuenire duo cereos quando necesse fuerit ad 
paruam mensam (missam Monasticon) in refectorio. In capitulo ii cereos 
de ii libr. 

Liberadones ecclesie qualihet septimana. (Monasticon, I. c.) 

Duo de yestiar. xii*. 

Gustos uiridis hostii yj^ 

This 'green gate' was a door on the north side of the choir. 

Capellanus uestiar. [blank]? yi*^. 

Cressetarius viij**. 

Cerarius iy*. 

Carpentarius xij*. q (= J) 

Plumbarius xii*^. 

Seruiens suus vj*. 




Oardo BubsacrUte ij'. 

Duo sieyrarii x^'. 

Janitor ecclesie cum cane Y\i'. 

Janitor porte orientalis ij'. 

Gustos boad Tiij'. 

Carrectarius yu[j'. ob. 

Summa totalis ix'. 1'. ob. quart, 

Mem. quod Carrectarius habebit preter hoc ad pascha usque ad festum 
S. Michaelis ad Nonchencbes 1^'. Item duo Steyrarii per idem tempus 
qualibet septimana iii'. 

Summa ix'. 6}'. 

A list of Obkbdonet follows: among redpients occur all or nearly all 
the above-named servants, and besides 

Clauiger prions. Forestarius. 

Garciones de coquina. Marescallus. 

Latbomus. Braciatrix. 

Vigilator. Lotrix. 

Magister faber si sit. Sellarius. 

Tapetarius si sit Aurifrixa. 

XVII. The Registrum Coquinariae, probably written by 
Andrew Astone, as was the Registnmi Hostilariae (Claudius A. 
xii) in about 1425, and now preserved in the Public Library at 
Douai (cod. 553), bas on p. 1 these inscriptions : 

This Boke belongeth to me Roberte Wode. 
nunc Johannis Smithi Londinensis. 

From the list of Benefactors I have extracted the following: 

f. 7 b, Baldewinus Abbas (1065 — 1097) sepultus est in presbiterio in 
eadem ecclesia iuxta murum retro paruum altare in chore. 

Robertus (ii. 1102 — 1112) sepultus est in Gapella infirmarie ex parte 
aquilonali interius inter duas columpnas coram altari S. Benedict!. 

Auselmns (1119 — 1148) capellam S. Sabe quondam patroni sui in Roma 
depingi fecit infra ecclesiam ex parte aquilonali. Gapellam S. Andree fecit 
edificari... fecit parari artifusoria (=arte fusoria) magnas ualuas ecdesie 
S. Edmundi occidentales. Sepultus est in capella infirmarie exterius 
uersus occidentem ex parte aquilonali inter duas columpnas sub lapide 
marmoreo cum ymagine mitrata suprascripta (?8culpta). 

Ording (1148 — 1156) sepultus est in capitulo primus iuxta gradus 
pulpitti ad pedes Sampsonis abbatis, sub marmore per Willelmum Excetre 
Abbatem tunc teroporis (1414—1429) sic de nouo ordinatum a.p. 1424, 


Sampson (1182—1211) sepultuB est in Capitulo secundus ad pedes 
Ricardi Abbatis sub lapidibus marmoreis quadratis ut suprascriptuin est 
de abbate Ordingo. 

Hugo (iL 1213 — 1229 : de Northwold) dedit connentui primam partem 
biblie predosissimam : sepaltus est apud Ely bonorifice ad pedes S. 

Richardos primus (de Insula: 1229 — 1234) tabulam argenteam et 
deauratam pro magno altari incepit: sepultus est in capitulo ad pedes 
Henrici Abbatis. 

Henricus (1234 — 1248) sepultus est in capitulo quartus in numero ad 
pedes Bdmundi abbatis. 

Edmundus (de Walpole: 1248 — 1256) sepultus est in Capitulo sub 
lapidibus marmoreis quadratis ad pedes Hugonis Abbatis uersus ostium 
Capituli in numero quintus. 

Simon (de Luton: 1256 — 1279) destroyed the round Chapel of St 
Edmund : sepultus est in Capella beate Marie ad pedes WiUelmi Abbatis. 

Johannes primus (de Norwold: 1279 — 1301) chorum fecit fieri et 
depingi per manus cuiusdam monachi sui dompni Johatmis Wodecroft 
cuiusdam (? quondam) pictoris domini regis. He finished the Capella 
Garneli : Capellam S. Botulphi construxit. Sepultus est coram paruo altari 
in chore. 

Johannes Gosford Prior (1380) made the maior campana in chore : 
nouum claufltrum iuxta ecclesiam : paruum claustrum iuxta Capellam 
Infirmarie. Sepultus est in Capella beate Virginis ex parte aquilonali sub 
lapide marmoreo supersculpto. 

Uvius primus abbas (1020—1044) sepultus est in Capella Infirmarie ex 
parte australi interius inter duas columpnas sub albo lapide coram altari 
S. Benedicti. 

Leofstan secundus abbas (1044 — 1065), cuius ossa iacent in quodam 
scrineo posito inter summitatem duarum columpnarum ad pedes feretri 
S. IMmundi, cum ossibus Alwyni monachi et Oswen denote femine. 

Aibold (1114 — 1119), qui sepultus est in Capella Infirmarie exterius ex 
parte australi inter duas columpnas eiusdem Capelle. 

Hugo primus (1157 — 1180) sepultus est in Capitulo sub lapidibus 
marmoreis iuxta ostium Capituli in numero inter alios Abbates sextus et 

Thomas Rudham (13..) fecit diuersas fenestras in naui Ecclesiae; 
coadiutor extitit cum aliis confratribus pro candelabro in presbiterio super 
Abbatem Baldewynum una cum tumba alabastri predict! Baldewyni 
facienda. Sepultus est in angulo cimiterii monachorum iuxta Bradfeldehalle. 

Thomas (de Tottington: 1301 — 1312) sepultus est in ecclesia ante 
introitnm ostii uersus claustrum coram Imagine beate Marie Virgiois, 

Richardus secundus (de Draughton : 1312—1335) sepultus est in 
ecclesia coram Imagine beate Marie Viiginis iuxta Thomam Abbatem. 


Johannes II. (de Brinkley : 1361 — 1379) reliqnit conuentai in libris 
per eun emptis yalorem 150 librarom adminos. (Hib burial place is not 

Johannes Lauenham sacrista (13...) fecit campanile nonnm gaper 
chomm : dao tecta transnersa a uestiario scilicet ad ostmm Rakety : 
soloit pro oontinuacione celatare cam pictura in naai ecclesie ad simili- 
tndinem presbiterii ;^100: pro pictara fomi saper feretram £12. 13«. 4^.: 
in fenestriB none forme fabrefactis cam uitro in aoltis circa S. Edmondam : 
pro factora noue maxime campane j£l33. 6«. 8^. [also two lesser bells, and a 
bell ad opas de le dok] : in opere complendo magnaram portaram £ ... 
pro clausara siue parclos in capella beate Virginia £22. Sepaltos est iu 
cimiterio monachoram coram Imagine beate Marie Yirginis. 

Edmandus Bokenham gave a aestimentam blodeam com boterflies de 

Willelmas (I. de Bemham : 1335 — 1361) reliqnit conaentui in libris 
per earn emptis ad oalorem 100 marcarom adminas. Gorpas eias iacet in 
Capella beate Marie inter Abbatem Simonem et Abbatem Johannem 

Prior Willelmas de Rokelond dedit Decretales cam apparatu optimo, 
Sammam Innoceucii, Corpus Juris in y. uoluminibus, Summam Azonis, 
sermones in duobus pulcris uoluminibus. 

Prior Edmundus de Brondyssh dedit duas tabulas ad altare in chore 
cum pictura ostiorum et parietis precii 20 marcarum. Also unam fenestram 
in ecclesia cum uitro, costing £13. 6#. 8e/. : and an Antiphoner worth £8. 

Henricus Lacy, Comes Lincoln., dedit crucem auream ponderis 66#. 8^. 
in summitate feretri S. Bdmundi : item aliam crucem auream cum lapidibus 
preciosis pendentem super dexteram partem feretri S. Edmundi : also an 
antrax or carbuncle, which is at the foot of the shrine. 

Magister Johannes de Batesford, doctor in utroque iure et monachus, 
dedit Corpus Juris, Summam Azonis, Suffragium monachorum, Decreta 
optima cum apparatu, Rosarium in pulcherrimo uolumine, Summam 
Hostiensis et Speculum Judiciale in pulcherrimis uoluminibus, Decretales 
com apparatu, Sammam Innooencii cum aliis libris ad ualorem 100 

Prior Reginaldus de Denham (13...) dedit Decretales pulcherrimas cum 
apparatu precii sex marcarum, et multos alios libros. [Also four bells * in 
Clocario,' and a great bell which broke and was mended by John Lavenham, 


Prior Petrus de Clopton gave a bell in the choir called Clopton, and 
many books on both Canon and Ciril Law. 

Stephanas medicus et monachus dedit tres libros magnos et pulcher- 
rimos de medicina pro sanandis infirmis. 

Warynus filius Geroldi, cuius corpus iacet in Capella dompni Laurencii 
sub lapide marmoreo in habitu monachali. 


XVIII. Rituale (Harl. 2977), cent, xiv.: a small 8vo. 
volume of 50 leaves, imperfect. It comprises the directory of 
services from Advent to 1 May. I have read through it and 
extracted the following topographical references, which I think 
will be found to include all that is important. 

f. 3a. Festum S. andree. 

Processio cum aqua benedicta, et procedat per hostium Trayle (men- 
tioned also in Harl. 3977), non circa claustrum : R. mox ut itocem : usque in 
capellam S. Andree... in trando ecelesiam ad hostium australe reuertendo 
per aquam benedictam...[The door called Trayle was on the north- 
east of the cloister. S. Andrew's Chapel, we gather from the L^r 
AlbuSj etc. was N.E. of the Church, near the river. I suspect that the 
procession went round the apse and through the cemetery to the south 
transept door.] 

Ebdomadarius magne misse incenset magnum altare et feretrum et 
altare in chore. 

36. Infra aduentum non tenentur iii lectiones de aliquo sancto nisi de 
S. Benedicto et de S. Walerico. 

Non, Dec. Festum S. Sabe. 

The convent 'procedat in cappis preuio sacerdos («ic,?-te) in cappa cum 
brachio S. Botul(phi)': a leaf is gone : the next relates to xv Kal. Jan. 

O Sapientia. incipiet Prior, deinde Celerarius, postea Sacrista, deinde 
Camerarius, postea Pitanciarius, post Infirmarius, post Elemosinarius, 
postea Feretrarii, et ultimo Abbas. Versus : 

Pri. bow ^ • sacrista • camerarius • ac pitan • infir. 
Post eiemos • custos Edmundi • tunc uenit Abbas. 

ff. 8, 9. Christmas Day: the procession consists of 

Aque benedicte baiulus sine cappa, et ii turibularia sine cappis : postea 
due cruces in cappis, duobus ceropherariis ex utraque parte, deinde 
feretrum cum camisia S. Edmundi, et illud portetur a duobus secularibus 
capellanis in cappis et in albis uestitis; deinde tres subdiaconi, quorum 
medius portet unum magnum textum, et alii duo duos alios textus 
minores: deinde subsecuntur tres diaconi, quorum medius stolam habeat 
et manipulum, et isti tres ferant reliquias consuetudinarias. Et nota 
quod ille qui leget euangelium habet portare pixidem cum aue in sum- 
mi tate; et ultimo unus sacerdos... maturus cum brachio: deinde totus 
conuentus....Et procedat hodie processio per claustrum cantando R 
Conjirmatum et Te laudant, usque in criptam, et ibi fit stacio.... Exeat 
conuentus et uadat in nauim ecclesie...ante magnam crucem fit stacio. 

Then into the choir, to the choir altar and to the high altar. 
' The Gospel is read ' ad pulpitum.' 

^ bow. stands for Celerarius : perhaps =:Botellarius. 


[The great cross is no doubt that on the pulpitum or rood-screen.] 

f. 13. Festum S. Thome Gantnar. 

Nota qnod si dominica fnerit in crastino 8. Thome, tunc polsacio pro 
Baldeuuino differtar usque in crastinum Gircumcisionis. 

135. Si Circurndsio domini super sabbatum uenerit, tunc in crastino 
fiat pulsacio pro abbate Samsone. 

15. Nota quod quando Placebo pro Sampsone abbate celebratur in 
cappis, tunc eius sepulcrum in capitulo a seruitoribus est turificandum. 
Versut: Bald, cum thure cap[p]am et Sampson postulat abbas. 

16 b. Epiphania domini. 

Processio per claustrum usque in criptam. In cript^ fit stacio... 
delude in nauim ecclesie : ante crucem non fit stacio. 

22 b. ix. KeU, Feb. Translacio S. Jurmini 

24. Purification Day. 

Processio cum...pixide et texto et brachio...PoBt terciam procedat 
Abbas in presbiterium ut candelas benedicat. 

Processio per claustrum, et fit stacio ante hostium capituli : they sing 
there ^uersis uultibus ad aquilonem': then into the crypt, nave, and choir. 

26. XV. ICcU, Mart. Translacio S. Botulphi. 

27. vii. Kal. Mart. S. Jurmini in duobus cappis. 
2Sb. Feria iv^ in capite ieiunii (Ash Wednesday). 

Post capitulum habeatur parliamentum in claustro: delude ad vi. 
horam, sexta completa, eat conuentus in dormitorium, postea ad lauatorium, 
deinde in chorum: et iterum pulsentur due cille in chore ut omnes 

29 b. uadat conuentus in claustrum ad locum suum quilibet proprium : 
seniores exeant ad hostium inferius, et iuuenes ad hostium superius. 

[These are most likely doors leading out of the choir.] 
) Prid. Kal. Mart. S. Oswald, Bp. et Conf. 

F. Kid. Mart. S. Wynewaloa 
\ Prid. Non. Mart. S. Keneburge Kene<s>wythe ac Tibbe. 

32 sqq. Dominica in ramis palmarum. 

Prime procedant presbiteri cum camisia S. Edmundi, deinde sub- 
diaconus cum textu, postea diaconus cum pixide, postea monachus cum 
corpore Ghristi, uiri bone opinionis, cereis hinc inde: non exeant donee 
succentor eis innuerit. Quinque enim uexilla precedant conuentum, 
postremum uexillum S. Edmuudi....Distribuat sacrista palmas conuentui 
ex parte abbatis, et subsacrista ex parte prions: deinde ordinatur 
processio, et uadat circa claustrum, deinde per cimiterium, et ante pro- 
cessionem deferatur aqua benedicta, turribulum, et crux^ (f. 33 a) — mores ^ 
iuxta hostium australe : deinde illi qui cantandi sunt glrria laus ascendant 
ad capellam S. Egidii (in the triforium of the S. Transept over S. John's 

^ I do not think a leaf can be lost here, but nutrei must be wrong, perhaps 
for morentur, or secundum morem. 


Chapel): quo facto oadat processio in nauim ecclesie, cantore incipiente 
Ingredienti etc. 

34. Maundy Thursday. 

Post capitulum fiat parliamentum in claustro, et interim ministri prime 
misse nudis pedibus, albis induti, lauent omnia altaria preter magnum 
altare et altare S. Andree in <in>firmaria et altare prions et altare S. 
Stephani ubi Elemosinarius celebrat missam pauperibus. 

The prior^s altar was in the Chapel of SS. Stephen and Edmund. 

34 &. Succentor...accipiat nouum ignem de berillo, uel de ferro et 
lapide, si sol non apparuerit. 

Abbas uadat ad hostium australe ut admittat pupplioe penitentes : he 
is accompanied by the Prior, Precentor, Sacrist, Chaplains and two 
Deacons... et preparetur ibi sedile super tapetum super quod sedeat abbas. 

35. Fiat sermo populo coram magno altari. 

The Almoner washes the altar in S. Stephen's Chapel. 

35 h. At the High Mass : Post hec accipiat supprior turribulum de 
abbate et cum priore incenset abbatem: deinde feretrum, et postea 
reliquias et feretrum S. Botulphi et S. Jurmini, et tumbam Baldewyni, 
et altare in choro et cantores in cappis... Prior et supprior ad Abbatem 

The Abbot washes the high altar with wine. 

36 a. At the washing of Feet. 

Statim exeant de refectorio nouiciis precedentibus. Pars abbatis sit 
ab ecclesia, scilicet ab hostio ecclesie usque ad sedem tercii prioris: pars 
prioris a sede tercii prioris usque ad hostium camere abbatis uel sub- 
celerarii : seniores in medio. 

The pars abbatis and pars prioris are the monks who sat on their 
respective sides of the choir, which in Cathedral and Collegiate Churches 
are called Decani and Cantoris, But I cannot explain the passage in the 
least. It is not clear to me where the monks go after leaving the 
refectory. Is it the Great Court, or, as I rather think, the Cloister 1 

40 h. Sabbatum Sanctum (Easter Eve). 

At the blessing of the fonts: 'pergant omnes in capella S. Johannis 
baptiste' : they return 'per medium chori ' to the high altar. 

This confirms my view that the Chapel of S. John Baptist was the 
Baptistery, and that it was at the west end of the Church, as usual. 

43. Easter Day. The procession has the 'camisia S. Edmundi' and 
the arm of S. Botulph. 

Procedat processio per claustrum, et per cimiterium et cantetur Salue 
festa dies usque in ecclesiam ante magnam crucem, et ibi fit stacio. 

Si tempus pluuiosum sit, fiat processio per claustrum et per criptam... 
et sic in ecclesiam. 

49 h, iii Kal. May, Translacio S. Edmundi, in iiii cappis. 

Processio circa claustrum et circa S. Edmundum, et exeuntes ad 


hostium aiuirale aadant in capellam H. titepliaui...deinde per cimiterinm 
cantando Saltie /e^ta die$: in capella S. Stephani inoenaent Prior et 
sapprior altare, et illud in qno S. Edmundus circamcirca uehebator (this 
is what the Heralds' College MS. calls the *bera 8. Edmnndi/ a litter in 
which probably Egelwin carried the body about)... istis finitis nadat pro- 
oessio at dictnm est per cimiterium cantando... Sic ordinator processio: 
primo aqua benedicta, deinde duo turibula, due cmces, ceroferariis in 
tunicis ex atraque parte : deinde feretrum cum camisia ; tres subdiaconi 
cum textis: tres diaconi cum reliquiis: deinde uestiarius cum gladio 
S. Edmundi : et sic transseuntes per cimiterium uadant in eoclesiam ante 
magnam crucem et ibi sit stacio. 

Si tempus sit pluuiosum, tunc fit processio per claustrum et per 
criptam et ibi fit stacio. 

XIX. Verses and Inscriptions from various parts of the 

(a) From MSS. Bodley 240 (Memorials, ii. 362), following 
the story of some horse-stealers who were convicted and brought 
back to Bury. 

Istud miraculum sculptum est in chore cum aliis miraculis iuxta sedem 
abbatis, cum his uersibus : 

Hie rapiuntur equi de fundo martyris aequi: 
Clamant raptores, fadunt patiendo dolores: 
Post ueniunt flentes, enses offerre uolentes: 
Abbatem quaerunt, contriti corde fuerunt: 
Hos absoluebat, hunules quos esse uidebat. 

(6) From MSS. Arundel xxx at the College of Arms. 

1. De Sancto Benedicto. 

hie legit et discit: uas hoc nutrix sibi scissit: 
proicit hie panem quo scrobem replet inanem: 
uita priuatum Benedicto fert homo uatum : 
panem felle litum coruo dat ut auferat ilium ^ 

Probably from a window. S. Benedict had an altar in the Infirmary 
Chapel. It is only by inference that we attribute these verses to Bury : 
some others on the same page are evidently taken thence. 

The subjects are : 

1. S. Benedict teaching. 2. He mends a sieve which his nurse had 
broken. 3. He throws away a loaf, liis only food. 4. He raises a dead 
boy. 6. He gives a poisoned loaf to a crow, to carry off. 

^ MS. ut supra, fol. 1 a. 


2. In quadaui cortina. 

12. Eadmundus Swanum perimit sic uulnere Danum* 
Eadmundi Swanum sic punit lancea Danum. 
Rex regem Danum sic punit morte Suanum. 
Infestus Danus punitur morte Suanus. 
Confossus Danus ruit en moriturque Suanus. 
Intentu duplici rex Sweyn consumitur Ici. 
11. Morte Leofstanus moritur sic ubu (?uerbere uermibus or uulnere) 
sanus : 
Demone uexatur Leofstan et sic cruciatur. 
10. Vt Rex mactatur, oomitante lupo baiulatur. 
9. " Heer " proclamatur : corpus capiti sociatur. t-, 
8. Qui non putrescit, hie martyr uirgo quiescit. 
7. In densis iacitur capud almum nee sepelitur. 
6. Hie decollatur martyr qui non superatur : 

Quod seclum loquitur, custode lupo reperitur. 
5. Pro iactu teli fit conuitatio celi. 
4. Fustibus est cesus Eadmundus et undique lesus: 

Telis confoditur Eadmundus et euse feritur. 
3. Turba ruit facta nece dum cadit ense subacta : 
Plebs expungnatur; pars uincit, pars iugulatur. 
2. Hie iubet ut Regem moneat contempnere legem: 

Suggerit hie Regi quedam contraria legi. . 

1. Saxonia ueetus est regni culmen adeptus. I 

Here we baye a life of S. Edmund, figured on a hanging, which may 
have been near the shrine. The verses have been copied in reverse order : 
the scenes run as follows : 

1. Coronation of Edmund. 

2. The embassy from Hiuguar and Hubba, bidding him submit. 

3. The battle : Edmund is defeated. 

4. He is beaten with clubs and shot with arrows. 

5. His soul is received into heaven. 

6. He is beheaded : his head, cast into the bushes, is guarded by a 

7. 8. The head and incorrupt body lying in the wood, apart 

9. The head calls ^* Here " : it is found, and joined to the body. 

10. The wolf follows the searchers who are carrying the body. 

11. Leofstan, a proud noble, insists on seeing the body, and goes mad, 
and is eaten of worms. 

12. Edmund kills Sweyn (father of Canute). This scene is described 
in six lines, variations on one theme, which may indicate that it was a large 



On f. 4 a of the MS. are about a hundred verses without 
any heading, beginning 

Urb«, Adam, Solomon, Job languens, nirga prophete, 
Rex Esoechias, et cum Simeone Tobias. 
Ista dooent bominum predbus superaddere Christum. 
Qaos oirtuB oollata leuat, temptacio pulaat. 

There is no indication that these were inscribed on any 
work of art. 

3. Memorandum do agno submerso. 

de nautis de Coue liberatis a piratis. 
de muliere muta cuius lingua etc. 

*2' ^ fc/'' -^ — de paero mortuo resuscitate cuius ymago etc.* 

These may refer to miracles of St Edmund: the mention of Cove 
(North or South Cove or Covehithe in Suffolk) points to this. A dumb 
woman from Winchester is healed in Sampson's Miracula S, Edmundi, 
L viii. I cannnot at present find an explanation for the others. 

4. De indulgenciis^ concessis rotunde capelle S. Edmundi in dmiterio 
monachorum ex parte aquilonali presbiterii, in quo corpus S. Edmundi 
reqnieuit ante translacionem suam. 

Omnibus contritis et confessis qui capellam beati Edmundi in dmiterio 
monachorum sitam, in qua preciosum corpus eiusdem martiris gloriosi 
prime requieuit in sua bera in qua dictus martir quondam portaUatur, que 
ibidem cum ueneracione coUocatur, uisitauerint et pro animabus Gregorii 
Ricardi et Roberti priorum S. Edmundi quorum corpora in eodem dmiterio 
sunt humata et pro animabus omnium monachorum in eodem dmiterio 
requiesoentium et pro animabus omnium fidelium defiinctorum deo preces 
effuderint, x. dies indulgencie conceduntur ab episcopo Braganensi a.d. 

Also XXX days ab episcopo Roffensi a.d. 1270. 
XX „ „ „ Dunelmensi a.d. 1271. 
xl „ ab archiepiscopo Medorum a.d. 1274. 

In 1275 tlie round Chapel was pulled down, and the Chapel of the 
Virgin built by Abbot Simon. The Bera S. Edmundi (i.e. the bier or 
litter) and other relics were moved to the Chapel of S. Stephen, south of 
the Monks* Cemetery, which Chapel was then assigned to the Prior, in lieu 
of the round Chapel which had been the Prior's. In 1276 this Chapel was 
dedicated to SS. Stephen and Edmund 'ad instanciam Stephani de 
Ikwerthe' who was their Subprior, and four years afterwards became 
Prior. Hence it is plain where S. Edmund lay before his translation. 
" Sed non in carnario sicut quidam dicunt, quia nullum fuit in cimiterio 
camarium illo tempore, nee postea per cc^" annos. Et nota quod dmite- 

^ MS. fol. 66. ' Ibid, fol 8 6, in a hand of Cent. xv. 


riiim monachorum tunc temporis cingebat totum presbiterium in quo nunc 
iacet S. Edmundns, uidelicet ab ostio criptarum ex parte aquilonali in qua 
iam sita est capella S. Marie usque ad ftx)ntem capelle S. Nicholai et 
S. Johannis Euangeliste ex parte australi ubi nunc est capella S. Botulfi et 
ortus feretrariorum." 

This note occurs also in a MS. at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge 
(no. 261) : see my BibL Buriensis, p. 57. 

5. f. 9 a. Oppositio domine ad puerum (cent, xiii, xiv.). 

Domina. Que y demaundes tendre enfaunce 1 

Six questions and answers (twelve lines) in French : a dialogue between 
the Virgin and Child. 

In quodam dorsario ex parte abbatis (cent, xiii., xiv.). 

1. Lazarus ante fores caret fingemitf diues auarus. 

2. Lazarus hie obiit, celos letusqne petiuit. 
Angelicis manibus defertur spiritus eius. 

3. Ex opibus plenus moritur sic et fit egenus. 
Diuiciis earns capessas capit escas diues auarus. 

4. Pulsus in infemum fiiit ut bibit ante phalemum (= Falemum). 

5. In patriarcharum sinu locus est animarum, 

Quas deus acceptat, quibus <et?> sua regna reuelat. 

1. Prandunt conuiue natus simul atque Marie. 

2. Hie fons hauritur qui post uinum reperitur. 
Limpha fiiit uinum, quod fertur ad Architriclinum. 

3. Imperio Christi complent hie uasa ministri. 

4. Miro patrato recedit abhinc dominator. 
Cemite qua pena miseri cruciantur in igni 
Qui non cesserunt carni seruire maligni. 

The dorsaria I have taken to be painted cloths. This set of verses 
contains three main subjects. 

I. Story of Dives and Lazarus. 

1. Dives feasting: Lazarus outside.. 

2. Death of Lazarus : his soul taken to Heaven. 

3. Death of Dives : he is taken to Hell. 

4. Dives in Hell. 

5. Lazarus in Abraham's bosom. 

II. The Miracle of Cana. 

1. The Feast. 

2. The water drawn and tasted by the ruler of the feast 

3. The servants filling the vessels. 

4. Christ leaving Cana. 

III. An Inferno. 


6. f. 10 a. Two verses without note of place. 


1. On the Sacrifice of Isaac. 

2. On Abraham and Melchizedek. 

7. In fenestris Imaginis beate Marie apud S. Eadmundum. 

1. Hie miser afflictn uano proprio perit ictu. Death of Herod. 

2. Hie quo ditetur Sathane seruire fatetur. Theophilus sells his soul 
to the Devil, 

3. Impia facta pie pandit plangendo Marie. He con/esses to the Virgin. 

4. Cartam uirgo dedit quo liber ah hoste recedit. She returns him 
the DemTs h&nd. 

5. Grates adiutns exsolnit ab hoste solutus. He thanks her. 

6. Hie in bonore dei dant mistica dona Sabei. Adoration of the 

7. Hee hune maxilla sanat lactante mamilla. The Virgin heals a sick 
clerk with her milk. 

8. f. 208 a. 

In tabulis circa ymaginem beate Marie apad S. Eadmundum. 

1. Hee hunc maxilla sanat lactante papilla. De clerico egroto. 

2. Two verses. De Assumpcione beate Marie. 

3. One verse. De Salutacione angelica. 

4. One verse. De Salutacione Elisabeth. 

5. Four verses. De magis. 

6. One verse. De innocentibus. 

7. One verse. De Purificacione. 

8. One verse. De morte Herodis (given above, under 7). 

9. Five verses. De Theophilo. 

10. Three verses. De Judeo et eius filio. 

Here, in §§ 7, 8 we have a partial repetition of the same verses : we 
shall encounter this phenomenon again. It will be noted that tabukie and 
fenestrae seem to be used as synonyms. The subjects need little comment. 
The story of the Jew (§§ 8, 10) is that of the Jewish boy of Bourges or Pita 
who received the Eucharist with his Christian playmatep, and was thrown 
by his father into an oven, where the Virgin protected him. There is a 
representation of this miracle in the east window of the north ai^le at 
Lincoln Cathedral. 

9. f. 208 a. 

ad reliquias. 

1. Mente ruit tota plebs sancto soluere uota. 

2. Nuncius hortatur iter ut celer aggrediatur. 

3. Nuncius affatur regem, sed mox reprobatur. 

4. Hie punit Danum rex martyr cuspide Swanum. 

5. Mane redi tutus, nullo terrore solutus. 


6. Ed moritur Swanus Eadmundo iiindice Danus t^ ecce rait 
Swanus, etc. 

The subjects here seem to be : 

1. The people coming to thank the Saint for their deliyerance from 

2. The monk Ailwin bidden to go to Sweyn. 

3. Ailwin repulsed by Sweyn. 

4. Death of Sweyn. 

5. Edmund's words to Ailwin who had witnessed Sweyn's dis- 

6. Death of Sweyn : with an alternative verae. 

10. f. 209 a. 

In fenestris circa capellam S. Johannis Euangeliste ad ostium cripte. 

1. Predicat arcanis aquilinus sermo Johannis. St John writing, 
with the eagle. 

2. Call of John, Peter and Andrew. 

3. John on Christ's breast at the Last Supper. 

4. John banished. 

5. He sees the Revelation. 

6. He returns to Ephesus : the people rejoice. 

7. He raises Drusiana. 

8. Is tried by Domitian, and cast into boiling oil. 

9. He restores the broken gems for Craton, and baptizes him. 

10. He turns sticks into gold, and then back again into sticks. 

11. He writes the gospel. 

12. He destroys the temple of Diana. 

13. He drinks poison, and is unhurt. 

14. The criminals, who drank the poison and died, are raised up. 

15. Christ taken down from the Cross. 

16. Deficitur funus populi mirabile munus. 

17. Sermo theologicus populi uide causa fit huius. 

18. Quem deus inuitat, sua per conuiuia ditat. 

19. Perquirit ad uitam qui plebem corripit istam. 

20. Hie celebrat missam qui pacem Yult dare missam. ? St John's 
last mass. 

21. John's grave is dug by his own orders. 

22. He lies in the grave : the earth above it moves (ebullit). 
Compare with this the scenes from S. John's life in the old Apocalypses, 

and the window illustrating S. John's legend in the south aisle of Chartres 
Cathedral. The subjects here numbered 15 — 19 are curious and obscure. 

11. De S. Nicholao ibidem. 

1. He is chosen by a voice from heaven. 

2. He is consecrated Bishop (two lines). 


3. He delivers condemned criminals. 

4. Rex obit et uinit : deus est et omnia uincit. 

5. The Resurrection of Christ. 

If nos. 15 and 16 in the S. John window refer to the Passion of Christ, 
nos. 4, 5 in the S. Nicholas window are not so surprising or irrelevant It 
appears possible that the life of S. John may have occupied more than one 
small window, and that there may have been subjects from the Passion in 
the lower parts of these windows, independent of the lives of the two saint& 

12. 1209a, 

Be S. Martino. 
Hie sedet ac dormit, sed humando debita soluit. 

For this and other verses on S. Martin, see below. 

13. In capella nigre hostilarie. 

1. Hec natum plangit, moritur rex, hunc (or banc) dolor angit 
(edge of leaf torn). 

2. lustus opes spargit, uirtus sua sidera scandit 

3. Angelus incensum dat, fumat aromate tem<plum>. 

4. Regem celorum laudant celi le (? legiones). 

5. Pugnatur cells, uictoria (? fit Michaelis). 

The first two subjects I cannot explain : nos. 3 — 5 are from the Apoca- 

3. The angel takes incense from the altar. 

4. The Hymn of praise in heaven. 

5. The War in heaven. 


1 . Martinus migrat cui tr 

2. Eoce duo populi rixant pro cor 

3. Angelicum, Seuerine, melos.... 

4. Turba prophana uetat ne 

5. Arboreum lapsum mire. . . . 

These verses occur in a complete form later on. 
15. f. 209 b, 

Subscripti uersus continentur per loca in picturis et in uitreis in ecclesia 
S. Edmundi. 

Ad altare beate Marie : in primo circulo. 

Expoliata toga legis, noua fert synagoga 

Cumque stola fidei gracia splendet ei. 
Hactenus obscuris legis uelata figuris 

Adueniente fide rem synagoga uide. 

The last two verses occur in a MS. at Eton College accompanying a 
picture of Christ unveiling the Synagogue. The MS. is of cent xiii and 
contains an illustrated Apocalypse, prefixed to which are twelve pages of 


painting, which might be designs for painted windows : they are arranged 
in five medallions on a page, the central one being a New Testament sub- 
ject, and the rest types or prophecie& I have described them fully for a 
forthcoming Catalogue of the MSS. at Eton. 

In secnndo (circulo). 

Virgo duoem, fert uirga nucem, natura stupescit. 
In Ihericho fructu deico cmcis una rubescii 

In the Eton MS. these verses accompany the picture of Aaron's rod : 
the words ' uirga nucem ' are put first. 

In tercio. 

Fax and justitia meet 
The Visitation. 

The picture occurs in the Eton MS. 

In quarta 

Voce subomata fidei meritisque sacrata 
Sponsa coronatur sponsoque deo sociatur. 

In the Eton MS. these verses accompany the picture of Christ crowning 
the Church, as it seems. On the same page is the picture of Justice and 

In quinto. 

Astant celestes tibi, uirgo puerpera, testes. 
Virginei partus capit immensum locus artus. 

Not in Eton MS. 1 The Nativity. 

In sexto. 

The Burning Bush. 

In septimo. 

The sign given to Ahaz. 

In octauo. 

Gideon's fleece. 

Circa magestatem. 

The Blessed on the right, the lost on the left (two lines). 

In pariete de monacho submerse. 

Three lines on the miracle of the wicked monk drowned, and raised by 
the Virgin. 

Ibidem de filio Judei. 

Three lines : see above for the story. 

In tabula ante altare. 

Four distichs on the four Evangelists (Mt. Mc. Jo. Lc). 

In eadam tabula drca magestatem. 

Four verses nearly gone, the comer of the leaf being torn off. 

C. A. 8. Octavo Series. XXVIII. 13 


16. At this point it seems to me likely that we leave the Lady Gbapel 
and go to the high altar. 

Ad magnam cracem in tabula super altare in prime circnlo. 
Four verses, gone. 

In secundo. 
Two verses gone. 

f. 210 a. In secundo (? tercio). 

Datque legens ligna super his muliercula signa. Elifah and the 

Widow qf Zarephath. 
De cruce sublatum lonas presignat humatum. Jonah steallowed 
by the fish. 

In tercio (/. quarto). Jonah vomited up. 
The Lion raising its whelp (2 lines), 
Armatos ruere facit angelus atque timere. 
Quo spem leticie tres concepere Marie. The Angel at the tomb. 

In tabula ante altare. 
Sub Petri cura stant ecclesie rata iura. The Church with St 

Peter, and the Synagogue with Moses (?). 
Corruit obscura synagoga uetusque figura. 

This probably completes the description of the high altar. 

17. In testudine in primo circulo. 
Simon Magus opposes Peter and Paul. 
Nero supports him, \ three lines, 
and condemns them. 

In secundo. 
Simon flies in the air, 



, ^ „ ( three lines, 

and falls. 

In tercio. 
St Paul is beheaded : three lines. 

In quarto. 
St Peter is crucified : three lines. 
These are frescoed medallions on the vaulting of the apse, according to 
my ideas. 

18. In fenestra ibidem. 

Christ buffeted before Caiaphaa ) 

Christ before Pilate. > three lines. 

Peter's denial: the cock crows. ) 

19. In uitreis ad altare S. Nicholai et per nauem ecclesie a parte 

1. Angel and Zacharias. 

2. Elizabeth and John (the Birth of John Baptist). 

3. His name is called John. 


4. John Baptist in the desert. 

5. John baptizing or preaching. 

6. Exoit hie tunicam ; qui non habet accipit iUam. His preaching. 

7. Ecce agnus dei. 

8. Baptism of Christ 

9. Others baptized. 

10. John rebukes Herod. 

11. He sends two disciples to Christ 

12. Herod's feast. Salome dancing. 
1.3. John beheaded. 

14. Hec monet, ista rogat, quod rex fieri male mandat Salome, 
ITerodias and Herod, 

15. Hec capud huic confert quod uirgo matri quoque profert 
Head brought to Herodioi. 

16. Infodiunt iste sanctum capud indecorose. Salome andHerodias 
pierce the eyes and tongue qfJohn. 

17. Exequias sancto celebrant hii decapitate. The ditciples bury 
the body. 

18. Quid petis hoc a me, Ihesu, quod pertinet ad te. John's words 
to Christ, 

19. Quod sine, Johannes, nam sic ut fiat oportet Christ to John, 

20. Idcirco munda mundum baptizat in unda. Christ baptized, 
Nos. 1 — 20 are probably one large window, devoted to St John Baptist's 


21. Yii^o Maria deum genuit gauisura per euum. Nativity, 

f, 210 b, 

22. Herod asks the Magi when the star appeared. 

23. The Kings go to Bethlehem. 

24. They open their treasures and offer. 

25. They adore Christ. 

26. The Angel warns them to return another way. 

27. Herod orders the Massacre. 

28. Joseph warned to fiee. 

29. Flight into Egypt 

30. Presentation in the Temple. 

31. The First Temptation. 

32. The Second: Hostis temptauit, Ihesus scriptis superauit 

33. The Third (on the mountain). 

34. The Marriage at Cana (half a line only: Deficiente mero). 

35. The Virgin's words to the servants: Verba mei nati sectarier 
este parati. 

36. The water turned to wine. 

37. The Architridinus (ruler of the feast) is surprised. 
3d. Healing of the leper (Matt viii). 



39. Iste precatur eram dare natum uiribus egrnm. The Nobleman 
at Capernaum (John iy). 

40. The 8ea Btilled 

41. The Paralytic carries his bed. 

42. Ecce fatigatur cm uis bona nulla negatur. Christ resting at the 

43. The Woman of Samaria surprised. 

44. Rex negat esse cibos (half a line : " My meat is to do the will of 
Him that sent me"). 

46. The Samaritans belieye. 

46. Lazarus is ill: his sisters weep. 

47. They tell Jesus. 

48. Martha tells Jesus that Lazarus is dead. 

49. She calls Mary. 

50. Mary falls at His feet. 

51. Lazarus is raised. 

52. He is loosed from the grave-clothes. 

53. Lazarus exire iubetur et hie aperire. 

54. Ihesu narratur quod Lazarus eger habetur. 

55. Lazarus oppetiit, pro quo uicinia fleuit. 

56. Omnes credebant qui mortua uiua uidebant. 

w. 53 — 56, like nos. 18 — 20 above, seem otiose. The fact probably 
is that in the case of nos. 18 — 20 we are dealing with the central subject 
of the window, and that this had longer inscriptions than the rest : while 
in the case of nos. 53 — 56, the order of the medallions, which is often 
difficult to perceive in xiiith century windows, has been unintelligently 

67. Autor opis uere, nostri, Ihesu, miserere. A paraphrase qf the 
tDord * Hosanna ', indicating the entry into Jertualem. 

From this point, again, the order is confused. 

68. Judas casts down the money in the Temple. 

59. Pilate delivers Christ to be crucified. 

60. Judas and the Pharisees. 

61. Judas receives the money. 

62. The washing of the Disciples' feet. 

63. The Betrayal 

64. The soldiers fall backward: Malchus is healed. 

65. Jesus brought before Pilate. ' 

f. 211 a. 

66. The Cross is raised: the gall given. 

67. Christ bearing the Cross: Simon of Cyrene. 

This series of New Testament subjects is a very noticeable one: the 
prominence given to the Ministry of our Lord is characteristic of the art 


of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, as distingaished from that of the 
fourteenth and fifteenth. It is curious that the Transfiguration does 
not appear. 

20. In panno ante crucem in chore. 

Vincla, flagella, crucem, conuicia, uuhiera, mortem, 
Et tumulum passus, regit astra, polum, mare, Ghristus. 
Magestate mea stat rerum machina trina 
Quo mare, terra, polus subsistunt dirigo solus. 

This seems appropriate to a picture of Christ in glory, the universe 
below His feet, and surrounded by angels with the instruments of the 

21. In trabe ultra paruum altare. 

1. The Entry into Jerusalem. 

2. The Last Supper. 

3. The washing of feet. 

4. The Scourging. 

5. Christ bearing the Cross. 

6. The Crucifixion. 

7. The Deposition. 

8. Pietd,: the Virgin lamenting. 

9. The Burial. 

10. The Resurrection. 

11. The Harrowing of Hell 

12. Noli me tang ere. 

la The Incredulity of Thomas. 

There are scenes painted probably on a rood-beam, East of the 

22. In sede Abbatis. 

Sessor puluilli, ne puluis adhereat illi 
Culpe: penarum cruciatum penset amarum: 
Non sint elati sublimi sede locati: 
Fastus sublimis flammis stridebit in imis. 

If any subject were -appropriate to these verses, it might be a Wheel 
of Fortune (such as we see in Rochester Cathedral), or an Inferno. 

23. In tabula ante magnunx candelabrum. 

[1. (? gone). Wicked Lawyers. 

2. Fusilis obscenas replet has tonsura crumenas. Wicked Monks. 

3. Ampla sub usura parit his lucra noxia cura. Usurers. 

4. Escas poscenti plus erogat esurienti. "j 

5. Hie egrum reficit: hie clausum carcere uisit. I The Works 

6. The stranger taken in. | qf Mercy. 

7. The naked clothed. J 



H The Last Judgment, 

8. An Angel calls the righteous to rise. 

9. The Apostles or Elders round Christ. 

10. Christ addresses the good. 

11. The lost rise. 

12. An Angel drives them away. 

13. They enter HelL 

14. Hie est prauorum cruciatus causidicorum. Wicked lawyers 

15. Fenora tonsure flagra talia sunt periture. Wicked Monks 

16. Sic sunt dampnati nummis nunquam saciati. Usurers or cove- 
tous punished, 

A large picture perhaps arranged in compartments thus: 

— ■ ■ ■ . ■ -■— — ^ 

Wicked Lawyers. 

Wicked Monks. 



Last Judgment. 

taken in. 


sick and 

Punishment of 

of Monks. 

of Usurers. 

Among the fifteenth century frescoes in English Churches we have 
compositions shewing Christ as Judge in the centre, surrounded by 
pictures of the Works of Mercy, e.g. at Bamby in Suffolk, and Kingston in 
Cambs. (N. aisle, West wall). 

24. In magno candelabro. 

Virgo uiro, uir de limo fit plasmate miro. Creation of Adam 
and Eve, 

Quod premit hos luctus fecit gustacio fructus. Fall, 

f. 211 b, 

25. In uitreis ad antiquam capellam beate uirginis. 

1. Angelicum, Seuerine, melos aures tibi mulcet. 

2. Arboreum lapsum mire, Martine, reflectis. 

3. Pendit ob errorem penas plebs obruta pinum (? pinu). 

4. Turba prophana uetat ne pinus sacra secetur. 

5. Astra petit tutus MaHinus came solutus. 

6. Martinus migrat cui fcrux inuictus et f adstat. 

7. Ecce duo populi rixant pro corpore sancti. 

8. Hie sedet ac dormit, sed humando debita soluit. 


This is the final and complete form of the verses of which fra^^ents 
are given under 12 and 14. They are from a window representing the life 
of S. Martin of Tours, and the subjects are as follows : 

1. 8. Severinus of Cologne hears singing at the moment of S. 
Martin's death. 

2.) The order historically should be, 4, 2, 3: (4) the pagan rustics 
protest against the destruction of a sacred pine : (2) Martin 
makes it fall away from him, instead of towards him : (3) it 

4. j falls on the rustics and injures some of them. 

5. Martin's soul received into heaven: it is attacked by demons 

6. His death : the Devil at his bedside. We should certainly read 
trux inimicus for cmx inuicttu, 

7. The inhabitants of Tours and Poitiers quarrelling for the body 
of S. Martin. 

8. S. Ambrose at Milan falls asleep during Mass, and in spirit 
assists to bury S. Martin. 

The situation of the window is, however, a puzzle. I do not understand 
what relation it bears to the old chapel of the Virgin : for this must, I 
think, bo taken to be the central eastern apse of the Church. At Ely 
there was an altar of S. Martin in the south aisle of the choir. I am 
rather inclined to place the window in the apse between the eastern and 
south-eastern Chapels. 

26. In uitreis ad lauatorium. 

1. The Sun. Pollens thetra soli, sed uero seruio soli. 

2. The Moon. 

a The Twelve Months. 

4. The Stars. 

5. Day (?). Rutila lux cell super id ( =it) Sol colla diei. 

6. October. Threshing. 

7. September. Vintage. 

8. November. Killing pigs. 

9. December. Feasting. 

10. Five lines on the variety of occupations in the months. 

11. May. Carrying a hawk. 

12. June. Mowing. 

13. August Reaping. 

27. In campana que dicitur Hugonis 

Martiris Badmundi iussum decus hie ita fundi 
Anselmi donis donum manus aptat Hugonis. 

We know that the artist Magister Hugo was a worker in metal, and the 
mention of Anselm seems to fix this bell as being another of his works. 


28. In magna campana. 

Ecclesie splendor Ghrafridns nomine dicor. 

Me dedit ille bono tibi, rex Eadmunde, patrono. 

Sum labor Hailfici : modulo mihi ter (or tone) reparato 

Erea nunc exto decos eoclesie uenerandum. 

In 1. 3 the MS has f^ and I should like to read tune rather than ter. 
This is the bell made by Ganfiidus the sacrist (1102—1107). 

29. In chore et circa. 

1. Creation of Adam. Ne regnet fastos de limo fit prothoplastus. 

2. Creation of Eve. 

3. The Blessing of Man. 

4. The Fall. 

5. The Expulsion. 

6. Adam digs : Eye spins. 

7. Cain's sacrifice. 

8. He kills Abel. 

9. €k>d rebukes him : Abel's blood cries out. 

10. Cain flees. 

11. He is killed by Lamech. 

12. The Flood. 

13. Noah enters the ark. 

14. The ark on the waters. 

15. Noah's sacrifice: the Rainbow. 

16. The Vintage : the shame of Noah. 

17. He curses " Cham." 

18. The Tower of BabeL 

19. The Confusion of Tongues. 

20. Abraham and Lot part 

21. Lot leaves him after the dispute. 

; 22. The king of the Elamites in his wrath. 

2a The Battle of the Kings. 

24. The king of Sodom armed. 

25. Lot captured : a ^ puer " tells Abraham. 

26. Abraham rescues Lot 

27. Meets Melchizedek. 

28. Abraham counts the stars : he takes Hagar to wife. 

29. The Vision of the three Angels. 

30. Sarah laughs. 

31. Lot receives the two Angels. 

32. The men of Sodom attack bis house. 

33. The cities of the plain destroyed. 

34. Lot's wife perishes. 

35. Lot and his daughters. 


36. Sarah gives snck to Isaac : Abraham's joy. 

37. He is told to offer up Isaac. 

38. The sacrifice of Isaac. 

39. EliezeHs oath to Abraham. 

40. The bracelet given to Rebekah. 

41. She lights down from her camel. 

42. The Birth of Jacob and Esau. 

43. Esau sells his birthright 

44. Isaac desires the venison : Esau goes hunting. 

45. Jacob kills the kids. 

46. And covers his neck with the ^kins. 

47. Esau delays to return. 

48. Esau arrives. Jacob flees. 

49. Jacob's vision. 

50. Jacob meets Rachel. 

51. Rachel is promised to him. 

52. Leah is given to him. 

53. Rachel is given to him. 

54. The rods in the troughs. 

55. Jacob leaves Laban. 

56. Rachel hides the idols. 

57. Jacob and Laban make a covenant. 

58. Jacob wrestles with the Angel. 

59. Jacob's flocks are left behind. 

60. Jacob's children and wives. 

61. Jacob meets Esau. 

62. Dinah is carried off. 

63. She is recovered. 

64. The Massacre of the Shechemites. 

65. Joseph reports Reuben's sin. 

66. Joseph tells his dream. 

67. The brethren see him coming. 

68. They put him in the pit. 

69. He is sold. 

70. The Bloody coat shewn to Jacob. 

71. Potiphar buys Joseph. 

72. The arrival in Egypt. 

73. Potiphar's wife tempts Joseph, and accuses him. 

74. He is imprisoned *' fune ligatus." 

75. The dreams of the Butler and Baker. 

76. Joseph interprets Pharaoh's dreams. 

77. He is exalted. 

78. The Egyptians adore him. 

79. He collects corn. 

80. The brethren sent by Jacob. 


81. They return: Simeon is detained. 

82. Benjamin is brought to Joseph. 

83. They offer gifts to Joseph. 

84. The cap in Benjamin's sack. 

85. The Recognition. 

86. Quod losep celat, regi puer iste reuelat. 

87. Non est delusa pro patre peticio fiisa. (The land of Goshen given 
to Jacob.) 

88. Jacob arrives in Egypt 

89. And salutes Pharaoh. 

90. The Blessing of Manasseh and Bphraim. 

A few moral lines, apparently not of this series, follow. 

I hope on a future occasion to compare this fine and interesting series 
of Qenesis-subjects with some of the more important monuments of the 
kind which have survived. In spite of the fact that Jocelin tells us that 
Abbot Sampson composed '* elegiac verses'' for the paintings about the choir, 
I am inclined to believe that in the leonine hexameters of the MS. before 
us we have the work of Abbot Sampson. The painting of the choir by 
Wodecroft took place in the fourteenth century, too late to have been 
recorded in the Heralds' College MS. which can, I think, hardly have been 
written after 1300. 

30. f. 212 b, col. 2. 

In dorsario ultra ostium reUquiarum. 

1. The Annunciation. Angelus infit aue : granidatur oirgo suaue. 

2. The Visitation. 

3. The Nativity. 

4. The Angel and the Shepherds. 

5. Christ in the Manger. 

6. The Star. 

7. The Adoration of the Magi. 

8. The Return of the Magi. 

9. The Massacre of the Innocents. 

10. Joseph warned to flee. 

11. The Flight into Egypt. 

12. The Massacre of the Innocents. (?) 

13. The Ascension. (?) 

14. The Last Supper. Ut deus est presens, ut homo cognosdtur 

15. The Last Judgment (two lines). 

31. In dorsario illi proximo. 

L The Birth of Isaac. 
2. The Sacrifice of Isaac. 

Compare the isolated verses noted before under No. 6. 


32. In dorsario Ezechielis. 

Magestate dens uos omnes iudioo ueros, 
Premia pro iustis hoe iudicio capietis. 

33. t 214 a: hand of cent, xiii, xiy. 

Longitudo aule Westmonasterii est cclxz. ped., latitado Ixxiiij. 

Longitudo aule Archiepisoopi Eboracensis apud Eboracum vi" ii. 
(122), latitado Ixxvi. 

Longitudo aule de castello apud Nouum Castellum v" v. (105), 
latitudo xlviii. 

Latitudo claustri Dunelm. vi" xviii. (138)) ^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

Inter columpnas et murum xiiii. ) 

Latitudo aule hospitum ibid. Ix. ped. 

Longitudo iiii" viii (88). 

Latitudo claustri S. Badmundi vii" v. (145)) ^^^^ ^^^ 

Inter columpnas et murum xiiii. ) 

XX. Bodl. MS. 240, p. 677, col. 1, line 24. This transcript 
was kindly procured for me by the Rev. A. C. Headlam, 
Fellow of All Souls' College. 

Cum enim propter tempestatem inauditam speciosum et valde spectabile 
beati Edmundi caderet campanile et in cadendo pluribus mortem intentaret 
ita quod nullus tum propter ruiuam illius imminentem tum propter alia per 
illud sen per tempestatem horrendam ruine patencia tutum sibi locum 
putaret) patronus noster et pater sanctus Edmundus omnes protexit cum 
tamen dicto et audito consideratis circumstanciis hoc magnum erat 
miraculum. Namque non solum in ipsa ecclesia scilicet presbiterio, chore 
et capella beate Marie, vbi maximum imminebat periculum, seu eciam in 
ipso campanili parum ante casum eius hominum multitudo affuerat, set 
in diuersis cameris, studiis et aliis locis ?bi post paruissimum interuallum 
ipsa ruina contingebat, fratres omnes hie inde consistentes manifesta dei 
virtute et sancti Edmundi prece ab omni mortis periculo saluantur, neque 
&mulu8 aliquis yel catulus vllam sensit lesionem qua mortem vel mutila- 
cionis discrimen incurrit: postes tamen campanilis hinc inde cadebant et 
ante et post monachos a dextris et a sinistris circumcirca ruebant, nullus 
tamen eorum ledebatur. Campanile igitur horrido motu et impetu corruens 
versus sanctum Edmundum, cum per omnem racionem .et venti indicium 
eius attemptaret feretrum, dei virtute reuersum est ad aquilonem, ubi nee 
omnino noceret hominibus, et loca sanctiora. et digniora, scilicet altaria 
singula intacta relinqueret ; benedictus deus per omnia. 

This record is not dated. It is puzzling in many ways. Was it the 
bell-tower itself that fell, or a steeple which surmounted it ? I think it was 
the tower. Again, is it the fall of 1210 that is here described, or a later 
one? One chronicler says that in 1210 the tower fell *sine aliquo impulsu 


< . / 


Tonti' (see p. 159): but here there is constant* mention of the violence of 
the wind I confess I am at a loss here. As to the date, I think that can 
be more easily determined. One thing at least is plain : it is the central 
tower whose fall is here related : for it is especially said that the parts of 
the Church which were endangered were the presbytery, shrine, and Lady 
Chapel : the mention of the Lady Chapel may perhaps settle the point. 
The Central Tower was likely to fall on to the Presbytery : it threatened, 
in other words, to fall eastwards. Which Lady Chapel, then, would be 
endangered ? Clearly, the old one at the east end (which was part of the 
Norman Church), and not the one on the north side (which was built in 
1275). Further, when it did fall, it fell northwards and did comparatively 
little damage. But if Simon de Luton's Lady Chapel had then been in 
existence, it would have suffered terribly. Hence, I conclude that the fall 
here described is one that happened before that Chapel was built : in other 
words, that it is the fall of 1210. 

I believe that the Central Tower remained in ruins for more than a 
century after its fall, and that finally, as we learn from Leland's notes, 
John Lavenham, sacrist in the fourteenth century, rebuilt it and added a 
tall spire. 

XXI. Extracts from the Registnim Hostilariae (B. M. 
Cotton, ClaudivSy A. xii): cent. xv. compiled by Andrew Astone 
in 1426. 

1. In the Mectio domini Johannis Tymworth (1379), written by John 
Gosford, the following facts occur (f. 126 &). 

Abbot John de Brinkele was buried 4n capella beate Marie Yirginis.' 
On p. 129 we read that certain monks returning from the Infirmary 
Chapel, where they had said Matins, to the Dormitory 'repererunt ostium 
uocatum Trayledore per suos emulos interclusum ita quod nee intrare 
poterant in dormitorium nee in claustrum.' This door called 'Trayle' is 
alluded to also in Harl. 2977 (see pp. 366, 371). Evidently it led eastwards 
out of the cloister. 

2. A very important document has now to be put upon 
record ; I cannot find that it has been noticed by any previous 
historian of the Abbey. It was quite by chance that my 
attention was drawn to it. There is a transcript of it among 
the collections of Augustine Baker at Jesus College, Oxford 
(MS. 75); and from the connexion in which it there occurs, I 
was led to suspect that its source was the Registrum Hostilariae. 
There, in point of fact, it was: but separated from the other 

THE FIRE OF 1465. 205 

matters relating to the Abbey, by the insertion of a copy of the 
legendary HisUyry of the Three Kings, in Latin. 

It is a record of a most disastrous fire which took place in 
the Abbey Church in 1466 (during the abbacy of John Bohun 
or Boone): and it greatly modifies one's views of the interior 
condition of the Abbey Church at the time of the Dissolution. 
I append the text, and reserve further comment. 

On the lower margin of f. 1896 (old numbering 116 ft). 

Heu, heu, quid scribam, quid tanta incendia dicam 
Quanta prius nusquam reor aure recepta? Ruente 
Summa ab arce domu, deiectaque sacra prophanis 
Ignibus exustas flamma populante columpnas, 
Martir ubi Edmundus multo veneratur honore. 
Yidiase est miserum, miserumque magisque dolendum 
Visa referre: tanien, lateat ne tanta ruina 
Ventaram gentem, discatque ignara yitare 
Fortunam similem, jam cuncta ex ordine pandanL 

[f 190] Millesimo ococ~ sexagesimo quinto dominice incamacionis anno 
apud Buryam S. Edmundi facta est miserabilis combustio nionasterii eius- 
dem sancti ibidem xiii kal. Februarias ex quorumdam necligencia plumbo 
et igne reparancium, immo verius destruendum. Orta est autem in bunc 
modum. Sole diem radiis illustrante, nulla intemperies, tonitrus nulius, 
nulla tempestatis aura fuere ; sed omnes ceciderunt murmuris aure. Tan- 
tummodo lenis austri flatus (heu nimium postea vehemeus) spirabat in 
orbem. Preparatis igitur que ad opus plumbariorum deseruirent, igne 
scilicet et ferro, ecclesiam scandunt, ea parte patellam igneam statuentes 
quam ventus obuius leni yerberabat iiiipulsu. Instant interea ardentes 
operi Tsque dum prandii tempus ipsos seuocaret. Mox yma petentes 
ignem tectum inter et ventum baud caute positum reliqueruni Nutrita 
interim vento comburens flamma, jamque ipsum plumbum penetrans, tectum 
intrat, infra celaturam delitescens quousque in uniuersum adoleret. Nee 
mirum, Quoque magi$ tegitur^ vt ait poeta, tecttu magis estucU ignis. 
Demum aocensa celatura flamme protinus irruperunt immense : quo yiso 
sonat ilico campanarum vox dissona, concurrunt vndique plebs in adiutorium 
prona; sed jam tantas sibi vires triste illud collegerat incendium, quantas 
nemo yirorum ausas liierit expugnare, tum propter loci sublime cacumen, 
turn propter intollerabile feruentis plumbi stillicidium. Erat enim dies 
media, et jam pene ysque campanile tota ab occasu ruebant ecclesie 
t^;mina. Perterriti ergo exeunt, deum sanctumque Edmundum flexis 
genibus omnes orant. Distrahuntur iuterea quedam diuini officii ytensilia 
atque in tutum reponuntur: quedam nunquam reditura asportauit in- 
iustorum manus impia: quedam, etipsa preciosissima, improuisis ardoribus 


Tsta. Fit iogens clamor, oreber concuniu eandam redeiuiciiiiiiqne : 
▼biqae Inctos, ybique paaor. £t non solum eoclesie oniameata diripiantar, 
▼ernm eciam aliarum domnnm sen camerarom quanuucamque intinia 
pencratantary quia tone omnia lapsum spoponderant, qoicqnid in hiia 
inneniri poterat aafertnr, qnidam bono zelo hoc agentes, ne Babiectis 
Tieret flammia, qnidam e connerao maligna mente [here a diaqnisition of 
five or six tines upon false friends, illostrated by a quotation from Seneca] 
...Deiecta miierabititer ecclesie parte occida% arbitrabantnr qnamplnrimi 
saltern in campanOi flammas snbsistere. Sed nee ibi furore depodto, per 
quedam foramina hinc inde templum irmmpentes, collaterales eios plagas 
ineaitabili sucoendunt furore. Insuper ipsum presbiterium, vbi corpus 
dominicum sacrique martins Edmundi feretrum cultissimo apparato con- 
stroctnm denotas fidelium mentes sepius verterunt in laudem, terribilis 
ignium vis inuasit : sublatum tamen ante per sacristam atque in vestiario 
honorifice ardenti cera oollocatum fiierat nostre redempdonis sacramentum ; 
timnit enim temptare dominum deum suum. Quid de flammis vltra 
dicam ? Tota dei domus tetenderat in ruinam, perque yma et alta ruentes 
tocius fabrice decus, summam pinnaculi lucemam corripuit (sie); quod 
maximum mortalibus timorem pariter et dolorem incnssit Nam omnia 
spes omnium et fiducia recessit, cum ilia formosissima flammis exureret 
hasta. Et jam yalidi toto sonuerunt ethere Tenti, fauillas baud breui 
spacio eleuantes non modicas: quodque magis mirum, vidimus quamplures 
plumbi porciunculas flamme et flatus yiolenda procul delatas. Tunc magis 
multiplicantur gemitus, dolores augentur, suspiria ab ymo pectore trahuntur. 
Sed et monachi quo se vertant Te(l) quid faciant ignorant, quorum lamenta- 
bills querimonia non immerito posset fiiisse cum Yirgilio de Troia V&nit 
tumma [f. 191] dies et ineluctabile tempus nostrum: fuimus monachi, 
fuit gloria et ingests decus Estanglorum, /ems omnia eorripU ignis et 
accensa sacra dorninatur in ede. Erat preterea de magni pinnaculi 
combustione non tantus dolor et gemitus, quantus de eius lapsu et precipi- 
tacione timor habebatur ab omnibus. Minabatnr enim non solum ecclesie 
subuercionem, sed et toti monasterio yltimatum exitum. Elongant ergo se 
omnes, quidam procul aspicientes, quidam tarn miserabilem casum videre 
pre dolore minime ferentes. Sed diuine pietatis superhabundancia, que 
semper suis subuenit, non est passa tale ac tantum sui militis edificium 
totale perditum ire. Nam, combustis qui sublimem uerticem sustinebant 
postibus, perpendiculariter, neque ad dextram neque ad sinistram 
declinans, in subiectum campanile mirabiliter decidii O quantus illic 
caminus, quantus fumus, quantus crederes estus erat, vbi chorus ille curio- 
sissimus, in toto regno similem non relinquens, vbi formosissimum tempU 
cacumen, vbi campanarum ter tripla turba, multaque arte et ingenio 
elaboratum candelabrum vno cremantur aceruo! Quid vltra? Distendit 
immanissimus ille rogus omnes flammas suas et violenciam in martiris 
feretrum, et circumcirca volitans armaria et sedes, celicolarum formas 
extantes, pendulam quoque crucifix! magnitudiuem sancto martiri pene 

THE FIRE OF 1465. 207 

oontigiuun in lucidissimos carbonee redegit Ipsum eciam feretri co- 
opertoriam ligneum, combusto funis retinaculo, desuper vrens cadebat. 
Sic quod martir, incendiis vndique veluti in clibano yallatus, tantarum 
in medio flammarum permansit illesus. inestimabile dei donum! 
admirabile factum, omnique pretermittendum (sic) miraculum, quoniam 
milia milium Damme solum defecerunt in martirem. Ruunt interea ad 
sancti martiris basilicam yiri audaces fractis fenestris, humida in flammas 
iadentes, conspectoque indempni feretro letas foris voces emittunt: quare 
dec et sancto martin supplices omnes grates pendunt. Est et aliud stupen- 
dnm et relatu dignum, de martiris quondam seruo atque auriga I^elwyno 
et aliis, quorum ossa in lignea capsa in sublimi prope regis tumbam ; quam 
nonnuUi, eo quod jam feruor ipsaro incendebat, multo robore deponere 
nitebantur, sed mouere nequibant quod jam vnica manu facile leuaretur. 
Ecce quam fidelis seruus ille, qui regem suum nolebat deserere. Neque sic 
a martire superata cessauit protinus miserabilis ilia quassacio; sed iam 
coUectis viribus totum in beate Yirginis capellam spirauit ardorem. 
Oombustum enim antea fnerat Refectorium, et palacii culmen Vulcanus 
habebat Ibi tamen multa potestate extinctus solam capellam infestabat. 
Nee prius alwistit quam ipsam, licet vino et aqua copiose respersam, 
seoissimis flammis humi prostrauit, vlterius in Infirmaria, que tota 
periculis incumbebat, lesionem deo protegente non faciens. Tota deinde 
hominum cura, dolor omnis, omnis metus pro Yestiario subeunt, vbi 
corpus domini collocatum prediximus, vbiqne totus tunc ecclesie thesaurus 
iacebat inclusus. At non modicus ibi rutulauerat (or ustulauerat?) ignis; 
qui quantus fuerit testes existunt adhuc parietes vsti^ lignorumque et 
lapidum duricies ignibus exhausta: et ipsum in chore vestiarii hostium 
non remansit intactum, saluo tamen diuina ope quicquid intro fuerat. 
Dominus enim omnium tanquam bonus Yestiarius ofiScium suum fideliter 
adimpleuit, cum in pace custodiuit omnia que possiderat (sie), Magnas 
igitur merito gratias deo debemus et dicimus, qui se et militem suum 
Edmundum de tot liberare dignetur incendiis, et nos pene orphanos de 
tanti patroni solacio iam reddit secures, ad laudem et gloriam sui nominis, 
cui est honor in euum. Amen. 

Tu ne luctisonas mortalibus exprime voces 
Inculto sermone tuas rude carmine. Amara 
Fata refer casusque nouas et flebile factum. 
Supplicibus pulsa precibus pia corda ferentes, 
Auxiliumque roga rebus feruore liquatis. 

Perhaps the best way of bringing out the points of interest 
in the record will be to give an almost complete translation, 
with a running comment. In the verses that begin the text 
the writer says that the fire was unprecedented, and dreadful 


to witness, and more dreadful and dismal to tell about ; but that, 
notwithstanding this, he will narrate the matter for the in- 
struction and warning of posterity. 

" In the 1465th year of the Lord's Incarnation there took 
place at Bury St Edmund's a dismal conflagration of the 
monastery of that saint on the 13th of the Kalends of February 
(20 January), through the negligence of some men who were 
repairing — or, to speak more truly, destroying — the Church 
with lead and fire. Now it arose in this way. The sun was 
shining, there was neither foul weather, thunder, nor high 
wind ; all whisper of a breeze had fallen, and there was but a 
light air from the south, which grew strong enough, alas! 
afterwards. The men got ready what was necessary for their 
plumbing work, the fire and irons, and went up the tower. 
[Clearly this was the western tower, which had fallen in 1480 — 
31, and was now being rebuilt.] They placed their brazier in a 
spot exposed to the gentle draught of wind. They then set to, 
and worked until the dinner-hour called them away : whereupon 
they went down, and left the brazier very unwisely placed, 
between the roof and the wind. The fire was fanned by the 
breeze, melted the lead and penetrated into the roof, remaining 
unsuspected within the wooden ceiling until the whole was in 
flames. [Here follows a quotation from the poets.] At last 
the ceiling caught, and instantly great tongues of flames shot 
forth into the Church. As scon as they were seen, the bells 
clashed out in harsh discord, and the people rushed in from all 
quarters, eager to help. But by this time the fire, had gained 
such power that no one dared cope with it, partly because of 
the great height above the floor, and partly because of the 
dropping of molten lead, which it was impossible to face. 

It was now midday, and the whole roof of the Church, firom 
the west end almost up to the bell-tower (central tower) was 
falling in. The crowd left the Church in a panic, and prayed 
on their bended knees to God and St Edmund. Meanwhile 
some of the utensils of divine service were torn down and 
carried off to a place of safety: some of them were removed by 
unprincipled persons, never to return; and others, of the most 

THE FIRE OF 1465. 209 

precious kind, perished in the sudden conflagration. There was 
a great cry made, and great was the noise of men going and 
coming; sorrow and fear were on every face. Not only, more^ 
over, were the ornaments of the Church plundered, but in other 
buildings and chambers every secret recess was explored, and all 
that could be found was removed: for destruction threatened 
the whole establishment. Some did this work with good intent, 
to save the articles from the fire, but others of malice afore^ 

The western portion of the Church was now a dismal ruin; 
but many thought that the flames would at any rate stop at 
the central tower. Yet their fury did not slacken; they 
made their way through openings on this side and on that, 
broke into the Church, and consumed the lateral parts of it 
[the transepts, probably] with irresistible force. Yea, and the 
presbytery itself, wherein the body of the Lord is kept, and 
where the shrine of the holy martyr Edmund in all its beauty 
has often stirred the heart of the devout believer to praise, was 
invaded by the fearful violence of the fire. The sacrament of 
our redemption had, however, been already removed by the 
Sacrist, and placed reverently in the vestry, with a lighted 
candle before it ; for he feared to tempt the Lord his God [by 
forcing him to a display of miraculous power]. The whole 
house of God now tottered to its fall; the flames, raging high 
and low, caught upon the lantern that tops the spire, and is the 
ornament of the whole fane. This grieved and terrified th^ 
spectators more than all : all hope died when that graceful spire 
was seen to be in flames. By this time a ' great wind waa 
sounding through the air,' and carrying large burning sparks tQ 
a great distance: nay, what is more surprising, I saw numbers 
of small pieces of lead cast to a considerable distance by the 
combined force of wind and fire. Our groans now redoubled, 
and many a deep sigh was drawn. The poor monks knew not 
which way to turn, nor what to do, and their pitiable complaints 
might not inaptly have recalled Virgil's lines on Troy, * To us 
too had the last day, the inevitable moment, come; we were 
monks, the glory and honour of Eastern England vxiSj but the 

C.A, 8. Octavo Series. XXVIII. 14 


fierce fire is seiziDg it all, and mastering the holy temple/ 
Moreover, the feeling was not only now chiefly of concern for 
the burning of the spire, but of fear for its fall; for it threatened 
totally to destroy the Church, and, besides, to make an end of 
the whole monastery. The onlookers therefore retired to a 
distance, some ' beholding it afar off,' others unable to bear the 
sorrow of seeing its fall. However, the special mercy of God, 
which never fails to succour His servants, did not suffer the 
great and noble sanctuary of His soldier to be wholly destroyed. 
The fire consumed the timbers which supported the steeple; 
and it sank, wonderful to say, perpendicularly into the tower 
below, without bending to right or left What a fiery furnace 
was there! what clouds of smoke, think you, what blazing 
heat ! That exquisite choir, that left not its match in all the 
kingdom, — the graceful spire of the Church, — the nine bells, 
the great candlestick, wrought with such art and skill, were all 
blazing up together in one heap! [The existence of a spire 
of great height on the central tower is a new fact, and so is the 
statement that there were nine bells. It further appears that 
Samson's choir, and the great candlestick, and, I suppose, the 
whole of the painted vault, perished in this dreadful conflagra- 
tion. Needless to say, the dorsaria and the glass must have 
suffered woefully: probably the former were all destroyed.] 
What more ? This enormous pyre now directed all its flames 
and all its force against the shrine of the martyr. Hither and 
thither it darted, licking up the presses and seats, the projecting 
images of the angels, and the huge hanging crucifix that almost 
touched the holy martyr, and reduced them all to glowing 
embers. [The images of angels (or perhaps saints) may have 
stood out from the roof, or else upon the rood-beam over the 
high altar.] The wooden cover of the shrine [like that of 
St Thomas at Canterbury, described by Erasmus], when the 
rope that held it up was burnt through, fell down upon the 
ishrine, in flames: so that the martyr, though walled about on 
every side with fire, as in an oven, remained scatheless. O 
precious boon of God ! O wonderful chance, worthy to be 
preferred to any miracle, that all these millions of flames 

THE FIRE OF 1465. 211 

should have been foiled by one martyr! At this point some 
daring souls made a rush for the Church, broke through the 
windows, cast water upon the flames, and seeing that the shrine 
was intact, raised a cry of joy to those without; whereupon all 
gave thanks to God and to the holy martyr. 

Another incident was very surprising, and deserves to be 
recorded, concerning Egelwyn, the former servant and charioteer 
of the martyr [this was the monk who had conveyed the body 
about the country during the Danish terror], and others [e.g. 
Oswen, the female devotee] whose bones were kept in a wooden 
chest, high up, near the king's tomb. Some men had employed 
great force in trying to move them, inasmuch as the heat had 
already got to them; but, though the chest oould ordinarily be 
lifted with one hand, they were now unable to stir it. Was not 
this truly a faithful servant, who refused to forsake his king? 
And, though thus overcome by the martyr, the miserable 
disaster did not come to an end forthwith ; but redoubling its 
strength, breathed all its heat against the Chapel of the Blessed 
Virgin [that on the north side of the Choir, as I suppose]. The 
Refectory had been already consumed [perhaps only the roof: 
it was on the side of the cloister furthest from the Church], 
and the fire had caught upon the roof of the Palace [i.e. the 
Abbot's Palace]. But by great exertions it was subdued here, 
and now raged only in the Chapel: nor did it cease, though 
copiously drenched with wine and water, until it had laid it 
even with the ground. In the Infirmary, which was com- 
pletely exposed to the danger [I think this is the meaning: 
another possible rendering would be 'though the whole of the 
staff was engaged in putting out the fire elsewhere'], no damage 
was done, for God preserved it. The care and anxiety of all 
was now centred on the Vestry, where, as I have said, the body 
of the Lord had been placed, and where the whole treasure of 
the Church now lay shut up. It had been in no slight degree 
affected by the flames, as is witnessed to this day by the 
scorched walls, and the stones and timbers from which the 
heat has sucked out the hardness. The door opening out of 
the Choir into the Vestry [where was this?] did not escape 

212 THE FIRE OF 1465. 

damage, but by God's help eyerything that was inside remained 
safe. For the Lord of all, like a good Vestiary, fulfilled His 
office faithfully, preserving all His possessions unharmed. We 
owe therefore^ and we would pay, hearty thanks to Ood who 
vouchsafed to deliver Himself and His soldier Edmund out of 
this great fire, and who now assures us, though we were well- 
nigh comfortless, of the solace of so great a protector : to the 
praise and glory of His name; to whom is honour everlasting. 

The verses that follow enjoin the writer or narrator to apply 
for help to the faithful to replace tiie lost ornaments of the 

*■ ^ 


Abbey Gharch: notice of writers on 
the subject, 116; history of Nor- 
man chnrcli, 117 — 120; dimen* 
Bions, 120; Lady Chapel built, 
121; fall of central tower, ibid. 
62, 203 ; of western tower, 122 ; 
fire of 1465, 122, 204—212; riot 
of 1327, 122, 158; Conventual 
buildings, 123 ; measurements by 
William of Worcester, ibid. ; text 
of these, 168 — 165; measured by 
Gniingwater, 165, 166; measure- 
ment of cloister, 203; described 
by Leland, 125, 166; MS. at 
College of Arms, 126; Register 
at Douai, 127 ; gate of cemetery, 
ibid.; west front, 128; bronze 
doors, western chapels, nave, ibid.; 
nave-roof, 130; baptistery, 129; 
north aisle, ibid. ; derestoiy, ibid. ; 
choir-screen, 130; choir-enclosure, 
130—132; inscriptions in, 200— 
202; d&rtaria there, 182; stalls, 
roof-paintings, ibid.; altars, 133; 
cross, ibid.; space between high 
altar and shrine, 134; retable of 
high cdtar, 135; Paschal candle- 
stick, ibid. ; presbytery, 136, 140 ; 
shrine of S. Edmund, 136; other 
shrines near it (SS. Thomas, 
Botolph, Jurmin), 137; eastern 
apsidal chapels, 137—140; of the 
Virgin, 137; S. Saba, S. Martin, 
Martyrs, Cross, 138, 139; tran- 
sept, 140; chapels of S. John 
the Evangelist, S. Nicholas, Black 
Hostel^, S. Botolph, S. Giles, 
140, 141; crypt, 141; north tran- 
sept, 142, 177; Simon de Luton's 
Lady Chapel, ibid. ; verses and 
pictures there and elsewhere, ibid.; 
vestry and sacristy, 144; towers 
and bells, ibid.; cloister, 145; 
chapter-house, 146; old site of, 
156; infirmary, 147; burial-places 
of the abbots, 148; enumeration 

of all the altars and chapels, 149 ; 
Gesta Sacristarum, 152 — 154 ; 
extracts from Joceliil de Brake- 
lond, 154 — 156; from Annals of 
Bury, 156—158; view of tower 
from a distance, 157; gifts of 
Henry Lacy, 158; books brought 
from Hulme, 159; building of 
Lady Chapel, ibid. ; extracts from 
Liber albus 159 — 163; from Regis- 
ter of VeetiariuSf 163; window- 
flass given by John of Gaunt, 
67; precious stones by King 
John, ibid.^ bell-tower built by 
John Lavenham, sacrist, ibid.; 
lavatory by Abbot Sampson, ibid.; 
extracts from Bui^ wills, 168; 
bequests to building of belfry, 
169; accounts of the monastery 
at tiie Suppression, ibid.; relics, 
170 ; value of goods taken by the 
Commissioners, ibid.; defacing of 
the shrine of S. Edmund, ibid.; 
verses on a painted window, 
quoted by Sir H. Spelman, 171 — 
176; visit of KingHemy VL, 176; 
model of the church, 177; Cere- 
mony of admission of novices, 
178; of penitents, ibid.; distribu- 
tion of candles on festivals, 179; 
names of servants, 179, 180; ex- 
tracts from the Itegistrum Co^ 
quinaria, 180 — 182; from a 
Ritualef 183 — 186; verses and in- 
scriptions in different .parts of the 
Abbey, 186-203 

Abbo Floriacensis : vita S. Edmundi, 
75, 76; vita et passio, 87 

Abbots of Bury: Uieir burial-places, 

Adam de Eccestre: ^xposicitm sur la 
pater noster, 64 

Adelardus : dialogus, 66 

Ailredus Bievallensis : de oneribus, 57 

Aisles, of nave : 129 

Alan, Count of Brittany, his tomb, 156 



Alanas, 57 ; Anticlaudianns, 82 
Aldhelmus: snigmata, 45 
Alexander : 

de Ales, ezoerpta, 44 

Dindimo, 82 
Alfred, King: proverbs in English, 

60, 106 
Alker, Tho. : in Johannem et Marcnm, 

AllegoriaB, 70 
Altars in the choroh : enumeration of, 

Altissiodorensis : qnestiones in i. ii. 

iii. iT. sententiamm, 44 
Amalarias: de officio missfe, 45 
Ambrosias : 

de bono mortis, 43 

de observantia episcopomm, 48 

epistohe, 43 

contra Symmachnm, 43 

de obitu Theodosii, 44 

de SS. Gtervasio et Protasio, 44 

apologia pro Danid, 44 

de ylnea Naboth, 44 

saper Lncam, 44 

tracts by, 44 
Andreas de S. Yietore : snper Isaiam, 

[etc.], 45 
Andriew (S.), chapel, 141, 183; in 
cemetery, 161 ; decoration of, 161, 
Angels, names of, 66 
ADn(S.): altar, 161 
Annales, 56 
Annals of Boxy, extracts from, 156 — 


efttstolae, 44 

de oonceptione B. MarisB, 44 

de similitadinibns, 44 

opascola qusBdam, 56 

de libero arbitrio, 63 
Apse and Chapels, 137—140 
Armachanus: de qusBstionibus Ar- 

menorum, 45 
Ars memorandi, 67 
Aimidel, Tho. : account of his yisit to 

Bury, 163 
Angnstine: vita, 42 
Augustine : 

snper Beatiu, 42 

super Domine, ibid. 

in Johannem, ibid. 

contra Faustum, 43 

de nuptiis, ibid. 

retractationes, ibid« 

enchiridion, ibid. 

de spiritu et anima, ibid. 

[tracts by], 44 

enchiridion, ibid, 
de Concordia euangelistarum, 46 
de civitate dei, ibid, 
super genesim, ibid, 
in Bomanos et 1 Corinthios, ibid, 
quaodam [opuscula], 56 
do. 57 

epistola ad Cyrillnm, 59 
die mirabilibus sanctsB scripturie, 64, 

de ecdesiastids dogmatibus, 64 
de conflictu vitiorum et virtutum, 77 
de ecclesiasticis dogmatibus, 78 
Ixxxiii quiestiones, 78 

Baldwin, Abbot: death and burial, 

157; shrine, 160 
Baptistery, 129 

[tracts by], 44 

super V. libros Moysi, 51 

de templo Salomonis, ibid. 

super Lucam, 52 

in Bomanos et 1 Corinthios, ibid. 

super apocalypsin et epistolas ca- 
nonicas, ibi£ 

Historia ecdesiastica, ibid. 54 

super Parabolas Salomonis, 53 
Belfiy: bequests to building, 169 
BeUs : inscription on great bell, 200 
Benedict (S.): miracles, 62; extracts 
from Bule, ibid. ; Begula (in Lat. 
and Angl.-Saxon), 74; tower dedi- 
cated to, 162; verses on, 186 
Berengaudus: super Apocalypsin, 53 
Bematd (S.) : 

meditaciones, 43 

super cantica, 52 

de sex alls, 53, 77 

de nominibus patriarcharum, 53 

super Threnos, 53 

de spiritu sancto, 53 

qusBstiones, 53 

distinctiones, 53 

dicta, 56 

de gradibus humilitatis, 81 

glosa, 86 
Bemardus (Ep. Signiensis): de dedi- 

catione ecclesie, 53 
Bible : 

Biblia versificata, 54 

Canticles, 46, 50 

Chronicles (Paralipomena), 47 

Daniel, 48, 50 

Deuteronomy, 47, 50 

Ecclesiastes, 48, 49 

Esdras, 47 

Esther, 47 

Exodus, 46, 47 



Bible : 
Ezekid, 48 
Genesis, 46 
Isaiah, 48, 50 
Jeremiah, 50 
Joshua, 47 
Judges, 47 
Kings, 47 
Lamentations, 50 
Leviticus, 47, 54 
Maccabees, 47 
Nehemiah, 47 
Numbers, 47 
Proverbs, 48, 84 
Psahns, 49, 50, 51, 57, 59, 90 
Buth, 47, 50 

Twelve prophets, 47, 48, 50, 85 
New Testament : 
Acts, 63 

Apocalypse, 49, 63, 86 
Canonical (Catholic) Epistles, 48, 50 
Four Gospels, 84, 89 
John, 49, 53 
Luke, 49, 54 
Matthew, 48, 49 
Mark, 49, 50 
New Testament, 89 
Paul (S.), Epistles, 49, 50, 83, 86 
Black Hostelry: chapel of, 140, 141; 

verses in, 192 
Bodleian Library : Bury MSS. in, 4 
Bodley, Sir Tho. : obtains books from 

Bury, 11 
Boecius, 52, 76 
Bona Ventura: breviloquium, 50, 52; 

super quartum sententiarum, 53 
Boraston: distinctiones, 46 
Boston, John: his notice of Bury 
MSS., 34 — 40; may have been 
librarian, 40, 41 
Botulph (S.): chapel, 137, 140, 141, 
181 ; translation and shrine. 157 ; 
altar, 160 
Brinkley, Ri. : notice of him, 87, 88 
British Museum : Bury MSS. in, 4 
Bromyard: Tract. luris Civilis et 

Canon., 54 
Brutus rex: Historia de rege Bruto 
continuata usque ad tempora 
Buckenham, Bi. : induces W. Smart to 
give books from Bury to Pembroke 
CoU., 11 ; note on bdm, 22 
Butt, Wm. : sells a Bury MS. to Bod- 
leian Lib., 22 

Caelestium et terrestrium quorum fit 
mentio in scriptura moralizacio,. 

Cambridge : Bury MSS. in collegiate 

libraries, 5 
Candles: where placed on festivals, 

Cassianus, 56 

Cassiodorus: de inst. diuin. litt., 43 
Catherine (S.) : chapel, 128 
Celerarius, his Begister, 96, 97, 98 

Cemetery, gate of, 127 

Central tower: 62, 121; fall described, 
159; rebuilt by John Lavenham, 
167, 204; bequests to this, 169; 
contemporary account of fall, 203, 
204 ; view of from a distance, 157 

Chapels in the church: enumeration 
of, 149 

Chapter House: 146, 156; burials in, 

Choir: enclosure, 130 — 132; screen, 
130; dorsaria, 132; inscriptions, 
200—202; stalls, 132; altars, 133; 
cross, ibid. ; paintings on roof, 132 

Christina (S.): life, 62 

Chronica, 55, 56 ; papamm, 57 

Chrysostom : 
opus imperfectum in MatthsBum, 63, 

super epistolam ad Hebrssos, 63, 83 
tractatus de noctumis vigiliis [etc.], 

Cilium oculi saoerdotis, 69 

Claudius Clemens : in Mattheum, 55 

Clerestory of nave : 129 

Cloister, 145 ; dimensions of, 203 

Concordantia : in Biblia, 51; evange- 
listarum, 86 

Constantinus monachus : viaticum, 79 

Consuetudines monasterii S. Edmundi, 

Conventual buildings, 123 

Coquinarius, his register, 95; extracts 
from, 180—182 

Corrogationes promethei, 77 

Cotton, Sir B., obtains books from 
Bury, 11 

Cross, chapel, 138, 139; altar, 159; 
dedication, 161 ; in the choir : in- 
scription near, 1^7 

Crypt, 141 

Curteys, Wm (Abbot 1429—46) r prob- 
ably built library at Bury, 41, 82 ; 
his registers, 96; orders respect- 
ing books lent to monks, 109-— 111 

Cyprian, 56 

CyrU : epistola ad AugQstinum de 
uisione penarum [etc.], 59 

Daniel : Somniarium, 77 



DeniB (S.), dhapd, 128; history of its 

eoliBtroeiion, 1^ 
Dictionarinm biblicnm, 81 
Diets flslntis, 83, 87 
Dionymiu, de diyinit hominibus, 56 
Dionysins (S.), dedication of his 

*portioiu/ 161 
Disdplixia clericalis, 56 
Doraaria: insoriptioiu on, 189, 902 
Uonai, Register at: records gifts to 

the library, 7 
Durham : MSS. from Bury at, 41 

Edmand (S.), life of : 56, 57 ; aerostics 
on name, 60; miracles, 61 ; his 
translation to be observed, 62; 
vita, 75; offieimn cam notis 
mosicis, 75; vita et passio, 76; 
miracala,ibid.; liber feretrariorum, 
ibid.; shrine, 136; translation, 
157; record of certain miracles, 
ibid.; lights near shrine, 160; 
dedication of chapel, 162; shrine 
defaced, 170; round chapel de- 
stroyed, 181, 188; scenes of his 
life on a hanging, with verses, 
187; verses referring to his 
miracles, 188 

EUzabeth (S.) : Ufe, 62 

Evaz, de lapidibus, 56 

Everisden, John (Cellarer): Chronica, 

Faith (S.), chapel, 128; dedication of 

her *porticas,' 161 
Fire, in 1465, 122; text of account 

from R. HosHlariae, 204—212 
Fishakel, Bi. : Sermo, 59 
Florence of Worcester : Chronicon, 55 
oomponendi litteras, 58 
vite regnlaris, 62 
Formula novitiorum, 62 
Freculphus : historia, 58 . 
Fretellus archidiaconus ; descriptio 

regni Israel, 60 

Germanus : on the astrolabe, 67 
Giles (S.), chapel, 141; altar, 161; 

dedication, 162 
Gillingwater, Edm. : measurements of 

church, 165; notice of model, 177 
Gloucester Hall, Oxf. ; student-monks 

from Bury at, 85 note 
Qonville and Caius Coll. Camb, : MSS. 

from Bury at, 85 ; student-monks 

from Bury at, ibid, note 
Grammatica, 86 

Green gate, 160 
Moralia, 59 
Moralia, i — ^x, 84 
Moralium, Lib. xi — ^zxii, 58 
Moralium, lib. xiii, 59 
Moralium tertia pars, 59 
in Euangelia, 58 
in Ezechielem, 58, 59, 83, 84 
Dialogue, 58, 72 
Begistmm, 58 
Ecloga de moralibns, 59 
oompilatio super moraUa super Job, 

pastorale, 82, 83, 84 
collecta Samuelis presbyteri ex 

speculo Gregorii, 74 
Grosseteste, Bob. : memoriale super 

exameronBasilii, 50; summa, 73; 

templum domini, ibid.; de Ubro 

Suda, 76 ; templum del, ibid. 
Guido de Colonna : Bellnm Troiannmi 


Haymo : super Isaiam, 61 

Hebrew MSB.. 3 

Henry VI. : visits 'Bury, 176 

Hermannus: miracula S. Edmundi, 

Hervey, sacrist: causes a great bible 

to be written, 7 
High altar: inscriptions hear, 194; 

space between high-altar and 

E&rine, 134; retable, 135 
Hildebertus de missa, 76 
Hippocrates, 67 
Historia Normannornm, 56 
Holt, Jeremiah: gives Bury MSS. to 

S. John's Coll., 22 
Honoratus (S.) : life, 62 
Horologium sapientie, 63 
Hostilarius, his register, 95; extracts 

from this, 204; account of fire of 

1465, 204—212 
Hugo (Magister), decorates bible for 

Bury, 7; makes west doors of 

church, 128; carves wood, 134; 

bell of his casting, 199 
Hugo (Sampson's sacrist), builds choir» 

screen, 130 
Hugo de S. Yicfcore : 
super decreta, 65 
de archa Noe, 62, 58 

— — sapientie, 62 

— — V septenis, 52 
super Ecclesiasten, 61 
duo libri versificati, 61 

de institutione novitiorum, 62 
de soliloquio, 64 



Holme, books from, 159 

leronimus : 

[tracts by], 44 

in Ecclesiasten, 66 

de ponderibns et mensaris, 57 

breTiarinm super qnosdam Psalmos, 

in Esaiam, 63 

in YI. prophetas, 63 

in MatthsBom, 63 

epistolsB, 63, 64 

contra loyinianam, 64 

in Ecdesiasten, 66 

epistola, 83 

de nominibns, 83 
Ildefonsns : de B. Maria, 44 
Imago mnndi, 64 
Infirmary, 147; chapel, 180, 181 
Innocentius : 

de miseria oondicionis ham&ne, 43 

de contemptu mundi, 64 

de officiis misse, 69, 86 

de vii. oriminalibus, 86 
loachim: prophetiad, 71 
loannicins: ysagoge, 67 
Isidore of Seville: 43; liber senten- 
tiarom, ibid. ; contra Jodeos, 81 ; 
etymologise, ibid.; libri xz, 83 
luvemJis, 65 
Itinerarimn Theophili, 64 

Jacobns de Theramo : victoria inridica 

Christi, 53 
James (8.), parish dinroh of, built by 

Anselm, 162 
James, Tho.: notes MSS. from Bury 

in his Eeloga CantabrigiensiSt 11 ; 

his list of tibem, 12 
Januensis: postilla; tabula eiusdem 

super S. seripturam, 65 
Jooelin de Brakelond: 55; extracts 

from his chronicle, 154 — 156 
John (S.) Baptist: diapel, 185 
John (S.) Evangelist: chapel, 140; in- 
scriptions on windows near, 191 
John, King : gives jewels, 167 
Johannes de Alba Villa : 
sermones antiqui, 53 
omelie de epistolis et evangeliis in 

Dominiois, 64 
Johannes Damascenus: sententise, 64, 

78 ; de orthodoxa fide, 69 
Johannes de Garlandia, 73 
John ap Bice: letter to Cromwell on 

suppression of monastery, 169 
John of Gaunt: gives window-glass, 


C.A.S. Octavo Series. XXVIII. 

Johannes de Bupella de Malo : summa, 

John de Timworth: Historia aurea, 

61; Mariale, 65; sanctilogium, 

Jurmin (S.), altar, 187; translation 

and shjine, 157, 160 
Justinian : edictum de fide, 58 

Eilwardby : tabula super originalia 
Ambrosii [etc.], 79 

Lacy, Hen. : his gifts, 158 

Lady Chapel, built, 121, 159 ; by Simon 
de Luton, 142 

Lanthoniensis : Concordia iv evange- 
listarum, 84 

Lapidarium in romano, 57 ; galliot, 63 

Laud, Archbp: obtains books from 
Bury, 11 

Lavatory: built by Abbot Sampson, 
167; subjects of windows, 199 

Lavenham, John: builds bell-tower, 
167, 168; his works enumerated, 

Law : books on, given to library, 8 

Legenda aurea, 56, 111 

Leiger Books, 98 

Leland, John : introduced to monastery 
by Tho. Cromwell, 9; his de- 
scription of Bury, 125; extracts 
from, 166 

Leofstan : books during his abbacy, 5 

Liber albus : 55 ; extracts from, 159 — 

Liber Poenitentialis, 72 

Librabt: building, 2; position, ibid.; 
first books given to, 108; dis- 
position of the books, ibid. ; bind- 
ing, 3 ; scribes' inscriptions, ibid.; 
number of volumes, ibid. ; sources 
of information, 4 ; books existing 
in Leofstan's abbacy, 5; referred 
to by Will, of Mahnesbury, 6; 
notices of gifts and their donors, 
7; works on Canon and Civil 
I^w, 8; Leland's visit, 9; books 
noticed by him, 10; fate of the 
books from Bury, 11; acquired 
by Boyal Library, Archbp Parker, 
Sir R. Cotton, Sir T. Bodley, 
Archbp. Laud, Wm Smart, ibid. ; 
Smart's gift to Pembroke Coll. 
discussed, 11—22; MSS. at S. 
John's Coll., 22; in British Mu- 
seum, ibid.; in Bodleian, ibid.; 
at Wisbech, ibid.; list in early 
catalogue at Pembroke CoU., 23 — 
34 ; Boston of Bury's CataloguSi 




34—40; MSS. at Darham, 41; 
perhaps built by Abbot Corteys 

t(1429 — 45), 41; other monasterieB 
had libraries built in xvth cent., 
ibid.; extant MSS. enumerated, 
42—82; doubtful MSS. at Pem- 
broke Coll., 82—85; MSS. in 
University Library, 85 ; at Gon- 
Yille and Caios College, ibid. ; at 
Wisbech, 86; at Lambeth, 87; 
Hebrew Psalter in Bodleian 
Library, ibid.; list of libraries 
examined, and others, 88 ; foreign 
libraries, 89; service-books, 89 — 
95; numb^ of books in library, 
99—103; subjects represented, 
103; artistic decoration, 104; 
press-marks, ibid.; bindings, 105; 
verses in MSS., ibid.; orders by 
Abbot Curteys respecting books 
lent to monks, 109 — 111; index 
of libraries where MSS. now are, 
Lithgard(S.): life, 62 
Lombards : Leges langobardorum, 65 
Luton, Simon de : his lady-chapel, 142 
Lynn: MS. from Bury at, sold to 
Brit. Museum, 22 

Mackinlay, Father: source of his life 

of S. Edmund, 75 
Malmesbury, Will, of; his reference 

to the library at Bury, 6 
Margaret (S.), chapel in cemetery, 161 
Mariale, 65; Alberti, 67 
Marianus Sootus : Chronicon, 55 
Marius: de elementis, 66 
Martin (S.), chapel, 138; altar, 140; 

dedication of, 161; inscriptions 

near, 192 
Martin (S.) of Tours: subjects of a 

window to, 197 
Martinus: tabula, 79 
Martyrs, chapel, 138; altar, 159, 160 
Mary (S.) : quedam miracula B. MarisB 

cum alus, 43; miracula, 44, 73; 

eastern chapel, 137; in north 

transept, 142, 143; altar, 159; 

do. in crypt, 161; church of, at 

Bury, ibid.; inscriptions on a 

window in her honour, 190; on 

an altar, 192 
Mediauilla: super iv Sententiarum, 65 
Medicine: tracts relating to, 66, 67; 

receipts, 68 
Meditationes, 66 
Metaphysica: Comm. in Libros meta- 

physicorum, 86 
Mildreda (S.) : 62 

Missa : expositio missaB, 51 
Model of me church, 177 

Nave, 128; roof, 130 

Necham, Alex. : de utensilibus, 67, 68 ; 

doctrinale versificatum, 85 
Nemesis, 66 
Nicasius (S.), altar, 161 
Nicholas (S.) : chapel, 127, 140, 168 ; 
inscriptions near, 191; do. on 
glass near, 194 
Nicholas de Aquavilla, 83 
Nicholas de Gorham : 

sermones, 74 

in Psalmos, 59, 84 

in Lucam, 84 

distinctiones, 84 

sermones abbreviati, 84 
Nicholas de Lyra : postilla, 54 
Novices : ceremony of admission, 178 

Oculus sacerdotis, 83, 85 

Offida mortuorum, 89 

OmeliflB, 69, 70 (EngUsh) 

Ordinarium vitas religiosse, 62 

in vetus testamentum, 69 
octo omeliffi in Judicum, 69 
homilisd, 84 

Orosius: exoerpta, 57 

Ortus Alexandn, 82 

Osbertus de Clare: miracula S. Ed- 
mundi, 76 

Oxenede, Joh. : extracts from his 
chronicle, 159 

Ox ford; Bury MSS. in collegiate 
libraries, 5 

Palmapenne: libellus excerptus ab 
e^mologiis Babani, 60 

Paratum : libellus qui dicitur, 60 

Parker, Ajchbp : procures books from 
Bury, 11 

Paschal candlestick : 135 

PecUiam : institutiones, 83 

Pembroke Coll. Camb.: MSS. from 
Bury at, 11 — 22; ancient cata- 
logue of Bury Library at, 23 — 34 ; 
MSS. possibly from Bury, 82—85 

Penitents : ceremonial of, 178 

Pepys, Sam. : notices MSS. from Bury 
at Wisbech, 22 

Peraldus, Will. : summa de vitiis, 74 

Persius, 65 

Peter (SJ, chapel, 139; altar at feet 
of S. Edmund, 161; infirmary, 
chapel dedicated to, 162 

Petrus ^defunsus (Alphonsus): narra- 
clones abbreviate, 60 







V^v v./^ ' 

^ -7 

CC^ C ft- t-^t-JC^C^ c 




Petnis Comestor : 

historia scholastica, 70 

sermones, 70 

libri allegoriarum, 70 

oompilatio sermonum, 76 
Petrns Lombardus : 

in epistolas Panli, 70 

sententisB, 71 
PetrusLudunensis: super Epistolas, 75 
Petrus Piotauensis : 

distinctiones super Psalterium, 60 

super tabemaculum Moysi, 70 
Petrus Bothomagensis : propositiones, 

Phisiognomia, liber de, 66 
Pilate and Judas, 61, 107 
Pinohebeck, Will.: extracts from his 

register, 163 
Pitanciarius, his Begister, 95 
Presbytery, 136, 140 
Processions: notice of their course, 

Prosper: de vita contemplatiya et 

activa, 71 
Prudentius : psychomachia, 45, 71 
Psalterium : hebraice, 87 ; cum canticis 
et hymnis (now at Douai), 90 ; at 
Bury, 93 

Babanus : Ubellus excerptus ab ethi- 

mologiis Babani, 60 
Badulphus Flaviacensis : in Parabolas 

Salomonis, 72; notice of his 

works, ibid. 
Badulphus niger : de re militari, 70 
Bainerus: epistola ad B. de columbis,82 
Balph (Bp of Bochester): story of 

doves hovering over him, 161 
Batramnus : de eo quod Christus natus 

est [etc.], 67 
Baymundus: enchiridion ex summa, 

Beductorium morale, 74 
Befectory, books read in, 111 
Begisters of the Abbey, 95 — ^99 
Belies : inscriptions near, 190, 202 
Bichard of S. Victor : expositio super 

psalterium, 51 ; summa, 81 
Biot of 1327 : 108, 158, 163 
Bituale : 
extracts from, 183—186 
monasterii S. Edmundi, 90 
Bobert II, Abbot : record of his works, 

Bobertus Erikeladensis : in Eze- 

chielem, 74 
Bobertus Melundinensis : summa, 73 
Bood-beam : inscriptions near, 197 
Boyal Library : books from Bury in, 11 


Saba (S.), chapel, 137; altar, 169; 
dedication of, 161 ; reason of this, 
ibid. ; painted by Anselm, 180 

Sacraments : liber de sacramentis, 77 

Sacrista, his Begisters, 95, 97; extracts 
from these, 152 — 154 

Sacristy, 144 

*♦ Salomon tria edidit," 77 

Sallust, 74 

Samuel, presbyter : collecta, 74 

Sanctilogium, 75, 78 

Scotus : quodlibeta doctoris snbtilis, 77 

Seneca : proverbia, 77 

Sermones : notabilia pro sermonibus 
43 ; postilla super Psalmos [etc.] 
50; Uber scintillarum pro eodem 
43; cuiusdam notabiles, 52; pos 
tilla super Johannem, 53; 75, 77 
dominicales, 84 /Ztte^ht^i 

Servants of the monastery: their 
names, 179, 180 

Service-books at Bury : noted in cata- 
logue now at Pembroke Coll., 33 ; 

Smart, Wm : obtains 100 vols, from 
Library at Bury, 11; list of these 
byTho. James, 11—20; byMatth. 
Wren, 20—22; how Smart ob- 
tained them, 22 

Sompniarium Danielis, 77 

Speculum Christiani, 83; salvationis, 
87; scholarium, 68 

Spelman, Sir H. ; verses on a painted 
window at Bury, 171 — 176 

Stephen (S.), chapel, 162, 185, 188; 
dedication, ibid. 

Sudas, 76 

Summa de Virtutibus, 81 

Sweyn: story of, 137; inscriptions 
relating to, 190, 191 


Tholomeus : centiloquium, 45 
Thomas Aquinas : 

in Sententiarum i. ii. , 78 

in Sent, iv., ibid. 

prima pars secundss partis, 79 

contra Gentiles, ibid. 

in Johannem et Marcum, ibid. 

summa prima primes, ibid. 

tabula super libros S. Thomas, ibid. 

summa prima et secunda, 83 

summa tertia, 83 

quodlibeta, 83 
Thomas (S.): shrine, 137; altar, 157, 

Timworth: «€« Johannes de T. Ortho- 
graphy of word discussed, 78 
Transept, 140; 142; 177 
Trayle : door so called, 183, 204